This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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4answers
206 views

Pronunciation Feedback Required

Did I pronounce the phrase "I'm gonna be gone for five weeks" correctly? https://clyp.it/oobrogbu Phonetically it looks like: [aɪm gɑnə bɪ gɔn fər faɪv wiks]. I have no idea which words should I ...
2
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1answer
49 views

When to pronounce long u as “yoo” or “ooo”

Can you look at a word and see if a "u" should be pronounced as "ooo" or "yoo" by using some set of rules, or do you just have to know the correct pronunciation ahead of time? For example: ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Pronunciation of: I want a refund

I noticed in a TV show that the phrase "I want a refund" is pronounced like [I wanna refund]. I think the /t/ is dropped and /n/ is blended into the vowel. But how do Americans differentiate between ...
0
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1answer
41 views

When is the plural 'es' pronounced “ess/ez/izz” vs. “eez”? [duplicate]

I was just thinking about this when I typed out "processes" and realized that I've heard it pronounced both "process-izz" and "process-eez". Is one incorrect, or is it considered an accent thing, or ...
0
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0answers
50 views

How to pronounce Simon and Simone? [on hold]

Why is Simon pronounced as Sai-man instead of See-moean? I know it's so for Simone, but why is it not the same for Simon?
2
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5answers
1k views

Variations in the pronunciation of “the”

Although there are rather simple rules determining the pronunciation of "the", native speakers quite often deviate from these rules (including, e.g., TV shows). According to the Longman Pronunciation ...
5
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7answers
5k views

The + vowel letter

I've been told that when "the" is proceeded by a vowel sound, like "apple" or "hour", it's pronounced as "thee" and not as "thu". But after listening to a couple of songs, I noticed that sometimes ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Pronunciation of “the”: thee versus thuh [duplicate]

We were taught in school that when followed by a noun starting with a vowel sound, "the" is pronounced "thee". In other cases, it's pronounced "thuh" (aside from the emphatic "the"). I have noticed ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Pronunciation of German proper nouns in America [on hold]

Why are American names of German origin pronounced differently than they would be in German? For example: "Kreutz" sounds like "krites", not "kroyts" (same deal with Anheuser-Busch) "Boehner" ...
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6answers
13k views

The pronunciation of buoy

How did the word buoy come to be pronounced "BOO-ee" in most of the US? The British pronunciation "BOY" as in the word buoyancy or buoyant (which both countries pronounce the same) seems to be pretty ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there any online tool to read (pronounce) IPA and APA written words?

I am looking for a tool to read a word written as phonetic transcription (IPA or APA). I need it to provide users with a tool to verify if they've chosen correct IPA transcription (users will need ...
1
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1answer
57 views

how to pronounce “t's” sound, as in “it's” or “that's”

Currently I'm studying English pronunciation and having a hard time pronouncing the t's sound such as it's and that's. I thought that "t's" sounded the same as the "ch" sound but one of my friend said ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Is there a simple guide for 's' vs 'sh' pronunciation in words?

Consider the following words as examples: 1) Version 2) Progression 3) Differentiation 4) Fission 5) Fusion 6) Insurance 7) Sure I pronounce all these words with a 'sh' sound even though it is not ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Pronounciation of “neusis”

The ancient Greek "neusis" technique basically means the use of a a straightedge with two marked points on it; as is well known with such a device, in addition to the usual Euclidean tools, one can ...
5
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2answers
7k views

Proper pronunciation of Neanderthal

Why is Neanderthal pronounced with a /t/ sound instead of a /th/ sound?
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2answers
87 views

the omitted “t” sound

My English teacher told me that some native speakers omit the /t/ sound in some words, for example, writ't'en, Bri't'ain, impor't'ant. That means before pronouncing the /t/, there is a sudden pause ...
0
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1answer
43 views

How to best correctly spell this sound?

Remember back in school (or still in school, like me) when someone got called to the office and all the kids in the class made an 'ooou' sound with the intonation slowly rising? Yeah... Anyway, I was ...
2
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1answer
66 views

How to pronounce “digne” and “na”?

I looked up unproduced in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED)¹ and it gave an example quotation from the 1965 edition of John Ireland's 1490 compendium The Meroure of Wyssdome ("The Mirror of ...
2
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1answer
133 views

A recent trend in pronouncing “the”

I have observed a recent trend to pronounce "the" as "thuh" even if it is followed by a vowel (as in "thuh evening.") Is this regional (I live in Alabama) or national? I think it's the latter. And ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Why is “renege” pronounced with a hard “g” sound?

The word renege comes from Medieval Latin renegare (source). It is the only English word of Latin origin I'm aware of that doesn't follow the soft g pronunciation rule. The g is hard even though ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Can penult stress for “stigmata” and similar words be explained or justified by any principle?

I enjoy studying the pronunciation of Greek-derived words in English, and I've found an odd anomaly. There appear to be two possible pronunciation patterns for words ending in the plural suffix -ata ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why is “sauté” spelled with an accent and “repartee” not?

Why are these words spelled differently? They have the same sound at the end, right?
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0answers
25 views

Can the stress pattern of “uroboros/ouroboros” be explained by any principle, or is it random?

The word "uroboros," coming ultimately from Greek, has a couple of spellings and also pronunciations (see How to do you pronounce Ouroboros?). As explained by Nohat in the linked page, the two ...
2
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2answers
58 views

Pronunciation of word “considered”

I have learned in school that letter 'r' is not sounded in the word 'considered', here's an example. But I have been watching the 'How I met your mother' series, and Ted have pronounced that with ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Differing pronunciations of “divisive”

I've always pronounced it dɪˈvaɪsɪv (rhymes with incisive). Today at his press conference, President Obama pronounced it dɪˈvɪsɪv (rhymes with dismissive). I've heard the latter pronunciation off ...
1
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2answers
52 views

Is it OK to pronounce kilogram as “kay gee” (/ˈkeɪˈdʒiː/)?

Would the same also apply to other abbreviations such as km (kay-em) instead of kilometer? I can see an advantage to reading millimeter as mm (em-em) because it's quicker to say.
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6answers
7k views

Correct way to say “km^2”

How do we say km2 in words? Do we use km exponent by two, square kilometer, kilometer squared or something else?
2
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1answer
114 views

The word “mine”: Anyone else use a velar nasal /maiŋ/ for “belongs to me” meaning, but still /main/ for “explosive”/“coal mine”?

I think I naturally distinguish these words: mine (ie "belongs to me") /maiŋ/ mine (ie "explosive" or "coal mine") /main/ I vaguely remember noticing this years ago, but I was only just reminded of ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Pronunciation of verbiage and foliage

To my ear, the former should be pronounced "vurb-ij" and the latter "fohl-ee-ij" (the endings may vary among "aj", "edge" and "ij"). I occasionally hear people say "vurb-ee-ij" and often hear ...
1
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1answer
62 views

How would you pronounce N.B. (nota bene) when reading aloud?

I know how to pronounce nota bene (YouTube can help if your Italian is rusty), but if you were reading an academic paper aloud (or something else that would contain notate bene), how would you go ...
0
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2answers
51 views

In which varieties of English is 't' in 'often' silent?

I'm an Indian and all my life I've pronounced 'often' with 't' silent. Since we follow British English, I assume British people say it the same way? I guess in American English, one pronounces it with ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Pronunciation of “ikebana” by non-Japanophones

Apart from "very rarely", how is "ikebana" (Japanese flower arrangement) typically pronounced in real life by non-Japanophones? Is it the same as how it's pronounced in Japanese, or has it changed ...
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0answers
61 views

Is there a formal spelling for the English letter names?

The English alphabet has a common pronunciation. For example, B is pronounced as "Bee", C as "See" and I as Aye. Is there a formal spelling for the letter names?
5
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5answers
2k views

Difference in pronunciation between 'warship' and 'worship'?

I came across these words together in a text, and I was wondering whether they are pronounced the same way. 'War' is actually pronounced as 'wor', so I'm not entirely sure. When I pronounce them, I ...
18
votes
4answers
82k views

What is the correct pronunciation of “Caribbean”?

Sometimes I hear the emphasis placed on the second syllable, and other times on the second to last syllable. I myself use both pronunciations depending on context, and it makes me wonder if there is ...
1
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2answers
99 views

Why does /t/ after a consonant (ex: /ˈnaɪn.ti/) produce less air than /t/ at the beginning of word (Ex: /ˈtaɪlænd/) or after a vowel (Ex: /ˈraɪ.tər/)?

Ok, my mother tongue is Vietnamese and I often got difficulty making the English /t/ sound. Here is what I discovered. -If a /t/ is the beginning of word (Ex: /taɪ/ tie, /tɪn/ tin, /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Pronunciation of anonymize

I “googled” the word anonymize to verify its spelling because it is not in the Chrome’s dictionary. Before I closed the tab, on a whim, I clicked the little speaker icon to hear Google’s pronunciation ...
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1answer
40 views

When speaking, how to link “barged her” in “She barged her way through the shopping crowds”?

She barged her way through the shopping crowds. The complete form should be [bʌdʒd hər]. I'm not sure in order to link those two words when speaking, it should be [bʌdʒ ər] or [bʌdʒd ər]? Thanks.
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5answers
6k views

How to know how to pronounce an “-e” ending based on spelling?

I’ve always wondered how the -e word ending should be pronounced: For example (correct me if I’m wrong), the words apache, Adobe, Skype, etc. have the -e ending pronounced like in the word be. ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How to pronounce the letter /r/

I've always had difficulty pronouncing the letter /r/. Whenever i try to say /r/ it comes out as a gha, a sound similar to the arabic letter غ. Any idea how i can fix this?
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0answers
36 views

About the pronunciation of “secret” /ˈsiːkrɪt/, should we pronounce /k/ & /r/ at the same time or each sound separately but really continually?

Ok, now see the pronunciation of secret /ˈsiːkrɪt/. I am not sure what is the right way to pronounce /kr/. Since there is no answer on the internet, so I think there are 2 ways to pronounce it: 1- ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Pronunciation Dilemma

How acceptable/appropriate is the pronunciation of words such as "Christian" and "fortune"/"fortunate" with a [t] sound as opposed to [ʃ]? I personally prefer the former but I believe that it's not ...
1
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0answers
53 views

“Accessory” pronounced with a stress on the first syllable

I'm a first language English speaker, but grew up Bilingual in Spanish in a Spanish speaking country. Today I was speaking to another first language English speaker (Canadian) and used the word ...
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1answer
101 views

“long” <i> - inconsistencies in the relationship between orthography and pronunciation

I'm wondering about the dual pronunciations of the letter /i/ in open syllables. Usually it has the realization [a͡ɪ], representing the regular outcome of long i after the great vowel shift, but ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Pronunciation of “I'm going to” - Part 2

This question is a further question regarding my previous thread.(Pronunciation of "I'm going to") Thank you for everyone who answered this question. I read that saying "I muh-nuh" (eg. ...
6
votes
1answer
972 views

What is the word that sounds like “caromize” which means “cook a dish until we can reduce the juice in that dish to being viscous”?

OK, once I watched the Master Chef program and I heard people use a word that sounds like "caromize" to express the meaning of “cook a dish until the juices of the dish has reduced and is viscous”. ...
5
votes
1answer
492 views

the pronunciation of “get”

Both /gɛt/ and /gɪt/ show up in the Wiktionary. The etymology strongly suggests that the pronunciation /gɛt/ is older. What is the source of the pronunciation /gɪt/? Is it confined to certain ...
0
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1answer
121 views

So, should “Thailand” be pronounced as /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ or /ˈθaɪ.lænd/? [closed]

OK, I searched on the Internet and found that online dictionaries give the following pronunciation of Thailand as /ˈtaɪ.lænd/. Cambridge English Dictionary says noun /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ Oxford ...
4
votes
3answers
270 views

Is there a word or term to describe mispronouncing a word due to someone else's accent?

In college, I had a Japanese linear algebra teacher who was not a native English speaker. The subject matter was new and difficult, so with new terminology to learn, it was sometimes to difficult for ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Palatalization of the initial “s” in words starting with “st-”

Sometimes I hear native speakers pronounce the s at the beginning of a word as [ʃ]. For example, straight as [ʃtreɪt], or struggle as [ʃtrʌɡl]. It sounds like German words. Is it a certain English ...