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1

Where a gerund-participle clause is complement to a preposition, both genitive and non-genitive subjects are possible: I have no objections to [their/them taking notes]. She insisted on [my/me being present at the interview]. So, both your examples are fine. It's essentially a free choice between genitive "their" and non-genitive "them", though the ...


2

Yes, it is true that payment implies giving in cash or kind only. Etimologically, and therefore essentially even in contemporary use, pay is to sort of "compensate" (cf. compensation as syn. of pay -- salary). See pay on etymonline. Use of pay in "paying attention" is metaphorical and the phrase is idiomatic. "Take Our Word for it," Issue ...


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"Travelling" is not wrong and "Travelling" vs "Traveling" is a "British English" vs "American English" thing as well-explained in the linked Wikipedia article: The British English doubling is used for all inflections (-ed, -ing, -er, -est) and for the noun suffixes -er and -or. Therefore, British English usage is cancelled, counsellor, cruellest, ...


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It helps to have the full context of the words you quote: Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law. Knowing is a present participle, a verb form obtained by adding the suffix ...


2

Do you know the way to San Jose? Now there's a sentence which contains a to but no infinitive of a verb. Your second group are a bit like that. The gerund is a noun (from a verb). So saying I got used to reading is grammatically no different to saying I got used to Michael. Or He went back to studying just like He went back to Minneapolis. But the ...


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The verb tense is different in the first set as opposed to the second set. In the first set the verb "is" is present so the subsequent verb in the verb-object construction takes the infinitive form. In the second set the verb forms are past participles and the gerunds actually take the form of the object in the sentence as a gerund+object form. So, I ...


2

There are certain expressions that take to + ing. Here are some examples: admit to: He admitted to stealing the money. allude to: He alluded to being frightened. amount to: Telling a half truth amounts to lying. as an alternative to: As an ...


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I recently spotted "overwhelm" itself used as a noun, although the usage seems a little odd to me. The line was: Climate change is a planetary emergency of overwhelming proportions. The challenges we face can be difficult even to think about leading to denial, overwhelm, or apathy.



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