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Saying "a dormitory is a room with several beds for sleeping" is defining the noun "dormitory". Saying "a room with several beds for sleeping is called a dormitory" is supplying a name for one of possibly many nouns that describe a room with many beds for sleeping; e.g., "bedroom", "barracks", "cabin" and etc.


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It's a literary trope. "The word trope has also come to be used for describing commonly recurring literary and rhetorical devices." ~Wikipedia


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Some sources distinguish between "barbarisms" and "solecisms", using the former for errors in morphology and the latter for errors in syntax. So, using a nonstandard prefix would be a "barbarism". Insofar as "barbarism" is especially used for intrusions of one language into another, unliterate is a pretty good example (since Latinate roots usually prefer ...


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Languages evolve, they aren't designed. English used to distinguish between 1st person singular, 2nd person singular, 3rd person singular, and plural subjects. And we also had cases, which meant we could rearrange the order of words without changing the meaning (e.g., man bites dog vs. dog bites man). In linguistic terms, English was a synthetic language ...



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