Questions regarding the rules for the formation of sentences

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verbs' transition into usage as adverbs and adjectives (and nouns) [on hold]

When, historically, in English and its source languages did this happen? For example: Verb form "to walk" becoming noun "a walk." or much later, same word: "To walk the walk." or "a pleasant walk" ...
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24 views

Sentence patterns

Sentence 1: She acted brilliantly. She is the noun phrase; acted is an action verb. Brilliantly is an adverb. Is this sentence pattern NP + IV? There's no direct object, so acted is an ...
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31 views

parts of the sentence(syntax) [duplicate]

could you be so kind and tell me which and where parts of sentence are in sentences like this? (by parts of sentence i mean attribute, subject, predicate, object, etc) It was a bright room and I ...
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35 views

syntactic analysis of the sentence(s) [closed]

Help me,guys.I'm totally lost in those analysis...The aim is 1) to find out what kind of sentence it is (simple,compound,complex,complex-compound), 2)clause type 3)parts of sentence 4)word order and ...
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2answers
26 views

“In the next years to come” or “In the years to come”

I want to write a sentence saying that I hope that something will still happen in the following years. Which is the best way to write it ? I would like to keep doing that in the years to come. OR ...
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55 views

English words that are both nouns and “connectors”?

I am trying to solve a word puzzle and am stumped by something. The puzzle contains several sentences (two of which are below), and I have to figure out the missing words that are represented by "W" ...
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0answers
67 views

Transformation? Cleft?

I am wondering if the difference between "It is terrible." and "What it is, is it is terrible." can mostly be described in terms of transformations, grammatically. Is it a kind of cleft sentence?
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1answer
60 views

“had initially” or “initially had”

As in "I initially had planned to cite my sources" vs. "I had initially planned to cite my sources"
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2answers
78 views

Can I start a sentence with “Established in”? [closed]

So, I am proofreading a text which starts as follows: This is a bank established since 1900 with majority shareholding held by... and I feel like it can be improved. Can I change it to: ...
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2answers
59 views

Do I need to use a comma before “everyone” to set off the vocative? [duplicate]

While I was writing a status update today on social media I decided to do some grammar-learning. The status update was "Happy Labor Day everyone!" and I am now wondering if I should place a comma ...
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1answer
97 views

A coffee to go…( for syntax experts)

Could the infinitive phrase "to go" be a complement of the noun phrase "a coffee"?
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1answer
40 views

Are these default questions about events correct grammatically? [closed]

As you can see below, I created some default questions which are supposed to ask about events that either have happened or will happen in future(the gaps will be filled by different events such as ...
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1answer
35 views

My and my brother's education… ? [duplicate]

I am not convinced with this sentence somehow. " My Dad focused on my and my brother's education" It doesn't sound right to me. How can I write it in a better way?
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29 views

Difference between 'we both have' and 'we have both' [duplicate]

What would be the difference in meaning between the phrase "We have both noticed a change in your demeanor." and the phrase "We both have noticed a change in your demeanor."?
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1answer
54 views

Syntax of “not only” + “furthermore”

Can I use not only with furthermore instead of also? Not only is he tall, he is also heavy. Can I say or write: Not only is he tall, he is furthermore heavy. or (and please tell me if this ...
2
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2answers
32 views

Synonyms for 'Registration close date'

I'm managing an online registration to some conferences. The conference coordinator has to add info about that in an online form, when submitting his conference to the registration website. Is there ...
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35 views

Correct order of representing information

I've been writing a research and I've come across this silly question. In the below sentence "Network investigation" is a general term that consists of many sub practices of which analysis of data is ...
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2answers
93 views

Questions becoming statements [duplicate]

Sometimes there is an interesting effect when you convert a question into a statement, though this does seem somewhat modern. For example, What the heck. as opposed to What the heck? or ...
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2answers
59 views

“This video shows a heart transplant take place” or “taking place”?

Which is the correct version of this sentence: "This video shows a heart transplant take place" or "taking place"? I have a hunch that both are correct, but for the life of me I can't recall in ...
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69 views

Sentence diagramming trouble with figuring out subordinators and relative pronouns

http://imgur.com/a/dyALV for the pictures. In the diagrams my main concern was figuring out if the use of "that" was under the context of it being a relative pronoun or a subordinator. I have trouble ...
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1answer
85 views

Trying to figure out proper form of “that” in sentence

I currently have the sentence "Seahorses are the only fish that practice steadfast monogamy." to tree diagram for class, and cannot freakin' figure out what the word "that" would be used as in this ...
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2answers
48 views

Use of the word “panic-stricken” for self

which would be the correct use of the word "panic-stricken" in the two sentences below: I was panic-stricken at the thought of missing my trip to usa OR I got panic-stricken at the thought ...
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1answer
96 views

When to use “pending” vs. “impending” [duplicate]

Although someone has previously answered a question as to the difference between "pending" and impending", I'm still struggling on when to use which word, and if one is preferred in a more formal ...
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4answers
282 views

What does a restrictive ‘as’ clause modify?

We discussed socialism as allowed by law. A learner on ELL asked whether it is “socialism or the discussion itself” which is allowed by law. I responded that the phrase could only be understood ...
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2answers
120 views

Are the phrases “both in water and land” and “for the loss and damage to” grammatical?

I have asked this question in linguistics forum, but as I was not getting answers I decided to ask it here. A. Consider the phrase that is boldfaced in sentence (1): (1) "It can live both in water ...
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2answers
216 views

The use of “So X as to Y”

First of all, note that this is not a duplicate question of another one asking about the usage of so as to, since this one is asking about the structure of so . . . as to. . . . I understand this ...
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1answer
65 views

Should a translated quote be delimited by double quotes?

My understanding is that all quotes must be delimited by double quotes, and that a quote must be exactly what was said. This raises the problem of how to handle quotes made in a foreign language. My ...
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1answer
26 views

Does the negative enhance the sentence?

When saying, for example, "Isn't that your mother?" versus "Is that your mother?" Is the former sentence more effective because of the negative?
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2answers
57 views

I'm just here to help is all

I came across the following sentence in an American novel: "Hey, sugar," he says. "I'm just here to help you is all." I take it that the sentence means, "I'm just here to help you and that's ...
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1answer
75 views

Do you think these sentences are acceptable?

I'm a graduate student who studies linguistics in South Korea. Now, I'm writing a final term paper about 'Sluicing' which is a kind of an ellipsis structure in English. However, I lack in English ...
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1answer
33 views

term for things centered around a person

I my work group often the decisions taken are heavily influenced by "becky", because she talks more..., is it correct to say that the group is 'beckycentric', i am looking for a term to describe that ...
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1answer
84 views

Is parallel structure actually necessary? If so, why? If not, why bother teaching it? [closed]

I know parallel structure makes things look and sound better. But there are sentences that lack symmetry that are still grammatically correct. I stole an example from a worksheet: The class valued ...
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3answers
45 views

Meaning of “little heart” vs. “less heart”? and why

Little heart/less heart? And why? I have read the following sentence: "he has little conscience and less heart." Can I write that "he has less conscience and little heart"? Could you solve my ...
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2answers
38 views

“compared with” vs “in comparison with” vs “assessed in comparison with” [closed]

what would you consider more appropriate? -"She is writing her thesis under my guidance on a topic related to the Australian tax system compared with the European one", -"She is writing her thesis ...
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2answers
56 views

What is this construction called?

Example 1: These sets are potentially infinite, can be subjective, and change all the time. Example 2: Stack Exchange is a useful website, a helpful resource, and full of awesome people. ...
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1answer
347 views

What is it called when we use “through which” “about whom”, “whose”, etc

I would like to know how to refer to the sentance structure that is used in formal contexts, when "through which", "for whom" etc. are typically used. Are these non-defining relative pronouns? ...
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1answer
81 views

This is [adj] is what this is

I guess I've just heard something like This is humiliating beyond belief is what this is on Larry David's "Curb Your Enthusiasm" [s03e05, around 17 min. mark]. Can anyone analyze the structure for me? ...
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2answers
56 views

Subject + verb inversion

I have come across, more and more frequently, that writers move the verb forward in sentences like: Today some English teachers attend to grammatical niceties in a more analytical way than did their ...
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2answers
38 views

'which is' or 'one is' [closed]

I have sentence. Algorithm is classified as a probabilistic algorithms, which is used for solving [name of problem] problems. Can I say: "Algorithm is classified as a probabilistic algorithms. ...
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1answer
276 views

Use-case of `as less as possible` [closed]

Are following two usages are both valid and have same meaning? Use tools as less as possible. Use as less tools as possible. Thanks.
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3answers
115 views

Sufficient or sufficiently?

When we compare this with his [Milton's] later prose writings, when he moved closer to the victorious Cromwellian ascendancy, we find that pragmatism usurped idealism, not completely but ...
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1answer
123 views

Necessary and unnecessary articles for proper nouns

In AmE (and probably other dialects as well) there are certain place names and other proper nouns that either have a compulsory definite article or a compulsory lack of one attached to them. For ...
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5answers
649 views

“Love me tender”: adverb or adjective?

Is the last word in each of these phrases an adverb or an adjective? How can we know? love me tender treat me nice hold me tight
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2answers
556 views

Difference between “focus” and “focus on” in “My main focus is Spanish.”

This question is originally posted on WordReference forum. My friend suggested me to post here to get more opinions on this question. I don't know if I am allowed to link to other site, so I am going ...
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0answers
30 views

Nonstandard English Syntax [duplicate]

What would be the best way to describe the non-standard syntax of "The spider he was confused."?
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1answer
103 views

Complements and adjuncts

Paul Austen’s novel sold immediately to the author’s eager readers. In the above sentence, which part is the complement and which is the adjunct? I am confused as to whether the adjunct should be ...
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3answers
931 views

You yourself - double pronoun

You have made it up yourself. This is obviously ok. But if the pronoun it should be repalced by a long noun-phrase: You have made up the illusory world in which you move yourself. It would ...
2
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2answers
293 views

Should “which percentage” or “what percentage” be used within a sentence?

I have the following paragraph: "The contents of a fish tank with 70 fish, of which 10 percent are goldfish, are added to another fish tank with 130 fish, of which 20 percent are goldfish. After the ...
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5answers
135 views

How do I express the possession of multiple objects by one proper noun and one pronoun?

As far as I can tell, my question is not a duplicate of either of these two similar questions. It is very close (maybe a duplicate, but I don't quite think so) of this question. I want to construct ...
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1answer
63 views

Is it grammatical to have duplicate 'it'?: __ it it __

Is it grammatically correct to use the word it twice in a row? When doing so, do you have to separate the two using a comma? If there are different situations please use examples. My examples: ...