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40

There seems to be no "official" word. You will find " nibling ", by analogy with sibling. (But it is mentioned only in the "New Words & Slang" section of Merriam-Webster, or in site like urbandictionary.com) This thread also mentions: that there is no encompassing word for aunt/uncle either that there is no male/female form of cousin. the article ...


35

Your cousin's first son is your first cousin once removed. It is quite confusing!


35

Using the inverted-gender pronoun for the partner in a homosexual relationship who is not physically pregnant is entirely sensible, although a bit odd. If you want an alternative, parent-to-be is a fair term which is not mismatched on gender and does not include the same health restrictions as mother-to-be. Of course, one wonders how you would describe a ...


33

The non-birthing part of a lesbian relationship having a child is often called the co-mother (last sense—ignore the previous senses, they're very rare in normal settings, at least in my experience). So your friend would be a co-mother-to-be or (perhaps less likely to make you suffer a hyphen overdose) expecting co-mother.


32

X is "the only child" of his parents, and "an only child" along with Y and Z. Similarly, I am "the" elder child of my parents and "an" elder (and eldest) child along with bunches of other people. One refers to the specific situation; the other refers to the classification. Edited to add: Consider the following examples: "The": Census interviewer: Do ...


27

That would be sister-in-law: sister of one's spouse, the wife of one's brother, or sometimes the wife of one's spouse's brother. Edit: as ShreevatsaR points out in the comments, if you're looking for a single word that means only "wife of one's brother" and nothing else, then you're out of luck.


25

Perhaps something mildly humorous might do the trick. For instance: "We're pregnant, but I'm still allowed to drink and go bungee-jumping". "We decided that as I was better at rugby than her, she'd be the one taking a break". "It turns out I'm having to drink for two".


23

Empty nester might be of your interest, although it's not that formal.


23

In Britain, it is normally partner. However, other half is common too. It connotes being half of a couple, which may be just what you want.


15

It's very easy to determine the relationship in English. First, find your common ancestor. Siblings have the same father, cousins have the same grandfather, etc. Same grandfather means First cousin. Same great-grandfather means second cousin. Same great-great-grandfather means third cousin. If you are not in the same generation, pick the shortest one, ...


15

It comes from Middle English modyr in lawe. As far as I understand it, the term was first used in the 14th or 15th century. The idea behind it is that your mother-in-law has the same rights and duties as your biological mother and is given these rights and duties by the legal pact of marriage.


14

For formal writing, betrothed would be my number one choice. But, as Lunatik already gave that answer, I'll provide some more: spouse-to-be (instead of the gender-specific wife-to-be and husband-to-be), future spouse, prospective spouse, intended (date and informal). Of course, it's much easier to refer to use adjectives and refer to the couple as a whole, ...


14

She would feel a "sisterly love" — the love of a sister — for her brother. A mother feels "motherly love" for her children, etc. The reason for possible confusion stems from the use of "brotherly love" to describe in a general way the love of human beings for each other, similar to the way "mankind" also includes women.


13

It seems you interpreted this passage incorrectly. The elder twin is the one who was born first (earliest) chronologically. The narrator is lamenting the fact that the wise younger twin, Arabella, was born second, as her twin sibling seems to be making a mess of the inheritance process.


13

You have noticed a very peculiar aspect of English vocabulary. As rich as it is in comparison to many other languages, due to its almost creole history, it really is impoverished in comparison to other languages in kinship terms. But 'why' is always a difficult question, especially when mixed with cultural questions. There are the difficulties with ...


12

Talking about the archaic use of bastard to mean “illegitimate child”, it is not specifically masculine. One can talk about a “bastard daugther” just as much as one can talk of a “bastard son” or “bastard child”, as Google ngram shows. Well, not as much, because lineage or legitimacy is not nearly as important for daughters as it is for sons, but still, such ...


11

"Adults". The word "adult" does not imply that one is a parent, so there is no need for a word that describes a childless adult.


11

People have used "sistern" for this. The first use I find in Google books is from 1739: That there were 20 Bretheren and Siſtern on their Bead Roll, I suspect this plural was invented to serve as a parallel to "brethren"; I did not find it in the dictionaries I checked, and it is a much rarer word than "brethren". UPDATE: as Unreason points out, I ...


11

I've not seen the movie, but the word brother itself doesn't indicate whether the sibling is elder or younger. If the girl did immediately know the brother was older, she must have been able to infer it from context or have some a priori knowledge. Usually when you need to specify the relative age of a sibling, you'll use something like: my ...


11

It is "cousin once removed". See the nifty chart: (chart credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:European_kinship_system_en.svg) To summarize, what you do is, you take whatever relation you are to the person in his direct ancestry of the same generation as you, and that's the "base" of the relationship; then, however many generations you had to move to ...


11

Perhaps the closest is uniparous: (of certain animals) producing a single offspring at each birth (of a woman) having borne only one child botany (of a cyme) giving rise to only one branch from each flowering stem From Parity (biology) also primipara: a woman who has borne but one child or who is parturient for the first time.


11

There's not really one that I'm aware of-- or one that at least, as you said, doesn't carry other strange connotations with it or isn't long/awkward/wordy. Honestly, I would just recommend 'boyfriend' for everyday use. I know it sounds a little juvenile (I've been with my girlfriend for much less time than you and it already feels a little insufficient), ...


10

Your question is very unclear, but I suspect that you're wondering if English has a way to distinguish between any of these kinds of relationships: male cousin vs. female cousin cousin on your mother's side vs. cousin on your father's side child of your father's sister vs. child of your father's brother etc. The answer is no. English uses the same word ...


10

The answer to the similar question you mention actually has your answer. No, there is no gender-neutral word your parents' siblings. From the answer: This thread also mentions: that there is no encompassing word for aunt/uncle either that there is no male/female form of cousin. the article "There isn't word for it":


10

Both grand- and great- seem to be translating the French grand-, as in grand-oncle and so on. French uses grand- consistently for the upward direction, and petit- for the reverse, as in petit-fils (grandson). In Latin your great-uncle is patruus magnus if he is on your father's side, and avunculus magnus on your mother's side; magnus, like French grand, can ...


10

The step- prefix is from (13th-century) Old English steop-, referring to bereavement: steopcild was not stepchild as we know it today, but rather orphan before we acquired that word from Latin via Old French. A step-parent used to be the adopter of an orphan. In-law is from the same time period and refers to Canon Law, which established relationships (and ...


10

"Dad" is a specific reference (when you say it you mean somebody different from when I say it), so it gets capitalized like any proper noun. On the other hand, "dad" is a common noun meaning "father" (anybody's). You only use disambiguators like "my" or "a" with common nouns ("my dad", but not "my Dad" just like you wouldn't say "my John Smith"). So the ...


10

"Partner" conveys a romantic relationship and does not specify gender. It doesn't necessarily mean that you live together, but it's the way to bet. Note that employers that extend certain benefits to same-sex partners use the word "partner" but generally require cohabitation.


10

I don't think there's a single word on the order of orphan and widow/widower. I would say bereaved parents.


10

If you can't use her name (e.g. if you're introducing her), and need to specify exactly which daughter-in-law, I'd suggest "my younger son's wife". Second daughter-in-law is ambiguous since you aren't clear on what is being counted. It's not clear which you mean: younger daughter-in-law, or wife of younger son, or wife of son who married second.



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