Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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Why is German anti-aircraft fire called “Archibald”?

Reading The War Illustrated (January 30th, 1915 number), I came across this passage:- At this speed they offer a comparatively stationary mark for the German anti-aircraft guns, always known as ...
4
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3answers
91 views

What is the correct term for a must-answer-correctly question in a test?

In some tests a question is critical, ie. answering that question incorrectly makes you fail the whole test, even if that's your only wrong answer. I tried serching for 'sudden death question' but it ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Is “Inversely Proportional” the right term here?

The effort required to design something is inversely proportional to the simplicity of the result. -Roy T. Fielding, http://roy.gbiv.com/untangled/2008/rest-apis-must-be-hypertext-driven In ...
1
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1answer
107 views

Which one is common: “Diagnostic” or “Diagnostics”

I'm translating the interface texts of an industrial control panel software and got stuck on this one. The module I'm referring to has some lists containing the sensors and switches for the digital ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Term for “representative” animal sound?

Is there a term for the sound word associated with a certain type of animal, that is considered the most frequent or usual representation? e.g. Cat - meow; Duck - quack; Owl - whoo; Frog - ribbit; etc....
2
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1answer
126 views

Correct term for computer language that's close to human in syntax

I've always used the term canonical syntax to refer to a computer language, the syntax of which is verbose and resembles the patter in conventional human speech. Recently, I learned that canonical ...
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2answers
44 views

A Term for a Location Where a Person has Stopped or Idled for an allocated length of time

I am developing a Geographic Information System where GPS coordinates are gathered and analyzed in a server. I have a module where I collect coordinates/points in a map where a person has stopped for ...
6
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8answers
1k views

Word for the opposite of digital art

I'm looking for a word to distinguish digital artwork from non-digital artwork. I've already looked at various suggestions for the opposite of the word digital, but none seem to fit the concept. "...
5
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3answers
40 views

Are there any terms analogous to “novelization” for other types of adaptations?

Occasionally, as part of the release of an original movie, the production company will commission a writer to produce a full-length novel based on the script. This happened recently, for example, with ...
0
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1answer
621 views

What does the phrase “this the new vivy and millennium wavy” mean? Is it a slang?

I was listening to the new Chris Brown's album, "Royalty" and the last track/song called "U Did It" which features the rapper Future has the following line that I didn't understand at all: I just ...
0
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0answers
68 views

Is there a more accurate way to describe “short vowels” and “long vowels”?

I was taught in primary school about "short vowels" vs "long vowels". Although it is a simplistic way to teach children, it is also inaccurate, because the sounds are different, not just longer and ...
0
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2answers
36 views

What is the term for following a number, ie: ten (10) with the numeric version for clarity

I see this a fair bit in journal papers, and wanted to know if there is a specific reason and/or term for this: having the spelled/lexical version of a number followed by the literal/logical ...
0
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1answer
43 views

What do the letters 's.o.s.' mean in annotations of a person's service in wartime S.O.E.? Well-known phrase, or cryptic?

I came across the following note when researching National Archives:- '28.7.44 Part 111 orders advised: 21371 has been s.o.s. I.S.R.B. w.e.f. 21.7.44' I know what the other abbreviations mean, ...
0
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5answers
113 views

Is there a specific term for the short descriptions of a movie or TV episode present in TV guides?

In TV guides, there are often short descriptions of movies or episodes of a TV series, like the one pictured here: Is there a specific term for this kind of text?
3
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3answers
161 views

What should we call a part of a sentence which is neither a word nor a phrase?

I would like to refer to a part of a sentence which is neither a word nor a phrase, e.g., "I will recognize" in "I will recognize you". Should I call it an expression, a part of a sentence or ...
5
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3answers
62 views

The name of this grammar structure

It is a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease that may become epidemic in crowded, unsanitary living conditions. I'm trying to find the name of grammar structure (a very technological term, not just ...
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2answers
72 views

Is there a special name for nouns that aren't preceded by an article?

This might only apply to a few nouns, but I was wondering if there is a special name for nouns that colloquially aren't preceded by an article. For example we say "eating dinner" instead of "eating a ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Early Modern English - How Many Uses of Conjugated Verbs in a Single Sentence

Using Early Modern English, can I have more than one conjugated verb in a sentence? For example, would I be more correct to say, "Thinkest thou that thou could take us to see him?" (Note that only '...
2
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0answers
37 views

A word that describes a word for which there are no words [duplicate]

I have searched the internet, read every dictionary and scanned website after website, and cannot find a word that describes a word for which there are presently, in your language, no words. Does such ...
0
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4answers
93 views

Is there a term for replacing name with a number/code?

For example instead of using Mrs Johnson to use Subject 2332
0
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1answer
70 views

Is there a name for the irregular spelling difference between some nouns and verbs?

Most words that have a noun-form and a verb-form (noun/verb pairs) have identical spelling, e.g. a jump (n.), to jump (v.). However, some words have different spelling: advice (n.), advise (v.) ...
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0answers
44 views

Juxtaposition Without Contrast

I'm writing something in which I would like to point out something that's similar to juxtaposition, but without the contrast. Specifically, I'm trying to say that the proximity of a lamp and a loaf of ...
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2answers
62 views

Need a term for all English words with a “.” at the end like “etc., Mr.” [closed]

Is there a name for words like Mr., etc., and Mrs.?
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5answers
2k views

Does the term “mass hero” exist in Western Countries?

"Mass Hero" is a popular term in India, especially down south, which implies an actor who has the versatility to sing, dance, romance, fight, laugh, cry, make the audience laugh and cry, apart from ...
4
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2answers
206 views

A word spoken rarely or never

I would like to know an unambiguous term used to designate words that are spoken vanishingly rarely, if at all. Words that are never spoken, _________, illustrate the fundamental difference ...
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1answer
56 views

“time” for instants or durations in science

I am trying to describe the evolution of a motion which is composed of smooth parts called "free flights" and instantaneous impacts. For example, consider a bouncing ball: its motion is a succession ...
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2answers
741 views

Is there a difference between “Who necessarily do not exist” or “who do not exist necessarily”?

This is from the English version of the book "The Name of the Rose" by Umberto Eco. Brother William was arguing that the non-Christian people should also be given the right to rule. Here are some ...
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4answers
49 views

Is there a word for a vocabulary associated with a particular work of fiction?

In his Lord of the Rings, J.R.R. Tolkien coins the word "glitter" to be a collective noun for elves. In his books about Wonderland, Louis Carol invents an absolute mountain of words, words like "...
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0answers
53 views

Word meaning “of a single word”, or, “word” as an adjective

I am trying to find a term to describe something as being comprised of a single word, similar to how the term monosyllabic describes something as being of a single syllable. Does such a term exist? Or ...
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3answers
158 views

Origins of the term “High Definition”?

I just found a 1996 VHS cassette with 'Super HD' written on it. I was under the impression that 'High Definition' is a relatively new term but it seems pretty old :D. When did 'High Definition' come ...
0
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2answers
145 views

A more common term for “rabbit cold.”

I've been quoting Lolita (as well as Don Juan, Man and Superman, Pygmalion, Tom Jones, and various Mark Twain's witticisms) for a while now; some people might be annoyed by this, but I don't care ...
5
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2answers
89 views

Word Hunt: Audio Player Terminology

I'm looking for a few words today, in the context of Audio Players. I'm basically looking for words that match the following definitions: Here are my current known words, and their definitions: ...
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1answer
328 views

Who first objected to the term “chain mail”?

Recently, I've become aware of a new (to me) peeve: some people say that "chain mail/chain-mail/chainmail" is incorrect in some way when talking about armor, and that the proper way to refer to it is "...
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1answer
60 views

subtract or substract

Subtract is considered the only correct verb, while substract is considered wrong or at least "very" obsolete. However, here is a guy, whose mother tongue is obviously English, and who uses substract ...
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3answers
127 views

The word for not a word

A few years ago I came across a distinct word used to reference non-words. Most people's guesses are intuitive though unfortunately aren't correct as it's a very distinct word. We're not talking about ...
2
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2answers
101 views

A superset of contractor, employee and businesses?

I need a single word to define an employee, contractor or any business entity (e.g. sole-proprietorship, corporation) that provides services in exchange for pay. I saw http://english.stackexchange....
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0answers
53 views

Does OED (and other major dictionaries) use the label “Slang” or only “Informal”?

I was just looking at some slang words in dictionaries. Surprisingly they are all (that I could find) labelled "informal". I couldn't find any labelled "slang". Same deal in other major dictionaries....
3
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3answers
334 views

Difference between “spruce” and “fir” when used in “Christmas tree” context [closed]

What is the difference between the words "spruce" and "fir" (or even "fir tree")? Could they be used interchangeably, for example, when referring to a kind of evergreen trees people decorate on ...
1
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2answers
216 views

Is there a term for when visual negative-space and positive-space are switched

I think this is a term in the perception/cognition area of words. I recently saw this visual illusion. I don't recall the last time that I've seen this 'flipping' (to be punny) of what is negative-...
59
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8answers
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“kinda”, “sorta”, “coulda”, “shoulda”, “lotta”, “oughta”, “betcha”, “tseasy” etc. What are these?

In linguistics, is there a term describing this phenomenon, i.e., when the syllables of two words are slurred together in the spoken language? They are not contractions. While contractions are ...
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3answers
47 views

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning?

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning? Here are some examples: I write less. The last word of this sentence is "anything". I ALWAYS WRITE IN UPPERCASE AS IF I'M ...
6
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2answers
204 views

Historical differences in usage of “Mrs” for “mistress” or “missus”

The title Mrs. stands for mistress, but some English native speakers claim mistress is only used to indicate the woman with whom one has an (illicit) affair and that missus is the long version of Mrs. ...
5
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1answer
78 views

What is the opposite of a retronym?

A retronym is the name given to an obsolete or older object to differentiate it from its newer replacement. Examples include "straight razor" (once just called "razor" until the modern razor), "analog ...
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7answers
3k views

What do you call a “cropped image” on a website?

Is there a particular name for this "picture of a baby seal in the comments section of facebook" of this image? I know there is "photo comment" but it doesn't point out that it is a cropped picture ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Term for all landmasses connected to Europe?

I'm looking for one phrase that refers to the entire landmass that makes Europe, Africa, and Asia without having to name each continent separately, much like how I can say the Americas to refer to ...
3
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1answer
95 views

What's the meaning of “designs” in the clause below?

The undersigned agree that this Fee Protection is assignable and transferable to the beneficiaries, designs, heirs and assigns upon written notice of all parties, and shall not be amended without ...
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0answers
61 views

A term for a particular or general skill that needs to be improved and acted on?

The title says it all. I'm unable to come up with the term for something you have as a part of a skill-set that needs to be further improved upon. It may be something very simple that is also at the ...
3
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3answers
254 views

Does the law define the usage of “Immunity” and “Impunity”?

I had to edit my question because I think it led to misunderstanding. For me, the definition of "immunity" is quite different from "impunity", and I know the differences. But what I don't know is ...
0
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3answers
241 views

Is “exceptioned” a word?

The question is a little more complex than the title states. Exceptioned is not in the dictionary. But I am not trying to use this as a verb. I work in IT. We keep a list of exceptioned words that we ...
6
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3answers
519 views

Is there a word like “conjugate” that means switching a noun between plural and singular forms?

Changing a verb to reflect the number of people and tense of the sentence is called conjugation. Is there a word that means toggling a noun between singular and plural? ie. "The computer program ...