Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units, and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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What is the proper punctuation?

Is the following punctuation usage correct? To Jim it was a mystery; to Jane, a revelation.
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75 views

Multiple instances of the same (foreign) word

Consider the following snippet: The Spanish word lágrima comes from Latin lacrima which also has a descendant in English. When you cry, your eyes get their tears from special glands known as ...
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2answers
67 views

Comma usage while explaining a single word

Consider the following sentence: The French word entrailles means inward. Is it advisable to surround entrailles with commas in this case like this? The French word, entrailles, means inward. Or ...
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11 views

What is the name for this punctuation combination: “?!” [duplicate]

I can't believe this; Is it actually a true story?!
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1answer
81 views

How to indicate omitted punctuation?

I signaled that I removed a comma here by <s>,</s> (which shows as  , ) but what's the official manner or practice? I don't want to use an ellipsis, because it might confuse and ...
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1answer
126 views

Should there be a comma in “You again?”?

The original sentence is: You again? In which, I am wondering if I should insert a comma after "You": You, again? Which one is more correct, and why?
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3answers
102 views

poetic effect of segmentation of a group of words

Some poems break a sentence or a clause into two lines at the middle of one meaning group of words, like - ... a blue sky and ... What effect such an irregular line break has? Mr. Garrison ...
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2answers
143 views

Number of dots in an ellipsis

It might be an odd question, but I'm trying to comprehend why do we use three dots in an ellipsis. Wouldn't two dots suffice? An ellipsis serves a dual purpose, it can be used to either denote an ...
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2answers
197 views

Does this sentence require a comma somewhere?

Mark Twain understood that lampooning a bad idea with humor was the most effective criticism. I just can't help but feel there's a comma in there somewhere, but I can't figure it out!!
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3answers
79 views

Should I use comma, or dashes, or braces here?

Should I enclose 'red and blue' inside comma, or dashes, or braces? He spent several days wandering and collecting flowers (red and blue), and analyzed the results to prove his point. OR ...
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2answers
156 views

Is there a word that describes 'the study of punctuation'?

I am thinking about this in a non-grammatical, non-paleographic, and non-linguistic sense, although I am aware punctuation is studied as part of all these (and other) fields. I am interested in ...
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79 views

When to use Comma before coordinating conjunctions?

So I understand that serial comma (the one used before and/or) is used only when we have 3 or more items to be separated using and/or. What exactly is the rule that governs where to add comma before ...
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3answers
68 views

Two periods required?

When a sentence ends with a parenthetical statement which itself ends with a period, does the sentence also need a period? Example: I love eating vegetables (carrots, peas, etc.). The two ...
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1answer
67 views

Comma vs ellipsis in formal writing

Which of the following is the most acceptable construction in formal written English: Think of words like sin, din, bin...the list goes on. Think of words like sin, din, bin, the list goes on. Think ...
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81 views

Use of a hyphen with the word “based”

I'm checking a technical paper submission and came across the phrase We propose spherical Gaussian based approximations to calculate this analytically. and wondering if this needs a ...
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1answer
68 views

Punctuation for referring to a question

Are either of these incorrect or nonstandard ways to refer to a question mid sentence? Or are both of them okay? Our experiment set out to answer the question; is running fruit under water an ...
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1answer
80 views

Colon or semicolon?

We need help with colons and semicolons - and we need the definitive answer here, with examples. Here is my example: There is hardly any reason to be happy in the DPRK: the people are the most ...
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3answers
70 views

Period with quotes and double quotes

Consider the following sentences: Long ago, "fuego" started with an "h" instead of "f". There is connection between the words, "bishop" and "episcopal". Is the period used correctly after the ...
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1answer
28 views

Comma usage dilemma

What I want to say is that the church would be your hospital, the holy water would be your medicine, and the priest would be your doctor. But since "would be" seems too overused and redundant in the ...
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1answer
383 views

Hello [Comma?] John,

I have a follow up question to this question: Should you use a comma/period after "Thanks"/"Regards" in email signatures? My question is: when should you add a comma when starting ...
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1answer
58 views

Should there be a colon before a title?

Which of the following sentences has been punctuated correctly: This recommendation is based on a European guideline: Managing Neuropathic Pain. This recommendation is based on a European ...
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67 views

“Problem: solved.” or “Problem, solved.” or “Problem—solved.”

How should one correctly achieve the flow of this short sentence through the use of punctuation? Problem. Solved. In my specific example, I'm writing about how to restore creativity lost to the ...
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1answer
89 views

How to know when to use dashes or commas or braces when describing something in the middle of a sentence?

For example, you have a sentence like this: But let’s pluck a word at random from the vocabulary tree: lambaste. Let’s say whenever you encounter this word, the first four letters, l-a-m-b, ...
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2answers
66 views

How do I hypenate a triple modifier?

How would I hypenate the phrase 'high poverty public school?' My first guess was 'high-poverty public school', but I'm not really sure.
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1answer
42 views

Point of difficulty in how punctuation should be handled in and around quotations relating to software logging statements

I sent an e-mail to somebody in the office this morning that had to do with some logging statements in our software, and I wasn't quite sure how to handle commas and such around the quotation marks. ...
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88 views

Does the following need a comma? “You must post 'precautions for usage, etc.' where applicable.”

This is for a poster regarding the treatment of dangerous chemicals in a lab. I have the generally feeling that after the "etc." there should be a comma, and I'm not sure if 1) it is necessary and 2) ...
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31 views

Is this in-text citation correctly punctuated?

I wonder if the following punctuation I made in my literary translation for an in-text citation is correct in conventional English. Or should I omit the period after parentheses? Or should I omit the ...
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49 views

Comma use in a list of quotations [duplicate]

In an essay for my English class I wrote this sentence. The decision of what I would like to do with my future has been filled with phrases like "undecided", "I don't know", and "I'm not sure yet". ...
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52 views

How would you hyphenate a 4 word phrase?

The context is "...how self-uncertainty affects attitudes toward non-group-identity-affiliated topics, such as..." For some more context, "group identity" is a phrase in psychology. So my two thoughts ...
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4answers
64 views

Punctuation with maximum

How would I edit the following to be correct? He would hardly sleep. Sometimes just two hours a night, maximum – four, and no more. Should a hyphen be used? I do not want to add any words, just ...
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3answers
515 views

Full stop after signing off emails

Is it correct to put a full stop after signing emails. For example should it be Regards, Cristiano or Regards, Cristiano.
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51 views

Is a comma required here?

"During the war David was a pilot in the RAF." This sentence looks OK to me, but would there be any reason for or against putting a comma after "war"?
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38 views

Is comma usage in this phrase correct?

I have a phrase that reads: Section 8.01, entitled "Polar Bonding in Basic Organic Compounds," provides, in pertinent part, that due to the slight electro-negative bias of Flourine, the ...
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3answers
156 views

Comma or no comma before the word “and” [duplicate]

I'm curious about whether to use comma before "and". Some people told me that using comma to connect two different sentences and two different subjects. Please provide some examples to explain the ...
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1answer
74 views

Should add a comma before 'though' in the following case?

The dog was lying on his side. He wasn’t resting though, of that I was sure. He was dead. Should I add a comma in the bolded sentence? The dog was lying on his side. He wasn’t resting, ...
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1answer
57 views

How to phrase this statement with two time related adjectives? [closed]

I'm trying to say: "These are the current future plans for the project." I'm highlighting the current plans I have for the project that I'd like to do in the future. This doesn't seem to be correct ...
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45 views

How to use the semicolon in sentences

I am a mathematics student and not a native English speaker. There is something that has always been unclear to me. I am writing an essay right now and I want to construct the following sentence: ...
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1answer
84 views

Numerical Range with En Dashes & Hyphens (a $3–$5-million-a-year business). Is this punctuated acceptably? [duplicate]

Is this acceptably punctuated? En dashes used between the numbers, and hyphens in the compound modifiers. I believe the two examples below are clear and concise. Do you agree with the punctuation ...
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1answer
69 views

Question about an AP Style rule

AP STYLE RULE: If the word following a singular common noun ending in "s" begins with "s," add an apostrophe only. Based on AP's rule above, are the following bulleted examples correctly punctuated ...
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1answer
80 views

Do the commas in these aid readability? [closed]

If a unit of measurement represents a singular entity, is it permissible to use commas (as exampled in [1] in every pair below) to aid readability? Do you agree that the first example below in each ...
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1answer
85 views

En Dashes & Hyphens in Same Phrase

Without recasting and in lieu of unsightly suspensive hyphenation, could these work? The en dash (which means "to") is used between the figures, and the hyphens are used in the compound modifier. To ...
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1answer
108 views

Do you always add an apostrophe when adding an s to a first name? [closed]

There are a few different ways I want to add an 'S' to the end of a first name. Here are a few examples... This is my friend Harrys house. I picked Harrys hat up from the floor. I ...
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2answers
124 views

“What is the plural form of the grades A-, A+, B+, etc.?”

It may appear pedantic but "all of them received A minuses or As minus grade", does not appear to make sense. If a subset of students received the same grade on their reports, then should the grade ...
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1answer
352 views

The plural form for letter grades [duplicate]

I'm writing a formal legal memo and could not find any explicit form of writing a plural letter grade (as in the example below). Timmy made one C. His other grades were all As and Bs. (A's and B's?)
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23 views

What is the proper usage of “however” and where is it placed? [duplicate]

What is the correct usage of however; and however? I sometimes find myself not really checking my email on a daily basis but, I do however; find this to be very helpful to keep up with what's ...
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2answers
84 views

Is this a parenthetical phrase or an apposition?

Consider the following What are you laughing at, my silly hat? and What are you laughing at? My silly hat? Which of these is correctly punctuated, and if the first example is correct, what ...
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1answer
96 views

President Nixon declared “I am not a crook.” [duplicate]

President Nixon declared, "I am not a crook." President Nixon declared: "I am not a crook." President Nixon declared "I am not a crook." Do you agree that using the comma and the colon ...
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0answers
22 views

Quotation marks in dialogue within dialogue over multiple paragraphs [duplicate]

I understand that one omits the closing quotation mark in dialogue until the speaker is finished his turn, so I speak. My question is this: Speaker is talking and during the conversation, begins ...
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0answers
46 views

Punctuation within parenthesis [duplicate]

How would I go about putting a period within a parenthesis sentence: (Code is subject to change. Refer to tips below.) Do I put a period after "below" or do I remove it: (Code is subject to change. ...
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3answers
54 views

What kind of punctuation would I use for this sentence?

The sentence: Rammus has a win rate of nearly 60%; higher than Amumu's. I am not sure if I should put a semi colon, period, or comma in between "60%" and "higher."