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The answer to your question is: no, yeah.


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I think English is expressively poorer for the lack of a mood system, which we have let rot to the point where the subjunctive is only useful in very limited idioms. It prevents us from leaving consideration open to alternative realities and pushes us too far into a logically-positivistic framing of everything. This has been good for us as a people. We ...


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A clear way to clarify binding of negation, especially for modal verbs. Every child has pretended that "You may not do that" means that "May(You, Not(Do(That)))" rather than "Not(You, May(Do(That))). Tons of misunderstanding are all about where a given 'not' applies.


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The non-gendered singular pronoun. German, for instance, has'man' as a truly gender-free pronoun, it takes singular verbs and is not easily confused with other meanings. Actually, following Latin, there could be a bunch of these. Latin legal arguments allow for a lot more parallel processing of alternative positions because it admits not just is/ea/id but ...


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The ability to drop unnecessary determiners and copulae In the Slavic languages (and many other languages) there are no words for "the" and "a", and the word "is" is not necessary in sentences like The car is red or you are funny – in Russian this is "машина красная", (car red) "ты смешной" (you funny). Such speech feels really clumsy in current English, but ...


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A way to form causitive verbs I mean a regular way to form a verb that means "show" from "see" or "look", to form a verb that means "kill" from "die", to form a verb that means the auditory equivalent of "show" from "hear" or "listen" etc. According to this question Nahuatl has such a system. Esperanto also does: vidi – to see, vidigi – to show (to cause to ...


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The affinity of the negation is to the verb not the the 'much'. You can tell this is going on because you are more likely to see "That isn't much use to me" than to see "That is little use to me." And when you answer 'Not much', you are paraphrasing 'Yes, there is. But there is not much'. If there were none, you could not say 'not much', though none is ...


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HOMOPHONIC PHRASES are also called oronyms (also called a continunym or a slice-o-nym) JUNCTURES help differentiate homophonic phrases. A term used in modern linguistics to describe a distinctive feature of language. Juncture is defined by H. Whitehall in his Structural Essentials of English as an interruption of normal transition between contiguous ...


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Voiceless vowels are quite possible, and occur in one way or another in many languages. After all, all vowels and all consonants that are whispered are ipso facto voiceless. Whisper [a] and you have pronounced a voiceless vowel. However, the overwhelming majority of vowel sounds in speech are voiced, since vowel formants are modifications of a voiced ...


2

Yes, it's technically possible, but I think you'd only consider it as an allophone, otherwise, the better transcription might be /h/. Wikipedia lists one example in English as potato, where the first o is not vocalized, but otherwise the mouth is in the same position and there is air flowing. (IPA transcriptiond use a ring for devoicing). Japanese seems to ...


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You probly need to read about how Metaphors work. As you point out, bending the law is not the same as bending a bow. But that's because bending the law is not really bending. Bending has a physical sense of torsion caused by stress, archetypically provided by human agency. Anything that can be bent is not rigid -- rigid things break under stress. There is ...


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Westerners who don't know societal norms in China can easily suffer loss of face. Those who play with fire can easily suffer loss of face. right? The subject controls the meaning of the object and the verb. You could say that, stripped of its noun clause, #2 is weak because "those" is just a pronoun. And, who is to say that the antecedent it not ...


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The computer runs a program. The river runs a waterwheel. The racer runs a race. For many transitive definitions of run there are variations based upon subject and object.



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