Punctuation is the term used for the marks, such as the period/full stop, comma, dash, and parentheses, used to separate structural units, and perform other roles that clarify the meaning.

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75 views

Apostrophe with Singular Proper Noun made up on Plural Word [duplicate]

I'm normally pretty confident with my punctuation, but this one has been stumping me, and it's probably because I don't know the proper phrasing for what I'm trying to ask: How to we add a possessive ...
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23 views

Why add extra space between a word and punctuation (e.g. a period, question mark, etc.)? [duplicate]

I was just wondering this because of noticing a lot of people I've worked with typed this way. Examples: Okay, that's great . Thanks, Stephanie . Was there anything else ? I was wondering if ...
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1answer
44 views

Punctuation for a compound question

What is the proper punctuation for the following? Have you heard, I like chocolate ice cream (?) (.) Should it be two separate sentences? Have you heard? I like chocolate ice cream. Is there a ...
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1answer
68 views

If the article title ends in closing punctuation, do we still add a period in an APA reference? [closed]

I have a question about citing a reference in APA format. The following reference was created by one of the members of my school group for a paper we are working on (let's just dismiss indentation on ...
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1answer
29 views

Punctuation between clauses when the first clause is a series

I have this sentence: Even if I seem too busy, or you made a mistake, or someone we care about will be upset, or you feel embarrassed, if anything bothers you, I want to know. I believe that ...
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2answers
71 views

How should one punctuate “upper right most”?

For upper right most, I’ve seen it written upper-right most, upper-right-most, and with no hyphens at all. What makes the most sense to me is upper rightmost, but it’s hard to tell that upper right ...
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3answers
90 views

Is “Are” always used with plural verbs/nouns? [duplicate]

Examples: There's six seasons, dude. Wouldn't it be: There're six seasons, dude. We are talking about multiple items; six seasons. If we refer to multiple items, we should use "Are" in ...
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2answers
93 views

Questions becoming statements [duplicate]

Sometimes there is an interesting effect when you convert a question into a statement, though this does seem somewhat modern. For example, What the heck. as opposed to What the heck? or ...
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42 views

Proper Names Functioning as Adjectives

To me, "California," "New Jersey," "Texas," "N.Y.," and "1969" are functioning as appositives in the examples below, when in fact they are not. All these words are essential information to the ...
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36 views

What is the proper comma placement around an Author's Name?

The Gregg Reference Manual, by William Sabin, was a bestseller. Are the commas correct in this sentence? She loved the Gregg Reference Manual, by William Sabin. Is the comma correct after ...
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1answer
61 views

How do I correctly punctuate the phrase “that is” in the context of an explanation?

I find myself wanting to use the phrase "that is" or "that's to say" but often can't figure out what sort of punctuation I use with it. I think it's an explanatory phrase, but I'm not sure. I ...
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29 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
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57 views

Does removing the comma before 'which' in a non-restrictive clause change the meaning of the sentence?

There are many 'rules' on the net saying that a comma should be placed before the relative pronoun 'which' in a non-restrictive clause. (http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/relative-clauses) But ...
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12 views

One or two possessive apostrophes for two subjects with different possession [duplicate]

'The similarities between Odelle's and Smith’s artistic depictions of women [...]' OR 'The similarities between Odelle and Smith’s artistic depictions of women [...]' The point in question regards ...
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31 views

Comma after “first” [duplicate]

Can anyone justify the presence and absence of comma after first in the sentences below? First we’ll create a screen for the user to log in. First, we’ll define the AniJS helper and then ...
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1answer
48 views

commas in “They are sweet, not sour, grapes”

In the sentence "They are sweet, not sour, grapes.", is the second comma correct, incorrect, or optional?
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3answers
59 views

Comma splice proceeded by conjunctive adverb

I'm wondering what the rule is as to where any commas or semicolons would go. (a) and (b) are showing the two sentences that are to be combined, and (a)+(b)[1,2] show the sentences in question. (a): ...
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1answer
66 views

Using 'certainly' at the end of a sentence — what is the correct punctuation and what is the construction called?

Consider this construction: Certainly, I will see you tomorrow. The word 'certainly' constitutes an introductory phrase, and the appropriate punctuation to use is a comma. (AFAIK). Now, ...
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3answers
196 views

Are the commas right? [duplicate]

The man, who is standing there, is her ex-husband. Are these commas needed? Or is it: The man who is standing there is her ex-husband.
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3answers
165 views

Marine Corps Possessive [duplicate]

I am editing my brother’s paper, and I realized I am unsure about the possessive form of Marine Corps, such as The best kept secret of the Marine Corps Is it the Marine Corps’ best kept ...
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76 views

Usage of dash in the sentence

I came across the below line in a newspaper Wayne Rooney finally scored his first World Cup goal for England - after 759 minutes, in his third cup and 10th game. Why is the dash required in the ...
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3answers
157 views

Comma before not

If I have this opposition construction with not like It's all about intimidation(,) not the law. should I place comma before not?
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1answer
109 views

Using “scare quotes” inside a quotation

I understand that scare quotes can be used when a word is being used in a specialized, unconventional, or disputable sense: The census bureau encountered problems when trying to define a “normal” ...
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410 views

Too many commas in Harry Potter

The Harry Potter and Philosopher's Stone starts with the line - "Mr and Mrs Dursely, of number four, Privet Drive, were proud to say that they were perfectly normal, thank you very much. " Hasn't J.k. ...
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1answer
44 views

Am I using the semicolon correctly in this example? [closed]

When school is over and got nothing to do; wouldn't it be better if you could do something with your friends or family?
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1answer
49 views

Are brackets greedy?

I have the sentence fragment: each in itself for achieving this pure abstraction of being-for-itself and I'd like to incorporate it into my paper so that the quotation reads as follows: They ...
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3answers
64 views

should I use a colon or semicolon here?

My sentence (roughly—it's in a scientific document and i have simplified somewhat): It is more relevant to calculate A relative to B: although C filters the observation, B describes the true ...
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2answers
87 views

Is the first hyphen in “Anti- and pro-American”, “bi- and tri-monthy”, “country- and state-specific” correct? [duplicate]

Those prefixes "Anti", "bi" etc would look odd as separate words, but then, even complete words like "country" or "state" ending with a dangling hyphen look odd. So what is the correct rule for this? ...
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38 views

Commas to separate a dependent clause or not?

I'm writing about a player playing a game and probabilities. I tried to cut down the sentence, so don't concentrate too much on the sense rather than the commas. Would you write my sentence like this ...
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2answers
51 views

Using Either a Comma or a Semicolon

My teacher was explaining how sometimes a comma isn't enough to make a sentence correct, and that sometimes you have to use a semicolon. I am having trouble figuring out when you should use which. ...
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2answers
30 views

Bullet points where there is an 'or' before the final point.

I would typically write a bullet point list that is all part of one sentence with: no capitals no punctuation at the end of each point a grammatical structure that is consistent a full-stop after ...
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1answer
64 views

Should I use comma after i.e. clause?

Automatic translation of classes to relations requires every regular, i.e. non-subclass and non-association classes to have a primary key. Automatic translation of classes to relations ...
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1answer
60 views

Grammatical term for a noun phrase which consists of an alternate descriptor of the object

(EDIT: It's called a noun phrase, not a clause) I'm wondering what the correct term for this type of clause is, and what the appropriate punctuation is. For example: "I have lost my red hat, the ...
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62 views

Is the use of a period within quotes, in a sentence, accepted?

In the article by Anthoney McCartney on Yahoo! News (http://news.yahoo.com/man-arrested-red-carpet-says-never-hit-pitt-172635914.html): Don't get offended at me. Don't get mad at me. And just to ...
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1answer
44 views

Ordering of question mark, closing quotation mark, and citation [closed]

Let's say I am quoting the verse "Do you like cheese?" from the Book Of Cheese. Is it: As it is written, "Do you like cheese?" (Book Of Cheese, 43:21) or As it is written, "Do you like cheese" ...
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1answer
67 views

How do I punctuate a question that contains a quote that is a declarative sentence? [duplicate]

I'm stuck. A friend of mine stated on Facebook how much she hates the music that ice cream trucks play. So, I responded: How about they play, "Hello. It's ice cream you're looking for"? It looks ...
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1answer
27 views

Interrupted dialogue and capitalisation

When a speaker resumes speaking mid-sentence after an interruption, what case would be correct or better practice to use at the start of the sentence? As the resumed dialogue would not be a complete ...
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2answers
402 views

Where do I position the apostrophe in a plural possessive? [closed]

I wanted to write parents birthdays but I wasn’t sure whether the apostrophe went before or after the s in parents. Please explain which is correct and why.
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2answers
94 views

Using a comma this way

I am reading "The Reader Over Your Shoulder" by Robert Graves (author of I, Claudius), which is a clarity\grace guide for written English. He has a section about punctuation, which gives examples of ...
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1answer
59 views

Can Quotation Marks be Used When Describing the Contents of a Label?

I am using the sentence below to describe what is written on the image of the button below. The log-in page may also be located by going to the homepage at www.website.ca and clicking the red ...
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2answers
42 views

Would this be the correct way to punctuate this?

I know a more common way would be to say something like, That crane is a beautiful animal, isn't it? But if one were going to word it as follows: It's a beautiful animal, isn't it, that ...
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1answer
181 views

Oxford Comma Conventions

According to the Wikipedia page for the Oxford Comma, "Use of the comma is consistent with conventional practice" and "Use of the comma is inconsistent with conventional practice." Did the Oxford ...
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2answers
60 views

Use of colon before reasons

If we say something has advantages over something else, should we write ":" before the reasons or not? For example, A has advantages over B: The value of A is more than B and… or A has ...
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1answer
54 views

The use of “or”, “and” and commas in a sentence where various verbs should be correlated to various subjects

Assume you have a sentence where nk verbs v(1), ..., v(nk) should be correlated to n subjects s(1), ..., s(n), and you would like that, for each i = 0, ..., k-1, v(ni+1), ..., v(ni+k) are correlated ...
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1answer
69 views

“along with the rest of us” at the end of a sentence

Considering this sentence: They will have to adapt to it along with the rest of us. ... I feel like I want to insert a comma before "along" for emphasis. However, I think it's formally incorrect, ...
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1answer
103 views

Smileys inside or outside quotation marks?

Should smiley be merged into quotation marks as if it were punctuation? I don't like to "move it, move it ;-)." cf. Did she say "you shall?" Or be kept outside quotation marks, as a word? ...
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109 views

Rules for three sets of quotation marks

What rules are there for when you have three sets of quotation marks? “I saw that Julia was really annoyed when Mike answered, “‘Blade Runner,’”” John said. (‘Blade Runner’ in singles. Mike answered ...
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169 views

Comma usage in the phrase “Oh my God”

While reading the satirical novel A Confederacy of Dunces, I was struck by the protagonist's habit of expressing his vexation with the phrase "Oh, my God." I don't recall seeing a comma inserted into ...
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3answers
91 views

Using semicolons to create run-on sentences … what's the deal with semis?

I often see people making sentences quite longer than I'm comfortable with, such as like this: The dog ran, the dog fell, the dog dwelled; the dog didn't wish to be a part of such a place in his ...
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1answer
32 views

Does a statement such as this require quotation marks?

If a person said something like "Who threw that?" and after getting no reply, he then said "I said who threw that?" How would one punctuate the second sentence? Would it be: I said, "Who threw ...