Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Use 'having' or 'that have' [duplicate]

Recently I had to write a graded text for a task in my university English course. In this text, I had written the following sentence: These keys are attached to sticks having a pointy end [..] ...
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What do you mean that it's wrong?

What do you mean that it's wrong? In the above sentence, is the that-clause an adverbial clause? Or a complement? What is the syntactic function of the string "(that) it's wrong"? In other words, ...
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“Which” as clause modifier

According to Azar ("Understanding and Using English Grammar," p. 286), using which to modify a whole sentence is informal and occurs most frequently in spoken English. Latin American countries ...
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Can 'who' refer to an inanimate object such as a government body? [duplicate]

I'm wondering if it is possible to use 'who' in a sentence like this: 'the name of the government body who has assigned an identification number to the document.'
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Relative clauses: “I did the best I could.”

I did the best I could. The sentence above can be rephrased: I did the best that I could. In these two examples (that) I could is a relative clause. However, I am not sure whether it is ...
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Clause identification problem

The sentence is as follows: "All we do is just fight." My opinion is the only essential component that a clause should have is a verb. Therefore, an analysis of the sentence above would be that ...
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She or her in a relative clause where she is both subject and possessor

If I have a relative clause where 'she' is the subject of the relative clause, but a possessor in the main clause, should I use 'of she' or 'of her'? Let me give an example, would I have: The ...
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“The one what is blue” - WHAT versus THAT

I have a student who consistently uses "what" for "that" as in "The one what is blue." I need to come up with a rule(s) that would work for a 3rd grader, and am having difficulty finding anything. ...
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Is it grammatical to use the relative pronoun “that” after a comma?

I’ve always thought it grammatically wrong to use “that” to introduce non-defining relative clauses, after a comma, or after a preposition. The following two sentences, however, use “that” after a ...
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Relative Pronouns are ALWAYS added right after antecedent?

Is is a rule that relative clauses should be added right after the antecedent(the noun relative pronouns refer to)? What if it is confusing? For example: "I went for a spin with a handsome boy last ...
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Sports “which/that” I have to run vs sports “where” I have to run

I'm Italian and I don't know what the best choice is. I don't like sports which/that I have to run. or I don't like sports where I have to run. What's the right relative?
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How to correctly apply “in which”, “of which”, “at which”, “to which”, etc? [closed]

How does one correctly apply "in which", "of which", "at which", "to which", etc? I'm confused with which one to apply when constructing sentences around these. Please help me out here.
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“It was the kind of story that / where you had to be there.” — Are the relative words 'where' and 'that' interchangeable?

Consider this exchange: A: Your story wasn't funny at all. B: Maybe it was the kind of story where you had to be there. I encountered something like that a few days ago, and wondered if the ...
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Two relative clauses together before the main verb

I would like to ask if the following sentence is grammatically correct because apparently two relative clause was used successively without any relative pronoun or whatever it is that sentence needs. ...
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Who/whom + who relative clause

Is the following sentence grammatical? "Whom who was in his prime has Floyd Mayweather fought in his career?" I want to question whether Floyd Mayweather has fought any boxer during the boxer's best,...
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Using define relative clause after non-defining clause

I'd like to ask if the usage of second relative clause is grammatically correct as in the following sentence? Even though she was successful businesswoman before her marriage, she expanded her ...
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33 views

Repeating the same word in relative clause and independent clause [closed]

Do you think if the following sentence grammatically okay or should we rewrite because the word gasoline are placed closely? Automobile manufacturers are producing smaller cars, which use less ...
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using “of which”

Is my use of "of which" in this sentence correct? How should I rephrase? Half of the factory closures affected more than 1,000 employees, 19 of which dismissed more than 2,500 employees. "19" is ...
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Reduced relative clause or the parallel one?

Found this question in a book: The Oldest repertory theater still existing ______ founded in 1680. a) the Comedie-Francaise in Paris, it was b) is the Comedie-Francaise in Paris, was c) which is the ...
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Pied-piping complex prepositions

How can I construct a relative clause of the following sentence containing the complex preposition "with respect to"? Original sentence: The expression is differentiated with respect to variable x. ...
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that clause as an adjective

I heard some people say: All (that) I am is blue. All (that) I am is sad. This relative that clause is used as an adjective that represents adjective "sad" and "blue", right? But as far as I know, ...
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Can you tell me the difference between these two sentences? I don't like the music he listens to. The work he did in Manchester was boring. [closed]

What do you call the clause/phrase "he listens to"? It's not an apposition, is it? Both parts of this sentence depend on each other, don't they? Neither can I say "I don't like the music." nor "he ...
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Can “where” ever be used as the subject of a relative/adjective clause?

Here's the sentence that was confusing: He went back to Santa Monica which was his hometown. Why can't "which" be replaced with "where"? "Where" can be used as a relative pronoun, but it's doesn'...
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Usage of relative causes (of which) [closed]

Does the following sentence make sense? Microsoft competed in programming languages by making products of which programming languages are complementary, incompatible. The idea I am trying to ...
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What are the determiners 'this/these/that/those' called when they are not demonstrative?

Consider the sentences That car, which has been on the supermarket parking lot for a week now, do you have any idea who it belongs to? where the car can actually be seen at a distance, and ...
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Are there cohesive ties between nouns and following relative clauses?

I am not sure if this is the place for such a question, but if I am wrong, please do not get offended. I am reading their book and wonder why they didn't include wh- words like relative pronouns or ...
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Restrictive vs Non-restrictive Relative Clause

Can you tell me the difference in the meaning of the two sentences below? As a defining relative clause. The location which was called Central Park was a park in New York. As a non-defining ...
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Reversal of Relative Clauses

If subordinate clauses can be placed before or after the main clause as follows: They hid because I came. Because I came, they hid. Why isn't the same true for relative clauses? They are ...
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Why is “that” preceded by a comma in this relative clause? What does it mean?

As you know, there are two types of relative clause: Type 1 The woman who lives next door is a doctor. In this example,the relative clause tells us which person or thing (or what kind of ...
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The film [that/which] I selected for viewing

The film that I chose for the class to watch is called The Life of Igor. The film which I chose for the class to watch is called The Life of Igor. —At the margins, are both correct? (When I ...
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is it possible to leave out the relative pronoun “where”? [duplicate]

Look at this question: The Think Tank is the only place in the world _____ visitors have free access to this type of research. a. who b. that c. which d. Ǿ e. where f. when The answer says that ...
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“What might have appalled us when we'd started our trip just a few days ago no longer impressed us much”

I came across this sentence from a book about a journalist: What might have appalled us when we'd started our trip just a few days ago no longer impressed us much. It is confusing for two ...
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Successive relative clauses

Is the use of two or more successive relative clauses common or grammarically accepted in English? As in "The man who is sitting in the wheelchair and who has a broken leg. Or "The man who is sitting ...
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“I read the news on twitter that you asked me to” or “I read the news that you asked me to on twitter”

Is this sentence of mine grammatically correct? I read the news on twitter that you asked me to. or is it supposed to be: I read the news that you asked me to on twitter. I believe both ...
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Relative clause “both dynamic and stative examples of which”

I am simply interested in whether this sentence is in correct English. Especially, I am unsure about the use of the relative clause in italic. The specular reflexions of the glass beads, both ...
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Should this be a restrictive or non-restrictive relative clause?

Which makes more sense in American English? The non-restrictive relative clause: The bed has a thickness, which may be adjustable. versus the restrictive relative clause: The bed has a ...
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When are relative pronouns omitted in a sentence?

"For someone used to the tiny creatures we get in England it was something of a shock." I think, in this sentence, relative pronouns before some words have been omitted. I know rules of omitting ...
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It is possible to reduce this relative clauses

I'm wondering if this sentence Optical fibres, which are made from very pure silica fibre, are the form of transmission line which is most often used these days. that the relative clause is ...
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“Who should be ashamed is your wife” is this ungrammatical? Why?

Is this usage common? Example: In your case, who should be ashamed is your wife. I ask because 99% of the results in Google Books are "the one who should..." or "the person who should." Maybe ....
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Comparative words after the subject

I'm really having trouble figuring out how to describe a clause describing a subject which contains a comparative adjective (or an adjective of equality). For example: Children [shorter than four ...
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Why did the author use “muttering” instead of “mutters” in this sentence?

"He wanders away from the group, muttering something about fingers and toes." - The hunger game, Mockingjay. And can you give me the name of this grammar structure? Is it short form of relative ...
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“…but that the dread of something after death,the undiscovered country from whose border no traveler returns,puzzles the will…” [closed]

I am having a hard time identifying the particular clause type. What type of clause is the part "from whose...returns"?
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How to identify an adverbial clause

I find it difficult to identify an adverbial clause in the following sentence: Saturday is the day when I get my hair done. Is the clause "when I get my hair done" adverbial?.
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“What were they doing differently *that* had led to this dramatic improvement?”

What were they doing differently that had led to this dramatic improvement? I saw a sentence having the same structure as the one above. But I am not sure that this sentence is grammatically correct....
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Subject Omission

I have a complicated question to ask you. I wrote a composition and there was a sentence like this: [...] then he saw the brother he thought was dead But then my teacher corrected me by adding ...
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…is both… while at the same time

In the paragraph below, are the bolded words used appropriately? After learning about the entity’s business and goals, Anka assists in preparing a draft policy and compliance program that is both ...
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'how' instead of 'the way'

Would his parents understand him the way you do? --> Would his parents understand him how you do? is the rephrasing above grammatically ok?
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Omitting Subject Relative Pronouns

Most textbooks state that subject relative pronouns cannot be omitted, e.g. A: Alan threatened Brian. B: Alan was a gangster. A+B = Alan, who was a gangster, threatened Brian. However, ...
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How to find the correct noun that a relative or adjective clause corresponds to?

Its easy to identify the correct noun when the clause modifying that particular noun is immediately followed. But how to identify the correct noun when the noun is not immediately followed by the ...
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Is it acceptable to start an emphatic sentence with “It is he who…”?

It is he who the students choose as the repersentative of their class. Is this sentence grammatically correct? If not, why? I would like to know whether the pronoun ‘he’ can be used in this grammar ...