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63

The oldest citations of the word in the OED are from the 15th century, and there is no indication in those where exactly they got the term from back in those days. Phonetically, it would be somewhat difficult to derive pride from Latin parata. If borrowed straight from Latin, you’d expect it to either simply be a *parata of lions or something like a *parrot ...


56

These company names are collective nouns. In general, in American English collective nouns almost always trigger singular verb agreement (after all, "Microsoft" is grammatically a singular noun, even if semantically it denotes an entity made up of many people). It is apparently much more common to use plural verb agreement in British English. It doesn't have ...


26

After looking at wikipedia entries for castles and fortifications, I can see that there are many technical historical-architectural terms which are very precise and detailed. 1st option The encompassing term might be fortifications. This is technically probably a bit wide as it would include military constructs which people do not inhabit and might ...


24

British English treats collective nouns (corporations, departments, etc.) as plural. American English treats them as singular. The size of the group is irrelevant.


23

The simplest argument in favour of the conventional view; that pride in this sense is a use of the same word that refers to the quality of being proud, is that it is in keeping with many other such words for animals: A shrewdness of apes. A sleuth of Bears (sloth of bears appears to be slightly later). A richesse (or richness) of martens. ...


20

A 'bank' of elevators is what I've seen in literature and heard spoken. So far as I know, elevators were not hunted 500 years ago or thereabouts, so you're not likely to find a classical term of venery. That opens the door for making your own term up, as appropriate and understandable ("a Stonehenge of lifts") in context, but if you're going for immediately ...


18

If you have interest in this subject, James Lipton's An Exaltation of Larks is the chief reference work. What you'll learn is that there are usually two (and sometimes three) group nouns for animals and birds. There will be a term of venery of a classical nature, often coined by hunters or gamekeepers (a murder of crows, an unkindness of ravens, a ...


16

Americophile (plural Americophiles) a lover of the United States and/or their way of life Admittedly it's only Wiktionary, but Americophile follows the general rule for constructing such words (i.e., Latinish/Greekish-sounding root ending in "o" + "phile"), produces about 9000 results on Google, and has a reasonably pleasant ring to it. If ...


15

It is called a bed or a nest. Source: http://www.thealmightyguru.com/Pointless/AnimalGroups.html Bed and nest are mentioned as a collective noun for scorpions in various sources also. I did a search on Google Ngram for "nest of scorpions", "bed of scorpions","colony of scorpions" and "group of scorpions". Ngram couldn't find "colony of scorpions" and ...


14

The actual list: (column 2, #1) A Pride of Lionys Frankly, a blogger's guess is as good as any I read: A pride of lions comes from the felines' place at the top of the jungle food chain. Full-grown lions have no natural predators (excluding humans, of course) and the females are ferocious hunters. Also, the male lion's mane of hair has often been ...


13

Using fellow in conjunction with the field or occupation is common, as in Walker and his fellow governors. The first single word that springs to mind is peers, indicating people of equal standing, i.e. similar responsibilities and status. To indicate direct analogues/equivalents you could use counterparts, for example if you are benefits officer for Company ...


13

I'd call this a jetty myself. Pier isn't wrong, but tends to imply a more magnificent structure than that shown.


13

Intelligentsia. A word of Russian origin (интеллигенция,intelligyentsia), imported into English in 1905, according to the Online Etymology Dictionary . It might be a little outmoded now. Of course you might invent words like punditorat ...


12

I think it is most people's tendency to infer the people at the company as those doing the action described ("bending the rules") and therefore the plural sounds correct when that is the message you are trying to put across. When it is the company as a single corporate entity, the singular works better ("Microsoft has bought Acme Widgets", "Acme has a great ...


12

I very much doubt you there is a definitive answer for this. Collective nouns became popular in the 14th and 15th century. There are exhaustive lists. I suspect people considered it more artful and "proper", back in the day. Animals in groups behave differently; the collective noun often hints at the behavior, formation or character of the group.


11

Sometimes the collective noun gives you additional meaning or maybe some poetic beauty. But most of the time it doesn't really add much. Most people will understand the phrase "A flock of crows" completely and some people won't even know that they could say "a murder of crows". Then there's the connotation of the word "murder" which you may not even want. ...


11

I've never heard "USAer" (I live in the northeastern United States), nor seen it in writing. As simchona says, its meaning is fairly clear. It would be especially awkward to pronounce, as the speaker would have to pause between "A" and "ers" to make themselves clear. A variant I have seen slightly more often is "USian", although this is again fairly rare, ...


11

Lineage comes to mind (as did Line but I prefer lineage) lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry or extraction: She could trace her lineage to the early Pilgrims. the line of descendants of a particular ancestor; family; race. Since there is some discussion about whether or not the person itself belongs to the lineage, I offer this ngram of ...


10

Can't find a dictionary word but these neologisms should all be understandable: Philamerican, á la philhellene. Americanophile, while this does not seem to have a dictionary entry, it does appear in print a few times.


10

For what it's worth, if there's an official word for a collection of fires, it isn't in this list. That said, I seem to remember hearing the term rash of fires more than once. That phrase appears more than 400 times in published books, and a Google search for the exact term (in quotation marks) returns over 100,000 results, many of which are news ...


10

In English, or at least in the US, we normally group students by the year of graduation rather than the year of entrance. We would say you're part of the "Class of 2010." If we need to group by year of entrance, we would probably say you're part of the "Freshman Class of 2006."


10

I don't know if there's some technical term used by meteorologists, but I think I'd instinctively say a "group" of clouds unless something more poetic was called for. Remember it is OK to use plain, easily understood words when the fancy ones don't buy you anything. This reminds me of the pointless list of rarely used collective nouns for animals that some ...


10

I'm English (brought up near Oxford), and usually use the plural. For example, I used to work with an organisation called the Institute for Fiscal Studies, and I was accustomed to writing “the IFS are”, not “the IFS is”. Or, speaking of local politics: “Oxford City Council do not build enough council houses”, rather than “Oxford City Council does not build ...


10

I think someone misread cyclone for colony of scorpions at some point, and it propagated from there.


9

In general, most animals do not have a "proper" collective noun. Collective nouns as we know them were intended as a way for gentlemen to demonstrate their knowledge and also have a bit of fun. They were not meant for everyday use. In scientific literature, you will not usually find serious reference to these collective nouns. The English language tradition ...


9

Does "Stately homes and castles" cover it? Or even just "Stately homes"?


8

The word used for this within educational circles, in Britain at least, is cohort. A cohort of students usually means a group of students in the same year on the same course, but could also be extended to wider groups such as all the students studying a course regardless of year, or all students in a single year group.


8

According to the OALD, group can actually serve as either a plural or singular noun. The category they give is "countable + singular or plural verb". So, an example of correct use is: A group of us is/are going to the theatre this evening. For any of your examples, both is and are can be used. I think the difference between them is as you say: use is ...


8

This look at the matter of the grammatical plurality of single groups of plural items is well worth reading in full. To summarise: Some do hold it must always be singular. Both can be found, from the middle of the 18th Century on. The plural is the more commonly used, has been for some time, and its relative popularity is growing. Respected writers who ...


8

These tend to be referred to as historic buildings or sometimes the broader term ancient monuments. Of course those terms aren't precisely what you're looking for, since both terms can include buildings not on your list - an ancient barn, full of history, could be counted as an historic building or ancient monument - and equally if a palace was built right ...



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