Questions regarding the subjunctive verb mood

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4
votes
2answers
353 views

“to require someone to do something” vs “to require that someone do something”

Professor required his students to return their papers typed. vs Professor required that his students return their papers typed. Which of the examples is correct? Do they have ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

The police officer ordered the gunman (to) drop his weapon

(1) The police officer ordered that the gunman drop his weapon. (2) The police officer ordered the gunman to drop his weapon. I think these mean virtually the same. Perhaps, the act of ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Present or Past?

In this sentence: "It might be relaxing if you read a book" - why is the verb 'read' in past tense? Why isn't the verb 'read' in past tense with this example: "Why not read a book?" I'm just trying ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Is “I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese” correct?

"I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese." Is it any kind of conditional? And if it is, can you tell me which one? As I wrote this I had the feeling that it ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

“It's (high) time” vs. other uses of the past subjunctive

The most common usage of the past subjunctive is in counterfactual if statements: If I were you, I would eat more vegetables. Additionally, statements starting with "it's (high) time" are also ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

it's strange that he * it's strange for him to

My wife and I are waiting for a friend. It's late. I say to my wife: It's strange that he should be late. He's always on time. It's strange for him to be late. He's always on time. It's strange that ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

it's important that he… — it's important for him to

I'm always struggling with these structures: 1) It's important/vital/essential that + subject + (should +) verb It's vital that you (should) do exactly as I say. It's important that they ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

How to rationalise the putative 'should'?

Why not simply use the English present subjunctive? Why use and thus complicate 'should' wits its many other meanings? How else can I rationalise the putative 'should', though I heed the Etymological ...