Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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145 views

In Baseball, is there a specific term for the team that bats second?

I am studying the similarities between Cricket and Baseball. I understood that every Baseball game consists of a series of innings (7-9 depending on the league) where one team tries to score as much ...
0
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2answers
62 views

What do I call software as opposed to DB/DBMS?

In my documentation I'm trying to refer to the program in context of interaction with database / DBMS as opposed to the latter. How do I call such program or software? "Outbound", "outer", "calling", ...
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3answers
46 views

How to differentiate from multiple interpretations of the word “language”

Suppose I'm currently writing an introduction to programming languages. One of my paragraphs start as follows: Everyone can learn how to program. It is like learning a new language. [...] In ...
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4answers
161 views

What official English words describe these activities?

Court man goes to bank, and ask for information about suspect's account. Court man goes to bank, and ask for taking steps to control suspect's account, such as freeze suspect's account or unfreeze ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Modern Term for Right/Secondary Click

In order to access secondary functions in a graphical interface (such as a context menu), users often have to "right click" an object on the screen. Some variations of this terminology I have seen ...
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6answers
649 views

“Digital computer” in the 1940s

I was watching the DVD movie Imitation Game, starring Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing, the British mathematician who helped crack the Nazi's enigma code in WWII. In one key scene, Turing uses the ...
7
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3answers
163 views

Why is German anti-aircraft fire called “Archibald”?

Reading The War Illustrated (January 30th, 1915 number), I came across this passage:- At this speed they offer a comparatively stationary mark for the German anti-aircraft guns, always known as ...
4
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3answers
74 views

What is the correct term for a must-answer-correctly question in a test?

In some tests a question is critical, ie. answering that question incorrectly makes you fail the whole test, even if that's your only wrong answer. I tried serching for 'sudden death question' but it ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Is “Inversely Proportional” the right term here?

The effort required to design something is inversely proportional to the simplicity of the result. -Roy T. Fielding, http://roy.gbiv.com/untangled/2008/rest-apis-must-be-hypertext-driven ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Which one is common: “Diagnostic” or “Diagnostics”

I'm translating the interface texts of an industrial control panel software and got stuck on this one. The module I'm referring to has some lists containing the sensors and switches for the digital ...
0
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2answers
35 views

Term for “representative” animal sound?

Is there a term for the sound word associated with a certain type of animal, that is considered the most frequent or usual representation? e.g. Cat - meow; Duck - quack; Owl - whoo; Frog - ribbit; ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Correct term for computer language that's close to human in syntax

I've always used the term canonical syntax to refer to a computer language, the syntax of which is verbose and resembles the patter in conventional human speech. Recently, I learned that canonical ...
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2answers
37 views

A Term for a Location Where a Person has Stopped or Idled for an allocated length of time

I am developing a Geographic Information System where GPS coordinates are gathered and analyzed in a server. I have a module where I collect coordinates/points in a map where a person has stopped for ...
6
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8answers
894 views

Word for the opposite of digital art

I'm looking for a word to distinguish digital artwork from non-digital artwork. I've already looked at various suggestions for the opposite of the word digital, but none seem to fit the concept. ...
5
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3answers
40 views

Are there any terms analogous to “novelization” for other types of adaptations?

Occasionally, as part of the release of an original movie, the production company will commission a writer to produce a full-length novel based on the script. This happened recently, for example, with ...
0
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1answer
472 views

What does the phrase “this the new vivy and millennium wavy” mean? Is it a slang?

I was listening to the new Chris Brown's album, "Royalty" and the last track/song called "U Did It" which features the rapper Future has the following line that I didn't understand at all: I just ...
0
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0answers
56 views

Is there a more accurate way to describe “short vowels” and “long vowels”?

I was taught in primary school about "short vowels" vs "long vowels". Although it is a simplistic way to teach children, it is also inaccurate, because the sounds are different, not just longer and ...
0
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2answers
33 views

What is the term for following a number, ie: ten (10) with the numeric version for clarity

I see this a fair bit in journal papers, and wanted to know if there is a specific reason and/or term for this: having the spelled/lexical version of a number followed by the literal/logical ...
0
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1answer
42 views

What do the letters 's.o.s.' mean in annotations of a person's service in wartime S.O.E.? Well-known phrase, or cryptic?

I came across the following note when researching National Archives:- '28.7.44 Part 111 orders advised: 21371 has been s.o.s. I.S.R.B. w.e.f. 21.7.44' I know what the other abbreviations mean, ...
0
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4answers
72 views

Is there a specific term for the short descriptions of a movie or TV episode present in TV guides?

In TV guides, there are often short descriptions of movies or episodes of a TV series, like the one pictured here: Is there a specific term for this kind of text?
3
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3answers
125 views

What should we call a part of a sentence which is neither a word nor a phrase?

I would like to refer to a part of a sentence which is neither a word nor a phrase, e.g., "I will recognize" in "I will recognize you". Should I call it an expression, a part of a sentence or ...
5
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3answers
57 views

The name of this grammar structure

It is a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease that may become epidemic in crowded, unsanitary living conditions. I'm trying to find the name of grammar structure (a very technological term, not ...
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2answers
59 views

Is there a special name for nouns that aren't preceded by an article?

This might only apply to a few nouns, but I was wondering if there is a special name for nouns that colloquially aren't preceded by an article. For example we say "eating dinner" instead of "eating a ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Early Modern English - How Many Uses of Conjugated Verbs in a Single Sentence

Using Early Modern English, can I have more than one conjugated verb in a sentence? For example, would I be more correct to say, "Thinkest thou that thou could take us to see him?" (Note that only ...
2
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0answers
36 views

A word that describes a word for which there are no words [duplicate]

I have searched the internet, read every dictionary and scanned website after website, and cannot find a word that describes a word for which there are presently, in your language, no words. Does such ...
0
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4answers
92 views

Is there a term for replacing name with a number/code?

For example instead of using Mrs Johnson to use Subject 2332
0
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1answer
63 views

Is there a name for the irregular spelling difference between some nouns and verbs?

Most words that have a noun-form and a verb-form (noun/verb pairs) have identical spelling, e.g. a jump (n.), to jump (v.). However, some words have different spelling: advice (n.), advise (v.) ...
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0answers
37 views

Juxtaposition Without Contrast

I'm writing something in which I would like to point out something that's similar to juxtaposition, but without the contrast. Specifically, I'm trying to say that the proximity of a lamp and a loaf of ...
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2answers
59 views

Need a term for all English words with a “.” at the end like “etc., Mr.” [closed]

Is there a name for words like Mr., etc., and Mrs.?
6
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5answers
1k views

Does the term “mass hero” exist in Western Countries?

"Mass Hero" is a popular term in India, especially down south, which implies an actor who has the versatility to sing, dance, romance, fight, laugh, cry, make the audience laugh and cry, apart from ...
4
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2answers
179 views

A word spoken rarely or never

I would like to know an unambiguous term used to designate words that are spoken vanishingly rarely, if at all. Words that are never spoken, _________, illustrate the fundamental difference ...
1
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1answer
55 views

“time” for instants or durations in science

I am trying to describe the evolution of a motion which is composed of smooth parts called "free flights" and instantaneous impacts. For example, consider a bouncing ball: its motion is a succession ...
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2answers
724 views

Is there a difference between “Who necessarily do not exist” or “who do not exist necessarily”?

This is from the English version of the book "The Name of the Rose" by Umberto Eco. Brother William was arguing that the non-Christian people should also be given the right to rule. Here are some ...
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4answers
48 views

Is there a word for a vocabulary associated with a particular work of fiction?

In his Lord of the Rings, J.R.R. Tolkien coins the word "glitter" to be a collective noun for elves. In his books about Wonderland, Louis Carol invents an absolute mountain of words, words like ...
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0answers
29 views

Word meaning “of a single word”, or, “word” as an adjective

I am trying to find a term to describe something as being comprised of a single word, similar to how the term monosyllabic describes something as being of a single syllable. Does such a term exist? Or ...
1
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3answers
151 views

Origins of the term “High Definition”?

I just found a 1996 VHS cassette with 'Super HD' written on it. I was under the impression that 'High Definition' is a relatively new term but it seems pretty old :D. When did 'High Definition' come ...
0
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2answers
129 views

A more common term for “rabbit cold.”

I've been quoting Lolita (as well as Don Juan, Man and Superman, Pygmalion, Tom Jones, and various Mark Twain's witticisms) for a while now; some people might be annoyed by this, but I don't care ...
5
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2answers
77 views

Word Hunt: Audio Player Terminology

I'm looking for a few words today, in the context of Audio Players. I'm basically looking for words that match the following definitions: Here are my current known words, and their definitions: ...
3
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1answer
298 views

Who first objected to the term “chain mail”?

Recently, I've become aware of a new (to me) peeve: some people say that "chain mail/chain-mail/chainmail" is incorrect in some way when talking about armor, and that the proper way to refer to it is ...
0
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1answer
59 views

subtract or substract

Subtract is considered the only correct verb, while substract is considered wrong or at least "very" obsolete. However, here is a guy, whose mother tongue is obviously English, and who uses substract ...
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3answers
114 views

The word for not a word

A few years ago I came across a distinct word used to reference non-words. Most people's guesses are intuitive though unfortunately aren't correct as it's a very distinct word. We're not talking about ...
1
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1answer
71 views

A superset of contractor, employee and businesses?

I need a single word to define an employee, contractor or any business entity (e.g. sole-proprietorship, corporation) that provides services in exchange for pay. I saw ...
1
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0answers
49 views

Does OED (and other major dictionaries) use the label “Slang” or only “Informal”?

I was just looking at some slang words in dictionaries. Surprisingly they are all (that I could find) labelled "informal". I couldn't find any labelled "slang". Same deal in other major ...
3
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3answers
241 views

Difference between “spruce” and “fir” when used in “Christmas tree” context [closed]

What is the difference between the words "spruce" and "fir" (or even "fir tree")? Could they be used interchangeably, for example, when referring to a kind of evergreen trees people decorate on ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Is there a term for when visual negative-space and positive-space are switched

I think this is a term in the perception/cognition area of words. I recently saw this visual illusion. I don't recall the last time that I've seen this 'flipping' (to be punny) of what is ...
59
votes
8answers
5k views

“kinda”, “sorta”, “coulda”, “shoulda”, “lotta”, “oughta”, “betcha”, “tseasy” etc. What are these?

In linguistics, is there a term describing this phenomenon, i.e., when the syllables of two words are slurred together in the spoken language? They are not contractions. While contractions are ...
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3answers
46 views

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning?

Is there a term for sentences which structurally reflect their meaning? Here are some examples: I write less. The last word of this sentence is "anything". I ALWAYS WRITE IN UPPERCASE AS IF I'M ...
6
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2answers
183 views

Historical differences in usage of “Mrs” for “mistress” or “missus”

The title Mrs. stands for mistress, but some English native speakers claim mistress is only used to indicate the woman with whom one has an (illicit) affair and that missus is the long version of Mrs. ...
5
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1answer
66 views

What is the opposite of a retronym?

A retronym is the name given to an obsolete or older object to differentiate it from its newer replacement. Examples include "straight razor" (once just called "razor" until the modern razor), "analog ...
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7answers
3k views

What do you call a “cropped image” on a website?

Is there a particular name for this "picture of a baby seal in the comments section of facebook" of this image? I know there is "photo comment" but it doesn't point out that it is a cropped picture ...