Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units, and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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Should ‘Ground Zero’ (site of old World Trade Center) be capped in all references? [closed]

Should Ground Zero (site of old World Trade Center) be capitalised in all references?
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1answer
53 views

Should 'First Lady' be capped in all references? [closed]

Should First Lady be capped in all references? •I spoke with the First Lady, Michelle Obama. •Do you want to speak with the First Lady? •Former First Lady Barbara Bush attended the ceremony. And ...
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1answer
277 views

Do we add a full stop after an ellipsis at the end of a sentence? [closed]

Do we add a full stop after an ellipsis at the end of a sentence? eg ‘There is a problem...’.
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1answer
45 views

Can we eliminate the hyphens in these job descriptions? [closed]

Can I eliminate every single hyphen in the examples below? Or do they add readability? Joe said, "He applied for the assistant-store-manager-trainee position." Luella said, "Victor was assigned to ...
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1answer
304 views

Do we capitalize job titles after a person's name? [duplicate]

Should professional, occupational and official titles be capped after a person's name? Mike McCormack, Human Resources Director for the XYZ corporation, resigned on Friday. If we use the definite ...
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0answers
174 views

Comma before “respectively” — Is it needed? [duplicate]

Is the comma before "respectively" needed when "respectively" is the last word in a sentence? Garry, Michael and John scored 10, 26 and 18 points, respectively.
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0answers
35 views

Are the apostrophe placements correct in every example? [duplicate]

Are the apostrophe placements correct in every example? • two weeks' vacation • four days' personal time • three months' sabbatical time • ten nights' accommodations • three hours' sleep • eight ...
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2answers
113 views

Commas that are sentence flow-stoppers … Can I leave them out?

Is it acceptable in BrE to omit the commas (as I've done below) after 2006, 1946, France, Texas and New York? To me, commas after each serve no purpose: they reduce the flow of the sentence. • The ...
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1answer
61 views

L.A. vs NYC (punctuation)

After researching the internet for a while now, I am still not sure whether it is true that one abbreviates Los Angeles by L.A. but New York City by NYC. Is that true, if so, why the different ...
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2answers
296 views

Where do the commas and full stops go? [duplicate]

Do you agree with the punctuation in these examples? I'm using BrE style here. I like his sentence 'Be good to yourself and respect your elders.' (I say that the full stop goes inside the quote ...
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1answer
80 views

Units of Measurement Part II — Hours, Minutes and Seconds [closed]

Again, I prefer the brevity and concision of these examples. It was a 2hr 3min 4sec marathon. (Is this correct if we opted to abbreviate?) The Guardian and the BBC use this so I'm assuming it's okay. ...
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2answers
68 views

Comma in “The key objective is X, with the broader goal of Y”

The key objective of the declaration is to create guidelines, with the broader goal of facilitating international mobility of students. Are there any rules that govern the placement or ...
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3answers
183 views

The Swung Dash ~ Has Anybody Heard of It?

​Has anybody ever heard of the swung dash? Friends tell me that this is being used by writers in lieu of the dash. See examples below. Has anybody ever seen this usage? If so, is it new? You are the ...
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2answers
42 views

Is a comma still required between “said” and a quote if no one actually says anything?

For example He gave me a look that said "Don't you dare." Should a comma still be placed after said?
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1answer
55 views

In my example, can I use a comma before the word “thus”?

Graph 4 improves Graph 3 because it shows potentially similar outliers that occur at each birthday, thus this represents our best range of x.
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0answers
34 views

Associated Press Style with Monetary Ranges (Your Interpretation) [duplicate]

The AP Stylebook's FAQ accepts "a 30 to 35 percent a year increase" and "a 10-20 percent a year increase in revenues", one with the word "to" in the numerical range, and one with a hyphen. They also ...
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2answers
434 views

Single Quote Marks to Denote Plurals of Letters and Words [duplicate]

I heard that the plurals of letters, numbers and words could be punctuated - with single quote marks on both sides - in this manner (especially in Britain): 'X's 'd's '5's 'thank-you's 'maybe's ...
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1answer
144 views

Fragmented Quotes and Bracketed Ellipses

I had a question about the use of the bracketed ellipses with fragmented quotes. Below is an example from CMOS 16. Please refer to it. My question is at the bottom of this thread. I'm hoping you ...
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2answers
723 views

Punctuation of a question that ends with a statement

How would you punctuate this question, which ends as a statement: Where is Mom I need to talk to her
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3answers
139 views

Punctuation of “But you know, Bob, you, too, played an important role”

But you know, Bob, you, too, played an important role. Is this actually how one would punctuate this sentence? Given how commas work, I think this is correct, but it looks very bizarre.
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1answer
2k views

What is the proper hyphenation of “and a half” in the context of age? [duplicate]

I'm trying to write "3 and a half year old," as in, "He is a 3 and a half year old dog". I know a hyphen or two is supposed to go in there somewhere. Per Ways to write "2000 year old" , ...
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2answers
165 views

Placement of full stops and inverted commas (not a duplicate, per se)

Do you agree with my rationale below? This is with regard to British punctuation. The specificity of this particular question has not previously been posted. 'I need to visit the mall', said Aunt ...
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3answers
353 views

What are reasons to omit quotation marks in dialogue?

While writing a short memoir for a college course, I wrote the dialogue without quotation marks, the biggest reason being that I do not like how clunky it looks in Times New Roman. I do not mind it ...
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2answers
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Is this sentence grammatical and punctuated correctly?

Does this sentence need to be broken up by a semi colon, conjuction, or a period? Is there a modifier error here as well? The peasants were the least free of all people, bound by tradition and ...
3
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2answers
121 views

Single Markers Used For Punctuation of Plurals

May I punctuate letters-as-letters and words-as-words in this manner (in lieu of italics)? The professor said that Joel used too many 'why's, 'like's, and 'whereas's in his essay. If we're using ...
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1answer
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Would “mid-to-late” and “low-to-mid” hyphenated as compound modifiers?

Would "mid-to-late" and "low-to-mid" be hyphenated as compound modifiers? Examples: Temperatures are expected to be in the low-to-mid 60s. Joe, I think, is in his mid-to-late 80s. He was in his ...
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2answers
115 views

How would you punctuation this sentence?

How would you punctuate this sentence? If someone gives you a hard time about ending a sentence with a preposition, feel free to respond to the criticism, as Winston Churchill, according to ...
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2answers
113 views

A sentence with too many commas [closed]

Can someone please explain the following sentence? This perspective provides a primarily pragmatic justification, therefore, for confidentiality, in that any perceived limitations to, or ...
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4answers
189 views

Em-dash vs colon: “Remind me: what's your name again?” or “Remind me—what's your name again?”

I have a sentence (and other sentences like it) in which I'm not sure what punctuation to use. Remind me—what's your name again? Remind me: what's your name again? Or is there something else ...
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2answers
189 views

Scientific writing: comma after “where” while explaining variables?

I am writing a scientific report. Lets say there is an equation, c = a+b where, a is variable1 b is variable2 Is it needed to put comma after "where" here? Also at the end of the equation, is a ...
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1answer
98 views

Are the commas placed correctly?

Are these punctuated satisfactorily with the commas? If not, where else would you put them? He said that he didn't want to go, and quite frankly he shouldn't have. We can bill you on our customary ...
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1answer
56 views

I have another questions regarding hyphens

The Gregg Reference Manual uses this: mid- to late 60s (with a single space after the hyphen, because "mid" is a prefix that requires a hyphen). My question is, if you have a phrase like "low to ...
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2answers
107 views

Would you insert any hyphens in these?

Are hyphens needed in these? If so, where would you insert them? Joel applied for the assistant store manager position. (Not: assistant-store-manager position, right?) Joel was enrolled in ...
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1answer
667 views

Is it “midsentence” or “mid-sentence”? Onelook doesn't say

Is it "midsentence" or "mid-sentence"? Onelook doesn't say. Also, is it: mid- to late 50s mid-to-late 50s mid to late 50s I'd say, "mid- to late 50s" because "mid" is a prefix that requires a ...
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1answer
83 views

Comma after “that” midsentence?

A comma after "that", midsentence, is increasingly common. Consider the examples below. Would you consider the commas after "that" to be correct? If you remove the information set off by commas, the ...
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1answer
243 views

And so forth, and so on — comma to follow midsentence?

Comma after "and so forth"? He brought potato chips, pudding, and so forth, to the picnic. Comma after "etc."? He brought potato chips, pudding, etc., to the picnic. Thank you.
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1answer
65 views

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements

My mother, Theresa; my brother, Frank; and my sister, Danielle, are going to the meeting. (In this sentence I have one mother, one brother, and one sister.) The sentence is cluttered with punctuation, ...
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1answer
2k views

Do we put a comma before “then” when it's the last word in a sentence?

Do we put a comma before "then" when it's the last word in a sentence? If she goes, I'm not going, then.
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1answer
33 views

Punctuation before “and” [duplicate]

What would be the proper placement of commas before "and" in this situation? I think that A, B, C and D are useful qualities and will help her complete the assignment.
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1answer
404 views

How do you punctuate the following [closed]

How would you punctuate this phrase? me personally or my friend Would you put commas around personally?
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2answers
90 views

Quotation Marks [duplicate]

I'm an American living in the USA. Is it permissible to punctuate thusly, i.e., insert the commas and periods outside the quote marks? • When Joe called me a "schlep", I was offended. • The terms ...
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2answers
121 views

Superfluous Commas

Despite the advice of style guides (they're just an opinion), would you omit the comma after "New Jersey" in this example as I have done? Please, no recasts. The Elizabeth, New Jersey rock band ...
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2answers
544 views

Where should I put the comma? Inside or outside the quotation marks? [duplicate]

I need to put a quote in my research paper. My friends give me different answers so I'm confused now... Would it be According to "Title", "blah blah blah." or According to "Title," "blah ...
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2answers
255 views

How to use however in a contrarian statement that ends with a question? [duplicate]

After making a statement in the prior sentence, I want to make a statement that contradicts it and then asks a question. I want to use however and I want to know to make my contrarian statement. I am ...
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2answers
51 views

Is there a comma before “so”? What is the correct answer?

What is the correct version: Suddenly the noise stopped, so Dani, the new resident, started feeling uneasy. Suddenly the noise stopped so Dani, the new resident, started feeling uneasy.
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1answer
69 views

How would you punctuate something like this?

She took a step away from me. Then a second. And a third. Are periods acceptable here?
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1answer
50 views

“Where should I put the question mark (?)(,)” asked RoDaSm(?)

"Where should I put the question mark(1.?)(,)" asked RoDaSm(2.?) If I place the question mark at the end of the first clause (1.), I should start the second clause with a capital letter and make it a ...
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1answer
56 views

Comma before the word “as” [duplicate]

This is my sentence: The A & P’s regular customers are depicted as "scared little pigs in a chute." Daily, they live the same monotonous existence. Microsoft word insists that there ...
2
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1answer
280 views

Where to put the “+” in “200-word” to mean “200 or more words”?

I wrote this: Write a 200-word essay. However, I need to indicate that it should be at least 200-words. For brevity, I'd like to place "+". I've tried these: 200+-word +200-word 200-word+ ...
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2answers
84 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence?

I am trying to teach myself punctuation rules. I have this sentence: The Disney version generally considered both racist and sexist portrayed the female characters in stereotypical roles and ...