Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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11
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4answers
753 views

How much not better than average is enough?

This is adapted from a silly conversation I had about a baseball player. It set me wondering how to describe this sort of wordplay linguistically. HIM: Do we leave Jay in center? HER: He's ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

When did British and American crochet terms diverge?

In crochet basic stitches are called different things. For example a single crochet in America is called a double crochet in the UK, a double crochet in America is called a treble crochet in the UK, ...
1
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1answer
189 views

Megafauna is to animals as what is to insects?

I'm aware of several species of "giant" insects, such as the Meganeura (giant dragonfly) and the Arthropleura (giant centipede) — but I was wondering if anyone knew of a loose term similar to ...
1
vote
2answers
706 views

Does one top up or top off rechargeable batteries?

While writing a forum post on proper lithium-ion battery care, I started wondering whether the proper term for recharging them while still fairly full is called topping up or topping off. Perhaps both ...
-1
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3answers
2k views

What does “run’n’gun” mean? [closed]

I found the term "run’n’gun" in an article about video games. What does it mean in that context?
-2
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1answer
5k views

Is it derogatory to call user a punter?

I've been wondering whether it is somewhat derogatory to call a user a punter. For instance, We should encourage punters to participate in the discussions. Update: My apologies — I owe you an ...
7
votes
0answers
2k views

Term for homophones that have opposite meanings? [closed]

Is there a term for homophones that have opposite meanings to each other? For instance, Whole vs Hole Also, are there any more examples of such words?
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Whose tense is it, anyway?

I have questions which perhaps should be posted to Linguistics.SE; but since my primary concern is to discover what terminology in discussing English grammar and usage on ELU (and in similar contexts),...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Painting term for the reflective lighting of a surface?

In oil painting especially, I believe there is a technical word for the light that's reflected from one surface onto another (in the scene that's being painted). For example, if there's a reddish-...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Antonyms and mutually exclusive words

If north is the antonym of south, then what is the relationship between north and all other non-north directions such as east, west, south, south-east, south-west, etc.? Similarly, if male is the ...
11
votes
3answers
16k views

Term for a person who can read but cannot write

I'm looking for a term to accurately describe a person who can only read but cannot write. While I'm primarily concerned with people who have never learned to write, I would also be interested in any ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

What is the category name of words that can take 2 objects? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What do you call a verb which accepts 2 nouns? The function f assigns each value of x a value of f(x). Please show me what you have done. I tell you the truth. What is ...
1
vote
2answers
893 views

Is there a term for referencing the main character in a first-person song?

Is there a specific word for the protagonist when the singer sings from the protagonist's point of view? For example, in the song "Two Is Better Than One" by Boys Like Girls: I remember what you ...
2
votes
3answers
176 views

“The author is by Katherine Patterson” — what is the term for the error in this sentence?

I am marking some student work and one of the sentences was The author is by Katherine Patterson. What is the term for the error in this sentence?
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Are 'next Friday' and 'this Friday' the same? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Which day does “next Tuesday” refer to? To me, they both mean the same thing, the upcoming Friday, but I know people who say that 'next Friday' is the one after ...
1
vote
2answers
667 views

Term for “a pattern that repeats once induced”

For example, let's say that I went to sleep one night at 5:00 am. Out of exhaustion, I would most likely sleep until the late afternoon. Since I woke up so late, I wouldn't be tired until very early ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What are questions like “why did the chicken cross the road” called?

What are questions like Why did the chicken cross the road? called? I want to know if there is a particular term given to these type of questions.
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the process called to change “fire” → “fiery”?

It's clearly not "conjugation", and I'm not even sure which keywords to use for google to help on this. Without having time to dedicate my next few days to read though linguistics textbooks, I thought ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Hyphens in verb construction containing prefix such as “re”

In semi-formal business writing in the United States, I often observe that writers tend to add a hyphen between a prefix and the root infinitive of verbs. In many of the cases, the resulting verb ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Is there a term or short description for an accent you “can't place”?

Some examples of this might be Standard American English (though this may still be tied to geography) or, more likely, Received Pronunciation. The speaker's language doesn't have to be English, of ...
2
votes
1answer
374 views

What is the correct usage of a charged-off or charged off loan in the Financial space? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is it necessary to use a hyphen in writing a compound word? Does proper grammar dictate a preference towards using "charged-off" or "charged off" to describe a loan ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between “revenue” and “income”? [closed]

It seems that revenue and income have the same meaning. However, they seem to be used differently. What is the difference between them? When should we use one and not the other?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Terminology for pairs of words with the same meaning, similar or same pronunciation but different spelling

Is there a term describe word pairs like colour/color that have the same meaning, similar or same pronunciation but a different spelling? The most common examples I can think of are English/American ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What are specific cartoon-type interjections like “cough” and “sigh” called in English?

In comics, for example those by Walt Disney, interjections that describe or emphasize in words what the characters in the image are doing are quite commonly used (cough, sigh, tweet). According to ...
15
votes
0answers
90k views

List of expertise levels from beginner to expert [closed]

I am looking for a list from beginner to expert in as much as possible steps. I have constructed by myself: Newbie Novice Rookie Beginner Talented Skilled Intermediate Skillful Seasoned Proficient ...
1
vote
1answer
395 views

Category of words — 'another', 'an additional', “an alternative”, etc

I'm afraid I've had a sudden lapse of memory and have forgotten what category these kinds of words belong to. These words are used to expand upon another point within the same category. For example: ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the word for nouns with gender-specific forms?

Thought I would try a question with visual aid.* The image below shows Claire Danes, "Actor", in a kiosk poster for the Met. The variation in usage between actor and actress for female thespians is ...
14
votes
3answers
828 views

What is it called when a letter is within another letter?

What is it called when a letter is within another letter? For example, the letter O within the letter L: Edit: Or the first C in the Coca-Cola logo: Does this arrangement of type have a name?
21
votes
2answers
789 views

Is there a name for this method of writing that includes pictograms?

I've seen people write (usually in a humorous way) a 'code-like' message where parts of words are replaced with a pictogram that sounds like that word-part. E.G.: (eyeball) (tin can)(rope knot) ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

“Paintings on walls and ceilings” and “painting of portraits, landscapes”

I am creating a portfolio of painter's works and I need to categorize them. There will be two global categories: Paintings on canvas Painting on walls and ceilings The paintings on canvas divide ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

What's the correct way to imply that a course is not taken online?

I'd like to know how I should write on my CV that some courses I've taken were taken online (i.e. on websites, through videos and such) while others were actually taken on an institute/school etc. ...
8
votes
8answers
5k views

Term for easing up sails in a heavy storm

What is the correct verb (or phrase) to describe the action of reducing a boat's sail power in a heavy storm? So far, I've only come up with reefing the sails, but that refers to the furling of the ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

In a jet cockpit: “console” or “instrument panel”?

What is the correct term for the panel containing standard indicators such as the altimeter and airspeed indicator in a jet aircraft cockpit? Is it called console or instrument panel, or are both ...
2
votes
1answer
421 views

Newspaper vocabulary for news positioning

I'm looking for a term that In Brazilian Portuguese we call "diagramming", which is used to characterize the work of positioning news in a newspaper, setting image places and text flow of a page. In ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Origin of word “pad” in the mixing/recording industry

I ask this assuming there are enough people with experience with electric instruments, mixers, and other recording equipment to make this relevant. On any mixer, one of the first buttons that can be ...
2
votes
5answers
7k views

What’s the difference between “tool” and “utility”?

I find these two words appear together often, especially mentioned as tool and utility for the Unix operating system. So I am wondering about the difference between them.
-2
votes
2answers
121 views

No possibilities are ruled out

Suppose that two binary (yes-no) qualities are being considered. Often (yes, actually!) I want to express that all four combinations are possible: yes-yes, yes-no, no-yes, no-no. Is there a concise ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

The verb for carrying out a bitwise OR/AND operation

I'm writing a scientific/technical text which involves describing some low level code. I need to complete the following sentence: When two values are combined, their tags are _ _ _ _ _ _ together ...
0
votes
3answers
647 views

What type of clause is this?

Can anyone say what type of clause this is — noun, adjective or adverbial? I am glad that you have passed the test. Some people say that it is a noun clause. But I am not sure. What is the ...
7
votes
1answer
460 views

Term for use of descriptor or noun in place of proper name?

What is the term for the literary use of a 'descriptor' in place of a proper name, as in Shakespeare's play Much Ado about Nothing, when Benedict refers to Beatrice as "Lady Disdain" instead of Lady ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

What's the name of this pronunciation guide

In dictionaries I see two guides for pronunciation. for example, for the word "ambiguity":  [am-bi-gyoo-i-tee] AND /ˌæmbɪˈgyuɪti/ I know the second one is named IPA. My question is, is there a ...
-2
votes
1answer
754 views

What's the word for the property of being divisible by a particular number? [closed]

Example: Since x is even (i.e., divisible by 2), its --word-- is true. Since y is odd, y's --word-- is false. The description suggests 'moddity', but there was another word for it... BTW, I ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the word for “turning a noun into an adjective”?

Is there a specific name or term for words that are the adjective form of nouns? Like "salty" from "salt", "Freudian" from "Freud", "glossy" from "gloss", etc.? What about adjective forms of verbs "...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a jaffer?

I have been reading the cricket commentary today and came across an unfamiliar word: jaffer. Anderson continues, surely figuring that someone is going to get Morkel out soon and it bloody well ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

What is the word for this effect: things are not normally noticed until those things come in to the news and people fear/are looking for them

For instance. I've never really paid attention to white vans, but when the DC sniper was at large and they stated that he's probably shooting from a white van, white vans seemed to appear out of no ...
1
vote
3answers
733 views

What type of verb is “do”?

I'm going through some code with classes named like: clean_Cache purge_Stage do_Keywords The particular file do_Keywords is a complete mess and maybe if I knew what it was supposed to do then I ...
7
votes
1answer
376 views

When was the word “scroll” first used as a verb?

We all know that a scroll is a roll of parchment used in ancient times. A scroll can be rolled up or down, and that must have been the metaphor the creator of the computer-term "scroll" had in mind. ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Should I use “software defect” or “software bug”?

The "bug" word seems to be so popular that it overshadows "defect" (in search results, in tags somewhere, even Wikipedia article is called "Software bug") despite of looking jargonesque. Is the word "...
28
votes
8answers
2k views

Are “disgraceful” and “ungraceful” two different kinds of negations?

"Disgraceful" and "ungraceful" are both derived from negations of "graceful". Wiktionary describes disgraceful as bringing or warranting disgrace; shameful. giving offense to moral sensibilities ...
9
votes
1answer
717 views

What is this ‘-ing’ structure?

Consider the following sentence: The Bactrian camel is well adapted to the extreme climate of its native Mongolia, having thick fur and underwool that keep it warm in winter and also insulate ...