Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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736 views

Is there a difference between “Who necessarily do not exist” or “who do not exist necessarily”?

This is from the English version of the book "The Name of the Rose" by Umberto Eco. Brother William was arguing that the non-Christian people should also be given the right to rule. Here are some ...
2
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4answers
49 views

Is there a word for a vocabulary associated with a particular work of fiction?

In his Lord of the Rings, J.R.R. Tolkien coins the word "glitter" to be a collective noun for elves. In his books about Wonderland, Louis Carol invents an absolute mountain of words, words like "...
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0answers
41 views

Word meaning “of a single word”, or, “word” as an adjective

I am trying to find a term to describe something as being comprised of a single word, similar to how the term monosyllabic describes something as being of a single syllable. Does such a term exist? Or ...
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3answers
153 views

Origins of the term “High Definition”?

I just found a 1996 VHS cassette with 'Super HD' written on it. I was under the impression that 'High Definition' is a relatively new term but it seems pretty old :D. When did 'High Definition' come ...
0
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2answers
144 views

A more common term for “rabbit cold.”

I've been quoting Lolita (as well as Don Juan, Man and Superman, Pygmalion, Tom Jones, and various Mark Twain's witticisms) for a while now; some people might be annoyed by this, but I don't care ...
5
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2answers
87 views

Word Hunt: Audio Player Terminology

I'm looking for a few words today, in the context of Audio Players. I'm basically looking for words that match the following definitions: Here are my current known words, and their definitions: ...
3
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1answer
321 views

Who first objected to the term “chain mail”?

Recently, I've become aware of a new (to me) peeve: some people say that "chain mail/chain-mail/chainmail" is incorrect in some way when talking about armor, and that the proper way to refer to it is "...
0
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1answer
59 views

subtract or substract

Subtract is considered the only correct verb, while substract is considered wrong or at least "very" obsolete. However, here is a guy, whose mother tongue is obviously English, and who uses substract ...
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3answers
122 views

The word for not a word

A few years ago I came across a distinct word used to reference non-words. Most people's guesses are intuitive though unfortunately aren't correct as it's a very distinct word. We're not talking about ...
2
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2answers
100 views

A superset of contractor, employee and businesses?

I need a single word to define an employee, contractor or any business entity (e.g. sole-proprietorship, corporation) that provides services in exchange for pay. I saw http://english.stackexchange....
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0answers
50 views

Does OED (and other major dictionaries) use the label “Slang” or only “Informal”?

I was just looking at some slang words in dictionaries. Surprisingly they are all (that I could find) labelled "informal". I couldn't find any labelled "slang". Same deal in other major dictionaries....
3
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3answers
308 views

Difference between “spruce” and “fir” when used in “Christmas tree” context [closed]

What is the difference between the words "spruce" and "fir" (or even "fir tree")? Could they be used interchangeably, for example, when referring to a kind of evergreen trees people decorate on ...
1
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2answers
198 views

Is there a term for when visual negative-space and positive-space are switched

I think this is a term in the perception/cognition area of words. I recently saw this visual illusion. I don't recall the last time that I've seen this 'flipping' (to be punny) of what is negative-...
59
votes
8answers
6k views

“kinda”, “sorta”, “coulda”, “shoulda”, “lotta”, “oughta”, “betcha”, “tseasy” etc. What are these?

In linguistics, is there a term describing this phenomenon, i.e., when the syllables of two words are slurred together in the spoken language? They are not contractions. While contractions are ...
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3answers
46 views

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning?

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning? Here are some examples: I write less. The last word of this sentence is "anything". I ALWAYS WRITE IN UPPERCASE AS IF I'M ...
6
votes
2answers
199 views

Historical differences in usage of “Mrs” for “mistress” or “missus”

The title Mrs. stands for mistress, but some English native speakers claim mistress is only used to indicate the woman with whom one has an (illicit) affair and that missus is the long version of Mrs. ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the opposite of a retronym?

A retronym is the name given to an obsolete or older object to differentiate it from its newer replacement. Examples include "straight razor" (once just called "razor" until the modern razor), "analog ...
19
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7answers
3k views

What do you call a “cropped image” on a website?

Is there a particular name for this "picture of a baby seal in the comments section of facebook" of this image? I know there is "photo comment" but it doesn't point out that it is a cropped picture ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Term for all landmasses connected to Europe?

I'm looking for one phrase that refers to the entire landmass that makes Europe, Africa, and Asia without having to name each continent separately, much like how I can say the Americas to refer to ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What's the meaning of “designs” in the clause below?

The undersigned agree that this Fee Protection is assignable and transferable to the beneficiaries, designs, heirs and assigns upon written notice of all parties, and shall not be amended without ...
1
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0answers
61 views

A term for a particular or general skill that needs to be improved and acted on?

The title says it all. I'm unable to come up with the term for something you have as a part of a skill-set that needs to be further improved upon. It may be something very simple that is also at the ...
3
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3answers
215 views

Does the law define the usage of “Immunity” and “Impunity”?

I had to edit my question because I think it led to misunderstanding. For me, the definition of "immunity" is quite different from "impunity", and I know the differences. But what I don't know is ...
0
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3answers
210 views

Is “exceptioned” a word?

The question is a little more complex than the title states. Exceptioned is not in the dictionary. But I am not trying to use this as a verb. I work in IT. We keep a list of exceptioned words that we ...
6
votes
3answers
515 views

Is there a word like “conjugate” that means switching a noun between plural and singular forms?

Changing a verb to reflect the number of people and tense of the sentence is called conjugation. Is there a word that means toggling a noun between singular and plural? ie. "The computer program ...
2
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3answers
171 views

Term for “letter obsession” [closed]

Is there a term for a person with an obsession on a single character or letter? For example: A person that is obsessed with the letter "X".
7
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9answers
2k views

One word for “temperature” and “humidity”

Is there a word (or a word combination) that would include both temperature and humidity, but not other parameters? Environmental conditions springs to mind, but I feel that it describes much more ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

How to describe lists with different ordering schemes?

I'm helping someone copy a list of lines a certain number of times into a new list, and I don't know how to describe the list that we're creating. For example, let's copy a list composed of 1, 2, and ...
3
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3answers
49 views

Term for when work gets passed around instead of being executed

At work, I see a lot of this phenomena: work gets passed around instead of someone taking autonomy and seeing its execution. For example: Task: Arrange meetup for grant awardees in the Lounge area. ...
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3answers
76 views

Prettier term for 'Gastronomic Tolerence'

My friend came up with this one, are there any alternatives? "Someone who tolerates all kinds of eating habits" (for example, both vegetarians and non-vegetarians) Example of sentence: "Tim ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Name of implement used for cleaning under your nails?

What is the correct term for the implement (usually with a little flat hook) used to clean under finger- and toenails? EDIT: found an image. This is the doodad I'm talking about:
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2answers
21 views

Appropriate title for a committee member responsible for monitoring conflicts of interest

This is in the context of a sporting body that has occasionally had problems with officers getting too friendly with business interests associated with the sport. The body is thinking of creating a ...
1
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1answer
130 views

What's the difference between hard-boiled fiction and crime fiction?

I'm seriously confused now. I just read (in Wikipedia) that detective fiction is a sub-genre of both crime fiction and mystery. Now there's this hard-boiled thing. Those money-grubbing editors and ...
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0answers
22 views

Creation and Preservation: what are the terms for natural predisposition towards them?

There are tons of exceptions, of course, plus there are people who favor destruction over anything else. However: Some people are impelled towards creation, while others seek satisfaction, ...
2
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5answers
122 views

What's an introductory part of the title of an article/book called?

Some examples of article titles: Taking the Leap: How Sociolinguists Can Handle Divergence Closing the Gap: On Linguistic, Regional Convergence Linguistics Revisited: A Statistical Approach to ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

What's the name of the action for opening a lock with an RF card?

We're constantly bombarded with new gadgets in our everyday life. Lately, hotels are moving away from ordinary locks and towards card keys. Some of them simply slide into a small slot in the lock, ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Literary term for a “placeholder” protagonist that readers/viewers “inhabit”

In some books and films, the protagonist is a "blank slate" of sorts--the character's personality is bland or never deeply developed, and he/she mainly serves as a sort of "shell" through which the ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Practice of foster care for illegitimate children

Apparently there existed a practice of sending bastard children to "foster care", typically a village, where village folks received some money from unacknowledged father (?) in some countries during ...
5
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1answer
294 views

“Shuttling between the anal and genital zones of development.” Huh?

Here's a quote from Lolita: "Dolly Haze," she said, "is a lovely child, but the onset of sexual maturing seems to give her trouble." I bowed slightly. What else could I do? "She is ...
3
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6answers
262 views

Is there a term for the amount of time one devotes to a job, as in full-time, part-time, half-time?

This question came up when I was posting job openings on a website and needed to list the various aspects of each position using label/value pairs, like so: Benefits: Included Availability: ...
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3answers
149 views

Is there a technical (and less gruesome) term for “execution squad” mentality?

A while back on Meta Stack Exchange, Shog9 described an "execution squad" mentality: First, if we're gonna do this then let's make it worthwhile: 1 vote == closed, regardless of how many other ...
0
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0answers
58 views

How to refer to the loudest point in a musical composition

Is there a single word to describe the loudest point in a musical composition? Crescendo is often used inaccurately to refer to this, but this is colloquial. Climax might be used, but a musical climax ...
1
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0answers
58 views

A way of saying “What could have been”

What's another way of saying "what could/should have been?" Ex. She reminisced of what could have been. Preferably short
1
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1answer
46 views

What happens with the score when the first point is scored?

What happens with the game score when a player scores the first point in match. E.g. in a football match someone scores the first goal. The score became 1:0. What happened to the score? In Russia we ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is the beach of an island considered a shore?

If not, what is it called? I'd like to know because I am making a literary comment on this word and I need its exact definition.
7
votes
13answers
2k views

What is a word or phrase for someone who professes to know something but actually doesn't?

Is there a word or phrase that describes when a person professes to know about a certain subject, but in fact knows nothing about it?
1
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2answers
81 views

A term for making self-serving decisions that end up benefiting all

There's a term, perhaps a technical term, for when individuals make decisions that are self-serving only, but on a large scale, the combine decisions made in a self-serving manner happen to bring ...
1
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1answer
580 views

What does the phrase “spread crossing” mean?

Kindly explain the term spread crossing or crossing the spread. I know that it is connected with stock terminology, but I can't find a definition. Figure 4 reveals that, broadly speaking, we have ...
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1answer
88 views

past progressive with dependent clause — dependent clause types in the face of ambiguity

I'm trying to explain how to contrast the following two sentences in a meaningful - detailed - way. I was eating when a bee stung me. I was eating when I was on a break. The intention is to ...
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1answer
80 views

Big Picture vs Long run vs Long Term

When people talk about things in the future like plans for instance, what is the difference between these 3? So let's say you were talking about smoking. In the big picture, smoking will cause ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Name of a programmer of a quantum computer? [closed]

What is the quantum computing specific term for a "computer programmer?"