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2
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1answer
59 views

Can I reduce the relative clause after 'since' to a phrase?

The title might be confusing because I don't know how to phrase the question correctly. Here is an example: "The Asian Games have been promoted in all aspects since the first Games which were held ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What is the difference between a Whiz deletion and using the present participle as an adjective?

The sleeping babies are adorable. and The babies sleeping are adorable. To me, the two sentences are identical in meaning. However, this doesn't seem to be the case in the following ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Is whiz deletion used with this sentence?

I don't want to go to a not nice place. I don't want to go to a place not nice. I know that the first one is correct, and the second one is too. My question is, is whiz deletion used for the ...
2
votes
3answers
88 views

What grammar rule is used here?

A couple of ministers had to resign too, among them Interior Minister Fouchet. I don't know what type of rule is used to delete needed "was" in this sentence. My opinion is that "was" should be ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Putting descriptive words in reverse order

There are sentences like this. He was a calm and nice person. He talked with vaguely old and British expression. I always thought that since "calm and nice" is not a phrase, it came ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

“His eyes, still on me, were speaking of cruelty.”

Is this sentence considered correct? His eyes, still on me, were speaking of cruelty. I think whiz-deletion is applied to it, but I am not entirely sure. Can someone tell me?
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What type of clause can this be?

While I was reading a book, I chanced on a clause that I found very odd. It says, The sea, inches beneath me yet too far for my eyes, buffeted the raft. At first I thought the italicised part ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Using “which are” or omitting it

A Korean software engineer wrote the following sentence. There are several algorithms commonly used by software developers. But his native English-speaking teacher corrected it by inserting "...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

I found an unusual usage of adj, please tell me how it works [closed]

Following the terror attacks in London on July 7, 2005, the then Prime Minister Tony Blair insisted those responsible were motivated by an "evil ideology," ... From CNN. It uses those responsible; I ...
1
vote
1answer
322 views

omitting relative pronoun in a non-restrictive clause

We often omit relative pronouns in restrictive clauses. E.g. "I am flying to a place I love" instead of "I am flying to a place that I love." It seems ok to omit the which/who in the following. But ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Can you omit “which was” in this sentence?

For example: "The song, which was released in 1982, has since become a hit." "The song, released in 1982, has since become a hit." Do these two sentences mean the same thing, and are they both ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Removing “who were” in “The park was empty except for a group of people who were stretching” [duplicate]

Can I remove who were in the sentence below? The park was empty except for a group of elderly people who were stretching, jogging, and doing Tai Chi Is it still grammatical?
0
votes
2answers
701 views

When to omit “that” and “who” [duplicate]

I have some doubts about the usages of that and who. Sometimes I read sentences such as You are someone I love. You are someone who I love. People were asked to describe the qualities they ...
4
votes
2answers
625 views

“that” omission, subject-verb distance [duplicate]

when can we remove 'that'? I've heard different opinions I bought the book that is required for this course I bought the book required for this course I recommend that you take my advice I recommend ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

“Those exposed to extreme cold” vs. “those who are exposed to extreme cold”

I saw the following example sentence in a TOEFL preparation book: To prevent frostbite, those exposed to extreme cold are advised to wiggle their fingers and toes to increase blood circulation. ...
0
votes
2answers
597 views

Complex compound adjective (adverbial phrase + participle)

A relative of mine and I have hit a brick wall in trying to agree on the grammaticality and stylistic suitability of one his sentences: However, it proved incapable of jeopardizing the under-...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

passive Vs active or omission of 'which is'

What is the part of speech of 'regarded' in the following? "a quality of beauty and intensity of emotion regarded as characteristic of poems" (NOAD) Why isn't it "... [which is] regarded ..."? ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Passive auxiliary verb or progressive one?

Uncle Vernon made another funny noise, like a mouse being trodden on.                —Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone Is ‘being’ a passive auxiliary verb or a progressive one?
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Can a preposition have the form of superlative?

They had almost reached the door when a voice spoke from the chair nearest them, "I can't believe you're going to do this.” I guess nearest is at the place of preposition. Can a preposition have ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

What do you call a past participle+noun construction clause such as “No offense meant” “Your point taken,” “With that said,” and “Given that”?

In reference to my question about the usage of “No offense meant/taken,” I noticed that there are a lot of shortened forms like “No offense meant/taken,” “Your point taken,” “That said,” and “Given ...
2
votes
1answer
392 views

“There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge.”

There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge. Is this present simple tense or the present perfect tense? I thought it might be the latter since there is a retrospective aspect ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

On the structure of “search for weapons and bands of pro-Hussein fighters still holding out”

I came across the following expression: The primary task of many American troops in Baghdad has been to search for weapons and bands of pro-Hussein fighters still holding out. This is from a ...
15
votes
3answers
6k views

What is a noun modifying clause?

This is actually a question that came up when I was studying Japanese. Unfortunately my grasp of the technical language of syntax is very limited, and I never fully comprehended the idea of a noun ...