Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units, and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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Signs, signs, everywhere there's signs

I am very much hoping that I have punctuated all of the following examples correctly per BrE punctuation. And I'm hoping that my bracketed explanations adequately and logically explain my reasoning to ...
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3answers
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Formatting numbers in a book about mathematics

Would anyone be kind enough to point me to a reliable source (preferably on line) where I can find definitive answers to how to format numbers consistently within a book about maths aimed at popular ...
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28 views

Punctuation Query Regarding a Comma and a Parenthesis [closed]

On 24th January 2014 at about 10:25pm, I, John Doe (Loss Prevention Manager for the XYZ Corporation), interviewed and obtained an oral and a written confession from Patricia Schmoe (Cashier at XYZ ...
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36 views

Omitting the full stops after middle initials in BrE

In BrE style, can the full stops be omitted in: C. J. Harris (Charles James Harris) Can it be written like this? C J Harris And if we abbreviated just the middle initial, is the following ...
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1answer
77 views

Predicative Position of Adjectives: Do We Hyphenate after the Verb?

Do the words in the following sentences get hyphenated? She is old-fashioned. He was ill-at-ease. He is well-informed, well-read, well-educated, and well-known. He brought me up-to-date. ...
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68 views

The Interrupting Colon – ie a colon after a verb

I was taught that a colon never, ever follows a verb: it can follow only a complete sentence. Does anybody on this site support this type of usage? Can anybody provide links or examples of colons used ...
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1answer
425 views

Height and Weight — How to write them when abbreviations are not used

Height and Weight — How to write them when abbreviations are not used. He was a 6-foot 5-inch man. (Not: 6-foot-5-inch man, with three hyphens.) She gave birth to a 7-pound 11-ounce baby. (Not: ...
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2answers
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Tag Question — Does it sometimes border upon a comma splice?

Tag Question — Does it sometimes border upon a comma splice? I think it looks nice, do you? (This is a comma splice, correct?) Shouldn't we technically use a period after "nice" in this sentence to ...
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37 views

Is it inadvisable to use both italics and bold font together? [closed]

Is it inadvisable to use both italics and bold font together? I see this style used extensively on this forum. Example: The words tergiversate, masticate, prevaricate, and inundate all rhyme. I ...
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1answer
36 views

Is “non-life-threatening” punctuated correctly with two hyphens?

The news reporter said, “The victim's injuries were non-life-threatening.” [Verbatim quote, so I cannot alter the wording to say "...were not life-threatening".] Is non-life-threatening correctly ...
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20 views

Should a comma be used before 'then' when it's the last word in a sentence?

Should a comma be used before 'then' when it's the last word in a sentence? •Bob said, "If she goes, I'm not going, then." The example below appears to be incorrect. •Bob said, "If she goes, I'm ...
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1answer
42 views

Should a comma, a semicolon, or a dash be used before 'trust me' at the end of a sentence?

For formal writing, which one is technically correct? I don't give a damn, trust me. (Is this a comma splice?) I don't give a damn; trust me. (Should a semicolon be used?) I don't give a damn — ...
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43 views

Should ‘Ground Zero’ (site of old World Trade Center) be capped in all references? [closed]

Should Ground Zero (site of old World Trade Center) be capitalised in all references?
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1answer
36 views

Should 'First Lady' be capped in all references? [closed]

Should First Lady be capped in all references? •I spoke with the First Lady, Michelle Obama. •Do you want to speak with the First Lady? •Former First Lady Barbara Bush attended the ceremony. And ...
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1answer
90 views

Do we add a full stop after an ellipsis at the end of a sentence? [closed]

Do we add a full stop after an ellipsis at the end of a sentence? eg ‘There is a problem...’.
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1answer
35 views

Can we eliminate the hyphens in these job descriptions? [closed]

Can I eliminate every single hyphen in the examples below? Or do they add readability? Joe said, "He applied for the assistant-store-manager-trainee position." Luella said, "Victor was assigned to ...
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1answer
86 views

Do we capitalize job titles after a person's name? [duplicate]

Should professional, occupational and official titles be capped after a person's name? Mike McCormack, Human Resources Director for the XYZ corporation, resigned on Friday. If we use the definite ...
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0answers
171 views

Comma before “respectively” — Is it needed? [duplicate]

Is the comma before "respectively" needed when "respectively" is the last word in a sentence? Garry, Michael and John scored 10, 26 and 18 points, respectively.
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33 views

Are the apostrophe placements correct in every example? [duplicate]

Are the apostrophe placements correct in every example? • two weeks' vacation • four days' personal time • three months' sabbatical time • ten nights' accommodations • three hours' sleep • eight ...
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2answers
59 views

Commas that are sentence flow-stoppers … Can I leave them out?

Is it acceptable in BrE to omit the commas (as I've done below) after 2006, 1946, France, Texas and New York? To me, commas after each serve no purpose: they reduce the flow of the sentence. • The ...
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1answer
34 views

L.A. vs NYC (punctuation)

After researching the internet for a while now, I am still not sure whether it is true that one abbreviates Los Angeles by L.A. but New York City by NYC. Is that true, if so, why the different ...
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2answers
126 views

Where do the commas and full stops go? [duplicate]

Do you agree with the punctuation in these examples? I'm using BrE style here. I like his sentence 'Be good to yourself and respect your elders.' (I say that the full stop goes inside the quote ...
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1answer
57 views

Units of Measurement Part II — Hours, Minutes and Seconds [closed]

Again, I prefer the brevity and concision of these examples. It was a 2hr 3min 4sec marathon. (Is this correct if we opted to abbreviate?) The Guardian and the BBC use this so I'm assuming it's okay. ...
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2answers
59 views

Comma in “The key objective is X, with the broader goal of Y”

The key objective of the declaration is to create guidelines, with the broader goal of facilitating international mobility of students. Are there any rules that govern the placement or ...
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3answers
104 views

The Swung Dash ~ Has Anybody Heard of It?

​Has anybody ever heard of the swung dash? Friends tell me that this is being used by writers in lieu of the dash. See examples below. Has anybody ever seen this usage? If so, is it new? You are the ...
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28 views

Is a comma still required between “said” and a quote if no one actually says anything?

For example He gave me a look that said "Don't you dare." Should a comma still be placed after said?
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30 views

In my example, can I use a comma before the word “thus”?

Graph 4 improves Graph 3 because it shows potentially similar outliers that occur at each birthday, thus this represents our best range of x.
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2answers
34 views

Pure contractions, none, or a mixture? [closed]

Which one really is proper full English. If I was writing a novel, should I use contractions at all.... or should I just stick with the full versions of each as a general practice in all of my ...
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0answers
34 views

Associated Press Style with Monetary Ranges (Your Interpretation) [duplicate]

The AP Stylebook's FAQ accepts "a 30 to 35 percent a year increase" and "a 10-20 percent a year increase in revenues", one with the word "to" in the numerical range, and one with a hyphen. They also ...
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2answers
262 views

Single Quote Marks to Denote Plurals of Letters and Words [duplicate]

I heard that the plurals of letters, numbers and words could be punctuated - with single quote marks on both sides - in this manner (especially in Britain): 'X's 'd's '5's 'thank-you's 'maybe's ...
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1answer
96 views

Fragmented Quotes and Bracketed Ellipses

I had a question about the use of the bracketed ellipses with fragmented quotes. Below is an example from CMOS 16. Please refer to it. My question is at the bottom of this thread. I'm hoping you ...
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603 views

Punctuation of a question that ends with a statement

How would you punctuate this question, which ends as a statement: Where is Mom I need to talk to her
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Punctuation of “But you know, Bob, you, too, played an important role”

But you know, Bob, you, too, played an important role. Is this actually how one would punctuate this sentence? Given how commas work, I think this is correct, but it looks very bizarre.
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1answer
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What is the proper hyphenation of “and a half” in the context of age? [duplicate]

I'm trying to write "3 and a half year old," as in, "He is a 3 and a half year old dog". I know a hyphen or two is supposed to go in there somewhere. Per Ways to write "2000 year old" , ...
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2answers
65 views

Placement of full stops and inverted commas (not a duplicate, per se)

Do you agree with my rationale below? This is with regard to British punctuation. The specificity of this particular question has not previously been posted. 'I need to visit the mall', said Aunt ...
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3answers
106 views

What are reasons to omit quotation marks in dialogue?

While writing a short memoir for a college course, I wrote the dialogue without quotation marks, the biggest reason being that I do not like how clunky it looks in Times New Roman. I do not mind it ...
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Is this sentence grammatical and punctuated correctly?

Does this sentence need to be broken up by a semi colon, conjuction, or a period? Is there a modifier error here as well? The peasants were the least free of all people, bound by tradition and ...
3
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2answers
102 views

Single Markers Used For Punctuation of Plurals

May I punctuate letters-as-letters and words-as-words in this manner (in lieu of italics)? The professor said that Joel used too many 'why's, 'like's, and 'whereas's in his essay. If we're using ...
2
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1answer
258 views

Would “mid-to-late” and “low-to-mid” hyphenated as compound modifiers?

Would "mid-to-late" and "low-to-mid" be hyphenated as compound modifiers? Examples: Temperatures are expected to be in the low-to-mid 60s. Joe, I think, is in his mid-to-late 80s. He was in his ...
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2answers
60 views

How would you punctuation this sentence?

How would you punctuate this sentence? If someone gives you a hard time about ending a sentence with a preposition, feel free to respond to the criticism, as Winston Churchill, according to ...
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2answers
77 views

A sentence with too many commas [closed]

Can someone please explain the following sentence? This perspective provides a primarily pragmatic justification, therefore, for confidentiality, in that any perceived limitations to, or ...
0
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4answers
65 views

Em-dash vs colon: “Remind me: what's your name again?” or “Remind me—what's your name again?”

I have a sentence (and other sentences like it) in which I'm not sure what punctuation to use. Remind me—what's your name again? Remind me: what's your name again? Or is there something else ...
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2answers
65 views

Scientific writing: comma after “where” while explaining variables?

I am writing a scientific report. Lets say there is an equation, c = a+b where, a is variable1 b is variable2 Is it needed to put comma after "where" here? Also at the end of the equation, is a ...
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1answer
80 views

Are the commas placed correctly?

Are these punctuated satisfactorily with the commas? If not, where else would you put them? He said that he didn't want to go, and quite frankly he shouldn't have. We can bill you on our customary ...
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1answer
32 views

I have another questions regarding hyphens

The Gregg Reference Manual uses this: mid- to late 60s (with a single space after the hyphen, because "mid" is a prefix that requires a hyphen). My question is, if you have a phrase like "low to ...
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56 views

Would you insert any hyphens in these?

Are hyphens needed in these? If so, where would you insert them? Joel applied for the assistant store manager position. (Not: assistant-store-manager position, right?) Joel was enrolled in ...
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1answer
75 views

Is it “midsentence” or “mid-sentence”? Onelook doesn't say

Is it "midsentence" or "mid-sentence"? Onelook doesn't say. Also, is it: mid- to late 50s mid-to-late 50s mid to late 50s I'd say, "mid- to late 50s" because "mid" is a prefix that requires a ...
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1answer
46 views

Comma after “that” midsentence?

A comma after "that", midsentence, is increasingly common. Consider the examples below. Would you consider the commas after "that" to be correct? If you remove the information set off by commas, the ...
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1answer
73 views

And so forth, and so on — comma to follow midsentence?

Comma after "and so forth"? He brought potato chips, pudding, and so forth, to the picnic. Comma after "etc."? He brought potato chips, pudding, etc., to the picnic. Thank you.
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47 views

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements

My mother, Theresa; my brother, Frank; and my sister, Danielle, are going to the meeting. (In this sentence I have one mother, one brother, and one sister.) The sentence is cluttered with punctuation, ...