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0
votes
2answers
20 views

What tense to use for research results/statistics

My question is similar to this one and this one. However, I think I need further elaboration to understand at what points I am supposed to use present tense, and where to use past tense. Now, my ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Would you write “an error was fixed” in scientific work?

I am not sure if Error ABC was fixed by preprocessing algorithm XYZ. is "slang". Can it be written in scientific work? Is there a better way to say it? The context is in machine learning, where a ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

When should I include “note that”?

When writing scientific articles, I often feel that, for example, Note that the model can be solved exactly. and The model can be solved exactly. are equivalent. Other, similar phrases ...
1
vote
3answers
67 views

Difference between “abbreviation” and “symbol” in scientific contexts

I've noticed that the shorthand notations for chemical elements, such as C for carbon, are called symbols, not abbreviations. This also seems to be the case in several other scientific contexts, such ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Why do we write “Fourier's law” but “Soret effect”?

Can you explain why do we write e.g. Fourier's law, Ohm's law, Newton's law of cooling, etc. but Soret effect, Dufour effect instead of Soret's effect, Dufour's effect? What is the principle?
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is it a “gene pool”?

Isn't it a bit odd to say that genes belong to or are a part of a "pool"? A pool is normally a body of water, e.g. a swimming pool Wikipedia explains The gene pool is the set of all genes, or ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

“Ten and several minutes”: Any more natural expression?

Heat the mixture for ten and several minutes. What is a more natural way to express this “ten and several” wording, which is literally translated from Japanese? A. for between ten and 20 ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Should small numbers with a unit after them be spelt out or written in digits?

I heard it is better to write out numbers less than ten then to represent them using digits. Is this still true if there's a unit of measurement after the number? For example, in a research paper ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

The practice of identifying authors from their writings

Is there an English word for the practice of analysing texts to determine their authors? For example, comparing three texts A, B and C and realising that the choice of words, grammar and style of ...
2
votes
4answers
95 views

Can a symmetry be “broken down” (to a lower symmetry)?

Background Symmetries are a key concept in physics, and describe the invariance of a system under certain operations (for example, rotation). Breaking a symmetry refers to modifying the system in a ...
0
votes
5answers
225 views

Single word for “less mass per unit volume” (the complement of “dense”)

I've been looking for the antonym of dense. I'm looking for an exact opposite: a single word the means, precisely, "having less mass per unit volume than another object". That is, I'm seeking a ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

“exact soluble model” or “exact solvable model”, “analytic” or “analytical” solutions

In physical science and math, we encounter some models that can be analytically solved. This means that the properties of models are fully understood and determined by the analytical solutions. In ...
1
vote
4answers
153 views

What is a word to describe the state of singularity? [closed]

When we have reached as far back into some history as we can theoretically go, like for instance in describing the precise theoretical moment when time began we have reached a singularity. Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Active vs Passive voice in lab reports, and history of scientific usage

I've had some discussions in the past with TA's who would tell my undergrads "Lab reports are written in the passive voice". Aside from whether or not this is correct (let's come back to that in a ...
-1
votes
1answer
107 views

The difference between medium and intermediate

I wish to know the difference between medium and intermediate. There is an academic use for me trying to describe a physical parameter (a coupling constant of interactions) which is not too strong, ...
-1
votes
2answers
77 views

Concurrently with or Sequentially To/Sequentially With?

Drug A is administered concurrently with or sequentially to Drug B. I want to say in a formal manner that Drug A and Drug B are administered either at the same time or at different times, but I ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Why does binomial nomenclature seem to break case rules?

According to the Wiki page for binomial nomenclature, we are supposed to capitalize the first word when naming species regardless of where it occurs in the sentence. To me, this seem very incongruous ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

“The idea of the X came from Y” vs “The idea of the X raised from Y”

I'm confiused a little bit in a correct usage of the word idea in sentences. Wich one of the following correct? The idea of the system design came from the knowledge acquired in literature review ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Histonic cancer: Ok English? Or, Japanese English?

Histonic cancer Would this term be understood by English-speaking medical professionals? Google shows only 53 hits, and all are from Japanese or Chinese sites. If it is not natural English, ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Is there an adjective combining scientific and economic? [closed]

I'm doing a piece of research and am looking for an adjective that combines the words scientific and economic, so a bit like socioeconomic but scientific rather than social. I need to use it to ...
5
votes
2answers
65 views

Fluents and Fluxions

When calculus was first being developed, the terms "fluent" and "fluxion" appeared quite often in the Newtonian works. I am wanting to know the etymology behind these words. I assume that "fluents" ...
4
votes
2answers
171 views

Hyphenating complex physical units

I have been reading about writing conventions for scholarly articles recently - specifically, physics - and have learned that when writing units, write them out if they are not associated with a ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

How do we describe the molecule of Water (H2O) in English by the way of tradition/science or native/slang in the U.S.? [closed]

I don't know how to say the water molecule in English, Just use "Water Molecule" or any other scientific description?
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How does a “research scientist” differ from a “scientist”?

I have seen the term "research scientist" in several job descriptions. Does the qualifier "research" distinguish a special kind of scientific role, or is this actually a redundant phrase. How can you ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

How to call the scientists who work in the natural sciences?

How to call the scientists who work in the natural, technical, biological and other sciences? Can I call them natural scientists, technical scientists and so on?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Terminology for multi-cause changes

Is there any terminology or wording to describe the type of fundamental change of a system that is not the result of a single cause, but rather caused by many influences at interplay pushing from ...
0
votes
4answers
740 views

Reasons why is English the best language for scientific papers

Can you help me with some good arguments to prove that English is the best language for scientific writings? (some hard-core scientific articles would be nice). I'm from Slovakia. Few weeks ago I ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

What is the exact meaning of manifestation? [closed]

I am unsure why my professor is using the word manifestations for example here Biochemical manifestations of apoptosis. Activation of caspase family, DNA and protein breakdown, and Membrane ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

How do you call the largest unsigned item in a list? [closed]

so for example, what is the clearest way to refer to -10 in the vector $v$; $v=(1,2/3,-10)$. I initially was going to refer to it as the largest entry of $v$ but don't want to run the risk of ...
3
votes
2answers
385 views

In the sentence below is “the” required before huge and why?

Is it correct to write Newcastle disease is economically significant because of the huge mortality and morbidity associated with it.
1
vote
1answer
100 views

The Usage Domains of “why” and “how”

This question was inspired by the this thread over at physics.se. What are the correct uses of "why" and "how" as interrogatives? Do questions that begin with "why" necessarily pursue answers which ...
-1
votes
1answer
255 views

When should scientific disciplines be capitalized?

When writing motivation letters like SoP, or any other formal text, I don't know whether I have to capitalize sciences or areas of research. For example: I have been introduced to ...
4
votes
2answers
807 views

'dynamical' vs. 'dynamic'

The adjective 'dynamical' is widely used in astronomy, perhaps science in general, but it seems like it has the exact same meaning and usage as 'dynamic', and further, seems to be the same part of ...
6
votes
3answers
225 views

Origin of scientific 'secular' - meaning long lasting

In astronomy the term 'secular' is used to refer to something long lasting and fairly continuous. Apparently it can be used in economics and earth sciences for a similar meaning. How did this usage ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

More Scientific/Psychological Terms for “Acting the Part”

Is there a scientific term or psychological phonomenon for meeting your goals by imagining you have already met them? For example, if I wanted to be a corporate executive, then I might decide to act ...
0
votes
1answer
840 views

“hot topic” as phrase in thesis

I'm currently writing the introduction of my Ph.D. thesis, which is about theoretical computer science. I stumbled upon the phrase To put it in a nutshell, X is a hot topic where X refers to ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Most appropriate term for round and x-marker on a (scientific) chart?

In a research paper, I'd like to refer to some specific markers on a chart. One marker looks like an x, and the other one is small circle. What would be proper terms? Circular marker and x-marker?
2
votes
3answers
180 views

An article before the word “Equation”

In many scientific papers, the article before the word "Equation" is omitted. Is there any grammar statement behind this? For instance: "Equation (8) contains various approximations, and we have ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

What is the suffix in indexed math symbols

I've been watching some online courses and I'm having a difficulty understanding what exactly are they saying. The courses are scientific in nature and rather often an indexed symbols appear. The ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Variations on “a [technical term] is said to be [adjective]” suited to scientific publications

(I'll use “spooky-graphoid” as a randomly made-up technical term and “saturated” as a random adjective from the scientific vernacular.) First, when it comes to the definition of a “saturated ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Should names of scientific theories be capitalized?

I'd really like to safely write stuff like Special Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Theory of Evolution without capitals; but I don't want to regret it, whence my question. Should the name of ...