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46

In this context (greater Toronto) greater means “an area greater than the city itself” and “greater Toronto” is a shortened version of “the greater Toronto area”. Greater describes/modifies area rather than Toronto, giving a size contrast (greater) rather than describing the goodness of the city (great).


38

There seems to be no "official" word. You will find " nibling ", by analogy with sibling. (But it is mentioned only in the "New Words & Slang" section of Merriam-Webster, or in site like urbandictionary.com) This thread also mentions: that there is no encompassing word for aunt/uncle either that there is no male/female form of cousin. the article ...


32

The -sex suffix is from Anglo-Saxon / Old English, with the actual meaning being "Saxon". Sussex is essentially "South Saxon". Middlesex is "Middle Saxon". Essex is "East Saxon". Wessex is "West Saxon".​​​​​​​ Most of the wiki pages for these places will have the toponymy definition.


27

This word has an almost identical connotation but seems to have shifted in meaning in modern American usage towards almost requiring that the thing/person in question is named after whatever/whoever is mentioned. (Wikipedia:) Namesake is a term used to characterize a person, place, thing, quality, action, state, or idea that has the same, or a similar, ...


26

Great means big, greater means bigger. So Greater Manchester is the larger metropolitan area around the city of Manchester in the middle. However, Great Britain is the larger of the two separate and distinct Britains, the other being Brittany in north-west France. In French, Great Britain is Grande Bretagne and Brittany is just Bretagne. Brittany has also ...


25

No Jennifer is from From a Cornish form of the Welsh name Gwenhwyfar (see GUINEVERE). This name has only been common outside of Cornwall since the beginning of the 20th century, after it was featured in George Bernard Shaw's play 'The Doctor's Dilemma' (1906). GUINEVERE From the Norman French form of the Welsh name Gwenhwyfar, composed of the ...


23

The most useful rule — and the most general and the easiest to remember — is simply that you add ’s whenever you actually say an extra /əz/ at the end when forming the possessive, compared with how you say the non-possessive version. Let your own ear be your guide. That’s all there is to it. No fancy rules full of exceptions. Just your own ear (as a native ...


20

It's not just that article. Here's a book which has it: Bread and ale, both packed with calories and nutrients, lay at the heart of all diets, and ale barm was so vital that it was sometimes known as godisgoode 'bicause it cometh of the grete grace of God'. Searching for the last quote, I found a site with this information: In her splendid book on ...


19

This is called Hypocorism. A hypocorism is a shorter form of a word or given name, for example, when used in more intimate situations as a nickname or term of endearment. English forms nicknames in a variety of manners. Shortening, often to the first syllable: Abraham → Abe Anthony → Tony Benjamin, Benedict → Ben, Benny Carolyn → Carol, Lyn, ...


18

Area 51 is a military base in Southern Nevada often found at the center of UFO stories. From Wikipedia: Area 51 is a military base, and a remote detachment of Edwards Air Force Base. ... The intense secrecy surrounding the base, the very existence of which the U.S. government barely acknowledges, has made it the frequent subject of conspiracy theories ...


18

I think this is a mild hyperforeignism that comes from an attempt to pronounce “Naomi” more like the original Hebrew: nah-oh-mee [na.o.mi]. The [ao] sequence is uncommon in English—and because there are two separately stressed syllables in this case, they cannot merge into ow [aʊ]. Thus an epenthetic /y/ [j] sound appears, giving nah-yo-mee [na.joʊ.mi]. This ...


17

ellipsis noun (plural ellipses) the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues. • a set of dots indicating such an omission. (New Oxford American Dictionary) It is represented in Unicode by the glyph U+2026 HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS: … The details of typesetting ellipses is ...


17

That's a relic from previous versions of the name. From Etymonline: John masc. proper name, mid-12c., from M.L. Johannes, from L.L. Joannes, from Gk. Ioannes, from Heb. Yohanan (in full y'hohanan) lit. "Jehovah has favored," from hanan "he was gracious."


16

It is a double dagger and it is often used in typography to indicate a footnote. The simple one (†), with only one horizontal bar is called a dagger after it's resemblance with the blade. If you have two footnotes on a given page, the first one will be marked with the single dagger and the second one with the double dagger. In lists of peoples (authors, ...


16

The answer is that the expression is based on how we, as humans, interpret geography. We refer to smaller, relatively unknown areas by the name of a larger, more well-known, area the smaller area is near. By saying "Greater Toronto", we identify the city of Toronto and the smaller areas close by, at the same time acknowledging that these smaller areas are ...


16

Americophile (plural Americophiles) a lover of the United States and/or their way of life Admittedly it's only Wiktionary, but Americophile follows the general rule for constructing such words (i.e., Latinish/Greekish-sounding root ending in "o" + "phile"), produces about 9000 results on Google, and has a reasonably pleasant ring to it. If ...


15

The name originally comes from the British newspaper The Daily Universal Register founded in 1785, which changed it names to The Times in 1788. Since then it has lent its name to papers all over the world. Wikipedia: The Times The original meaning of time is to happen, so the times means that what has happened, which is a fitting name for a newspaper. ...


15

While you may choose a nickname to differentiate in daily use, for legal or genealogical purposes, she is a "junior." According to Wikipedia: The most common name suffixes are senior and junior, most frequent in American usage, which are written with a capital first letter ("Jr." and "Sr.") with or without an interceding comma. The British English ...


14

Well, what do cookbooks contain? Recipes! What is a recipe? recipe, n. : a set of instructions for making something As the blurb on the cover of this book says, it contains recipes "for taking control of automated testing using powerful Python testing tools." One of my favorite programming cookbooks, the C++ Cookbook, contains recipes for creating ...


14

<H> is a letter that's used in English largely to modify other letters, like <TH>, used for both /ð/ and /θ/, <SH> for /ʃ/, and <CH> for /tʃ/. This is for native English words that may have been borrowed centuries ago, but now are felt to be English. In proper names from other languages, like Afghanistan, Baghdad, and Lamborghini, we are not ...


13

It's very easy to determine the relationship in English. First, find your common ancestor. Siblings have the same father, cousins have the same grandfather, etc. Same grandfather means First cousin. Same great-grandfather means second cousin. Same great-great-grandfather means third cousin. If you are not in the same generation, pick the shortest one, ...


13

In order to pluralize a name, this guide says: There are really just two rules to remember, whether you’re pluralizing a given (first) name or a surname (last name): If the name ends in s, sh, ch, x or z, add es. In every other case, add s. Similarly, there are two fundamental no-no’s: Never change a y to ies when pluralizing a ...


13

It was referred to as the Ukraine when it was a part of the former Soviet Union. Since they were split apart and Ukraine became a country it should properly be called Ukraine without the definite article. Note: The name Ukraine, which first appeared in the historical chronicles in 1187, has been common in the English language for almost 350 years. In ...


13

Whether there is a plural form depends entirely on whether there is actually a singular form. In the case of WordPress, there isn't a singular form. You don't say “I implemented my blog as a WordPress.” It’s using WordPress or even on WordPress or in WordPress, but not as a WordPress. Consequently there is no plural form. This doesn't apply to all ...


12

Avon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Avon_%28Warwickshire%29#Etymology "Avon" derives from the British language abona, "river", which also survives as a number of other English and Scottish river names, and as modern Welsh afon (pronounced [ˈavɔn]), "river". Ouse http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Ouse+River The English name for the river ...


12

Taboo words are those avoided because of some stigma. The stigma is usually cultural, arising out of can be fear (via cultural associations with bad magic or evil in the local religion, like devil or hell), disrespect (holy words that could be used blasphemously, peoples first names that you don't know or who are older than you), sorrow (names of the ...


12

If you look at this list of the top 100 girl names in the USA in 2011, I think you will find the following as not entirely uncommon family names: Madison, Addison, Lily, Avery, Ashley, Brooklyn, Taylor, Alison, Riley, Aubrey, Peyton, Lauren, Sydney, Morgan, Mackenzie, Brooke, Bailey, Payton, Paige. For girls: total 19/100 Do the same for boys and you get: ...


12

It is proper to refer her as Ms Smith (for example) regardless of her martial status. Since the woman in question kept her maiden name, I would opt for this title or use the appropriate occupational title (e.g. Doctor Smith, Professor Smith, Major Smith, etc.) Miss is a title for an unmarried woman, and is not acceptable.


12

You could say yclept:- vb a past participle of clepe adj having the name of; called "My guitar, yclept Shirley." The word is marked obsolete, but it's too good to miss, really.


12

Neither Latin nor Greek (at the time of Biblical) translation had the orthographic means (or need) to represent the contrast be /v/ and /b/. These were the source of the English versions of these names (not the Hebrew). They have been further distorted by letters assigned their English, rather than Latin, values. The result is that many names Hebrew names ...



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