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21

Spelling Canadian English tends to combine aspects of American and British spelling. Here are some highlights: Some nouns take -ice/-ence while matching verbs take -ise/ense. eg. practise / practice and license / licence Canadians tend to use the British -our ending rather than -or in some words like colour, flavour, labour, neighbour. Generally, words ...


19

Pretty much the only time I remember hearing "Hay is for horses" intended as an actual admonition, as opposed to a lighthearted and humorous response, was in elementary school. I think our teachers used the phrase to remind us that "Hey, Mrs. Johnson" was an inapproriately informal way to get a teacher's attention – that we should try something like, "Excuse ...


18

This terminology dates back to the Anglo-Norman Kings who, having conquered Saxon England, started collecting taxes methodically, of which The Domesday Book is a famous example. For accounting, they were using a large board with rows and columns not unlike a chessboard, or un échiquier in French (from Persian origin, imported via Latin). The person ...


17

Before 1600, the OED gives citations where forty is spelled in various ways, but never with just an "o" vowel: feuortig, feortiȝ, fuwerti, uourty (the "u" is really a "v"), fourty, fourthi, fourtie This might possibly mean that there was some actual diphthong leading to these spellings; since most of these spellings occurred before there was any ...


13

Presumably because this is the way the settlers thought American Indians walked on trails through the forest. They probably did; if you have narrow trails, this is the only comfortable way to walk them. By the way, in my experience, it's not "an Indian file"; unlike "single file", "Indian file" is not used as a noun. They walked Indian file. or ... ...


12

When I was living in Calgary, Alberta, in the early 1970s, a student fresh from Toronto (where she had grown up) enrolled in our high school—and I would swear that she pronounced Toronto in two syllables: ˈträn-ə. Admittedly (1) the pronunciation may have changed or (2) our transfer student may have had an idiosyncratic pronunciation or (3) even though I ...


11

The reason why Canuck could be perceived as offensive is because it is a slang term for a nationality. But as you know there are many sports in which Canadian teams have elected to call themselves the "Canucks". The most famous is the Vancouver Hockey team but the rugby national team is also called the Canucks. Since sport is very much an activity based ...


11

From an AmE speaker, 'hey' is perfectly fine in the US, people use it all the time. I remember hearing that more than once as a child, "Hay is for horses." in response to 'hey'. It sounds like it was supposed to stop you from using 'hey' but it never did. It comes across more as a (not particularly successful) attempt at a clever saying. It's not formal at ...


11

Peter Shor's comment is right: that second 't' is silent, in the stereotypical accent, so it's something like, "te-rah-na" ... eh? Also Wikipedia gives /ˈtrɒnoʊ/ so the first vowel, too, is elided. I'm not sure whether the first vowel is there or not. I think it's something like /tɨˈrɒnoʊ/ with a reduced first vowel and more stress on the 'R' than on the ...


10

This is a huge question. Canadian English has many differences from American English. But it also has many differences from British English. Spelling tends to favour the British way, such as putting the U in favour. Except for words that Americans end in -ize instead of ise; in that case Canadians often use -ize. Much of the word choice is closer to ...


10

You're mixing up two different "Heys" (or the Canadian you greeted is). The reprimand "'ay is for 'orses" is/was supposed to teach you to say "Pardon?" instead of "Eh?" if you hadn't heard something, and wanted it to be repeated. The modern American "greeting" "Hey" is really just a variant of "Hi", "Hello", etc. Which is only vaguely related to the ...


9

Uncheck is far more common. Anecdotally, I have rarely seen the word untick while I fairly regularly hear and use the word uncheck. But, to demonstrate it better, do a google search for untick with Canadian location. It lists 16,200 results. By contrast, searching for uncheck with Canadian location returns 695,000 results.


8

The other answers here have a good summary of the history of the spelling of this word, but: To be clear, in contemporary English, the standard spelling is forty in all standard dialects and varieties. The spelling fourty, though it has historical precedent, does not have any currency. It is not listed as a modern spelling in any dictionaries.


8

I believe the negative response, "Hey(Hay) is for horses" is used to be a political ploy. I've seen it used to put down someone as if they were implying that its use is vulgar. A secondary put down might be "Hay? Are you calling me a horse, punk?" Its used as a way of confusing the person offering the greeting and making them pause awkwardly and question ...


7

If you are Canadian, then people will expect you to present using Canadian spellings. Use the system you are comfortable with.


6

Like any other "possibly derogatory" expression - it's up to the person you meet if he/she finds it offensive. It doesn't come down to grammar and use as much, but more to the feelings and background of the receiver. You will come across words that people find offensive, and then you know not to use that word again in the same situation. No rules since ...


6

I've done nothing but sit on my rear all day trying to find you an appropriate answer. I've only come across one article online that seems to collectively dictate anything and everything that I've being reading. It seems that Canada defines the majority of its culture upon its language (and spelling). While I have to agree with Robin Michael that you'll ...


5

I just took a tour of some Canadian banking sites. Easy enough since we have so few. Scotiabank offers Chequing accounts CIBC offers Chequing accounts TD made me drill around a bit and look under Canada Trust, but they too offer Chequing accounts. (Their American division offers Checking accounts) Bank of Montreal offers Chequing accounts Royal Bank, just ...


5

The floor numbering of university buildings (the floor plans that you provided) are somewhat special cases with strange numbering schemes. Some buildings will use three digits for room numbers on a floor (usually because at least one floor has more than 100 rooms), others will use two. Some buildings will number the first floor from above the ground, and ...


5

The answers given so far have correctly identified the elision of the first vowel and of the second "t", but one additional element being overlooked is (for many speakers) the significant palatalization of the first "T". /trano/ is certainly an accurate phonemic analysis, but the phonetic realization for many speakers is much closer to [ˈt͡ʃrɒnoʊ], or what ...


5

It's common for bilingual people to feel that different languages put them in a different 'emotional register', or even change their personality. This article from The Economist summarises: It’s an exciting notion, the idea that one’s very self could be broadened by the mastery of two or more languages. In obvious ways (exposure to new friends, ...


4

‘Hard done by’ is a common and well-understood phrase in the UK, Canada, and most other commonwealth countries. The usage with the doubled ‘by’ sounds (to my ear) a little ungainly, but not incorrect; and it’s used a reasonable amount in the wild, including (though not only) by professional writers and highly-educated speakers: Doubtless those on the ...


4

Meaning The chiefly British idiom, feel hard done by or feel hard done-by means "to feel treated unjustly/unfairly". The meaning is not akin to a feeling of betrayal. Usage In the idiom, hard done by is an adjectival phrase. So, on further thought, I think the following construction would be grammatically incorrect, He felt hard done by by former ...


4

I'm Canadian, and I don't think of the word Canuck as offensive and don't know of anyone who does think so. I haven't surveyed the population, however. It is perfectly possible to offend someone by calling them a Canuck or Canadian (or any nationality, in fact) if you simultaneously equate that nationality with something offensive. In that sense you'd be ...


4

I think the question makes an incorrect assumption: namely that cheque is a verb in British English. It's not listed as such in the Oxford, Collins or Cambridge dictionaries, and there's no instance of it as a verb in the British National Corpus. So it doesn't matter whether you spell it as *chequing or *chequeing: either way, British English speakers will ...


4

Here: In Old English, it was spelt feuortig...by the 14th century (Chaucer) it was spelt fourty... and not until the very end of the 17th century was it spelt forty. In other words, it - like multitudes of other English words - went through a process of simplification over time.


4

If you look at forvo.com, all the Australians, Brits, and Canadians pronounce "route" as root. It is only around half the Americans who pronounce it as rout. So the historical British pronunciation is presumably root. The historically incorrect rout pronunciation probably originated in America.


4

I use it to mean "okay?" or "right?" or "do you not agree with me?" All more-or-less the same, acha?



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