Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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Using an ellipsis to show omission, when we skip complete sentences. 3 or 4 dots? [duplicate]

Imagine I want to quote this text (the parts in bold): If there were such a thing, I think I'd be a champion. You know, baking under dangerous conditions, high-speed frosting... all hypothetical ...
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3answers
178k views

Use of a semicolon before and comma after “however”

Several years ago, a previous boss told me to use a semicolon and comma with the word "however". I've always questioned this and would like to know if the following random sentences are using the ...
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1answer
12k views

Where do I put a comma when I have quotes around a short story, and the sentence structure needs a comma? [duplicate]

Where do I put a comma when I have quotes around a short story, and the sentence structure needs a comma? I know that, generally, commas go inside of quotes, but what if the quotes are marking a short ...
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1answer
229 views

Should a chapter title be punctuated with quotes in text?

If one is typing the name of the chapter inside a story, do they put quotes around it? If not, how is one indicated?
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0answers
34 views

Software to change American punctuation to British [migrated]

My apologies if this is off topic. American and British writing have different punctuation styles. Is there any software that can change American style punctuation to British? I am referring to ...
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1answer
217 views

Punctuation for lists

I have a sentence like this: As you can see, there are two projects "project1" and "project2", where the latter uses the global wrapper functions defined in "project1" project. My question is ...
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4answers
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Meaning of “My friend, who lives in Paris, is a teacher” with and without commas

Can anyone help me understand the difference in meaning between these two sentences? My friend who lives in Paris is a teacher. My friend, who lives in Paris, is a teacher. To me it ...
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3answers
23k views

Is the comma before “with” necessary?

The Oscars may not take place until February 24, but awards season is already in full swing, with the Golden Globes among Hollywood's many red-carpet events. (British Vogue, Feb 2013) I've been ...
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3answers
474 views

Punctuation of a Direct Quote [closed]

Is any particular punctuation necessary when a quotation is the subject of a sentence? For example, in the sentence below, should there be a comma after export? Or anything else? "Laughter is ...
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5answers
561 views

Question Regarding Possessives with ('s) and (of) [duplicate]

Question: Is the first one redundant and proper, or is it redundant and not necessarily correct? (1) He is a friend of Doug's. (2) He is a friend of Doug.
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0answers
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Correct place of period [duplicate]

Consider following that is followed by a parenthetical sentence. Which one is correct according to punctuation rules? Xxx yyy zzz. (Aaa bbb ccc.) Xxx yyy zzz (Aaa bbb ccc.).
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Can a semicolon be used to separate questions? [closed]

Did you see Survivor last night; it was crazy, right? Did you see Survivor last night? It was crazy, right? Can a semicolon separate questions? Which one is correct?
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Can “both” be used in this way as an appositive?

Although not a preferred style, in the following example, is it incorrect to treat "both" as an appositive, and therefore to insert commas around it? Thank you, both, for helping.
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1answer
971 views

Do punctuation marks take on the formatting of the preceding word?

If the last word of a sententece is in boldface, should the question mark be bolded as well? Which example is correct (see below)? Example 1: How much did your hip, leg or foot hurt? Example 2: How ...
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3answers
357 views

Comma after a long introductory phrase

Please help me with commas in the following sentence: As an example of the successful use of such a model [,] one can mention SymPy computer algebra system [,] which uses Python as a main user ...
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2answers
567 views

Ending a sentence with “?!” or “!?”

When ending a sentence with a ? and a !, is there a rule which one comes first? That is, ?! or !?? If either is okay, are they interchangeable, or for difference circumstances?
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1answer
245 views

Comma with explanatory insertions?

I wonder if there should be commas in this sentence: Method A translates votes into seats such that, for each constituency, fixed seat-contingents are met. Method A translates votes into seats such ...
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3answers
9k views

Punctuation to denote sarcasm

Does such a thing exist? I am aware of the irony mark but it appears the backwards question mark symbol doesn't exist in most modern fonts (U+2E2E). That seems to be a good indication of its ...
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3answers
187 views

Punctuation and word choice in one particular sentence

I'm wondering, what is the correct punctuation in this sentence: In OOP, each object contains data and a set of methods, which operate on the data. I read the rules about restrictive and ...
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1answer
738 views

Punctuation or perhaps more [closed]

Does the punctuation in the following sentence make sense? John is popular among clients, as well as the management who have been very pleased with his work.
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4answers
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He said “she is pretty” [closed]

How to correctly punctuate this? He said "she is pretty". Is a comma a must after 'said'? Do we need to make 's' in 'she' capitalized?
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4answers
609 views

Using any punctuation, how many meanings does this sign have? [closed]

I was walking in the Norfolk countryside today, when I spotted this sign. Notice that it is devoid of punctuation. It is obviously a warning sign to motorists. However, it made me giggle. Using any ...
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8answers
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Em dash vs semicolon: which is more appropriate in the following examples?

I am very confused by these, and even when I understand other people's usage of them I find it difficult to know when to employ them myself. For this reason, I am trying to make my own examples and ...
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1answer
389 views

What do the question marks in this quote mean (or are they typos)?

I read the following in an article entitled "Duke resets after the 'annihilation'" By Laura Keeley of the Raleigh News and Observer, dated Friday, January 25, 2013. I've not seen question marks used ...
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1answer
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Questions on question mark with a certain type of sentence

Do you use a question mark when a sentence starts as a question but then turns into a statement? For example, "Can you explain this to me, because I don't understand the second part." Another example ...
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3answers
380 views

Correct sentence ending: X asked, “Y?”

Is it correct to use sentences in the following format? X asked, “...?”. That is, a simple interrogative sentence enclosed within quotes followed by a period. Which is the correct sentence? ...
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2answers
128 views

Is prefixing “@” to address a person becoming an English standard?

In order to address or reply to a person, is prefixing an "@" symbol in front of their names becoming a standard in English? This is really useful in e-communications wherein a parts of message can ...
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1answer
6k views

The usage of en dash between two complete dates

Is it necessary to put a space before and after the symbol en dash (–) put between two complete dates? Example: January 1, 2013 – January 1, 2014
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4answers
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Usage of brackets/parentheses [closed]

When and how do we use the different kinds of brackets/parentheses — (){}[] — while writing English (not code)?
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1answer
369 views

Dollar sign necessary in “$16 LD”?

I'm editing a book that mentions Liberian Dollars (LD) and U.S. Dollars (USD). Should I put a dollar sign in front of the number or not? ($16 LD or 16 LD? $10 USD or 10 USD?)
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1answer
168 views

What punctuation mark should I use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the proper use of [square brackets] in quotes? What do brackets in a quote mean? When I add information beside a word in a Bible verse, what bracket should I ...
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5answers
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When writing out large numbers in words, should commas be placed at thousand separators?

Would a number, say, 5,629,296 be written with commas: Five million, six hundred twenty nine thousand, two hundred ninety six or without commas: Five million six hundred twenty nine ...
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1answer
3k views

Is there a comma after “As of today”?

As of today(?) I'm a student of a prestigious university. Should there be a comma after "As of today"?
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288 views

Question regarding the use of “rather than” [closed]

Can you please tell me whether the following sentence is correct? Would you improve it (for example using appropriate punctuation)? Hence several attempts have been made to cope with rather than ...
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2answers
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When to use ellipsis (suspension points)

Continuing this thought: Learning English as a second language I was taught that suspension points meant uncertainty, omission of words or interrupted thoughts. There are plenty of threads ...
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246 views

The usage of quotation marks

I'm discussing and comparing two books and I want to know if I'm using quotation marks correctly: Both books are known for being existential and the reader is bombarded with questions throughout ...
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1answer
533 views

Is “… et al. data.” proper grammar? [closed]

Would it be proper grammar to use the Latin phrase in the following way? The items inserted came from departments, employees et al. data.
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2answers
594 views

What is the grammatical construct using present progressive in relative clauses called?

When I learned this, it had a very distinctive name and allowed to make more interesting sentences. For instance, given the sentence Fred extended his feet, which stopped the car. It can be ...
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3answers
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How do you punctuate around parentheses?

Which of these punctuation examples is more correct? On December 7, 1941, ("a date which will live in infamy") Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941 ("a date which will live in ...
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3answers
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This is a question regarding punctuation, I suppose

I have a tendency to place the phrase I suppose at the end of a sentence. It sounds alright to me. But when I want to write the expression down in words, how should I write it so that I won't violate ...
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3answers
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Are semicolons mandatory in a non-bulleted list after a colon?

Are semicolons required (rather than commas) in a list after a colon when the list is not bulleted? I was told that it was a rule, but I can find no authoritative prescriptive source. Consider the ...
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1answer
668 views

What is it called when punctuation changes the meaning of a sentence?

Is there a word describing a sentence whose meaning is changed by moving the punctuation? For example, Let’s eat, Mommy! and Let’s eat Mommy!
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I've seen this kind of sentence before, but don't recall the correct punctuation separating the two clauses. Help?

I had lived most of my life suffering from panic attacks, of being afraid of everything for absolutely no reason at all. It's a kind of stylized sentence. The second half is saying the same ...
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1answer
5k views

When to use or omit periods in acronyms, abbreviations, and initials [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it OK to drop the periods in abbreviations? I don't understand when or where to use or discard a period when writing short forms. For example, my college is the ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Comma in “Before I go I will return the book” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do I use the comma? Before I go I will return the book. Do we have to use a comma in the above sentence?
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3answers
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You don't want to answer this word-placement question, now do you?

Prompted by this question I got to thinking about the placement of the word now. If it's placed before the comma, it refers to an immediate condition: You don't want to answer this word-placement ...
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1answer
393 views

Is a question mark needed at the end of a question if the sentence ends with a period or an exclamation mark?

For example, in the two sentences below, are you supposed to end with a question mark? Which of Shaw's plays has the line "If only parents would realize how they bore their children!" And Is ...
58
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4answers
106k views

Why does the multi-paragraph quotation rule exist?

The answer to this question clearly explains the standard rule that when you have multiple quoted paragraphs, each new paragraph starts with an opening quotation mark, but only the final quoted ...
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'and to' quagmire

Consider: Her goal is to pioneer the idea of gardening in small or urban environments, and to inspire and educate people everywhere to grow their own organic food and live sustainably. The comma ...
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3answers
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How should the punctuation work for “and, therefore,”?

I'm unsure where to place the commas: [some argument], and, therefore, [blah blah]. or is it [some argument] and, therefore, [blah blah]. or is it [some argument], and therefore, [blah ...