This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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8
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3answers
2k views

Why are almost all vowels pronounced “i” in New Zealand English?

One thing I always notice when I'm hearing Kiwis speaking English is the fact that almost every vowel turns into /ɪ/. Here's a video which illustrates the point (listen to them when they speak ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Name for the practice of composing sentences for ease and clarity of pronunciation?

Is there a name for the practice of composing sentences in such a way that they don't contain proximate consonants which cause difficulty when read aloud? For example: Under this criteria, "dogs and ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

“long” <i> - inconsistencies in the relationshipt between orthography and pronunciation

I'm wondering about the dual pronunciations of the letter /i/ in open syllables- usually it has the realization [a͡ɪ], representing the regular outcome of long i after the great vowel shift, but ...
0
votes
3answers
93 views

The T in “stair” and D in “dare” [duplicate]

I checked that their pronunciations are /ster/ and /der/ But I can't hear the difference between them! Can anyone tell me the difference and how to pronounce them separately?
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Did I stress the words correctly in this sentence?

I have this sentence: "Keep your voice down!" I'm not sure how native speakers pronounce it, but I would put a bit of stress on "Keep" and more stress on "voice" "2Keep your 1voice down!". I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Pronunciation of “release” [on hold]

My dictionary gives [rili:s], but I am hearing [rili:z] with firmly articulated "-z". Does the pronunciation with "-s" really exist? UPD: Ok, probably it's a glitch in my ears, and I cannot ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Common Nouns Pronunciation [on hold]

Can common nouns be pronounced as we like as we do with proper nouns or is there a rule?
4
votes
3answers
323 views

Dialect “rules” and the pronunciation of individual words

Consider an American actor who is tasked with mastering British Received Pronunciation for an upcoming role. If he has a talent for vocal mimicry, as many actors do, he should have no trouble picking ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Mycorrhizae: how the heck do you say “zae” in greek?

So, I'm trying to sound smarter than the people to whom I'm pontificating about no-till gardening, and I'd like to include a pronunciation of "mycorrhizae" (which is, of course the plural of ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

How do we say hexadecimal numbers? [duplicate]

When speaking series of decimal numbers, we say "one... nine, ten"; when speaking hexadecimals do we say "one... e, f, ten"? Do we say "nineteen, ateen, bteen... fteen, twenty" and so forth, or do we ...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

RP English pronunciation of 'the', 'this' and so on. Diphtong /əʊ/

I'm learning, that pronunciation of words like 'that', 'this', 'the' and so on is through /ð/ consonant. And I get it. But how native speakers say words like that in everyday speech? While listening ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Idiom: Get off your high horse (American English Stress)

Get off your high horse [gɛt̬ _ɔf jər ˌhɑɪ 'hoərs] We have a flap T linked with the word OFF. I'm not sure which words I should stress in the idiom above, apart from the noun "horse" which is the ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

I know “of” sounds like “ov”. Does “I've” sound like “If”?

I was studying connected speech and I read when we say for example I've finished my homework we pronounce the 've and f in finished as only one sound. Is it only in this case or whenever I ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the different pronunciations of “species” regional differences?

As far as I know, the word "species" can pronounced either as spee-sheez or as spee-seez. I understand that neither of these is incorrect: they're just two different ways to say the same thing. I also ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

a flap in “video”

I asked here recently about a word "oratory". Somebody told me there is no flap in American English, because a t is before a stressed vowel (second stress). It's right. But why there is no flap in ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Is the split in pronunciation of “detail” regional, semantic, or irrelevant?

Or maybe just haphazard? Something else? When I want to refer to a small military unit put together to carry out a specific task, I'll call it a DEtail, accent on the first syllable. When I want to ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

Pronunciation of “bifurcate” as an adjective

It appears that the word "bifurcate" has a single spelling, but two possible pronunciations. As a verb, according to both Wiktionary and dictionary.com, the pronunciation of the verb is: ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Does “ng” sound at all like “Angular”?

I've started working with the AngularJS web development framework, and the first question in their FAQ is this: Why is this project called "AngularJS"? Why is the namespace called "ng"? Because ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Sentence stress and word linking with the problematic Y?

the question: Can I use your bathroom? phonetically looks like: [kə_naɪ ˈyuz yər ˈbæθˌrum] I think the stress should be on the verb USE and the noun BATHROOM. Am I right? Some dictionaries show the ...
3
votes
3answers
832 views

How do you pronounce the word 'vagary'?

I'm a native speaker, and I would naturally read the word VAY-guh-ri. I've never actually heard anyone say the word, I only ever see it in writing. But I also know that you can pronounce it ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Transcribing the pronunciation of “emission” on merriam-webster.com

I think the pronunciation of the word, emission, at merriam-webster.com is incorrectly labeled. According to their way of transcribing a pronunciation, their transcription of the pronunciation of the ...
3
votes
3answers
156 views

Are there many -tion words that sound like 'vision'?

Usually -tion words, such as motion, education, and lotion, end with a -shn sound. But equation ends with a sound rhyming with vision. Are there many more? What might some of them be? And if the ...
9
votes
3answers
970 views

How do we pronounce the acronym CMYK?

How does one pronounce the acronym CMYK, in the color model sense. If there is more than one pronunciation, how popular is each of them?
10
votes
4answers
684 views

“I park my car in the yard”

What is the origin of the different pronunciation of words like park, yard, cartoon, margarine in American and British English? In other words, why doesn’t British English generally pronounce the r ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

How did some English words get a “y” sound in front of “uː”-sounding vowels?

I'm wondering what mechanism puts a y sound (IPA /j/) into words like coupon, which presumably had none when it came into the language. French pronunciation would seem to indicate it would be ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

Why does “garage” have different pronunciations?

Whenever I'm teaching private students and we are faced with the word garage, I always hesitate a little. Italians have borrowed the term garage, which they pronounce /gaˈraʒ/. It stands for the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Pronunciation Feedback Required

Did I pronounce the phrase "I'm gonna be gone for five weeks" correctly? https://clyp.it/oobrogbu Phonetically it looks like: [aɪm gɑnə bɪ gɔn fər faɪv wiks]. I have no idea which words should I ...
11
votes
6answers
7k views

Why is “liquorice” pronounced (or spelt) so strangely?

Liquorice is pronounced ˈlɪkərɪʃ. But every other word I can think of ending with -ice is pronounced differently (such as police or rice). How did liquorice get such a strange pronunciation, or ...
25
votes
4answers
447 views

How is “deque” commonly pronounced?

deque is a standard container in the C++ programming language. Its name stands for Double Ended QUEue. I am wondering how this word should be pronounced: like deck (this is how I've pronounced it so ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What's this notation for marking up pronounciation?

What's this notation for marking up pronounciation? analgesic: ann-ull-JEE-zick What's a good introductory article or book to learn it?
22
votes
8answers
2k views

Are “traitor” and “trader” pronounced the same?

Are "traitor" and "trader" distinguishable when spoken with any English accent? My English-speaking friends seem to pronounce them exactly the same way.
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Sentence stress: I'm sort of busy right now

I heard this phrase in a TV show: "I'm sort of busy right now". You can listen it here (I cut out the phrase): https://clyp.it/4khla44l Phonetically it looks like: [ɑɪm soərt əv bɪzi raɪt naʊ]. The ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How common is pronouncing the past tense of beat as /bet/?

Personally, I pronounce the past tense of "beat" (to win at a game) as /biːt/, to sound identical to the infinitive. However, I have heard a few people under the age of 30 and from either the west or ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Pronounce abreviation/acronym as word or based

If you have an abbreviation that reads like a word, should you pronounce it like the word it reads like, or the words it came from? For example, in the software development world there is a JAR ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Word Stress in a 3 syllable phrase

the phrase "Never mind" is three syllable [nɛv ər maɪnd]. The first and the last syllable gets stressed. Am I right? [2nɛv ər 1maɪnd]. I think that "mind" gets the most stress. I would like to know ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Difference between I'll be home 'by ten' and 'at ten' [duplicate]

I have a question. What does this phrase mean "I'll be home by ten", because it is confusing, especially when used with "at" instead of "by". When it comes to sentence stress which words should I ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

What to use after a word which ends with “se” to indicate possession? [duplicate]

I apologize for the seemingly simple question. I've searched on Google for this, but could not find anything. The word "Recluse", meaning (noun) "a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid ...
2
votes
3answers
300 views

Do you still pronounce the “g” in “language” and “English”?

I'm hearing more and more people pronounce "language" as laŋ-wij instead of laŋ-gwij. The same goes for the word "English" (ˈiŋ-lish instead ofˈiŋ-glish). How prevalent has this pronunciation become ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Why did the letter “o” disappear in the word “pronunciation”?

The verb pronounce has the letter o in its second syllable, but in the noun pronunciation, that same letter disappears from the corresponding position. Why is that?
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Pronunciation of verbiage and foliage

To my ear, the former should be pronounced "vurb-ij" and the latter "fohl-ee-ij" (the endings may vary among "aj", "edge" and "ij"). I occasionally hear people say "vurb-ee-ij" and often hear ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Which one is the correct way to make the American /R/ sound? retroflexed or retracted?

Ok, there r 2 different ways to make the American /R/ sound. They both think they r right & other is wrong. -1st, making the /R/ by retroflexing the tongue -2nd, making the /R/ by retracting the ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

any rules for pronouncing “V” sound?

For example, "Is there any cars available?" When the speed of speech is getting faster, it isn't really going easy to make sure of making a lip formation about V where the bottom lip must be behind ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

The pronunciation of words which begins 'con' and 'com'

I know there is no strict rule on pronunciation of words in English but here my question is about the words which begin with 'con' and 'com', more than asking general rule. When I look at the words ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

What would be the onomatopoeia for “spit”?

Just wanted to know how to write in a chat room the sound for "spit". As in "meow" for the sound that a cat makes, what would you write for the sound of the verb "spit"? (Google wasn't very helpful, ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

English pronunciation: I'm sorry for your loss [closed]

the phrase "I'm sorry for your loss" phonetically looks like [aɪm sɔri fər_yər lɔs]. When I heard this phrase in a movie, it seemed that the words "sorry" and " loss" were a bit more louder, but I may ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

American English: Can you

when the question "Can I help you?" is pronounced it sounds like "Can I" is reduced to "knai". It's short and quick, but the verb 'help' is stressed, the voice goes up at the end of the question. It's ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Stress pattern of “trust me”

Are the words "Trust me" equally stressed? The vowel in the word "me" is a bit more tense (like in meet) I think. It's a two syllable phrase: [trʌst mi]
0
votes
1answer
66 views

So called “tap”, or “nap”

I'm interested in so called "tap" in american English. I've read a tap occurs in a word "twenty". I've heard this word in the internet and I've noticed a t is not pronounced or is pronounced simply as ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Word stress with noun and negative + noun

I have two sentences: I'm in a hurry. [aɪm_ɪn_ə ˈhɜri] I'm not in a hurry. [aɪm nɑd_ɪn_ə ˈhɜri] I linked the words together (consonant + vowel). I use the flap T in the second sentence (I marked ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

Pronunciation of words ending with “‑ae”

For example, Styracaceae, Suidae, Sulidae, Sylviidae, Symplocaceae, etc. I don’t know how to pronounce them correctly.