The style and appearance of printed matter. The art or procedure of arranging type.

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11
votes
4answers
668 views

Principles in the use of letters 'b', 'u' and 'v' in Early Modern English typography

I have been reading a medical book by one late surgeon Thomas Gale. I was wondering the following mix-up of letters 'u','v' and 'b'. This states: "to have the cure of". Letter 'u' is used in the ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

When to pronounce # for pound, sharp, hash or hashtag? [duplicate]

How to pronounce # in a proper way? Currently, I know it's used to pronounce "pound" in US English, "hash" in British English, "sharp" for C#--a programming language, and number sign to list items. ...
20
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the name of the symbols “<” and “>”?

I know that ^ is called a caret, but this doesn't seem to apply to the similarly shaped but nonetheless different < and > symbols. The only names I've heard them called is the less-than sign and ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Has “Extraordinary” Ever Been Spelled with an A-O Ligature?

For example, instead of spelling it as extraordinary, you would write it as extrꜵrdinary. This also applies to its derivations, such as instead of extraordinaire, you would write extrꜵrdinaire. I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

What are the different ways of highlighting (or emphasising) words in English typography? [closed]

I know the following techniques are used for words in print : Italics, Underline, Bold, ALL-CAPS, Change-Of-Font, Enclosing-In-Single-Quotes, Enclosing-In-Double-Quotes, Change-Of-Colour, & ...
2
votes
2answers
314 views

Arabic numerals vs their corresponding English words in scientific research paper [duplicate]

This question is different from Why do English writers avoid explicit numerals?, as it is about the usage in a physics research paper. Basically, I am not sure when to use Arabic numerals and when to ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

How to handle non-standard capitalization in formal letters

I am writing a letter to apply for entry into a graduate-level university program through my company. I am struggling on how to write the name of the company in the letter. The company's trademark is ...
4
votes
4answers
358 views

Why does English omit diacritics on foreign names?

Why does English omit diacritics from foreign names that still use the Latin alphabet? For example, why are the Czech tennis player Tomáš Berdych, the Norwegian crime writer Jo Nesbø, or the Polish ...
6
votes
4answers
301 views

Is it acceptable to use a single hyphen as a dash (as the BBC does)?

Is it acceptable to use a single hyphen as a dash (as the BBC does)? Example from BBC News: Venezuela - a major oil producer - has been heavily affected by the fall in oil prices on ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

With character or sign

Is there a character or sign -- most likely historic -- for 'with', similarly to & for 'and'? Also for 'without'
17
votes
2answers
314 views

Space before apostrophe

In the 1928 Scribner’s (NY) edition of The Plays of J. M. Barrie, I’ve noticed an odd convention: where a contraction happens in middle of a word (e.g., “don’t” for “do n(o)t”), the apostrophe has the ...
0
votes
4answers
615 views

What non-alphabetic characters are valid in English spelling?

Is ' (the apostrophe) the only character which is not part of the English alphabet that can appear in the correct spelling of an English word?
6
votes
2answers
678 views

English Typography in the 17th Century

I was browsing through some very old English texts when I came across this page from The memoires of Sir James Melvil of Hal-hill, by George Scot (1683). The first thing that struck me was the anatomy ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Is it improper to use the Right Quote character, if there's no Left Quote character paired with it? [closed]

Laying out a printed catalog (for distribution in the United States), I'm listing the dimensions (using inches) for numerous products. I like Proxima Nova's Right Quote character more than the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Proper way to include a single character in a sentence, “V,” 'V,' or italic? [closed]

What is the proper way to include a single character within a sentence, double quotation marks, single quotation marks, or italicize it? For example, should it be: The man's face resembled a "V." ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

What is a note in small print before a drop-cap called [closed]

In this sample from 1776 of Philosophical Transactions via JStor, there is a note in small print set in front of the the large initial starting the article. To make it more clear: It is the phrase ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

(Name of) and (Best Practice Typography for) Unusual Self-Referential Double Usage

One pattern I find interesting is using a word in an explicit double sense, leading to a self-reference kind of pun. For example: As is the case with such things, however, military intelligence ...
87
votes
3answers
8k views

How did 7 come to be an abbreviation for 'and' in Old English?

According to A History of the English Language: Revised Edition by Elly van Gelderen, p.53, in Old English the numeral 7 was used as an abbreviation for the word and: Abbreviations are frequently ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the opposite of engraved text?

The name of the building is [opposite of engraved] above the entrance. I'm looking for a word to describe characters that are raised above the surface - the opposite of engraved or sunken text
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Early hyphenation library - 80s - 90s [closed]

I recall back in the late 1980s and perhaps early 1990s a library that was available in a number of forms that achieved excellent hyphenation in many/most languages. I seem to remember it was called ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the base of a subscript called?

In dingdong , "dong" is the subscript but what is the name for "ding"? Base perhaps!
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Word wrapping rules

Are there any rules or recommendations on word wrapping in English text? For example, consider the following sentence wrapped on two lines: The tragedy of the commons is an economics theory ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Why add extra space between a word and punctuation (e.g. a period, question mark, etc.)? [duplicate]

I was just wondering this because of noticing a lot of people I've worked with typed this way. Examples: Okay, that's great . Thanks, Stephanie . Was there anything else ? I was wondering if ...
8
votes
2answers
675 views

What did Old English use Ꝥ for?

Here are some examples of citations in the OED of Old English where they use a standalone crossed thorn, Ꝥ: Þu aclænsast Ꝥ weofod and ʒehalʒast. Þær after com swulke mon-qualm Ꝥ lute hær ...
0
votes
2answers
557 views

Middle initial placement

First question: My name is Anh D. Pham, but I go by “Andy”. If I want to include my nickname, where should I put the nickname portion? Anh D. “Andy” Pham Anh “Andy” D. Pham Second ...
4
votes
4answers
255 views

Term or phrase (bygone era) where doodles were part and parcel to writing

I read something a while back talking about this. It was a term or phrase I had to lookup; and it was available via Google-Bing, but not “predominant” - not a universal thing. Not exactly back in ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Appropriate punctuation for removing letters in offensive words

Letters in offensive words are often removed to make words less offensive, like f----ed, or n-gger. (Though this isn't just for offensive words—see G-d). What is the best typographic punctuation for ...
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Name of the archaic “F” character used for an “S” [duplicate]

Into the 19th century, accepted orthography often used a letter character that resembles an F (but is not in fact identical to an F) when today we would invariably use an S. What is this character ...
2
votes
3answers
293 views

A word for individual letters?

Is there another word for individual letters of the alphabet, perhaps a typographical reference?
16
votes
5answers
2k views

What Is the Real Name of the #?

I used to say "sharp sign" to refer to the # sign. Today a friend told me that the correct term is number sign or hash sign or even just hash. What is the difference between these options and ...
0
votes
1answer
252 views

Words to help describe when you are using spaces and line breaks in text?

If you look at the difference between something like quick brown fox and quickbrownfox, you might reasonably describe the first as being "spaced". While the second is, perhaps "unspaced" or ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there a term for an offset quote that is only quoting the body of the text?

A trend in many magazine-style articles is to take a quote from the body of the article and place it in its own blockquote or other special formatting, then place it somewhere irrelevant in the flow ...
1
vote
3answers
377 views

How would you handle ellipsis outside quotation marks?

Would it be: If I had only said, "I love you."... or If I had only said, "I love you"... or even If I had only said, "I love you,"... Basically, the ellipsis would represent someone trailing ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

When were st, nd, rd, and th, first used [closed]

When were numeric contractions for ordinals first used, as in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th instead of first, second, third, sixth?
4
votes
2answers
202 views

The hole in a character

Forgive any naivety. I have come from SO to SE to ask a question. I am looking for a font, where the hole in a character ie O, A, P, Q. Can be used to insert an image. I do not need a recommendation ...
2
votes
5answers
641 views

Different way to refer to a 'lowercase' letter?

I am looking for a different word to refer to 'lowercase' or 'small' letters, but I am unable to find any such word. "Large letter �"; this is used by the Unicode standard for non-latin glyphs, and ...
3
votes
3answers
221 views

What is the name for right-aligning a citation on the last line of a paragraph?

Is there a term for when you layout a paragraph with a right-aligned citation on the last line, like this: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus quam mauris, tincidunt ...
2
votes
1answer
600 views

Capitalising when starting sentence with digits

This might be more a typography related question than actual language question, but I didn’t know where else to turn. First of, I am perfectly aware that it’s generally considered bad form—regardless ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Typographical symbol to indicate page

There are many typographical symbols, for example: The pilcrow (¶) is used for paragraphs. The asterisk, dagger and double dagger (*,†,‡) for footnotes. The hurricane (§) for sections. Is there ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

General term for punctuation that surrounds a word or phrase?

Is there a general term for punctuation that surrounds a word or phrase? Something that includes brackets and quotes, but there may be other types of punctuation, formal or otherwise, that have the ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How to Properly Cut Content and Show Content is Cut

I hope this is the proper place to ask this question: I have a news article that I am citing for a post online. I am quoting part of the article but I am going to quote the first part of the article ...
3
votes
1answer
374 views

Approximating Fancy Punctuation

Is it ever okay (or acceptable in modern casual usage) to approximate an ellipse glyph '…' with three full-stops '...' or spaced full-stops '. . .'? The textbooks say you shouldn't, ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

What do you call the latter part of a sentence which spans two pages?

Does the sentence fragment after the simulated pagebreak (the horizontal rule) have a specific term associated with it?      The start of a new paragraph includes an indent ...
4
votes
2answers
402 views

Exclamation point inside a sentence

While reading the free Kindle edition of She by H. Rider Haggard (originally published in 1887), I noticed sentences like this one: But now, to my intense horror, I knew that I could never put ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Is it okay to use a colon within a bulleted list?

Question 1: Are colons allowed in a list? Business writing skills: data entry, email, presentation and press release writing. Question 2: Should there be only one and in a sentence?
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Capital 'I' and lowercase 'L' [closed]

I was wondering why these two letters (capital 'I' and lowercase 'L') look the same in some fonts? Is there any historical reason?
6
votes
3answers
336 views

Should thin spaces be used between numerals and units

After starting to use the siunitx package for typesetting units (and the numerals before the units) in LaTeX, I noticed that it typesets a single space between a numeral and a unit (a space that is ...
1
vote
4answers
6k views

Using an ellipsis to show omission, when we skip complete sentences. 3 or 4 dots? [duplicate]

Imagine I want to quote this text (the parts in bold): If there were such a thing, I think I'd be a champion. You know, baking under dangerous conditions, high-speed frosting... all hypothetical ...
1
vote
2answers
22k views

When do you leave a space in a paragraph and when do you not?

I am not fully sure if this is the right place for this question but I am guessing has something to do with structure and usage so hopefully it is alright here. Apologies if not. I am getting ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

From French “manœuvre” to English “manoeuvre”, does “œ” exist in English?

Sadly, I don’t have much to add from the title to this question: does œ exist in English, such as in the word manœuvre? The same question may also apply to what the French call the “e dans l’a” (e in ...