Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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In navigation, what's the difference between bearing, heading, direction, and course?

Specifically, in real-world use, I would think that "course" and "heading" tend to imply a vector of movement, while "bearing" and "direction" might refer only to which way one is facing. I am ...
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349 views

What is a “magnetic shaped charge”

Just reading this article and in one of the first sentences it says: A few days ago, 32-year-old Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan died in his car, after two motorcyclists attached a magnetic shaped charge ...
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3answers
309 views

Term for a powerful personal computer?

What term would an enthusiast use to describe a powerful, tripped-out personal computer, the kind he might custom-build in his garage and overclock to the max? The usual reference sources are failing ...
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2answers
203 views

Term for an event being referred to by its location or date

Is there a term for referring to an organization by its city rather than by its name? mentions synecdoche and metonym as terms used when an organization is referred to by its location. Do these terms ...
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2answers
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Is there a term for words that are sounded out initialisms?

The words "okay" and "emcee" seem to both be somewhat widely accepted (at least, I can find both in several dictionaries). But it seems to be agreed that these are simply sounded-out spellings of the ...
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1answer
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When did “gay” become associated with homosexuality? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Gay (homosexual) and gay (happy) I'm curious if there's a definitive moment where the word "gay" started being applied to homosexuals. Was it a specific coining, or just ...
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4answers
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What would the job title be for someone who organizes parties?

I'm currently searching for the right term for someone who Organizes or Promotes Parties, "Clubbings", Events or similar. I understand that there's a difference between someone who promotes a ...
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2answers
202 views

How would I call a surface of equal energy?

There are already several terms I know to denote surfaces on which a certain quantity is constant: equipotential surface: a surface of equal potential energy isobaric surface: a surface of equal ...
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1answer
810 views

Can you 'agree' with something in varying degrees?

When constructing a survey question is it correct to ask a respondent: Which of the statements do you agree with more? Agreement seems like it should be binary. To agree with one thing more than ...
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3answers
221 views

Different way of writing “attackable” and “repairable” [closed]

In programming, we say an object is capable of doing something. For example, an object may be drivable or repairable. This lets us know what actions the different parts of a computer program are ...
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3answers
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“Fez” or “Tarboosh”?

Having recently got involved in an inconclusive argument on the subject the other day, I'd like to know which of these names is best when describing the hat worn in the Middle East. Merriam-Webster ...
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1answer
1k views

Origin of “hike” in American football

Both Wikipedia and TheFreeDictionary list the term hike as an alternative term for snapping the football at the beginning of play. Where does it come from?
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5answers
272 views

Name for an inexact abbreviation

What is the name for a word that is shortened, but done somewhat incorrectly? As an example, the word distro is shortened from the word distribution, but with the trailing i changed to an o. ...
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3answers
454 views

“Order of magnitude” for changes in prefix

Order of magnitude usually denotes a change of a factor of 10. Is there a similar term for a change by a factor of 1000? For example: Kb -> Mb Tb -> Gb Edit: I agree that you can just say "three ...
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2answers
383 views

Deconstruction of the phrase “some variety of” to refer to a single type or class of object

In informal English, I often see the phrase "some variety of" referring to a singular classification of a particular object of a sentence. For example: That appears to be some variety of plant. ...
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2answers
319 views

What do you call Xo-Y words? (ex: Judeo-Christian)

Is there a special name to call words like Judeo-Christian, following the construction Xo-Y? (Same question for French)
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4answers
2k views

What is a “Norman genitive”? [closed]

I have encountered such a term, and I have no idea what it is. Could it be 'of'?
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2answers
23k views

What term is used for the closing of a letter?

Salutation is the term used to describe the beginning of a letter or other correspondence. What is the term used for the closing of a letter? Here are some examples: Yours truly, Sincerely, Best ...
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5answers
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Proper term for people from eastern Asia

I once posted an article on the web in which I referred collectively to people from China, Japan, and the Koreas as "Oriental". I got an email from someone who informed me that this is an offensive ...
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1answer
130 views

Meaning of “float a deadpoint”

In a book about climbing technique (written by an American) I found the following expression: ...: floating a deadpoint from any one of a million different body positions. While the meaning of ...
3
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1answer
23k views

Is there a one-word English term for the day after tomorrow? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How obsolete is the word “overmorrow”? Is there a one-word English term for the day after tomorrow? Perhaps a term that has fallen out of modern English ...
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3answers
167 views

Image in article

What would you call an image in a newspaper article that appears in the flow of the article with text wrapped around it? For example an article with two columns — on the right column there's an image ...
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3answers
163 views

Is “constringence” a word?

I would like to express, in one word, the tendency to concentrate excessively rather than disperse. This is applied in a sentence where I describe a set of data, which has too much focus on one aspect ...
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3answers
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Is “wtf” an abbreviation or a euphemism?

In the English language we have a lot of euphemisms for profanities that take the form of abbreviations; for instance, people may say the f-word or the s-word if they don't want to say fuck and shit. ...
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6answers
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“Bear market” / “Bull market” : what relationship those animals have with economy?

A bull market is a upward trend and a bear market a downward trend, but how did those animals end up in financial terminology?
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3answers
776 views

A generic term for both fast-forward and rewind modes?

I'd like to add an option to some program that would control the speed (or more exactly the delay between steps) in fast-forward or rewind modes. I don't know how to name it. If it wasn't for the ...
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1answer
1k views

What do you call a man who desires to have a lifelong, non-sexual but intimate relationship with a woman? [closed]

The man lives in the same house with a woman but he never has sex or desires to have sex. He is comfortable being nude with her and so is she, but there is no sexual touching or lust. He cuddles her ...
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2answers
654 views

Word for “library staff member”

I'm looking for a word to indicate a member of a library's staff. The obvious choice, librarian, is not appropriate, because it refers to someone with a specific degree, usually in Library or ...
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2answers
324 views

What type of phrase is “done”?

Examples are provided aplenty, from chef Gordon Ramsay: Fry. Roast. Drizzle. Done. Drizzle olive into the sauce circling the fish. Done. But you also see the term used on buttons in ...
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5answers
558 views

What's a more formal name for a “third” party?

Two parties are trying to resolve some dispute that involves interest of both. Sometimes it's hard for them to reach an agreement on a fair basis. This is typically when another party who has no ...
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4answers
295 views

A rude equivalent to a “TV box” term

I am looking for an American English term for a "TV box" as a source of zombification and brain killing. Maybe "boob tube" is the right one? The shorter, the better.
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2answers
379 views

Plural of “copula”, does “copulas” or “copulae” sound more professional?

When talking in linguistics topics about the word "to be" and its foreign language equivalents like Spanish "ser" and "estar", the name of this kind of special verb is "copula". But copula has two ...
3
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3answers
192 views

Are “academic society” and “industrial society” correct?

I'm writing a Personal Statement and I need to say something like "this research topic is hot in both academic society and industrial society". Are these phrases correct?
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9answers
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How can I translate the words for the two types of bathrooms found in Russia into English?

I work in real estate, and sometimes I have to translate respective inscriptions from my native Russian into English. I get stuck in some cases where not only linguistic, but cultural differences have ...
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3answers
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“I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream”- Is there a term that describes this 'word play'?

What is the term that describes the word play found below? “I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream” Another example might be the punchline: "Orange you glad to see me"?
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2answers
435 views

What is the “not only … but also” sentence pattern called?

"Not only ... But also" What is this sentence pattern called in English grammar? How can I find these patterns?
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2answers
257 views

“Supreme court” vs. “highest court”

I just read an article about aided suicide on Toronto Star which mentioned B.C. supreme court and Canada's highest court. Do supreme court and highest court mean the same thing? The different ...
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2answers
9k views

How should I say the “relationship” between the professor and student in America?

When I apply for the admission to the graduate school in America, I need to provide the "Recommendation Provider" in the online system. What should I write when I am asked "relationship to you"? ...
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2answers
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Is “Windows-based PC” a correct term in American English?

I am writing a support message to a customer support of an audio hardware vendor. I need to describe them that I am running Microsoft Windows as the main OS on my computer. Is "Windows-based PC" term ...
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4answers
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What is the subjunctive mood?

I had always understood the subjunctive mood to mean a hypothetical present tense. However, I think it might also imply that the hypothetical event is outside the realm of possibility. Is that ...
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1answer
337 views

Looking for a technical term that goes hand in hand with the strategy used in the joke [closed]

Here's the joke: Tom's Dad:(in Bill Gates's office) My son Tom wants to marry your daughter. Are you interested? Bill: No, my daughter is still too young. Tom's Dad: What if my son is a VP at ...
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2answers
851 views

What is the origin and prevalence of the term “server” meaning “wait(er/ress)”?

In a comment on this question, the term "server" is used to refer to the guy working at the register in a pizza restaurant. I have never heard this usage before (in Australia), and was only able to ...
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2answers
4k views

Are 'dysfunction' and 'malfunction' complete synonyms?

Dictionaries give both dysunction and malfunction the meaning 'failure to function properly'. Are they complete synonyms?
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3answers
9k views

Antonym of “phobia”

If a phobia is to have an irrational fear of something, what is the word for having an irrational affinity for something? For example a numerologist may fear the number 13, but be attracted to (or ...
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3answers
477 views

Is there an English grammar equivalent of the Italian “complemento”

In Italian, translating from the Italian wikipedia as accurately as I can muster, a "complemento" is a part of a sentence (one or more words) that specify, clarify and enrich the meaning thereof. ...
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2answers
505 views

History of use of the term “organism”

I have found that the term "organism" does not originate from any writings of Aristotle or some other ancient Greek, though Aristotle freely uses the term "organon", spelled "organ" in English, to ...
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2answers
11k views

What is the person called whom you give a recommendation?

If person A gives person B a recommendation, can you call A recommender and B recommendee or are these words made up? I've seen both forms used in everyday language (e.g. magazines), but never in a ...
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2answers
329 views

What is the name of combination, in error, of similar or related words? (E.g.: segueway)

Is there a technical term for combination, in error, of similar or related words? This question is prompted by the following malapropism or solecism, from an article by Elizabeth Montalbano in ...
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6answers
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Is there a better term for 'low-level?'

In computer programming, low-level means something used as a base upon which to build more complex mechanisms. To the untrained ear, I think the term might imply inferiority, which is simply not the ...
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4answers
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Relation between “concept” and “conception”

concept: an abstract idea; a general notion conception: the way in which something is perceived or regarded These two words are troubling me because it seems that there is a way that concept ...