Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Relative adverbs

I am having some trouble understanding why relative adverbs function as adverbs in a relative clause. My family worships in a church, where my parents married. In the above example, I understand ...
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How to categorize this phrase. Relative clause, Interrogative clause, Adverbial clause?

What is "Where to go" in the sentence "Where to go is the question." Is it a adverbial phrase or a relative clause? And what is "Why go" in the sentence "Why go when you can stay?" - is it a clause?
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Meaning of “And the day came when … ”

I saw some sentences that start with this phrase: "And the day came when ... " For example, the following sentence form The Garden Party and Other Stories by Katherine Mansfield At last the day ...
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“Changes taking place” vs. “changes that take place”

I proofread quite often and most of the time recognize lots of mistakes, but from time to time I see this usage of the present participle and it always makes me wonder what rules should I apply to see ...
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placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive ...
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Omission of relative clauses where and what

Is it possible to omit the relative pronoun in these two sentences below? That's the company where Peter works. Mary didn't get what she wanted for her birthday.
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Is this correct? “One of the things that makes him great is…”

One of the things that makes him great is he brings it every night. I'm pretty sure it should be that make him in the plural, because one of the things is referring to a lot of things and a lot ...
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104 views

Is this grammatical? “You are who I love.”

I've just got wondering if this sentence is grammatically correct: You are who I love. This is what I am thinking: Let's focus on the who clause, then you can find that the missing element ...
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relative pronoun usage: “…, not in which …”?

There's the room; not in the room is the man. I want to replace the semicolon with a comma and make the second sentence a relative clause. Is it okay to change it as: There's the ...
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Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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em-dash and comma, which comes first

I am confused about the preferred way to combine an em-dash insertion with a comma occurring in the outer sentence. Until now, I had preferred to write: The erosion responsible for residuals is ...
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Is it wrong: “in which is the man”?

In the room is the man, This is grammatically correct, no doubt . "In the room" works as adverb clause and the verb and subject are inverted. In the normal way, it's written as In the room, ...
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How to write just 1 sentence that has 2 or more relative clauses? [closed]

Let see this sentence: Most people, who drink cold water, I knew, have never got any sore throat. am i writing the above sentence correctly? The above sentence can be broken down as following: ...
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60 views

Should I use 'which' or 'that'? [duplicate]

I have been reading up on the correct use of 'which' and 'that' but I am still struggling. I am unsure if 'must be taken regularly' is restrictive or not. Both 'which' and 'that' sound correct to me. ...
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46 views

“to become as an instructor” OR “to become an instructor”? [closed]

When she was 14 years old, she even earned a black belt in karate. Also, she got a special training, exclusive for disabled people to become as an instructor." Should I rewrite the same sentence ...
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Is 'what' both relative adjective and relative pronoun?

The body was no longer twitching. The skin had taken on a milky bluish tinge. The corner of the mouth seemed to have stopped bleeding, and what little blood was still visible now appeared very ...
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112 views

Is Word always correct in suggesting either a comma before 'which' or else using 'that'?

In Microsoft Word, the grammar engine in certain situations suggests either placing a comma before which or replacing it with that (and not using a comma). Does the meaning of a sentence ever change ...
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211 views

Why Do English Speakers Use “Preposition + Relative Pronoun” Form?

there As I'm not an English Speaker, whenever I crush "Preposition + Relative Pronoun" forms in the books, newspaper, etc., it is not that easy for me to understand right away. ... it will gain ...
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Does “sell” have a direct object in “This is the car that Peter wants to sell”?

For the following sentence, I can identify "This car" as the direct object of the verb "sell". Peter wants to sell this car. However, if the sentence is changed as follows, does the verb "sell" ...
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Is it ever possible to use a comma after an essential clause?

Forgive me if my use of terminology isn't quite right... I'm editing this sentence: This is a serious problem that ranges from elementary school teachers to adjunct professors such as here, and ...
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Who does “who” apply to in this example?

His governors, some of them incompetent and tactless, quarrelled bitterly with the people, who were constantly demanding greater political control. In this sentence, who are demanding greater ...
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369 views

Ambiguity in use of relative pronouns

The animal ate the father of Jay, who was an engineer. So who is the engineer here? Father or Jay? How can I use which, that, who to refer to the whole object or only to parts of the object?
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How do I introduce this relative clause clearly?

As we shall see later on, there are pairs of genes ______ neither gene dominates but each lessens the effects of the other. Which of the following makes the most sense to create the relative ...
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72 views

About relative clause

I'm learning English in recent days and I read something made me really confused. The sentence is: π[q] is the length of the longest prefix of P that is a proper suffix of Pq. I see that "that ...
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can I write “are occurred”?

I want to write a sentence about international crime. Which one is the correct way to write the sentence: International crimes, which are occurred around the world... International crimes, ...
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Confusion about usage of “who” in a relative clause [duplicate]

I'm confused about two particular examples where "who" is used as a relative pronoun: Example-1: ...people who I have no idea who are. ...people who I have no idea who they are. Example-2: ...people ...
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Is this sentence using relative clauses correct grammatically? [closed]

The winner of the competition is the person who gets the cheese first, which is the prize.
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Right places for relative clauses [duplicate]

The chart shows the percentage of usage of most common means,WHICH ARE DESKTOP COMPUTER, LAPTOP AND MOBILE PHONE, of access to buy tickets USED by people from Australia, the UK and Malaysia. ...
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2k views

Singular or plural verb after “what”

Which sentence is more grammatically correct? He is being tried on what look like trumped-up charges. He is being tried on what looks like trumped-up charges.
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What is the meaning of the comma in this case? [duplicate]

He rides a bike reading the book. (with no comma between bike and reading) He rides a bike, reading the book. (with a comma between bike and reading) In the sentence above, What is the ...
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52 views

a story to tell Susan vs a story that he can tell Susan [closed]

He could not think of a story to tell Susan. We don't say "I tell Susan" and the sentence stops right there. From which, I figure "to tell Susan" in this sentence needs something that is ...
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53 views

Can the non-restrictive clause NOT be next to the noun it modifies?

The idea was borrowed from finance companies' high-efficiency routine of aligning business processes to achieve optimal growth, which abused the local laws to limit competition. The idea was ...
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48 views

“Where's the servant whose business it is to answer the door?”

“Where's the servant whose business it is to answer the door?" I just read this in Through the Looking Glass. If I said that sentence, I would have said "business is". Why is the 'it' necessary? ...
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Using “is” versus “are” in a relative clause

I have run into a small question that I would like to check. When referring to one person out of a group, would one use "is" or "are"? For example: I know you are one of the members that is ...
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227 views

Adjective clause with 'so'

I can't find any grammar reference to the correct usage of a specifying adjective clause. Consider an example: The physical activity, so vital for the developing body, is often overlooked by the ...
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151 views

omitting relative pronoun in a non-restrictive clause

We often omit relative pronouns in restrictive clauses. E.g. "I am flying to a place I love" instead of "I am flying to a place that I love." It seems ok to omit the which/who in the following. But ...
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Should this relative clause, headed by 'where', be joined to the main clause? (1786 UK)

Source: p 174, The Catholic Christian Instructed in the Sacraments ..., by Richard Challoner, 1786 Q. But does not Christ say, concerning continency, St. Matt. xix. 11, 'All men cannot receive ...
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Correct verb form in two sentences

I can't explain why the following sentences are wrong, although I can correct them. (a) INCORRECT — The table shows the average amount of time advertisements on the Internet lasting. ...
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By which? - Problem with relative clause

for hours I've been scouring the internet for some sentences/grammar rules which bother me. Unfortunately, I couldn't find the answer, and that's why I decided to ask here. Are sentences 1) and 2) ...
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1answer
43 views

Leave-out in relative pronoun usage

Original reference: http://edition.cnn.com/2015/02/03/world/taiwan-plane-crash-transasia/index.html?hpt=ob_galleryfooterexpansion&iref=obnetwork In this case of usages of relative pronouns, ...
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Is a relative clause always a permission for “the” article to be used before its antecedent?

I have noticed that most often a relative pronoun such as who, which, etc. is used to further inform the reader about its preceding noun or noun phrase, e.g. 1-Do you know the girl who is ...
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Weird “genitive of relative pronoun” construction

In this youtube-video a non native speaker of English said the following sentence ... another verb, of which I've already talked about the present tense At first, I thought it was simply a ...
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What is the head noun in 'the number of' phrases?

What is the head noun in the noun phrase 'the number of koalas'? My concern is with the non-defining relative clause and the assignment of 'which' to one of the nouns in the NP. My sentences read: ...
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How do I identify “infinitive clauses/phrases” and “subjects”?

In sentences such as the following, there is (as I understand it) an infinitive clause and an infinitive phrase. Which part is the infinitive clause and which part is the infinitive phrase? And what ...
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Delayed relative clause

Consider the following phrase taken from a draft of my master's thesis: In this chapter, the fundamental physiological principles will be presented that underlie the mathematical models and ...
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Using relative pronoun “who” with “team” or “bunch”

I would like to know if this sentence is grammatical, with its usage of the relative pronoun who. (I) Our team is a happy bunch who works night and day. I am getting two parses for this sentence: ...
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What rules make “Remember me, who am your friend” grammatical?

An acquaintance recalled this specific example from an English textbook, but it is jarring to my native ear. Is this an example of prescriptive grammarians gone wild?
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a nonrestrictive appositive with a restrictive clause [closed]

Jim's cousin, an olympic athlete, who lives in Boston did X. The nonrestrictive appositive "an olympic athlete" is combined with a restrictive clause "who lives in Boston." Since the comma ...
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A non-defining relative clause sentence

My question is something to do with non-defining relative clauses.. One online friend of Breck's claimed the teenager had been groomed by Daynes, who he described as a 'control freak' So is ...
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introduce a restrictive clause without using that [duplicate]

That/which/who are commonly used to introduce a restrictive clause. But some sentences sound fine even without it. Example: John received medicines under development in the research lab. OR ...