Questions regarding the rules for the formation of sentences

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Strong /strɔːŋ/ → stronger /strɔːŋɡər/ - Why do we have to put an extra /g/ in front of /ər/? Is it a rule?

Ok, see this in the dictionary: Strong /strɔːŋ/ --> Stronger /strɔːŋɡər/ Why do we have to put an extra /g/ in front of /ər/? But "/sing" /sɪŋ/ & "/singer" /ˈsɪŋər/ do not adhere to that rule. ...
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0answers
30 views

When contractions shouldn't be contractions [duplicate]

I was reading a comment that was made on SO that sounded strange to me [That feature] should've better support in [the] next version My first reaction to this was that it needs to be "should ...
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2answers
56 views

Placing of adverb in a sentence

"This should perfectly be done". "This should be perfectly done". Of the two sentences, which one is correct? I am confused about placing of adverb "perfectly". Should the adverb be placed before ...
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0answers
37 views

How to study for a dlab exam?

My question is about the Dlab exam I will provide a bit of background first, my own research and then ask my question at the end. Background I am aiming to enlist in the US Navy and my college ...
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1answer
98 views

Roger Ascham his language

As I was finishing Ascham's "Toxophilus" I've stumbled over this phrase, the meaning of which remained unclear to me: "An other wil stand poyntinge his shafte at the marke a good whyle and by and by ...
4
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1answer
66 views

John ate vs John is too stubborn to talk to

I was intrigued by an observation made by Noam Chomsky in this video, namely that if we take the sentence John ate an apple and drop an apple to get John ate John ate an apple. John ate. we ...
6
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12answers
609 views

Subject, Verb Object (and so forth) sentence analysis. In particular: What's the Verb here?

I need help! Could you please look at this sentence: When I obtained a credit card, I began spending money recklessly. I'm doing basic sentence patterns, and I don't know how to analyse this ...
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2answers
49 views

Does including an indirect object in a question change the answer or just help specify it?

For example, I'm trying to figure out what the proper answer to a question like, "Why did the car blow up two weeks ago?" Would the answer to the question be simply the reason why the car blew up, ...
2
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1answer
135 views

What type of sentence is a list of dependent clauses

I'm trying to classify the following sentence as compound, complex or compound-complex: These are: a book with drawings, a man holding a picture and a statue. I think it's a complex sentence, ...
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2answers
34 views

Another flippin Comma Question!

This sentence is from the dictionary: "Congenial means sharing the same temperament, or agreeing with your temperament." How's the comma functioning in the aforementioned sentence? What rule is ...
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2answers
92 views

What is the correct adjective suffix form for tropism?

A tropism is a type of biological response where an organism reacts to a particular environmental stimulus. For instance, try searching for gravitropism or phototropism and you'll see what I mean. ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the effect/purpose of moving adverbs to the beginning of a sentence?

It's often said that changing word order serves to add emphasis to the element moved out of its normal place, but I have doubts. Take for example the sentence: I spoke to Jim about the party on ...
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1answer
67 views

The meaning of the MIDDLE ENGLISH “nother”

Very specific expertise is required here. The schoolmaster "shall not teche his scolers song nor other petite lernyng, as the crosse rewe, redyng of the mateyns or for the psalter or such ...
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2answers
69 views

Syntax - Giving proof something is a subject

So I'm trying to figure out how to provide proof that something is a subject of a sentence. I know to prove something is a noun, you can put determiners in front of it, and pluralize it (if it's a ...
2
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1answer
495 views

Ending a sentence in the past tense with 'soon'

I was marking some exams for my Japanese high school students, and one of the test problems is: Arrange the following words into a sentence: walk / started / they / soon / to Without fail, all ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Simple Syntax Query: categories for parenthetical asides

What are the different categories for parenthetical asides that are set aside by commas, dashes or parentheses? You have nonrestrictive descriptors which function syntactically as modifiers, ...
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0answers
63 views

Compound Predicates

When a sentence has two long compound predicates, why do people insist on placing a comma between them? The answers I received the last time were that it's just plain wrong, but I come across this ...
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0answers
139 views

Example to be or being

Do I say: ... with the most common example to be polar bears or ... with the most common example being polar bears? Do I have to use gerund or not? Ty
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0answers
431 views

too [adjective] a [noun]

Is there a term for this syntax? If you can say "a very good person", then why not "a too good person?" example: John is too good a person to do something like that. Why does "too good" have to ...
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2answers
69 views

Validity of `[subject] let [verb] [object]`

I'm writing my statement of purpose for grad school, but used a sentence that I'm not sure is grammatical. I inevitably decided on electrical engineering, but never let die my love of language. ...
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0answers
57 views

IC Analysis process and format

Would anyone be able to help with the process and format for a bracketed IC analysis of the following sentences? The furniture which I bought arrived yesterday. 1.a So far I've figured [S [NP [NP ...
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3answers
312 views

What is the equivalent in English of the French sentence part “complément de phrase”?

In French, a sentence has two essential syntactic parts (the subject and the predicate) and may have one or more "complément de phrase", which are optional parts. "complément de phrase" = "sentence ...
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1answer
52 views

Which is better: “related more” or “was more related”

It actually related more to his genetics than his behavior. or It actually was more related to his genetics than his behavior.
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2answers
103 views

It is possible + infinitive

It is not possible to keep abreast of the normal tides of acquisition. (Source) Can someone analyze this sentence? My first thought was that the infinitive 'to keep' modifies possible, but then ...
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1answer
69 views

Single Comma—how's it being used?

How is the comma being used in this sentence: "But we are not principally concerned here with sentence construction, rather with finding out what makes a proper sentence so that we know where ...
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0answers
49 views

The syntax of “ put somebody to something”

My wife, a strategist, knew better and began quietly mobilizing the forces that would eventually put our goods to rout My question is about the syntax of the subordinate clause. subj: that ...
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2answers
97 views

Syntax of phrase “The word cancer”

"On one of the mornings of disposal, a man from a second-hand bookstore visited us, bought several hundred books, and told us of the death of his brother, the word cancer exploding in the living ...
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3answers
185 views

Syntax of “It seemed to be a person”

How do you you parse this sentence? Here's my attempt: subj: It verb: seemed comp: to be a man (infinitive) is the whole infinitive phrase the complement or is "a man" the complement, and "to be" ...
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0answers
79 views

“ I kept hoping that…”

In this sentence, is "hoping" a gerund functioning as the object of kept or a participle modifying the subject?
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2answers
705 views

Adverbial phrase

What is an adverbial phrase ? I recently learnt 'to boot' , meaning in addition, as well. And someone was saying it is an adverbial phrase. I think I know what is an adverb, but never learnt of ...
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1answer
187 views

Why can't you use the word me before a proper noun

As per the title, i dont understand why it is grammatically incorrect to say "me and John went to the park" as opposed to "John and I went to the park" looking for any help on this available
0
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1answer
59 views

Is the writer of this line trying to shorten “time-saving and labor-saving” into “time- and labor-saving”?

Here's the paragraph is question below. The part I'm talking about is in bold. Festool has a reputation for producing expensive tools that provide benefits the other brands either lack or end ...
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1answer
68 views

Help with sentence syntax and style

A. Please follow the instructions below for a sample of what the profile looks like on their official website. Please follow the instructions below for a sample of the profile as ...
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7answers
894 views

“I wish for a rest now”: what does “now” modify?

Consider this sentence: I am truly amazed by my success at this diagramming business, but I wish for a rest now. I think that the adverb "now" modifies "rest". But according to the answer page, ...
6
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2answers
210 views

The correct syntactic usage of “Only”

Question #1: Which of the following sentences has the correct syntactic usage of the word "only"? Question #2: What do the remaining sentences mean? Examples: Only I gave him $1. I only ...
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2answers
34 views

I walked over to the payphone to try to call you [closed]

Does this sentence make sense? I'm just confused with all the 'to's
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4answers
101 views

Unsplitting infinitives and change of meaning

I've been watching Generative Syntax from the University of Edinburgh on youtube and in chapter 1.1 while describing prescriptivism Prof. Caroline Heycock talks about Splitting infinitives (and the ...
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1answer
62 views

Difference between the two sentences and their usage

Why don't you join a monastery? Why do you not join a monastery? What's the difference between the two sentences and when do I use each of them?
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1answer
67 views

Correct usage of 'one' [closed]

Consider the statements: 'There was one girl, XYZ, ..' 'There was one mountain, XYZ, ..' Are the sentences correct?
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2answers
76 views

Can parallelism be defined as a syntactic structure?

Can parallelism be defined as a syntactic structure? In my course, we study parallelism as an example of syntactic patterning. However, would it be ok to call it a syntactic structure?
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0answers
34 views

“These nouns provide a different perspective on how attitudes about gender can and have played out in English.”

The cited sentence is syntactically deficient as the modal verb "can" requires the main verb construction "have played out" in addition to the one of the same form given. Thus, it should rather go: ...
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0answers
48 views

Why did English writers formerly capitalize so many words? [duplicate]

Or, I guess it could be worded, since when and why was it counted as part of a formal writing style to capitalize many general nouns? (After all, it's not German ...) This is also a trend in legal ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Bill reading Shakespeare and Maureen singing Schubert satisfy/satisfies me [duplicate]

Which verb form is grammatically correct here? My intuition says 'satisfy' but a textbook I'm reading says otherwise (Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach. If interested, a legal copy is available ...
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1answer
530 views

As will be discussed later in this comment

As will be discussed in more detail in the next section, all exchange rate regimes offer benefits as well as costs. As common as this structure is, I am having some trouble to figure out its syntax. ...
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4answers
272 views

Meaning of “And the day came when … ”

I saw some sentences that start with this phrase: "And the day came when ... " For example, the following sentence form The Garden Party and Other Stories by Katherine Mansfield At last the day ...
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3answers
1k views

How to decide on the type of ellipsis

I'm having some hard time deciding on the types of a few ellipses I've got to analyze. Let's consider an example such as this one: Then Rosemary came out and said that Daddy was going to jail, ...
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3answers
66 views

Has your turn approached vs. Is it your turn [closed]

Which one of the following is the right way to ask someone about his turn or number for an interview etc: Has your turn approached/reached? Is it your turn yet? Thanks
9
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1answer
265 views

Why can't you place pronouns after a phrasal verb?

Many phrasal verbs such as look up or knock out typically allow the object to be placed between the verb and proposition or to be placed afterward. For example, You can look my brother up on ...
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2answers
1k views

'weighed in' vs 'wade in'

When someone to gives their opinion on a complex topic, is the phrase used "weighed in" or "wade in"? I thought it was the former, but I've been seeing the latter crop up more and more often. ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Does a word being a noun change on context?

In Dulce Et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen, there are double-noun pairs which I believe are syntactically wrong: Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we ...