Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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Different types of whistling

Are there terms or succinct phrases that describe the different ways of whistling listed below? The standard put-your-lips-together-and-blow Tongue against bottom teeth Sticking two fingers (thumb ...
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1answer
146 views

What does “non-afirmated” artist mean? [closed]

I often hear this term "afirmated artists" or sometimes "non-afirmated artists", but I couldn't find meaning in the dictionary. What exactly could it be? See, for example, the International Festival ...
4
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2answers
1k views

You are standing into danger

On lists of nautical flag meanings (one and another), the letter U means you are standing into danger. I am familiar with the phrase from a sailing point of view - it means something like "if you keep ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the term for groups of numerals within a large number?

I am writing software in which I would like to be able to return the groups of numerals within a large number. For example, given a number 123,456,789, my software would return 123 then 456 then 789. ...
4
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3answers
578 views

Archaic vs Historical in dictionaries

At Oxford Dictionaries Online the word alderman is marked as "chiefly historical", whereas ere is marked as "literary or archaic". I've looked around on the ODO site, but I can't find a guide to ...
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2answers
465 views

Antecedents of indefinite pronouns

Consider the sentence, "Most of the apples are fresh." Is it incorrect to say that apples is the antecedent of the indefinite pronoun most?
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4answers
7k views

What do you call the person who performs an action?

What do you call the person who does the verb? For instance, in the sentence John killed Frank what is the grammatical term for John? I don't know if "agent" is the right word?
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4answers
4k views

'Horeca', is it English? Alternatives?

In Dutch there's a quite commonly used word that denotes the commercial sector around selling food and beverages for immediate (or near-immediate, e.g. take-out meals) consumption: horeca. (This ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Term for a word that is unintentionally made up of two or more other words?

For example, therapist may be split into the + rapist, neither of which (arguably) has anything to do with the original words. Another example would be conflagration: con + flag + ration. Or weather:...
7
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3answers
388 views

“He rolled his toilet things into his housewife”

From C.S. Forester's Hornblower and the Hotspur: [The naval captain] rolled his toilet things into his housewife and tied the tapes. ODO does provide a second definition for housewife which ...
0
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2answers
119 views

Content Performance [closed]

What is a right word to describe Content/Performance? It is about best and effective content that form a complete artefact. The example text as below: 5.4.1 Content/Performance This is about a ...
11
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4answers
1k views

Is “pregnant couple” proper terminology?

According to Collins English Dictionary, and of course as everyone knows, a doula is a woman who is trained to provide support to women and their families during pregnancy, childbirth, and the ...
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2answers
1k views

Longer than a word — smaller than a sentence

What would you call a linguistic construct that is just big enough to convey a meaning within a context, longer than a word but not having the length and proper form of a complete sentence? Like, for ...
0
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2answers
8k views

Correct order and terminology for meals in the day [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Lunch vs. dinner vs. supper — times and meanings? I know there are copious amounts of debates on this matter but is there actually one definitive answer for the order of ...
18
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3answers
6k views

What is the correct pronunciation of “regex”?

The term regular expression is often shortened to regex. What is the correct pronunciation of the g in regex? Is it like the g1 in gallium, or is it like the g2 in giraffe? I’ve heard it said both ...
3
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2answers
466 views

Is “default” used for “a value used when nothing has been explicitly set” outside of IT world?

In a discussion at another question, rajah9 mentioned that default is used to mean to fail to repay a loan, but that in the computer world we now use it to mean a value used when no value has been ...
0
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2answers
983 views

Term for a firm used as a public front to hide an illegal operation

What do you call a firm used as a public front to hide an illegal operation? This would be a term for, for e.g., A law firm used to hide a money laundering operation; A DVD corner shop where ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

What is the term for a person with same first and last name?

What is it called when a person has the exact same first and last name (and same spelling), whether named by parents or as a result of marriage? For example, Thomas Thomas.
11
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3answers
720 views

What's the literary term for an instruction to the reader at the beginning or end of a book?

Books and other texts can have a motto at the beginning (or at the end), or a dedication. But they sometimes include a command, directive or instruction to the reader as prologue or epilogue. It could ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

What do you call a past participle+noun construction clause such as “No offense meant” “Your point taken,” “With that said,” and “Given that”?

In reference to my question about the usage of “No offense meant/taken,” I noticed that there are a lot of shortened forms like “No offense meant/taken,” “Your point taken,” “That said,” and “Given ...
1
vote
1answer
583 views

Symphonic vs. symphony

Is there any clear line between a symphony and symphonic? For long, I thought that a symphony was simply a "song" played by a symphonic orchestra. Then I realized that more often than not, the ...
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1answer
95 views

Wondering if there is a word for “Incompletely defined”? [closed]

No big deal if there does not exist such a word, but I was wondering.
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3answers
4k views

“Regress” vs. “retrogress”

What do each of them mean exactly? Is either (or both) the opposite of "progress"? Could someone please explain the difference? To add some context: When I look up the definitions I see the ...
3
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6answers
1k views

What should you call a preface for a small document?

I think the word preface refers to books. I have a small document that is in the form of a hierarchical outline. Before my document, I want to put a small paragraph with instructions how to consume ...
25
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8answers
2k views

What do you call a computer window when it is not maximized or minimized?

What do you call a computer window when it is not maximized or minimized? I have been using unmaximized, but I feel there is a more precise way.
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Word or a phrase that means your results could be biased toward what you predicted them to be

In psychology I recall we used a phrase or a word that meant that because you predicted the outcome of an experiment, then your results could be biased towards your prediction. Either subconsciously ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the term for words that have a hyphen between them? [closed]

For example: "indisputably-accurate"; "the quickly-ran event"; "the truck-driving man"; "the under-slept woman"; "the power-possessing orb". What is the term for the words that surround the hyphen?
3
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2answers
23k views

What is “narrative nonfiction”, exactly? Isn't every nonfiction narrative?

I came across the term “narrative nonfiction” in the New York Times article titled “What should children read?” (November 22). It seems to be a journalist’s and book editors’ favorite jargon from the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the grammatical function of “never”?

What is the grammatical function of "never" in the following sentence? You will have to do something you've never done. Is it an adverb? My father disagrees with this. In "I have studied" vs. "...
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5answers
216 views

“Photo playback” — can photos be played?

The phrase "photo playback" has about 35k Google hits, especially in production descriptions, but is it correct English? It seems that “playback” can be used with video and audio, because we can play ...
0
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2answers
74 views

Is there a hypernym for persons and companies as entities?

I have to describe owners of certain properties and those can be persons or companies. I was thinking of naming them entities, but that seems too broad.
3
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2answers
824 views

What is the term for those cylindrical metal or plastic protrusions?

What is the term for those cylindrical metal or plastic protrusions that are inserted into mounting holes to mount a thing onto another thing? At first I thought of tab, but to me that makes it sound ...
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2answers
257 views

What do you call the part of a crystal that was cut of from a larger crystal?

The semiconductor industry calls the cuts of a crystal die or dice. Is this term outside of semiconducting industries correct too? For example, a crystal has been cut into small plates. What are the ...
2
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3answers
271 views

Word for delimiters which are placed after each item? [closed]

The word "separator" can be used to describe delimiters which are placed between items. For instance, in this sequence: "abbbabbbabbbabbba" The 'b's separate the 'a's. I'm looking for a word ...
17
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4answers
177k views

Meaning of “reach out to somebody”

The dictionary explains this as: To show somebody that you are interested in them and/or want to help them The explanation indicates the subject of the sentence is the one that offers help, but ...
3
votes
3answers
860 views

Architectural term for inward-facing corners [closed]

A T has eight corners. Six of these point outwards and two (the armpit) corners face inwards. In reference to a building, what is the term to describe the inward corners? The closest I've come up ...
5
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2answers
914 views

Human body with “skin peeled off” or “without skin” [closed]

My art teacher used a word when describing a sculpture of a human without his skin (exposing muscle beneath). What was that word?
4
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6answers
4k views

Are camp followers prostitutes?

My own understanding of the term camp followers was that it was synonymous with prostitutes who followed armies around plying their trade. However, according to Wikipedia: Camp-follower is a term ...
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votes
1answer
328 views

What term describes the relationship between 'collectivism' and 'collectivisation'?

What is collectivism, in terms of grammar, of collectivisation? Put another way: Collectivism is the [which word?] of collectivisation? Another example word pair might be centralism and ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Is a possessive noun a contraction?

I was told not to use contractions in an essay. My classmate wrote "the argument of Emily" but I preferred "Emily's argument". He disagreed and claimed "Emily's" is a contraction.
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10answers
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What do you call something that is not first in a sequence?

Is there a word to describe something that is not the first element in a sequence, but can be in any other position? A synonym of "not first", in fact. This element is __ in this sequence.
2
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the meaning of boilerplate in programming?

I am not very clear about the word boilerplate when it comes to programming. How is it different to other similar terms such as template and prototype? I would appreciate some examples that clearly ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Generic foreign words with specific English meanings

There are many words in English that are borrowed from other languages, but acquire a much more specific meaning along the way. For example, salsa in Spanish simply means "sauce", and could be ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

What are the differences among ‘Hurricane,’ ‘Super storm,’ and ‘Typhoon’?

In this morning’s (November 2nd) live-video report of New York Times, the caster asked a guest commentator if the tropical storm Sandy can be classified as a hurricane because there are many others ...
4
votes
1answer
428 views

Word for passing a vehicle going the other way

Is there another word besides "pass" that more accurately specifies the act of two vehicles going past each other in opposite directions, as opposed to overtaking a vehicle going the same direction? ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

“sample” vs “specimen” in a scientific document on condensed matter physics

I am searching for an appropriate headline in scientific document. The chapter is named "Investigated Specimen" at the moment. In the chapter I describe crystals that I have investigated. I feel that ...
4
votes
3answers
642 views

“Native” names and “western” names?

When Chinese, Koreans, and possibly other Asians migrate into countries like the UK or the US, they often take on a "western" or "anglicised" name for a number of reasons. For example, the director ...
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2answers
88 views

Correct? “We make no prescriptions …”

Can I use "We make no prescriptions about ..."? This dictionary doesn't give any definition of the word "prescription" apart from Medical or Legal jargon.
0
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1answer
639 views

What is the opposite of an agent noun?

Is there a simple phrase to describe the object of an agent noun performing an action? The adviser helped the advisee. The employer fired the employee. Is there a phrase similar to "agent ...
4
votes
2answers
780 views

What are the names for geometric arrangements like 'quincunx'?

A quincunx is a geometric pattern consisting of five points arranged in a cross: This seems like a very specific name derived from the Latin root for five (quin). Are there other geometric ...