A proper noun or proper name is a capitalized noun representing a unique entity as opposed to a common noun, which represents a class of entities or nonunique instances of that class.

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Proper nouns : Which parts of speech commonly surround proper nouns

I am building an automated system to seek out the proper nouns from a piece of text. I have some algorithms available to me that can correctly determine the POS tag of a word in some text. The problem ...
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What is the plural of the name Jess?

I understand it's grammatically correct to use apostrophe s for the plural of letters. Dot your i's and cross your t's. But not for proper nouns that end with s. Here come the Jones's ...
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Is there a term for a grammatical construction like “Exhibit A”?

Is there a term for names that consist of a noun or noun phrase followed by an ordinal letter or numeral? For example: Exhibit A The Land Before Time IV Patient Zero Perhaps ordinal proper noun or ...
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Should I capitalize “bible” in “the Christian Bible”? “the Discordian Bible”?

"The Bible" is typically used to refer to the collection of holy books of the Christian faith. It's a proper noun and it gets capitalised. However, "bible" can also be used as a common noun, in ...
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Does one capitalize “communism” and “communist”?

Suppose I have the following sentence: I lived in a communist country during the fall of communism in 1989. Should "communist" and "communism" be capitalized?
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Do military titles get capitalized?

I'm pretty sure "Commander Shepard" is preferable to "commander Shepard," but I'm less sure about "the Commander" vs "the commander." On one hand, I'm pretty sure "commander" is a common noun in this ...
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Why we capitalize all race names but our own

This question about alien species and planets brought up something I've been thinking about on and off for years. We capitalize names of alien races like Vulcan, Timelord, Cylon (well, maybe not ...
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indefinite article plus proper name in organizational (i.e. business or bureaucracy) contexts

The use of the indefinite article with a proper name occurs often in business or organizational speech-contexts: We're lucky to have a Bill Jones to get the job done. The article plus proper ...
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Where should the comma be placed in the salutation of a letter?

Sometimes I see a comma after the proper name: Hello Mr. Black, In order to give you.... But my native language is not English and I think that the comma in this phrase should be placed ...
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Using a proper noun (specifically an acronym) as an adjective

Is it colloquial to use a proper noun as an adjective if there isn't a corresponding proper adjective? Going further, is using an acronym/initialism as an adjective okay/formal? I'm trying to prove ...
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Grammar, use of “the” [duplicate]

Why does one say "Lake Maggiore is in northern Italy" (and not The lake Maggiore) and "I often go and visit the Colosseum when I'm in Rome" (with the)?
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What does “Clyst” mean?

I live in the south west of England and there are many villages and roads that feature the word "Clyst". For example, Broadclyst, Clyst St Mary, Clyst Honiton and so on. What does clyst mean, and ...
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How does one pluralize a name that ends with a silent x?

My friend Paul Robichaux (noted O'Reilly author, Exchange MVP, and all-around good guy) was tagged in a Facebook post today in which the poster lamented that they “were missing a few tall ...
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Why do the names of so many places end in -ia?

Many countries, continents, states, and cities have an English name ending in ‘-ia’: India, Indonesia, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Asia, Alexandria, Philadelphia, California, … What ...
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Should a proper name consisting of valid words be always capitalized?

Assuming "Information retrieval" is an official term describing a research domain, should it be capitalized in the middle of a sentence? that is, what is/are the correct form/s: I am interested in ...
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Units are proper or common nouns?

Are units like newton, metre etc considered as proper or common noun?
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How do you capitalize a proper noun such as “iPhone”?

I was always taught to capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence, and also the first letter of proper nouns. In the last few years it's been common for certain firms to name their ...
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Why does English use definite articles before certain proper nouns, such as the names of ships?

Over on English Language Learners, a non-native speaker asked a question about adding "the" before movie titles. I wanted to tell him or her that the rule in English is not to add a definite article ...
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What is the origin of the pronunciation of 'Plymouth'? [closed]

It has always confused how my American relatives pronounce the name of their city (Plymouth Meeting) as something like 'Plymeth Meeting'. For me, it seems that the natural way would be something that ...
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Yoga (proper-case) or yoga (lowercase)?

I've seen it written in both ways. I'm tempted to use the proper case, because I was under the impression that it is also a form/name of religion. What do you think?
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Capitalization of App

I'm trying to write a promotional piece on our new app. I can't figure out how to capitalize in these two instances (not in a title). My gut tells me lowercase but other team members have been using ...
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Definite article with proper nouns, titles followed by a common noun

Over time I developed this rule where if a title or a proper name is followed by a common noun that represents the class of the entity I am referring to, then I use the definite article. In Example 1, ...
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Can Some Proper Nouns still be Considered Phrases?

From Oxford Dictionary, we know that: A phrase is a small group of words that forms a meaningful unit within a clause. There are several different types. And another definition from ...
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What do the American nicknames 'Dutch' and 'T-Bone' mean?

Does the nickname Dutch have any significance? I know it was Reagan's, and I'm sure I've come across it in other books/films. Also T-Bone, as in T-Bone Walker, T-Bone Burnett: what does that mean? (I ...
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Why does binomial nomenclature seem to break case rules?

According to the Wiki page for binomial nomenclature, we are supposed to capitalize the first word when naming species regardless of where it occurs in the sentence. To me, this seem very incongruous ...
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Is the expanded form of “UTC” ever spelled with an diæresis?

I've always seen "UTC" expanded as Coordinated Universal Time. In addition, both the Wikipedia and Encyclopædia Britannica entries, as well as pretty much every reference to it I've ever seen that I ...
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Capitalization of the word “the” in “the Lord” / “The Lord”

Should I capitalize the word "the" when speaking of God as "the/The Lord"? I praise the Lord. or... I praise The Lord.
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Capitalization of “the” in “the Bible” [duplicate]

Which of these is correct capitalization? Mrs. Ohana gave me the Bible. Mrs. Ohana gave me The Bible.
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What does “instagram” mean?

I'm talking about the name of the popular internet photograph service. I guess the first part of the word (insta) means instant, but I couldn't figure out what it means when it's colligated with gram. ...
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Come on, don’t be such a nimrod!

According to the OED, the word English Nimrod is derived from the Hebrew, where in Genesis 10:8–9 he is described as ‘a mighty one in the earth’ and ‘a mighty hunter before the Lord’. It is ...
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19th C forms of address

In the early 19th C. when the eldest daughter married, did the second oldest daughter become the "Miss Whatever," or did she continue to be identified as "Miss Whoever Whatever?'
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Parenthetical plural of unique examples

Sometimes media announcers, especially sports and business reporters, will make their examples plural, or parenthetically plural, even though those examples are obviously unique. For example, an NPR ...
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Trouble with translating (and specifying) foreign proper nouns into English

I'm translating a tourist guide book from Czech to English and it turns out I have yet to grasp some of the grammatical structures possible. I want the English translation to be quite simple and ...
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Why can't you use the word me before a proper noun

As per the title, i dont understand why it is grammatically incorrect to say "me and John went to the park" as opposed to "John and I went to the park" looking for any help on this available
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How to handle the possessive case of the name Franks [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the correct possessive for nouns ending in s? When did it become correct to add an 's' to a singular possessive already ending in 's'? Hey guys ...
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Capitalization of “School” as an adjective

I am working on a research poster, and the teacher supervising wrote the following language. It doesn't seem to me like "School" is a proper noun, but he tells me it is when referring to a specific ...
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Why is there an indefinite article before “London”? [duplicate]

Two years after his reported Reichenbach Fall demise, Sherlock, who has been cleared of all fraud charges against him, returns with Mycroft's help to a London under threat of terrorist attack. I ...
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British and Canadian but not Coloradan?

In the May 11 issue of this year's New Yorker, the ever-excellent Atul Gawande wrote (emphasis mine): Among those which caught my eye: a British case report on the first 3-D-printed hip implanted ...
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Use of articles with adj.+country name

Often in writings, I see use of the articles "a", the" with country names preceded by adjectives: a strong China, a friendly Cyprus, the rich Paraguay, etc. What rule is that?
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How do names of heroes in comics sound to the native? [closed]

For example, names of heroes are: Batman, Superman, Green Lantern, Spiderman, Wolverine, etc. Also names of villains can be included: Joker, Bane, Magneto, etc. (Sorry if I put heroes in villains and ...
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Should we always capitalize Christians, Muslims, etc.? [duplicate]

A christian and a jew went into a bar.... or A Christian and a Jew went into a bar... The former is marked incorrect by microsoft word.
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Skullcandys or Skullcandies? [closed]

'Skullcandy' is a plural noun but can also refer to a product, so will the plural be Skullcandys or Skullcandies?
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What is the difference between 'Muslim" and 'Islamic'?

I have seen 'Muslim' and 'Islamic' both used as adjectives to describe things relating to Islam. Is there a nuanced difference between the two words? I know that 'Muslim' can also be used as a noun, ...
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330 views

In the UK which of the following regions should have capital letters? [closed]

In the UK, which of the following regions, none of which have any administrative significance, should be given capital letters? I have arranged them according to my own inclinations. With capitals ...
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When would “mom/dad” require capital letter in writing? [duplicate]

I understand the capitalization rule for nouns, proper nouns require a capital letter. Also, I should begin a new sentence with a capital letter. When & why "mom/dad" requires a capital letter ? ...
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Is it grammatically correct to use “baby” as a proper noun

A lot of baby books and products use the word baby as you would a proper noun. For example "when lying baby down in the cot" instead of "when lying your baby down in the cot". Another example from a ...
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Title for student organization

I'm updating the website for my student organization. Link. Officially, we are the Texas A&M University Student Branch of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. The banner at the ...
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Writing and speaking duplicated words

A recent workplace conversation prompted this question. Red Hat, the software company behind a popular Linux distribution, came by the office and everyone got some random trinkets, including a number ...
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Proper ways to refer to New York City [closed]

Excluding the myriad nicknames of the city, I've seen it called both "New York City" and "New York" in contexts where it was not ambiguous that the city, and not the state, was being referred to. I ...
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Odd possessive form of a proper name: Why does Dryden write “Lord Nonsuch his” instead of “Lord Nonsuch’s” but “Bibber’s” instead of “Bibber his”?

While researching a question posed on EL&U, I came across this list of the characters in John Dryden’s The Wild Gallant (1663), from a 1735 collection of Dryden’s works: DRAMATIS PERSONAE. ...