Questions regarding the rules for the formation of sentences

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
37 views

Where do I put this phrase in a phrase structure tree?

I am not sure where to put the AdvP in this sentence when drawing a phrase structure tree. This is the sentence I would like to create the tree for: "The car Sam bought last week won the big race." ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Can parallelism be defined as a syntactic structure?

Can parallelism be defined as a syntactic structure? In my course, we study parallelism as an example of syntactic patterning. However, would it be ok to call it a syntactic structure?
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What is and isn't a constituent, and how (whether?) can one argue that something is or isn't grammatical

Background In CGEL on p. 1317, we find the following analysis of the sentence [1] [Beauty] [as well as love] is redemptive. They note that the singular is signifies that as well as is here not a ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Single Comma—how's it being used?

How is the comma being used in this sentence: "But we are not principally concerned here with sentence construction, rather with finding out what makes a proper sentence so that we know where ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Would it be 'meet' or 'have met' in this structure?

If I bumped into someone, who happened to be called John, yesterday, and I am telling someone else of the encounter, would I say: I happened to meet John yesterday. or I happened to have ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Interesting/weird syntax

In an episode of How I Met Your Mother, Marshall addresses the following sentence to Kim Kardashian: "You're right, super hot lady who my wife keeps telling me why you're famous but I keep forgetting."...
-1
votes
1answer
223 views

Why can't you use the word me before a proper noun

As per the title, i dont understand why it is grammatically incorrect to say "me and John went to the park" as opposed to "John and I went to the park" looking for any help on this available
-1
votes
1answer
142 views

Grammaticality of “if X then A. Otherwise if Y B”

I am explaining something that has the following structure if written in computer language: if X A else B However the condition X is quite subtle, and because of this I want to recall it when ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Diagramming simple wh- “to be” sentences

I have read a syntax book cover to cover and it seems to stubbornly avoid diagramming sentences with "to be" (or other auxilliary verbs) functioning as the principal verb. For example: That dog is ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Reversal of normal word order without change in meaning

"Out the window flew the parakeet." This is a complete reversal of the normal order of the sentence elements, but it doesn't change the meaning (though it does change the emphasis a bit). Are there ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

If we need to change word order in embedded (indirect) questions, why don't these change word order?

If we need to use different word order in direct and indirect questions (example: Are they planning to marry? / Do you know if they are planning to get married?), why do these embedded questions use ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Can all dynamic (action) verbs be paired up with all existing prepositions to form compound verbs?, ie. “Throw- out,off,in, up, etc.”

I know that not all verbs can be compounded with all prepositions such as, "Believe-out, of, from, up, down." being a stative verb; and that action verbs can be paired up with lamost all prepositions. ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

using “get + verb(pp)” to replace become, is this slang?

My question is about the use of (get + pp) to mean "become ______." I got laid. I got #%$&ed. I'm going to get hammered. She got schlonged.(Trumpism) Is this slang or syntactically correct? If ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Syntax of the title 'king'?

Sorry for the strange title, this is my first question in this site; English is not my mother language so this may sound like a really weird question but I want an answer to my doubt: Why is 'king ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Is the phrase “who/what even is [blank]” correct?

I've been hearing a lot of people recently say something like: What even is a baseball? however when I hear people say that I get the gut feeling that it should be What is a baseball even? ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How to study for a dlab exam?

My question is about the Dlab exam I will provide a bit of background first, my own research and then ask my question at the end. Background I am aiming to enlist in the US Navy and my college ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Compound Predicates

When a sentence has two long compound predicates, why do people insist on placing a comma between them? The answers I received the last time were that it's just plain wrong, but I come across this ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Example to be or being

Do I say: ... with the most common example to be polar bears or ... with the most common example being polar bears? Do I have to use gerund or not? Ty
0
votes
0answers
544 views

too [adjective] a [noun]

Is there a term for this syntax? If you can say "a very good person", then why not "a too good person?" example: John is too good a person to do something like that. Why does "too good" have to ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

IC Analysis process and format

Would anyone be able to help with the process and format for a bracketed IC analysis of the following sentences? The furniture which I bought arrived yesterday. 1.a So far I've figured [S [NP [NP ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

The syntax of “ put somebody to something”

My wife, a strategist, knew better and began quietly mobilizing the forces that would eventually put our goods to rout My question is about the syntax of the subordinate clause. subj: that ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

“ I kept hoping that…”

In this sentence, is "hoping" a gerund functioning as the object of kept or a participle modifying the subject?
0
votes
0answers
36 views

“These nouns provide a different perspective on how attitudes about gender can and have played out in English.”

The cited sentence is syntactically deficient as the modal verb "can" requires the main verb construction "have played out" in addition to the one of the same form given. Thus, it should rather go: ".....
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Number text followed by numeral in parentheses

Where I work, we commonly write out the text for numbers (specifically, numbers less than 10) followed by the numeral in parentheses. For example, Quarterly increase of four (4) thousand ...
0
votes
0answers
140 views

Semantic roles in the sentence “This book cost me 20 dollars”

Thank you very much for your answers to my previous question, now I'm struggling to define what semantic roles noun phrases "This book', "me" and "20 dollars" play in this sentence. Any ideas? If "...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Dusty new or not

Here's a passage from Cormac McCarthy's "Blood Meridian", where I'm not sure about the meaning of the part "..dusty new or not" : “They traded the mule accoutred as it was for a Texas stock saddle,...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Correct order of representing information

I've been writing a research and I've come across this silly question. In the following sentence Network investigation is a general term that consists of many subpractices, of which analysis of data ...
0
votes
0answers
183 views

Sentence diagramming trouble with figuring out subordinators and relative pronouns

http://imgur.com/a/dyALV for the pictures. In the diagrams my main concern was figuring out if the use of "that" was under the context of it being a relative pronoun or a subordinator. I have trouble ...