Questions regarding the rules for the formation of sentences

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Usage of “able to” at the end of phrases [closed]

Is the phrase "Can you help me with that or point me to someone able to?" correct?
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1answer
46 views

Will this question be rated relatively high? Or relatively highly?

I was copy-editing a report at work and came across the following sentence: While sustainability in the transport sector was rated relatively high, the sustainability of the power sector was found ...
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1answer
98 views

What is the origin and extent of the Indian English usage of “only” to emphasize something?

I live in southern India, and for a long time I've been curious about this phenomena that I've observed. Indian English uses the word "only" in a special way. They use it to emphasize things. Sort ...
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34 views

what is the difference between head movement constraint and relativized minimality? [migrated]

what is the difference between head movement constraint of Travis (1984), and relativized minimality of Rizzi (1990)?
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1answer
69 views

What does it mean to say that a lexical item is specified for semantic negation? [closed]

What does it mean to say that a negative morpheme is specified for semantic negation while another negative morpheme is not?
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2answers
29 views

Mac OS X “Revert Changes” usage/syntax in dialog?

The use of "Revert Changes" always throws me off and I was wondering if this usage/syntax is actually correct. It seems to me that technically speaking, when you select that you're not actually ...
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0answers
55 views

Reversal of normal word order without change in meaning

"Out the window flew the parakeet." This is a complete reversal of the normal order of the sentence elements, but it doesn't change the meaning (though it does change the emphasis a bit). Are there ...
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1answer
38 views

Interesting/weird syntax

In an episode of How I Met Your Mother, Marshall addresses the following sentence to Kim Kardashian: "You're right, super hot lady who my wife keeps telling me why you're famous but I keep forgetting."...
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3answers
100 views

“If” and “Whether” - Is interrogative IF always replacable by WHETHER?

I am asking here specifically about if and whether when they introduce embedded questions (or to be more tachnically accurate, subordinate interrogative clauses): I don't know if Bob's here. I don'...
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1answer
60 views

Which is more suitable/correct usage: “forget your password?” or “forgot your password?” [duplicate]

As a web developer, this is a question that has bugged me for some time: when providing a way for users to reset their password, which link wording is more suitable or is the "proper" use? "Forget ...
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2answers
36 views

Where do I put this phrase in a phrase structure tree?

I am not sure where to put the AdvP in this sentence when drawing a phrase structure tree. This is the sentence I would like to create the tree for: "The car Sam bought last week won the big race." ...
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0answers
25 views

If we need to change word order in embedded (indirect) questions, why don't these change word order?

If we need to use different word order in direct and indirect questions (example: Are they planning to marry? / Do you know if they are planning to get married?), why do these embedded questions use ...
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2answers
93 views

Why exactly is this sentence the way it is?

I couldn't explain it in the title, my apologies. Now the sentence, in indirect-speech: Anne asked me who my favourite actor was I know this sentence is correct, but WHY isn't it the following? ...
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2answers
56 views

Ambiguity in prepositional phrases

"Nellie washed the dishes in the sink." This sentence is ambiguous, and the prepositional phrase can be read two ways--either as 'Nellie washed (in the sink) the dishes', in which case it is an ...
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0answers
35 views

What is the meaning of “modulo”? [duplicate]

What is the meaning of “modulo” in this context sent by my supervisor. "The section (of a research paper in linguistics) is Okay, modulo few mistakes"?
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0answers
59 views

Diagramming simple wh- “to be” sentences

I have read a syntax book cover to cover and it seems to stubbornly avoid diagramming sentences with "to be" (or other auxilliary verbs) functioning as the principal verb. For example: That dog is ...
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1answer
20 views

Descriptions of frequency versus present tense

Is there ever a difference between descriptions of frequency and the present tense? For example, is there a difference between "I speak English." (referring to frequent speaking of English) and "I ...
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1answer
76 views

Can colours be used as an adverb?

I am trying to understand which syntactic role the word red has in this sentence: We could colour the walls red. My first thought was it being an adverb, but I have never heard someone saying ...
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2answers
64 views

Confused by the syntax or grammaticality used in this quote by Karl Marx. Please help?

The quote is from the Manifesto of the Communist Party: No sooner is the exploitation of the labourer by the manufacturer, so far, at an end, that he receives his wages in cash, than he is set ...
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1answer
41 views

how to continue a sentence after a line breaking example

I am writing a technical document in which I need to intersperse examples into paragraphs. For example I have a sentence like below: For example, rather than the following code example: //This ...
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2answers
137 views

Does the “she was found in violation of…” <-> “she was violated” equivalence have a name?

This is a follow-up to this question: Why is "violated" being used as future perfect with a person as the object? At that question, it was established that there is a jargon/slang usage of ...
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1answer
22 views

“A for B and C showcases D like E”

Consider this sentence: “His work for Blair and Claire showcases traditional arts like weaving.” Does this imply that both his work for Blair showcases traditional arts and his work for Claire ...
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3answers
73 views

Is it appropriate not to capitalize “I” if i personally view it as vanity on cultural grounds? [closed]

My native language is Russian, and the first person singular pronoun in Russian is "я". No capitalization. We also have a proverb in our language (and culture), which is literally translated as: "'я' ...
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1answer
24 views

Some clause structure about “SOURCE said that CLAUSE”?

Suppose we have the following sentences: John believes that people are good. Steve knows that France is in Europe. Now, in these sentences we have some clause (e.g. People are good, France ...
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4answers
69 views

Grammar rules governing a phrase from the US Constitution:

The U.S. Constitution, Article II, Section 1, Paragraph 5 reads No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall ...
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0answers
24 views

Do neither and nor ever switch places for literary effect? [duplicate]

I came across this picture: Is the swapping of nor and neither is a gross grammatical error (benign typo, if you will) or is it sometimes employed for some literary effect?
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Can all dynamic (action) verbs be paired up with all existing prepositions to form compound verbs?, ie. “Throw- out,off,in, up, etc.”

I know that not all verbs can be compounded with all prepositions such as, "Believe-out, of, from, up, down." being a stative verb; and that action verbs can be paired up with lamost all prepositions. ...
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1answer
45 views

What is and isn't a constituent, and how (whether?) can one argue that something is or isn't grammatical

Background In CGEL on p. 1317, we find the following analysis of the sentence [1] [Beauty] [as well as love] is redemptive. They note that the singular is signifies that as well as is here not a ...
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1answer
75 views

“Can you tell me what this is?” or “[…] what is this?” [duplicate]

As written in the title, my question is, which version of the sentence is grammatically correct, if not both. I've been arguing with some guy on 9gag for roughly 10-15 minutes already, and I'm not ...
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1answer
44 views

Correct morphological parse of a word “indecipherable”

What will be the correct morphological parse of word indecipherable in-prefix>decipher-stem>able-suffix or indecipherable in-prefix>de- prefix >cipher-stem>able-suffix ...
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2answers
84 views

Describing the syntax in a sentence from Jane Austen's Emma

I'm writing an essay on a passage from Jane Austen's Emma and am trying to comment upon the structure of a certain sentence. I know what I want to say (in terms of the effects of the syntax), but I ...
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0answers
30 views

using “get + verb(pp)” to replace become, is this slang?

My question is about the use of (get + pp) to mean "become ______." I got laid. I got #%$&ed. I'm going to get hammered. She got schlonged.(Trumpism) Is this slang or syntactically correct? If ...
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2answers
69 views

Analysing “Ain't got no use for no coal company”

I'm writing my thesis and I have a problem analysing this sentence: "Ain't got no use for no coal company" (Grisham, 2014: 157). I know there's no subject - is it therefore an ellipsis? I don't ...
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1answer
226 views

“Should never have been” or “should have never been”? [duplicate]

Example: Methamphetamine should have never been created. or Methamphetamine should never have been created. Which one is correct? This seems like it should have a simple answer, but ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Did English ever admit the 'to have X years' verbal phrase? [closed]

This verbal phrase remains grammatical in Romance languages (eg: 'avoir X ans' in French).
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1answer
56 views

Is “War needs heroes” grammatically correct? [closed]

It's intended to be used as a slogan of a war-type game. Should the subject be "war" or "a war" or "wars"? And what the verb form should be accordingly?
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2answers
71 views

Revising a Sentence for Brevity while Maintaining Eloquence

I am working on an article / story about legal cannabis in Colorado, and I have written this sentence regarding the smell upon entering a large, industrial grow room: The only way I know how to ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the term for a phrase like “school it is”?

I heard this kind of expression in conversation: 1) A.- You should go to school and learn. B.- All right, school it is. 2) A.- Open the window unless there is better idea. B.- (no ...
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2answers
57 views

An alternate sentence to ask somebody to complete their task [closed]

At work, When expecting a document from someone, I email with sentence like these: Please provide the document or Can you provide the document? I think this sentence should not be a ...
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0answers
14 views

What order should one describe something with size, age, shape and colour? [duplicate]

Consider a little dog, which is brown in colour, and old. Is there a correct order in which these three descriptive words should be placed when describing this man? Is there even a correct way? Is ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Is there any dialect of English that uses “positive ever” to mean “once”?

One of the most interesting things for me is to learn that some construction that seems completely ungrammatical to me is completely okay for speakers of some other dialect of English. For example, ...
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2answers
86 views

I want to know how to correctly use me and I or you and I in a sentence [duplicate]

I would like to understand how to you the word me and I in a sentence using correct grammar. The difference between you and me : The difference between me and you The difference between you and I : ...
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2answers
61 views

Different writing styles - Using the word 'as' too much [closed]

I am using the word 'as' too much. The gate swung open as it was moved by the wind. He said as he looked away She put her hand on his leg as she peered deep into his eyes. I also use this ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Correct syntax using 'as well as' [closed]

I have the feeling that this sentence is not correct and that it would be better to split it in two, but I can't seem to get my head around it. I would appreciate any hints as to whether it is a ...
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1answer
40 views

Proper nouns and a and an [closed]

I seem to recall a syntactical rule about proper nouns not taking the an form. Example: a android phone. Or a iPhone. Or is this just my memory failing me?
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2answers
169 views

Why is “is” not the error in this SAT sentence?

In this practice SAT question, the test-taker is required to identify the existence and location of an error in a sentence: True chalcedony is different from blue agate [in] the purity of its ...
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1answer
51 views

De-garden path this: “This time I did spend thinking”

Consider the following excerpt from an imaginary letter: Dear Margaret, I apologize for not having replied to your letter sooner. I have been traveling for the past month and circumstances ...
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3answers
182 views

a [box [of apples] ] vs [a box] [of apples]

The standard linguistic analysis of the NP a box of apples is that we have a determiner (a) which acts on (modifies?) box of apples. (For an example of standard analysis, see e.g. Fig. 6 here). ...
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34 views

How do I ask two questions back to back? [duplicate]

Example: What is that? A bird or an eagle? Is this the correct way to punctuate this sort of question?
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2answers
64 views

Is there a typo in this sentence? If not, help me understand it [closed]

I'm having trouble parsing this sentence: (I hope I used "parsing" correctly.) Now, the history of Eliza Doolittle, though called a romance because of the transfiguration it records seems ...