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21

1.) He died a broken man. 2.) He died as a broken man. * Both are fine, are grammatical, and are standard English usage. In your two examples, the expressions "a broken man" are predicative and are functioning as predicative complements (PC). Here are some related examples: CGEL, page 261, [25]: He died young. The "young" in that example ...


11

None of them are incorrect. English sense verbs, unlike most complement-taking verbs, can take either gerund or infinitive complements. I saw/heard him leave/leaving. This is most common with long-distance senses, of course; -- She smelled him leaving is a fairly unlikely (though not ungrammatical) thing to say. It may be (and undoubtedly some people ...


10

The verb allow can be used in three different syntactic constructions indicating what is allowed. Here are the three constructions with examples from the Corpus of Contemporary American English: (a) with a gerund complement indicating what is allowed: allow [gerund phrase] the president last month unveiled plans to allow [drilling in Atlantic waters ...


7

First, note that "x is y" is not always logically equivalent to "y is x". For example, "Fools are my friends" is different from "My friends are fools" (because the first allows wise men to be my friends too, whereas the second does not); "All men are mortals" is very different from "Mortals are all men" :-) That said, sometimes there is an equivalence, and ...


7

McCawley doesn't say much about it, as far as I can see, but it appears to be a variety of the complex of serial verb constructions around motion verbs and their inchoatives and causatives, like the various serial verb constructions mentioned in this freshman grammar exam question (#4, restricted to come and go): Bill went and dug some clams. (go and + V) ...


6

Your analyses of (1) and (2) are both correct. They do indeed refer to the ‘as X as Y (is)’ construction. Your analysis on (3), however, is not quite right. ‘Ever’ when used as an intensifier is confined (as far as I can think of) to three specific circumstances: With comparatives: When used before a comparative adjective, ever intensifies the ...


6

Adjectives which take infinitival phrases as complement fall into three camps. Some adjectives determine our interpretation of the subject of the infinitival clause. Some adjectives determine our interpretation of the object of the infinitival clause. Some adjectives don't determine our interpretation of either the subject or the object of the infinitival ...


5

*I got them all correctly. (ungrammatical) I got them all correct. I'm assuming here that the Original Poster means that his answers to the question were correct (sentence (1) would be grammatical if the meaning was entirely different). In order to understand why we need to use correct here, and why correctly is wrong, we need to understand the ...


5

I must say I always find such terms vague: is it an adjective that functions as a complement, i.e. a complement of an adjectival nature (I am large)? Or a complement to an adjective (I am large of mind)? Some interpret it as the latter; however, most linguistic Google results seem to interpret it as an adjective that is used as a complement, usually a ...


5

The recommend + person + to-infinitive formulation seems to have been more common in the past, while the recommend that + person + subjunctive appears to be gaining currency. Here's an example of the change using the pronoun him and the verb be.


5

Only the second is correct as written. However, "allows us to acquire", "allows one to acquire", "allows the system to acquire" and so on are all also valid.


5

You seem to have confused the to particle used in certain infinitive constructs with to used as a preposition. In English, the phrasal verb confess to takes the -ing form of the verb as its complement, not a bare infinitive as you have used here. He confessed to forging the signature. He confessed to having forged the signature. This acts as the head ...


4

It is tempting to see off guard as an adverbial. As such, it would mean ‘My Great Uncle Algie kept trying to catch me in an off guard manner’, but that clearly cannot be. It was neither the aunt nor the manner of catching that was off guard, but the nephew. It follows that off guard is an adjective which postmodifies me.


4

In this sentence, to cross the road is an objective predicative complement within the sentence. Such phrases take the general form: SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + COMPLEMENT The object here is clearly him. Side note As far as I'm aware, the "objective complement" is a rather peculiar construct to the English language. Other European languages (I can vouch ...


4

No, the that-clause has no grammatical relationship with the largest. It's quite possible there was previously a larger house in the town (that's just been demolished, perhaps). What the final clause modifies is specifically the word most, but it's complicated by the fact that strictly speaking there's a deleted second instance (the most hospitable and [the ...


4

Leaving out the Toe Suck Fairy, an independently serious Healthy Hyphenation™ problem, the sentence to be accounted for is There was a man known as X. This is a very simple sentence, suitable for beginning stories, displaying two syntactic processes: There-Insertion, which inverts the verb and the original subject, and inserts a dummy there as the new ...


4

It has in it fat, which gives energy. This is an example of what is called object postposing. In English, we normally expect to see direct objects occurring directly after the verb: I have a baboon. Other complements of the verb, including Adjective Phrases or Preposition Phrases functioning as predicative complements, will come after the direct ...


4

Short answer Raw here is a Predicative Adjunct. It is an adjective and not an adverb because it is describing the noun phrase, garlic. Predicative Adjuncts are very often adjectives. They're almost never adverbs. Longer answer Verbs set up slots for different types of phrase. The number of slots depends on the individual verb. All verbs set up a slot ...


4

It formed inside him an ambition to teach his students all the more. It formed an ambition to teach his students all the more inside him. He kept in the book bag an apple. (awkward or marked) He kept an apple in the book bag. The differing acceptability of these examples is due to a phenomenon known as HEAVY NOUN PHRASE SHIFT. It gives us ...


4

Strong wind, sweeping almost unchecked over great distances, is a prime component of the grassland climate. If you change the above sentence to "Strong wind sweeps unchecked over great distances", it is easier to understand. "unchecked" signifies the status of the wind at the time it sweeps. That's why it could be called either "complement" or ...


3

The term "counterparty" means: noun, plural counterparties. Finance. 1. the other person or institution entering into a financial contract or transaction www.dictionary.com I don't think it is a very commonly used word outside of finance, but it is eminently suitable and can be applied irrespective of whether you are buying from or selling to ...


3

I saw them digging a hole. We prefer it standing over there. Looking out of the window, Mary saw a car go by. We peeled the apples while waiting for the water to boil. There are several different kinds of construction here. First, (1) and (3) involve sense verbs (saw, looking), which have quite specialized syntax. Second, preverbal ...


3

If you are talking about your success rate: I answered them all correctly. I got them all correct. If you are talking about a successful transmission receipt: I received them all correctly. I got them all correctly. It is because of the malleable nature of the meaning of the verb to get that both of these sentences are grammatically correct. ...


3

Short answer If the phrase that is being fronted is a Complement of the verb, then it is often best to use Subject-dependent inversion, and if you don't your sentence may sound ungrammatical. If the fronted element is an Adjunct instead of a Complement, the inversion is not necessary. It will generally not give good results if the phrase that has been ...


3

*"He is difficult to be pleased" is ungrammatical. The object of the infinitival verb can be made subject ("He is difficult to please [him]"), but the subject cannot ("He is difficult to [him] be pleased"). Why does it work that way? I don't know. The syntactic rule involved is tough-movement, which has a Wikipedia entry, Tough movement.


3

A verb agrees with its subject, not its complement, not even in copulas. His injuries that day were the start of his decline. These ideas are a fresh new way of looking at the problem. My parents are the only reason I bother to go home for Christmas anymore.


3

It's a reference to the cut, which featured the Doctor (played by John Hurt) in what could loosely be described as a garden shed. No meaning beyond that, I'm afraid!


3

Collins Cobuild term verbs such as be, remain, look, and turn link verbs, some of which take an 'adjective complement'. Certainly, Her teeth were etc need some form of completer. A snag is that one can't really sensibly separate syntax and semantics here. Be in this usage is certainly just a placeholder, whilst turn has added semantic content (as well as ...


3

Many might see it simply as an Adverbial, or, in functional grammar terms, a Circumstance.


3

I think "she looked it" is more idiomatic. It's equivalent to saying "She was the picture of sorrow" Saying "she looked so" is correct, but a litle unusual. Most readers would be left thinking "she looked so .., what?"



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