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To determine whether auxiliaries are verbs, we should examine two kinds of properties.  One kind of important property relates to word forms, and the other kind of property relates to word use.    Most verbs have properties such as tense, aspect and mode.  The verb to be is a normal, complete verb.  Was and were are past ...


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I agree totally with you about the issue, except that modal auxiliary verbs should be classified as adjectives. In "{Mary is} pretty" is modifies Mary's existentialism, by being an adjective to Mary. pretty modifies Mary's existentialism, by stating that {Mary's existentialism} being pretty. However, the more established way to look at it is, in not ...


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There are different views on the things you ask about and the major grammar texts do seem to differ in the details, so there are "traditional grammars" and "modern grammars" as authors grapple with various complexities and redefinitions and have different views. I'm not sure about what you call a "proper verb" (a judgement call really) but the term 'main ...



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