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These are members of a semantic class called adversatives, which function to flag or acknowledge a kind of dialectical tension or antithesis between two clauses, sentences, or even paragraphs, such that one is or seems to be on one side of an issue or debate, the other on the other side. Among them, but is a coordinating conjunction. The rest are either ...


Because your theoretical sentence is a dependent (or subordinate) clause, the answer is no. However, as with many grammatical rules, if the context in which you are writing is informal (e.g., fiction), then it is perfectly fine and subject to your discretion; if the context is formal, you should more than likely not use a dependent clause as a standalone ...


A complex sentence has more than one clause, and a clause requires a subject and verb. "At her age" is a prepositional phrase, which doesn't contain a verb, so your sentence remains simple. Conjunctions may be omitted. Punctuation may take their place: Minggay Awok was lonely; her only companions were a few charcoal black chickens. His business ...


I believe complex sentences don't always need a conjunction. For example, the sentence which precedes this one is conjunctionless yet complex.


As Robusto points out in comments beneath the question, there is no universally acknowledged rule governing whether to include or omit a comma after a conjunction at the beginning of a sentence. Robusto reports preferring to include such commas in academic documents, but many other writers and editors would not include them. In my experience copyediting ...


There are no special rules for rarely used prepositions. According to the Chicago Manual of Style, all prepositions should be lowercased (except when they are stressed or occur as the first or last word). But I hardly ever see this style used. The AP style is much more common. According to the AP stylebook all prepostions containing three letters or fewer ...


According to examples used by Cambridge Dictionary, that sentence, by format, is correct. Although, it is a bit clunky. The example doesn't use a comma in this case, but I personally would, since it is combining two independent sentences.


In our English grammar school fifty-odd years ago, the very idea of beginning a sentence with 'and' or 'but' was so strongly deprecated that discussion on how to punctuate a sentence beginning with a conjunction would not have arisen. However, not all authors were of the same opinion on the usage, even in those days, and nowadays one sees it everywhere. To ...


In mathematics or computing you do not need context to remove the uncertainty. You simply look for the presence or absence of an X before OR. In literacy, reading, writing, speaking and listening contextual interpretation is necessary. Numeracy is more precise in syntax that literacy.

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