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1
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1answer
49 views

Comma before a participial phrase

I have two cases. a) He sent me a letter written in English. b) I was given a cup made in China from my friend. I personally think sentence (a) should be non-restrictive since there is only ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

“Who is” vs. “Who are” [closed]

The beginning of a title reads, *Who are doing Jehovah's Will.. which doesn’t sound correct to me. To me, *Who is doing Jehovah's Will sounds more correct. Am I wrong, or can both be used in the ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Relative clauses: How do that-clauses differ from what-clauses?

Sometimes I can't see which clause fits the best. What "check-up" could be done to make sure which one is the right one? For example, 1) He will do anything that is needed. or He will do anything ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

“who” or “whom” as a relative pronoun - not always so easy [duplicate]

I take it for granted we all know when to use the relative pronouns "who" and "whom". And we also know that since the early nineteenth century there has been a steady decline in the use of "whom" ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Correct usage of *which* and *that* [duplicate]

I keep seeing written usage of which in cases where the writer clearly intends it to be restrictive. For example: "Is there a word which means whatever you want it to mean? Or has no meaning?" "It ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Can “which” and its antecedent be used together in a sentence for reading clarity?

Unfortunately I could not find an authentic example of the rare construct I have in mind, but I am just as sure as I am typing this question that I have read so many sentences from older prose where ...
1
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2answers
97 views

Does removing the comma before 'which' in a non-restrictive clause change the meaning of the sentence?

There are many 'rules' on the net saying that a comma should be placed before the relative pronoun 'which' in a non-restrictive clause. (http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/relative-clauses) But ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

What kind of structure with a relative pronoun is this?

As Lord Esher once noted, ‘Any proposition the result of which would be to show that the common law of England is wholly unreasonable and unjust cannot be part of the common law of England.’ ...
1
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0answers
50 views

1607 writ by Edward Coke - Relative pronouns? [duplicate]

(Sir Edward) Coke further noted that legal disputes about such matters as inheritance of goods: are not to be decided by natural reason but by the artificial reason and judgment of ...
9
votes
3answers
364 views

The use of nominative “whom” in legal contexts (and possibly others)

From page 48 of Law, by Raymond Wacks: In other words, you owe a duty to persons whom it is foreseeable are likely to be harmed by your conduct. I tried to parse this by temporarily overlooking ...
3
votes
3answers
193 views

Problem in adjective clauses’ grammar

I have read some grammar points about adjective clauses, but I still have problems recognizing the right choice in questions requiring them. For example: All the students ____ do well in writing. ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Choice of relative pronouns: 'who' and/or 'that' for people?

Albert Einstein is a German-born theoretical physicist. He became world-famous for his general theory of relativity. If you turn these two sentences into one, a main clause + a relative clause, you ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

The use of “who has” or “who have” in a sentence [duplicate]

Consider the following example: It is you who has taken the garbage out. It is you who have taken the garbage out. Does one use "has" or "have" in this sentence construction? Which of ...
1
vote
1answer
542 views

What is it called when we use “through which” “about whom”, “whose”, etc

I would like to know how to refer to the sentance structure that is used in formal contexts, when "through which", "for whom" etc. are typically used. Are these non-defining relative pronouns? ...
1
vote
3answers
187 views

More confusion with relative pronoun ambiguity

What does the relative pronoun refer to in this sentence? It was probably on the darker/smoother side of things, compared to, say, the Sony ZX-1, which I prefer. To me, his preference isn’t ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

“Put me in touch with whomever created it”? [duplicate]

He created it. Put me in touch with him. So which is correct and why: Put me in touch with whomever created it. Put me in touch with whoever created it.
5
votes
2answers
149 views

Grammatically, why does it seem that 'that' can't follow the verb expressing propositional attitude in this sentence?

Consider the sentence, Together with corroborant documentation, the petitioner must submit his own account of the events that he claims (that) justify the exemption. That can follow any verb ...
1
vote
3answers
603 views

Friends “that or who” I consider my best friends

Can I ever use that for people, or must it be who? Which one is correct? I have friends from all walks of life that I consider my best friends. I have friends from all walks of life who I ...
2
votes
3answers
177 views

Usage of “what”

We recently did a test and we stumbled upon the following sentence: This film is better than ... we saw yesterday. With the answers: a, which b, - c, what d, that I choose "what" and the ...
2
votes
6answers
5k views

To whoever it may concern

I received a letter of confirmation for funding from an English native speaker. She started the letter with: To whoever it may concern, I am not a native speaker, but that sounds quite odd to me ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Use of that vs who [duplicate]

Is it correct to say 'He is the one that did it' instead of saying 'He is the one who did it' ?
2
votes
0answers
49 views

“Whom”/“Who” in subordinate clauses [duplicate]

I've come across the following sentence in a book: “I wanted to learn everything I could about it from whomever in the country might have specialized knowledge of it.” I know that the whomever ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Pronoun Case in Noun Phrases used as Direct Objects [duplicate]

When I have a noun phrase that contains a pronoun as a subject (of the phrase), but the noun phrase is being used as the direct object of another verb, is the pronoun in the nominative case or the ...
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5answers
2k views

Grammatical name and function of “whose shoes were damaged”

The boy whose shoes were damaged could not go with the others. What is the grammatical name and function of the bolded part?
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Why don't most sources classify “when”, “where”, and “why” as relative pronouns?

I am researching the use of relative pronouns and most websites, including the British Council, list only: who, whom, which, that, and whose What about here? That's the house where I grew ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Problems with relative pronouns

I have a question related to punctuations. Please tell me whether the following sentences are correct or not. Innodata is a company that provides BPO and KPO services. Innodata is a company ...
4
votes
3answers
322 views

What allows the omission of subject relative pronouns?

“There’s some men wouldn’t look at a girl with a baby.” (Ken Follett, Fall of Giants) There is a young student comes here some evenings. (James Joyce, Dubliners) “That’s a smell could ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

who / how / where / what

There was a question on the test that I was not sure which option was correct. The question is "Fill in the blank choosing the most appropriate word." Duke is not ( ) we think him to be. who / ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Am I using “whomever” correctly?

So sad to lose you, yet happy for whomever has the pleasure of working with you next.
0
votes
4answers
204 views

“-ing” or “which” for description?

I think this sentence is standard English: 1A. John swung his arm wildly, hitting Jane in the head. And it approximately means: 1B John swung his arm wildly and he hit Jane in the head. ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

Verb agreement with “that” as relative pronoun [closed]

Which one of the following sentences is grammatically correct? The idea that introduces a new relational representation is the subject of this paper. The idea that introduce a new relational ...
-2
votes
1answer
77 views

“…FDA, who…” vs “…FDA, which…” - relative-pronouns of authorities

I'm referring to the following sentence: "Observes express their concerns whether the FDA, which/who is already overrun with work..." My question is: Are authorities in the English language treated ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Singular or plural verb after “what”

Which sentence is more grammatically correct? He is being tried on what look like trumped-up charges. He is being tried on what looks like trumped-up charges.
0
votes
2answers
131 views

Meaning of “that” in “holomorphic function in the sector S that is continuous”

I have encountered a confusing sentence in a math textbook: Suppose F is a holomorphic function in the sector S that is continuous on the closure of S. What does that mean in the above ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Is this “as” a relative pronoun?

The caged eagle, whose gold-ringed eyes cruelty has extinguished, might look as looked that sightless Samson. (Jane Eyre) Is as a relative pronoun that has the caged eagle as its antecedent? ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Which is more common, using “who . . . is” or “whom . . . are”?

Which of these would you say? The married couple who the police caught is on drugs. or The married couple whom the police caught are on drugs. Why?
-2
votes
1answer
453 views

Can “whose” refer to inanimate objects? [duplicate]

I was baffled while using this sentence: I went into some blog site whose sole purpose. . . . My question is about whose. Is it correct to use it there?
10
votes
5answers
690 views

Why does legal English sometimes repeat the antecedent noun after “which”?

Here's a standard English sentence: The folder which is missing from the principal's office contained the answers to today's exam. (Separate question, discussed elsewhere I'm sure, whether it ...
2
votes
2answers
900 views

Should I use 'whoever' or 'whomever' here?

I know this sentence is a little awkward. Bear with me. "I will kill whomever I despise." -- This one feels correct. However... "I will kill whoever despises me." -- Is this right? Would this one ...
3
votes
1answer
987 views

Can “who” as a relative pronoun sometimes be omitted?

Somebody once observed two things: people often omit the relative pronoun "who" or "whom" to avoid having to worry about which is grammatically correct however, in all cases where it can be omitted, ...
3
votes
1answer
609 views

Omissions of “that” in a relative clause [duplicate]

I am not clear on when the word "that" can be omitted in a relative clause. I only know that when the modified noun is the object in the clause, the antecedent "that" can be omitted. Are there any ...
79
votes
9answers
6k views

When to use “that” and when to use “which”?

When is it appropriate to use that as opposed to which?