Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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“IT projects gone awry…” Qualifying a reduced relative clause rule

"IT projects gone awry because they were conceived on too massive a scale, and good money thrown after bad, are financial nuisances far from unique to the Beeb." ['Beeb' = BBC] I've been trying to ...
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Choice of relative pronouns: 'who' and/or 'that' for people?

Albert Einstein is a German-born theoretical physicist. He became world-famous for his general theory of relativity. If you turn these two sentences into one, a main clause + a relative clause, you ...
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Do I need an extra “about”, or does one suffice?

Consider the following sentence: I have a lot to talk about with John about his project. Since I can swap the position of the first about to make it 'I have a lot to talk with John about', then ...
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144 views

“Money is all what/that I need.” [duplicate]

1.) Money is all that I need. 2.) Money is all what I need. Which one is right? or which one have you not ever seen? and is there any difference between them? But, what about the following? If ...
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45 views

Missing that - usage [duplicate]

Source: http://news.yahoo.com/separatists-seize-control-tv-hq-east-ukraine-city-140235399.html Pro-Russian separatists, some of them armed, have seized about a dozen official buildings in eastern ...
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371 views

When to omit “that” and “who” [duplicate]

I have some doubts about the usages of that and who. Sometimes I read sentences such as You are someone I love. You are someone who I love. People were asked to describe the qualities they ...
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Grammatically, why does it seem that 'that' can't follow the verb expressing propositional attitude in this sentence?

Consider the sentence, Together with corroborant documentation, the petitioner must submit his own account of the events that he claims (that) justify the exemption. That can follow any verb ...
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166 views

How do bare clauses beginning with “in which” work?

The latest Stack Exchange blog post contains the following section header: In which we stop being dumb I have never really understood what is going on in these "in which..." constructions at a ...
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Is the “to” required in “the person (to) whom I granted freedom”?

I had this phrase "the person whom I granted freedom" in something I wrote; a friend maintains that it must be "the person to whom I granted freedom."
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857 views

Correct verb form in two sentences

I can't explain why the following sentences are wrong, although I can correct them. (a) INCORRECT — The table shows the average amount of time advertisements on the Internet lasting. ...
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185 views

Ambiguous relative clause

In the following expression, whom does 'who' refer to? The friends of the participants or the participants themselves? "The friends of the participants who were told to order soft drinks" This was ...
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“Who” usage in interrogative form [duplicate]

When using "who" in a question, which is correct: Is it I who has erred? Is it I who have erred? The latter seems correct by test (take out who), but the former seems correct by question form ...
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Usage of “what”

We recently did a test and we stumbled upon the following sentence: This film is better than ... we saw yesterday. With the answers: a, which b, - c, what d, that I choose "what" and the ...
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How do I identify “infinitive clauses/phrases” and “subjects”?

In sentences such as the following, there is (as I understand it) an infinitive clause and an infinitive phrase. Which part is the infinitive clause and which part is the infinitive phrase? And what ...
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128 views

How to conjugate verb in relative clause where case changes? [duplicate]

I'm not sure how the following sentence should be built: "She gives a blanket to me, who (am/is/?) cold" I can't come up with anything that sounds right, and I'm not certain there is a right. Can ...
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424 views

Is “aware of” used correctly in this sentence?

Is there a better way to write the following sentence: After you called me at home – angry about a request I did not make, nor was aware of – I cried in front of my family. Second, is of a ...
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110 views

How to avoid a preposition at the end of a relative clause

In this example: I am adverting to (noun, eg letter), the reception of which I am asking/tentative about. How can I recast this sentence, and preserve this syntax, without the "empty ...
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355 views

Relative clause with “whose”

I just read the following sentence in a short-biography: "Peter was born in England in 1982, whose parents were from Japan and India." I think that the use of the relative pronoun "whose" is wrong ...
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42 views

In “set of reasons that” what does *that* modify?

Suppose that there is a survey of people asking them their reasons for thinking or behaving a certain way. While analyzing the survey results, a researcher may discuss all the different reasons the ...
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299 views

What would be the difference between past and present tense here?

1.) I assumed you were the type who kept your promises. vs. 2.) I assumed you were the type who keeps your promises.
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63 views

Can we use 'for what' in relative clauses?

I feel that the following sentence is not correct: He wants to paint the walls of his flat, for what he needs the best tools. So 'what' refers to the whole first clause in the sentence. Okay, I ...
4
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2answers
327 views

“that” omission, subject-verb distance [duplicate]

when can we remove 'that'? I've heard different opinions I bought the book that is required for this course I bought the book required for this course I recommend that you take my advice I recommend ...
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113 views

Does “sell” have a direct object in “This is the car that Peter wants to sell”?

For the following sentence, I can identify "This car" as the direct object of the verb "sell". Peter wants to sell this car. However, if the sentence is changed as follows, does the verb "sell" ...
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550 views

Relative clauses with prepositional verb phrase

The people ø you work with are your 'colleagues'. The people that you work with are your 'colleagues'. The people who you work with are your 'colleagues'. The people whom you work with are ...
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338 views

Ambiguity in use of relative pronouns

The animal ate the father of Jay, who was an engineer. So who is the engineer here? Father or Jay? How can I use which, that, who to refer to the whole object or only to parts of the object?
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484 views

Difference between 'which' and 'that' in restrictive (defining) relative clauses

Excuse me if this topic has been brought up before though I couldn't find it. It seems that there are many similar topics related to both defining and non-defining clauses but there is still one ...
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when relative clauses is needed

Some native speakers corrected sentence A to sentence B in my essay. Could anyone explain why here "brings to" is needed? A. The problem of foreign language class at primary school is the ...
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relative clause inside another relative clause

So if you're making a game that a person who plays Limbo might like, you should.... I heard this in one of the videos by Totalbiscuit. He's a game commentator on youtube. I'm pretty sure the guy is ...
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396 views

Double relative clause

In a sentences like this: I know people who are good at this and who can help you. I can drop either the second who or and the sentence will still be ok and make sense. I can't drop them both ...
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305 views

To use vs Make use of. when to use what

I often hear 'to make use of something'. Is there any difference from just 'to use something'?
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227 views

em-dash and comma, which comes first

I am confused about the preferred way to combine an em-dash insertion with a comma occurring in the outer sentence. Until now, I had preferred to write: The erosion responsible for residuals is ...
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188 views

Restrictive relative clause or non-restrictive relative clause?

I am wondering whether to use a restrictive relative clause such as: "Multicopters belong to a family of aircraft called rotorcraft , which also includes helicopters, and although they appear to be ...
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549 views

“Non-restrictive appositive” vs. “non-defining relative clause”

Could you please kindly provide some explanation as to why the second option (B) is the only correct answer to the following question? And why is it not the case that both A and B could be correct ...
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228 views

Am I using “whomever” correctly?

So sad to lose you, yet happy for whomever has the pleasure of working with you next.
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572 views

“Important for someone to do” vs. “important that someone does”

As I know, there is no difference in meaning between the following two sentences. It is not important for you to eat good food. It is not important that you eat good food. But I believe ...
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381 views

The main verb of the second clause

The energy source on Voyager2 is not a nuclear reactor, in which atoms are actively broken apart, but rather a kind of nuclear battery that uses natural radioactive decay to produce power. What ...
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Singular or plural verb after “what”

Which sentence is more grammatically correct? He is being tried on what look like trumped-up charges. He is being tried on what looks like trumped-up charges.
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confusing use of “of which”

Here's a sentence I find confusing: The job of a family therapist is to understand the family culture of which the larger culture, with its many layered meanings, is a part. Which interpretation ...
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Is it proper to use “that” instead of “at which” to refer to speed?

On a physics assignment, I believe that these sentences are grammatically incorrect, but some other students disagree (especially on the second one). What is the maximum speed that the mass can be ...
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Sentence Structure: Relative Clauses with “who”

I can't analyze the structure of relative clauses. We are to look only to God, who as He wills makes angels "ministering spirits" to the heirs of salvation. I guess ... who makes angels as ...
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Advanced rules for shortening relative clauses with a participle?

Once again, a problem encountered while marking German pupils' exams. We teach them the following rules: A present participle can be used to shorten an active relative clause: The boy who ...
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Is this a relative pronoun or conjunction?

I want to know everything (that) there is to know about you. I chanced to come across ‘expletive there’ in a syntactic textbook. It says in this type of sentences: there is an expletive, to know ...
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452 views

Multiple objects + relative clause [duplicate]

Which would be best / acceptable? "He saw people, animals and buildings THAT / WHICH had suffered greatly." As I see it, there are 3 subjects; people, animals and buildings. The grammar rules I know ...
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Is 'what' both relative adjective and relative pronoun?

The body was no longer twitching. The skin had taken on a milky bluish tinge. The corner of the mouth seemed to have stopped bleeding, and what little blood was still visible now appeared very ...
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Is this a complete sentence or two? [closed]

Given the example (from a British novel, The Secret Intensity of Everyday Life) Well what did I expect who said it would be easy? I will not let this defeat me. I will persist. Is the first ...
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708 views

Combine these two sentence with relative pronoun

Can I combine these two sentences: I'll never forget the time. We were a happy couple then. To I'll never forget the time that we were a happy couple. And more, without "that" I'll ...
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117 views

“stopping to refill his cup when she did”

Consider the following sentence: She got up to get some of the coffee he had made, stopping to refill his cup when she did. What does the subordinate clause in this sentence mean? Does it mean ...
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2answers
167 views

correct usage of 'which'

If I say this sentence, would it be meaningful? Similarly, trees can be described by neighborhood relations which we can see how trees exist with other objects in reality Actually what I want ...
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Is this usage of 'for which' correct?

I recently typed the following to a friend in an email: Last night I went to the theatre to see a play with X. Before that, we went for dinner at a nearby pub for which my cousin came along. Now ...
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Combining 3 sentences [closed]

I am struggling to combine following 3 sentences for a one sentence. I am doubted how to do it. Any suggestions please. a) Most of the above methods often rely on the crown height model (CHM) ...