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3
votes
1answer
47 views

Can you omit “which was” in this sentence?

For example: "The song, which was released in 1982, has since become a hit." "The song, released in 1982, has since become a hit." Do these two sentences mean the same thing, and are they both ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Removing “who were” in “The park was empty except for a group of people who were stretching” [duplicate]

Can I remove who were in the sentence below? The park was empty except for a group of elderly people who were stretching, jogging, and doing Tai Chi Is it still grammatical?
0
votes
2answers
276 views

When to omit “that” and “who” [duplicate]

I have some doubts about the usages of that and who. Sometimes I read sentences such as You are someone I love. You are someone who I love. People were asked to describe the qualities they ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

“that” omission, subject-verb distance [duplicate]

when can we remove 'that'? I've heard different opinions I bought the book that is required for this course I bought the book required for this course I recommend that you take my advice I recommend ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

“Those exposed to extreme cold” vs. “those who are exposed to extreme cold”

I saw the following example sentence in a TOEFL preparation book: To prevent frostbite, those exposed to extreme cold are advised to wiggle their fingers and toes to increase blood circulation. ...
0
votes
2answers
371 views

Complex compound adjective (adverbial phrase + participle)

A relative of mine and I have hit a brick wall in trying to agree on the grammaticality and stylistic suitability of one his sentences: However, it proved incapable of jeopardizing the ...
3
votes
2answers
463 views

passive Vs active or omission of 'which is'

What is the part of speech of 'regarded' in the following? "a quality of beauty and intensity of emotion regarded as characteristic of poems" (NOAD) Why isn't it "... [which is] regarded ..."? ...
2
votes
1answer
601 views

Passive auxiliary verb or progressive one?

Uncle Vernon made another funny noise, like a mouse being trodden on.                —Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone Is ‘being’ a passive auxiliary verb or a progressive one?
10
votes
4answers
637 views

Can a preposition have the form of superlative?

They had almost reached the door when a voice spoke from the chair nearest them, "I can't believe you're going to do this.” I guess nearest is at the place of preposition. Can a preposition ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

What do you call a past participle+noun construction clause such as “No offense meant” “Your point taken,” “With that said,” and “Given that”?

In reference to my question about the usage of “No offense meant/taken,” I noticed that there are a lot of shortened forms like “No offense meant/taken,” “Your point taken,” “That said,” and “Given ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

“There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge.”

There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge. Is this present simple tense or the present perfect tense? I thought it might be the latter since there is a retrospective ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

On the structure of “search for weapons and bands of pro-Hussein fighters still holding out”

I came across the following expression: The primary task of many American troops in Baghdad has been to search for weapons and bands of pro-Hussein fighters still holding out. This is from a ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a noun modifying clause?

This is actually a question that came up when I was studying Japanese. Unfortunately my grasp of the technical language of syntax is very limited, and I never fully comprehended the idea of a noun ...