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The simple answer is no. Ice cream and nitrate are not homophonous with I scream and night rate. If you go by tchrist’s comment above, it appears that some dialects of English pronounce the initial vowel in I scream [ɑɪ] and ice cream [ʌɪ] differently, but this is not universally applicable, and I would venture that this split is limited to a minority of ...


7

Phonemic /l/ that occurs in words like laugh and full is indeed two different sounds in many speakers, but these are just different allophones of the same underlying phoneme. In fact, phonemic /l/ can be realized as any of [l], [ɫ], [ɤ], [w], [o], or [ʊ] — see here. For most speakers of English, the allophone in laugh is phonetic [l], whereas the one in ...


0

As others have expressed, r and l are distinct phonemes in English since they can occur in exactly the same environment (lace vs race) and allow two words to be distinguished by that variation alone. Conversely, they are allophones in Japanese (let's call this Japanese phoneme R), for the opposite reason. Japanese R will, to English speakers' ears, ...



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