3
votes
0answers
115 views

Hypothetical declarative with the present subjunctive

So there's this usage of what seems to be the present subjunctive that I haven't been able to find references on: A: "He said he was going to kill you." B: "What? He kill me? Fat chance!" ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

What Defines a Utah Accent?

I have heard a number of people refer to the "Utah accent." What is it that distinguishes a Utah accent from others? I have noticed that, in some cases, people from Utah omit the 't' from words such ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Is there reference material for dictionary abbreviations used in the first half of the 20th century?

I have a lot of abbreviations that I can't work out the meaning of from an old etymological dictionary and I'm looking for a reference that will explain them all. I have a copy of an etymological ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How to determine which definition of 'contingent'?

This quote was revealed to exemplify Definition 1, but working backwards, how would you determine the meaning of contingent? Even after seeing the context, I'm still vacillating between definitions 1 ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

'In + participle' vs 'participle'

Is there a name for the structure 'in + participle' ? 2. What are the similarities and differences? I tried Google which revealed nothing. In the following example, what would differ if the ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Questions becoming statements

Sometimes there is an interesting effect when you convert a question into a statement, though this does seem somewhat modern. For example, What the heck. as opposed to What the heck? or ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Does one include a comma after the last proposition in a list of multiple preposition-verb pairs

Should I do this: The developers are less experienced in, or passionate about, UX. Or should I remove the last comma: The developers are less experienced in, or passionate about UX. This ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

I grew up IN the east coast vs ON the east coast

I cannot understand why there is "in" in the sentence "I grew up in the east coast..." - why it is not "on"? Google search provides results for both with quite high number of hits.
1
vote
0answers
94 views

“Nightmare” derivation

I did some research about word nightmare. In most cases this is what I've found: night + Old English mære "incubus." I would like to use the word mare for poetic purposes, but its meaning in ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Singular or plural when referring to an event and a specific case of that event

In sentences in which a verb references an event, and a particular case of that same event, should i use the singular or plural form for the verb? for example: "milk production, and in particular ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Possessive of “day” for “day's leave”

I need to request leave for one day and also for more than one day. What's the correct way of using the word day? Which is correct for a single day of leave? 1 day's leave 1 day leave ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Question about prepositions/conjunctions (from, to…)

Can you please tell which (if any) of the following is correct? Where are you coming from?/From where are you coming? Who will you give it to?/To whom will you give it? What for?/For ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

“So I told a porcupine…”

I heard this phrase spoken on a British TV show. It was obvious from context that it meant 'a little white lie'. How did this colloquialism arise? I have my own theory about about how this may have ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

“Mistaken as” vs. “mistaken for”

I heard someone use the words mistaken as rather than mistaken for. Is this correct? If it is correct then what is the difference between the two? Is it ever wrong to use mistaken as, and if so, why? ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Do I so often encounter simple past for past participle (e.g., “I have went,” “what was did to her”) because of where I am or when?

Since moving to small-town northern Minnesota (USA) two dozen years back to teach English, I have noticed a lot of instances in spoken language where the simple past is used in lieu of the past ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Tenses with “until then” - present perfect needed or optional?

If I understood correctly, "until now" can be "until then" in the past sentences. Would this be correct? it was a new approach that was never successfully performed until then. or should I ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Why do the first and last “t” in “taste” sound different?

When I listened to the audio pronunciation of "taste" /teɪst/, I noticed that the first and last "t" sound different: the first "t" sounds like [tʰ] while the second one sounds more like [tsʰ]. Words ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Is there a phonetic difference between the final vowel sounds of “butter” and “action” in Australian English?

The Macquarie Dictionary lists the following pronunciations: butter /ˈbʌtə/, apart /əˈpaːt/ & action /ˈækʃən/. Wiktionary lists them as butter /ˈbʌ.tə/ (RP), apart /əˈpɑː(ɹ)t/ (RP) & action ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Are there any words pronounced with an unstressed short monophthong at the end of word that are not /ə/?

Following my question Are there any words in English pronounced with /e/ at the end? I was wondering if there are any words pronounced with an unstressed short monophthong at the end of word that are ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Difference between discursive construction and discursive representation

Are there any good definitions of the concepts of "discursive representation" and "discursive construction" which highlights the difference and/or relationship between these? I'm thinking about ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

difference between past simple and present perfect in certain examples

I know there is difference between these tenses in sentences like: -I have broken my leg so now I cannot walk - present perfect (I did something in past and second part of sentence show consequences) ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Is “Is humans' height ideal” ideal?

http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/19832/is-humans-height-ideal Can "humans' height" be singular prefaced with "is", or does it have to be "Are humans' heights ideal?" or perhaps "Is ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Should I use Narrations or Narratives?

At work I keep seeing the term 'narrations' as opposed to 'narratives' and I'm trying understand if this is is common across the English speaking world or if this is just a term in the US.
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What is the correct usage of “the question of …”

I am currently writing my thesis, which addresses the question of how to do X. However, I am not sure whether the usage of "the question of ..." is correct. I found the following expressions while ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What does 'quiet laughter' refer to?

Abraham Lincoln in his famous letter to his son's teacher asks the teacher to teach his son the secret of quiet laughter. Is this expression an oxymoron (like deafening silence)?
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Correct order of representing information

I've been writing a research and I've come across this silly question. In the below sentence "Network investigation" is a general term that consists of many sub practices of which analysis of data is ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Collocations origin

Learning collocations we were told stories of their origin. For example, 'baker's dozen' origins from the fact that bakers used to take profit for each 13th product they sold. Could you please suggest ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Cohesive devices

Hi I'm analysing an old advertisement at the moment. Below's a picture of it, I'm stumped on one thing. Can someone tell me if the pronouns 'you' and 'your' are anaphoric references or exophoric ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Replacing “yes” with “absolutely”: multiple “w” ' s

Replacing simple, concise words with longer, more obscure ones has long been a hall mark of bureaucratic reports and student papers, but I'm asking here about the particular example of replacing "yes" ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

punctuating So and Then at the beginning of a sentence

I am confused when to put a comma after "so" and after "then" at the start of a sentence. i.e., And then that's when you went to the store? i.e., Then at McDonald's you were only there for a year, ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Why aren't there hyphens between compound words made of fantasy race and title/role?

This is more relevant to writers of fantasy and myth… I have seen mentions on the internet and in literature like “vampire king”, “demon king” and “demon son”—with no hyphens. Any particular rule ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

disputant vs disputer

Any differences in meaning? The dictionary doesn't explain. Google Ngrams This dispute between the king and the estate of William Bankes, owner of coastal land including Corfe Castle, concerned ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What does it mean “off one's look”

I've come across the following passage in a script. PERSON 1: And tomatoes are actually berries! The others look at him with annoyed confusion. PERSON 1: (off their looks) What? It’s ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

“The best age to be”, precis title

I wrote a precis of a paragraph whose title was "The best age to be". This real paragraph described that each age has its sorrows and happiness-es. What a child can do and can't do. What young man can ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Correct spelling for BOD and DO

What is the correct way to spell "biochemical oxygen demand" and "dissolved oxygen" in the middle of a sentence? Should the initial letters be capitalized?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Sentence diagramming trouble with figuring out subordinators and relative pronouns

http://imgur.com/a/dyALV for the pictures. In the diagrams my main concern was figuring out if the use of "that" was under the context of it being a relative pronoun or a subordinator. I have trouble ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How to rewrite and eliminate multiple [double negatives]?

What's the general method or algorithm or procedure, for longer sentences replete with them? In the following example, there are 3 double negatives, including one implied by unless, all of which ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Correct use of subject/object in sentence?

In the sentence: It is fun to be him/he, would you use him or he? A teacher told me that you use the object form after the infinitive of to be. Is this true?
0
votes
0answers
20 views

which is better, “deformation” or “deformations”?

This is for a thesis title so I want to be sure it makes sense. Would it be more correct to write: "defects and structural deformations" (plural); as in, there are a number of possible ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

“Damage to the undercarriage; damage caused by water”

Does this phrase mean that damages to the undercarriage caused by water is not covered, OR does it mean damage to the undercarriage is not covered regardless of the cause, and that damage to the ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

“On the equivalence of A and B” or “between A and B”

I am writing an academic paper with a choice of titles: On the equivalence of A and B On the equivalence between A and B or On the equivalence of A, B and C On the equivalence ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Which article to choose in this situation?

On our company's website there's a list of projects. One of them can be chosen by clicking on the button Choose the project. In my opinion there should be a instead of the, because we are not pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

“vest” as a phrasal verb

Rather than memorising the definitions, how could I intuit and rationalise them: vest in somebody/something = to belong to somebody/something legally. vest something in somebody = to give somebody ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

meaning of “or”

is the word nuclear assumed after the "or" in the following sentence? "by nuclear action or radiation or radioactive contamination" In other words, does the "or" assume that the Nuclear applies to ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

meaning of “haul up”

I read this sentence from the book "REVOLUTION 2020" I remained under a banyan tree, exhausted by my daily ritual of hauling up the men every two hours". I got the meaning for haul up as "to ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Is it considered alliteration if two or more neighboring words start with different allophones of the same phoneme?

Both the words tea and trip start with different allophones of the same phoneme /t/. Would placing these words next to each other in a sentence not be considered alliteration, or is sharing the same ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

“for + noun phrase” vs “of + noun phrase”

presumptive (adj) 1.1 Law Giving grounds for the inference of a fact or of the appropriate interpretation of the law. Would someone please explain why of precedes the second noun phrase (the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “slaved out”

As i was reading a character's biography : Jack, a small orphan child on transport ship that crashed on the Pitch Black planet. During the movie it is discovered that the child dresses like a ...

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