A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time and/or completeness and continuance of the action in relation to the time of the utterance.

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might have helped

He had kidnapped him when the child was seven and had taken him to the backwoods and baptized him and instructed him in the facts of his Redemption, but the instruction had lasted only for a few ...
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1answer
74 views

usage of 'being able to'

When to use the word 'being able to' and what exactly it means? Example: 1. Not being able to run the report 2. that is the one which prevents us from being able to run the report Why not we say 1. ...
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40 views

In this past tense activity is it necessary to use continuous form for climbed?

Is it correct to write: He shouted in fear as he climbed up the tree.
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1answer
47 views

Should I use 'by' preposition of time in past/future perfect tenses only?

In which tenses can I use 'by' as a preposition of time? My teacher told me you are allowed to use this preposition in past perfect or future perfect tenses only, but I ran into a lot of sentences on ...
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1answer
167 views

Present Perfect, American English and “since”

I'm wondering: I was always taught at school that when using "since", you always have to use Present Perfect (BrE), e.g. Since when have you played chess? But is Since when did you play ...
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5answers
391 views

'Am I interpreting' vs 'Do I interpret'?

Am I interpreting the results correctly? Do I interpret the results correctly? Do they have the same meaning? Are both or just one correct?
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4answers
4k views

Tenses after “as if”

"I'll always remember this rule as if I had just learned it" Do you consider this sentence grammatically correct? The main clause refers to the future, so I guess that the Past Simple would ...
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3answers
288 views

Usage of Present Perfect and Past Simple in answer

I'm reading "English Grammar in Use" by Raymond Murphy and I have a question about Present Perfect and Past Simple. Here's the example from the book: They've gone away. They'll be back on Friday. ...
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2answers
81 views

Future Continuous and Perfect Continuous tenses in Passive Voice

I've read a lot of books/articles which says that Future Continuous in Passive Voice and Perfect Continuous in Passive Voice are not possible, but there are some examples of such combinations at this ...
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11answers
9k views

“May” & “Might”: What's the right context?

I may not be coming in tomorrow... I might not be coming in tomorrow... When could I use "may" & "might"?
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1answer
55 views

Past simple vs present perfect

I have read many online articles. I've read questions and answers on this site. I still can't get my head wrapped around the difference between past simple and present perfect I know the difference ...
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0answers
27 views

I copied or I have copied? [duplicate]

As I speak, I noticed that I use the word "have" a lot! Also, I was wondering whether this over-usage is right. For instance, I have copied the file to your computer where I could've used ...
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26 views

Why to Use The Present Indefinite Tense and Not Past Tense? [duplicate]

While studying a Grammar book I found that this sentence is in present indefinite tense: Columbus discovers America. Why isn't it Columbus discovered America?
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11 views

The form of “to be” verb in passive sentences [duplicate]

I don't know how the right way to use to be verb in the passive sentences. For example, I have two sentences: The foundation is supported by enormous floating caissons and They were ...
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1answer
25 views

Use of present perfect after past simple as clauses of the same sentence

Here is the thing I've written lately. Now, when I look at it, I'm not sure whether this is the right (natural, basically) way to put things. This post was written about a year ago, but it has ...
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1answer
25 views

Is this about future or past? [duplicate]

there is this table titled(Project Results Framework). In one of its columns it says " Indicators" and in the row below it says this: "By the middle of 2011, analysis is finalized and up to date ...
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1answer
5k views

What is the correct tense to use for a sentence like this?

The below sentence is wrong. I do not know why. It reads funny. I'm not an english expert, but... This website was first on the list of priorities and your feedback over the past two years ...
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2answers
288 views

Correct verb form in two sentences

I can't explain why the following sentences are wrong, although I can correct them. (a) INCORRECT — The table shows the average amount of time advertisements on the Internet lasting. ...
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3answers
98 views

'future in the future' tense in English?

I had an idea for a trilogy of novels with the first written in the past tense, the second in the present tense, and the third in the future tense. Why hasn't anyone done this before? I thought. Then ...
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2answers
39 views

“is thought to have been” verb tense

What tense is the phrase "is thought to have been" in the sentence "Bruce Lee is thought to have been the first actor to do his own stunts"? Also, why is it correct to say "to do his own stunts" ...
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1answer
6k views

Which is correct: “has died” or “died”?

To me, using Present Perfect form means the event can occur again. So, saying someone has died may not be grammatically correct. Also, I noticed (it might be just coincidence): passed away ...
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2answers
2k views

“It would the best thing I have ever seen” vs “…I had ever seen” [closed]

Just heard a song "Majestic" and as I am continuously trying to improve my English, I noticed something a bit unclear to me. A sight for sore eyes To the blind would be awful majestic It would ...
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0answers
45 views

Why present simple not continuous

I have a few sentences here: A) The instructor explains the diagram to students who ask questions during the lecture. Why are "explain" and "ask" used here in present simple, and not in the ...
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1answer
613 views

Is it correct to mix past, present and future tense in a sentence?

Is it correct to mix past, present and future tense in a sentence? Is the following sentence correct: Ask yourself continually, “If I was not doing this already, knowing what I now know, would I ...
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1answer
129 views

Tenses with “until then” - Is past perfect needed or is it optional?

If I understood correctly, "until now" can be "until then" in the past sentences. Would this be correct? 1) It was a new approach that was never successfully performed until then. or should I ...
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1answer
51 views

“Would have” instead of “will have”

In the sentence "I went to the bank to ensure that I would have enough money for my trip," why is "would have" used instead of "will have"? "Would have" seems to be conveying the subjunctive mood, ...
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1answer
84 views

Why people use past tense when talking about something always true

Examples: xxx was the founder of ... xxx was the first ... This does not limit to living person/person passed away, but also items. To me the status of the first, the founder of etc. does not change ...
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48 views

past continuous tense ~ negative interrogative form

Method 1: wasn't/weren't + subject + verb(ing) + object? Method 2: was/were + subject + not + verb(ing) + object ? Which method correct in past continuous tense ~ negative interrogative form? Or ...
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14 views

When should I use: I did, had done or have done? [duplicate]

Please explain when I should use: I did vs. I had done or I had done vs. I have done? Sometimes I tend to get confused about which one to use. Thanks.
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0answers
32 views

“I didn't know you golf” vs “I didn't know you golfed” [duplicate]

While reading a popular author I came across: "I left my clubs at home, so I can't play." "Oh? I didn't know (that) you golf." This sounds wrong, but presumably it was passed by at least ...
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29 views

Difference between 'we both have' and 'we have both' [duplicate]

What would be the difference in meaning between the phrase "We have both noticed a change in your demeanor." and the phrase "We both have noticed a change in your demeanor."?
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1answer
33 views

Pres. perfect + going to + past infinitive

I have seen the following sentence: For four months now John has been going to have finished his novel by today. I hope I understand it (I assume it says that he has been trying to finish his ...
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1answer
533 views

Past simple vs. past perfect

Here is an exercise from Intermediate Language Practice by Michael Vince: (Please note that I have replaced all the blanks in the exercise with the answers given in the answer key.) Put each verb ...
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5answers
18k views

“What needs to be done” vs “What is needed to be done”

When you are looking at a task remaining, it seems right to me to say, "what needs to be done" in the simple present tense. I have seen some people write "what is needed to be done." While I don't ...
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1answer
89 views

What tense do we use with “since”? [closed]

Consider these two sentences: The money has been delivered since 1st January 2000. The money was delivered since 1st January 2000. Are both of them grammatical? What may be the difference ...
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1answer
41 views

the correct tense of “derive”

I'm a non-native English speaker. Given the sentence: The English word " olive " derives from the Latin word "oliva". Why is the present tense used, not the past tense? If I say, The English word ...
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2answers
345 views

I saw her dance/dancing? I saw a flash of lightning strike/striking? I caught her steal/stealing?

Meta: I found a very similar post asking the difference between "I saw him cross" and "I saw him crossing". I have three additional questions on sentences of this form. In the post I am referring ...
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3answers
173 views

I panicked or I was panicked?

I want to refer to a situation that happened months ago. So what should I use? I panicked or I was panicked?
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2answers
104 views

Is the tense change of the verb “need” to “needed” mandatory?

If the tense change of the verb "need" to "needed" is not mandatory, then if it was changed then how would it affect the meaning in the sentences below? If they asked for help, I would provide ...
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2answers
48 views

Should we use “lay” or “lays” in this context? [duplicate]

I found this sentence in Longman dictionary: The crux of the problem lay in the lack of equipment. I think it should be "lays" instead of "lay", but even when I googled, I noticed there are more ...
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1answer
45 views

He has only laid down for an hour today? [duplicate]

I would like to express that a person has only reclined for an hour so far today. Is it correct to say: He has only laid down for an hour so far today. or is it perhaps: He has only lay ...
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2answers
213 views

Tenses in sentences

I have been taught to use only one tense in one sentence/paragraph, but I've always been confused... For example, in the following sentence: "In one study, there were only deficits observed in ...
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1answer
90 views

What tense to use when reporting something which has never been true or never happened? [duplicate]

The report said that years ago city planners had planned to build a facility that turns salt water into fresh water, but financial woes made that impossible. In this sentence should turned be ...
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2answers
82 views

“It is” or “it was” in this scenario?

Is the following sentence correct? I still remembered that the school manager in the seminar talked really sweetly about how bright future it is if a student could finish their courses. Clearly, ...
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2answers
1k views

Using “will” after “if”

I've been told that native-speakers don't ever use "will" after "if", and that saying it this way is a not-native style. So from the film (Harry Potter, pt5) I noticed a line that confused me. Look ...
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1answer
49 views

How to enumerate activities I did

I'm writing a CV and in one section I'd like to enumerate the activities I did. Should I write I proved ... I participated ... I mentored ... ... or Proved ... Participated ... Mentored ... ... ...
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3answers
4k views

“I am trying to learn” vs “I try to learn”

What is the difference between present simple and present progressive when it comes to actions like the following? At school, I am trying to learn a wide array of subjects. At school, I try ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Present Progressive or Simple Present for things that could be considered as a repeated action or as an action happening right now?

There's one thing about Simple Present versus Present Progressive which is still not quite clear to me. The rough overview is1: Use simple present for repeated actions, general things. Use present ...
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Which tense would you use… is or was? [duplicate]

I am writing a note to a young man's parents after meeting him and don't know which tense is correct. Would you say: Don and I were so impressed with how genuinely kind, well-mannered and articulate ...
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1answer
47 views

“experienced” vs. “have experienced”? (Simple past vs. Existential sense of perfect)?

Can you tell me which ones of these correct? "Together we experienced our first joy ride." or "Together we have experienced our first joy ride." "Together we learnt to ride bicycle." or "Together we ...