New answers tagged hyphen
It should be either "endogenously and exogenously derived acetaldehyde" or, less elegantly but still intelligibly, "endogenously- and exogenously-derived acetaldehyde". Without the hyphens the adverbs both unambiguously modify the (past-participial) adjective, while with only one hyphen the adverb without a hyphen is left dangling.
One does not hyphenate -ly adverbs that precede adjectives.
Using hyphenation is typically a question of style preference, and some well know style guides can be checked to determine what is appropriate. However, a few guidelines are worth knowing. The guidelines below come from an answer to another question about a specific use of hyphenation. But the guidelines are very general. Let's start with the British ...
"One in ten people hate ..." is correct. But if you use the phrase as an adjective ("A one-in-ten chance") hyphens are a good idea.
hyphen "The short one" Its diminutive size helps the reader to read the two words as a single word. Ideally, this would be visually invisible and the two words would be directly joined, but grammar rules don't agree. en-dash "The mid-sized one" The difference in appearance is important in order to signal to the reader that it should not be interpreted as a ...
You need to figure out the structure of the phrase (or word), then put a hyphen between the most closely connected elements, which will be those that make a unit with each other but with no other element. I think the structure is: [[human [skin tissue]] emulating] gel and if that's right, the two most closely connected elements are "skin" and ...
You need a hyphen between the words tissue and emulating, but nowhere else. The reason is that skin is simply an attributive noun to tissue (it functions as a adjective), and human is also an attributive noun. Thus human and skin are just cascading "adjectives" that do not combine into a single unit with tissue, and therefore do not require multiple ...
Many grammar guides, such as grammarbook.com and Grammar Girl, do advise writers to use a hyphen when compound adjectives come before the noun they modify, but as John Lawler commented, it's not a definitive rule. It's pretty much like the Oxford comma; there are people who'll complain if you use it and there are people who'll complain if you don't. The ...
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