Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units, and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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3answers
145 views

Illegal Comma to Enhance Clarity [closed]

A while back, I coined a well-known InfoSec rule: AviD's Rule of Usability: "Security at the expense of usability, comes at the expense of security." Recently I received a comment pointing ...
-1
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2answers
41 views

comma needed after conjunction 'and' that separates 2 independent clauses? [closed]

Do we need a comma after the conjunction "and" below? The umpire made a bad call, and, in the interest of fairness, he reversed his decision. I think that the following sentence is better with ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Do nonrestrictive appositives always require commas? [closed]

In the following example, I have one wife, one daughter and one son. (1) My wife, Angie; my son, Mike; and my daughter, Danielle, will be at the picnic. I think the semicolons are very technically ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Comma, dash or colon to introduce a person's name at end of sentence?

Without recasting, which is the best form to use to introduce the individual at the end of the sentence? Should it be a comma, an em dash or a colon? Are all correct, and what is your preference? (1) ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Comma needed before a sentence-ending “then”?

Do I use a comma before "then" in this example? Joe said, "If she plans on going, I won't be there, then."
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1answer
40 views

Double quotes for plurals of words, letters and phrases

Are these within the realm of possibility -- that is, forming the plurals of letters, words, phrases, and numbers as I've done below? No suggestions for italicizing, please. "is"s, "as"s, "was"s, ...
3
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2answers
72 views

Do frequency adverbs that go at the beginning of sentence need a comma? (Occasionally, Sometimes, etc.)

Do frequency adverbs that go at the beginning of sentence need a comma? Which of these alternatives, if any, is better? Occasionally, I play football with my friends. Occasionally I play football ...
0
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2answers
73 views

Is the logical system of punctuation becoming more prevalent in the US? [closed]

Is the logical system of punctuation becoming more prevalent in the US with regard to the placement of periods and commas outside the quote marks? For example: This: He called me a 'purveyor of ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Is the hyphen required in this suspended compound?

Is the hyphen required after '$5 million' (followed by a single space) in this suspended compound? He owned a $5 million- to $10 million-a-year business. Is that impeccably punctuated? or should it ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Comma needed in 30-day, money-back guarantee? [duplicate]

Is a comma needed in the phrases '30-day, money-back guarantee' and '90-day, no-risk trial'? If so, why? If not, why not? I see them written both ways -- that is, with and without the comma -- but ...
0
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2answers
67 views

Why capitalize this word in the middle of the sentence?

I came across this sentence at http://www.thepunctuationguide.com/period.html. Why is "Does" capitalized? The question is, Does anyone support this legislation?
1
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1answer
59 views

soon-to-be ex-wife or soon-to-be-ex-wife

Is it: his 'soon-to-be ex-wife' or his 'soon-to-be-ex-wife'? Do we need that hyphen after the word 'be'? If so, why? If not, why not? And is it: 'his soon-to-be-ex' or 'his soon-to-be ex'? Thank ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Quoted Title Possessive

I am editing a story where the game show "Jeopardy!" is used as a possessive within a quote. Should I insert the 's within the single quotes around the name, such as 'Jeopardy!'s', or would the 's go ...
0
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1answer
44 views

When is it okay not to put a comma, where the rule may normally apply?

In this sentence: I will forward the log, when it is complete. Is it permissible to remove the comma? I will forward the log when it is complete. I thought sentences that are plain and can ...
0
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2answers
55 views

hyphenate “cutting-edge” & “state-of-the-art” following to-be verbs? [duplicate]

Is hyphenation preferred with "cutting-edge" and "state-of-the-art" when they follow a form of the verb to-be? Yes or no to the hyphenation below? The new software was cutting-edge. The technology ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Comma needed after “hour” in a 2-hour 15-minute traffic delay [duplicate]

Do you feel these are correct with the hyphens and absence of commas? a 2-hour 15-minute traffic delay (Instead of: a 2-hour, 15-minute traffic delay) a 7-pound 11-ounce newborn (Instead of: a ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Comma required to avoid syntactical (but not semantic) ambiguity?

Consider this sentence: You may worry about the Fed raising interest rates, or a market meltdown, but these risks should not change your investment plans. Could the comma before "or" be omitted? ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Can I omit the hyphens in “% a year”?

In the following, can I omit the hyphens in "%-a-year" and "million a year"? I cannot recast. This is nonfiction. Joe said, "Mike received a 10% a year increase." Gary said, "The figures reflected a ...
1
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2answers
107 views

How would I punctuate the phrase “making that which needs to be better better”? Is this phrase grammatically correct?

How would I punctuate the phrase "making that which needs to be better better"? I'm guessing that the phrase is grammatically correct, and that the punctuation is as follows, along with an example ...
1
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2answers
121 views

“Happy Birthday sir!” or “Happy Birthday, sir!”?

Which one is grammatically correct? Happy Birthday sir! Happy Birthday, sir! And where should I put "sir" in this sentence? Congratulations for completing another trip around the sun! Also ...
3
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2answers
90 views

I am not sure whether to put a comma after “so”, which is at the beginning of a sentence

Some people say since "so" is a transitional word, it should have a comma after it like all the transitional words have. And some say if "so" is there for logical continuity, then no comma should be ...
5
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2answers
371 views

Is this comma use unnecessary or wrong?

I'm an active user of another Stack Exchange site and regularly visit the close vote queue. When a particular filter has been cleared I see the following text: There are no items for you to ...
0
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3answers
82 views

Punctuation using e.g. (or i.e.) and lists of examples

Example: "...folders you want to export e.g., Inbox, Sent, etc. and choose..." I'm wondering if the above sentence fragment is appropriately punctuated. I've recently started using e.g. and am myself ...
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2answers
102 views

punctuation after beginning sentence with “In summary”, “Summing up” or “Last but not least”

I am often wondering if there is a comma needed after starting a sentence with in summary, summing up or last but not least. Here are two examples: Summing up, both children returned home safe. ...
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2answers
72 views

How do I mention a video game in a formal piece of writing?

What is the proper convention for mentioning the title of a video game in a formal research paper? Would I place the title in quotations, like the name of a short story ("Myst"), underline it, like ...
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1answer
40 views

Where I should put a comma in this sentence? [closed]

where I should put a comma in this sentence? Thank you for inspiring us to be a better servant of God.
3
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1answer
71 views

punctuation if dash introduces question-sentences

He worried--why X; what will happen if Y? It seems that this construction expresses the idea best, but it creates a few punctuation questions. Should the first semicolon be question-mark? Is there ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Question within a sentence [closed]

I know what I'm trying to get at with this sentence, but the punctuation feels a little off to me somehow. Is it correct? Or can it be improved? I was a little skeptical at first - what could be ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Comma between attribute tuples [closed]

Consider the following sample sentence: Peter is pretty tolerant and mostly good-humoured, free-spirited and good to talk to. I want to say that Peter has all four attributes ("tolerant", ...
0
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4answers
43 views

Can “… and have been …” be replaced by “…, having been …”?

"I'm an enthusiastic learner and have been partaking in various scientific events." If I'd like to replace the "and" with a comma, is the following new sentence consider correct? "I'm an ...
1
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2answers
87 views

“built-in to the library”: hyphen or no hyphen

http://web.mit.edu/galib/www/FeatureList.html says, "You can use the types built-in to the library (bit-string, array, list, tree) or derive a chromosome based on your own objects." I've sometimes ...
1
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3answers
51 views

how should several “and”s without any punctuation be understood?

How should this long sentence with multiple "and"s Property taxes and other local taxes and state taxation and spending may not be ... . be understood? Notice, there is no punctuation near the ...
1
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2answers
268 views

How to pluralize a last name like Thomas [duplicate]

If I am addressing a card to multiple family members with the last name Thomas, is the correct spelling Thomas's or Thomas'?
0
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1answer
53 views

How would I punctuate/capitalize quotes without speaker tags? [closed]

If I have a sentence like this: Statements such as "It's not a problem," or "It's no big deal" are unrealistic. How exactly should I punctuate it? Would I capitalize the I in "it's"? Does the ...
9
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4answers
397 views

What is the origin of the phrase “bullet points”?

In particular, was the expression coined by a single individual or is it attributed to a document? The only thing I've been able to find was a non-cited reference to its origins in the 19th century ...
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1answer
49 views

What’s the correction punctuation in “dwelled on why that happened; would it happen again?”

The title is a variation of the following example. Should there be a question-mark before semicolon? the part after semicolon is also part of the dwelling. should the punctuation be different? He ...
0
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2answers
60 views

Comma usage: City and State / Full Date [duplicate]

Can we eliminate the comma after "2014" and "Indiana" below? The year and state are not parenthetical, and besides, the comma slows down the flow of the sentence. I think the two sentences below are ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Using co-ordinating conjunctions

My question is about the below sentence. Punctuation omitted. If the man comes back and I am home I will arrest him In the sentence there is one dependant subordinate clause and two independant ...
1
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2answers
163 views

Is it correct to use comma before and after the word 'actually' in the following sentence?

So, the sentence is: I think we are all looking for an answer from someone who, actually, is a Hawking's student, at least I am. I want to emphasize on the word 'actually' because someone who is ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Punctuation of a Process

How would you punctuate this sentence? I watched the conversion of goods into packages into services then into profits.
0
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1answer
48 views

Comma splice question

is the following a comma splice? The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction. I know the first part before the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Correct use of punctuation - dash rather than semicolon?

In the following sentence, would it be better to replace the semicolon with a dash? We explore strange new worlds and seek out new life forms in order to create impactful and compelling work; ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Is it correct to use a semi-colon or a colon in this sentence?

Would it be better to use a colon or semi-colon in the following sentence: That being said, the ontological argument fails to do what it intends; it does not prove the existence of God a priori. ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

correctly dotting the “i”s and crossing the “t”s in the expression “dotting the i's and crossing the t's” [duplicate]

I've found questions here at ELU related to the meaning of the expression (I'm clear on that), but this is about the best way to punctuate the expression in the title. Possibilities: a. It's ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Punctuation with complete or incomplete list of items [duplicate]

Here's a situation: John, Anne, Jake, Pete...they are all from the same class. Is there any way to punctuate this sentence without using the ellipsis? Is an "and" necessary before the last item ...
0
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1answer
95 views

What does the dash (“—”) in this sentence do? [duplicate]

Does "–" between methods and documenting have any function in this sentence? What is it trying to say? Moreover, multi-lingual texts, like vernacular works, have traditionally had strong ...
1
vote
3answers
49 views

Comma usage when a question appears at the end of a quotation, at the end of a subordinate clause

What would be the correct way to punctuate the following sentence? Rather than thinking, "am I being a jerk?", Johann cut to the front of the line, as he did every Tuesday.
0
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1answer
87 views

What is the correct punctuation to use in the following complex sentence?

Understanding this sentence does, of course, rely heavily on the contextual information provided by my essay. However, I am unsure if I have punctuated this sentence correctly or at all in the right ...
18
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3answers
2k views

Why is “like” as in Facebook likes often put between quotes?

I often see people use the noun with quotes: We have received a lot of "likes." rather than: We have received a lot of likes. Why is this done?
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0answers
38 views

Capitalization after ellipsis

Although there does exist a related question on SE, it doesn't exactly address my issue. What that question asks if the first letter should be capitalized after an ellipsis. I have the same question ...