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21

Analogue comes from computing. "A Chronology of Analogue Computing" article in The Rutherford Journal The word ‘analogue’ was first used as a technical term during the 1940s, and referred specifically to a class of computing technology. Today, the word enjoys much wider usage, typically conveying continuity. For example, engineers will discuss ...


16

Ball as in 'sphere' comes from Norse 'bǫllr' /bɔlːr/, while ball as in 'dance party' comes from Latin 'ballare', which in turn became 'bal' (French for 'a dance'). Totally different roots, it's just one of those quirks of English having absorbed bits of so many different languages. Edit as requested to provide a bit more detail: 'Ball' meaning 'sphere' ...


9

1) Why is there only one term in English for these two different species? Technically, there are more than two terms (see below). But lobster is probably not common enough a meal for the average person to warrant making any difference. For comparison, there are many breeds of ponies but I'd gather the typical person on a street will only have ever ...


7

I believe the usage of the word comes from analogue elctronics. Analogue electronics (or analog in American English) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two levels. The term "analogue" describes the proportional relationship between a signal and a voltage or ...


5

Use focused for a positive touch, if that's what you mean.


4

The negative "vice" has its roots here: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin vitium fault, blemish, crime, vice while the prefix "vice-" has its roots in the Latin vice in place of [Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary]


3

The dominant usage of the phrase has negative connotations; you would have great difficulty convincing someone that it was a compliment. If you want "upright", you might be looking to integrate the straight and narrow.


3

According to Etymonline heresy does not originate from Heraclitus: "an opinion of private men different from that of the catholick and orthodox church" [Johnson], c. 1200, from Old French heresie (12c.), from Latin hæresis, "school of thought, philosophical sect," used by Christian writers for "unorthodox sect or doctrine," from Greek hairesis "a ...


3

Because the meaning of words expands over many generations, the thought process is not necessarily logical, but a little imagination helps us to understand how words progress from one meaning to the next. Adjacent appears to be related to jet through the Latin iacere: early 15c., from Latin adiacentem (nominative adiacens) "lying at," present ...


2

A Google Books search for "professional bias" for the period 1700–1800 yields four legitimate matches—all of them connected to religion. From Richard Watson, An Apology for Christianity in a series of Letters, Addressed to Edward Gibbon, Esq (1777): I beg pardon for styling their [the Deists'] reasoning, prejudice ; I have no design to give offence by ...


2

See "The Africa Queen", (filmed in 1951) set in WW1 (ie 1914-18, and I think the book/film was actually set in late 1914). Charlie Allnut (Bogart) belches at the table in front of the Rev. Samuel Sayer, and Miss Rose Sayer politely enquires "more tea Mr. Allnut?" It's an expression that has been around for years and years, and the "Vicar" part of it was ...


2

I don't know the etymology, but it seems no-one else does. However, I have located the phrase Rains Dogs and Cats in 1678. It occurs in Maronides, or, Virgil travesty : being a new paraphrase in burlesque verse, upon the fifth and sixth book of Virgil's Æneids by John Phillips Under the branches, wot ye well, When it rains Dogs and Cats in Hell, The ...


2

From Wikipedia- Jordan Brady was also a professional stand-up comic in the 1980s. He was the originator of the line, "Bow Chicka Bow Wow!". ...his fresh and unique material ranged from impressions of G.I. Joe to re-enactments of entire porn film soundtracks.


2

The reason "hopefully" was appropriated for its use, as you noted, is because other adverbs were not satisfying the definition required. "Presumably" does not implicitly provide the speaker's opinion about the inevitability of the statement. If all things continue to proceed as according to expectations, the result will "presumably" happen. "Hopefully" ...


2

Bumptious is used in the sense of conceited. There is a connection to the word bump in the expression "puffed up with conceit" where puffed up refers to bump. Puffed up (and puffy) -as an adjective- has a similar sense to bumptious as well. This connection is also mentioned in one of the earliest dictionaries I could find. (Glossary of Northamptonshire ...


2

The original electronic computers were "analog". The computations were done by adding/subtracting/integrating/differentiating electronic signals (voltages), so these signals were "analogs" of the real-life values being modeled. (There were also various types of electromechanical computers, of course, from Babbage's "Difference Engine" to Turing's ...


2

The idio– prefix means, indeed, self. Idiot Ancient Greece was a deeply political society, one in which every citizen was expected to vote and engage in the political process. Exceptions were granted only for persons who were mentally incapable. These people were allowed to be, more or less, citizens only of their self (idios). That's how they have become ...


2

This this and this are all "bears". This is a European robin and this is an American one There is not a unique English word for every animal in the world. And (as with "robin") it was common for English-speaking Americans to assign existing animal names to new, unfamiliar animals that they encountered in the New World, rather than invent new ...


1

Sometimes a language has a specific name for each variety of a certain species, but usually it does not. And there is a good reason for that: it's easier and more practical. There are more than twenty varieties of apples in the Plant Kingdom and it would certainly be clumsy to have a different name for each one of them. When you go to a grocery store you ...


1

They are cognates only in that they share the prefix idio- which is from the Greek idios meaning private or personal (another word to list among these is id.) An idiot listens only to himself. Originally this meant not a moron, just one who was oblivious to common conventions. An idiom is a way of saying something that originated with one person saying it, ...


1

Earlier radio and electronics references often classified signals and/or variables as "continuous" or "discrete" as on page 981 of the Fourth Edition (1956) of "Reference Data for Radio Engineers," published by ITT.


1

The word 'engineer' originated to describe a 'constructor of military engines' From etymonline: mid-14c., enginour, "constructor of military engines," from Old French engigneor "engineer, architect, maker of war-engines; schemer" (12c.), from Late Latin ingeniare (see engine); general sense of "inventor, designer" is recorded from early 15c.; ...


1

The noun classic means something that's very high quality, particularly if it has lasting value. (vocabulary.com) The pristine Model T Ford that you keep in your garage is a classic Classical is the customary word when reference is made to the arts and literature of ancient Greece and Rome (a classical scholar, classical Latin, classical ...


1

A classic is an outstanding example of a particular style, something of lasting worth or with a timeless quality. … Classic is used to describe many major, long-standing sporting events. (src: WP, see link below). See also: The section on Sport in the Wikipedia article 'Classic:' Many sporting events take the name classic … ...


1

Since ancient times (don't know how ancient) existed the notion that the right hand and the right side were the "correct" ones, as can be seen in the meaning of sinister as "evil", from Latin sinister meaning "left". As the Online Etymology Dictionary says, Other derivations on a similar pattern to English right are French droit, from Latin directus ...


1

In early America, pioneers were going west in covered wagons, but they had to build their own shelters when they first arrived in the West. At first, there were neither lumber mills to furnish building materials, nor (in many places) logs to build log cabins. So, shelters were build into the earth, as a one room "home" where all slept at night. The small ...


1

Usage break wind was certainly widely used in the 17th century, but I'm still working on finding an earlier source. In other works of the 17th century, break wind appears to refer to either belching or farting, and often break wind upward is used to signify the former. However, in A Briefe Discourse of a Disease Called the Suffocation of the Mother (aka ...



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