This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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2
votes
1answer
478 views

How do you pronounce 'frappé'?

How is 'frappé' correctly pronounced? I know that it is from French origin and I used to pronounce it \fra-ˈpā\ (as I've seen on Merriam-Webster). But when my classmates heard me, they corrected me ...
4
votes
3answers
303 views

Can we pronounce the 'th' sound as a d?

I know that there are two ways to pronounce the th sound. Like in the word 'then' and 'thing'. But in a lot of cases I hear it pronounced as a d sound, especially in fast speech or if it comes after ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

A rule for identifying the stressed syllable in abstract nouns ending in -ity. Is it foolproof?

When I was a student I was taught that the stressed syllable in an abstract noun ending in -ity is always the antepenultimate. e.g. reliability spontaneity ability felicity eternity rarity ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

which word gives emphasis to other word

If A-cum-B denotes that, A and B are similar standing Which word describes B has having greater significance than A? For example : Accounts cum Finance means - both accounts and finance are of ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Why the does 'tu' get pronounced 'tyu' in British English?

Despite being a native Brit, I've always found it an oddity that words like "tutor", "tube", "tumour", and "duty" are pronounced as "tyutor", "tyube", "tyumour", and "duty" in British English. For me, ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

“need to go to” (Flap t/d pronunciation)

I need to go to the bathroom. Can the letters in bold in the example above be pronounced as flap t/d sounds in American English, just like in better, ladder, party, and city?
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Pronunciation of “parmesan” [closed]

This a question about how to pronounce the "s" in "parmesan". Where I come from (Australia), it's said as a "z", or almost an "s", with only the first syllable stressed. But a friend from the USA ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Which words are pronounced with an /ɑː/ or /æ/ depending on dialect?

Certain English words are pronounced with two different vowels depending on the dialect of the speaker, namely with /ɑː/ or /æ/ (in IPA notation). These include: can't, last, fast, past, path, ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

How the British pronounce “want”?

I'm not a native English speaker, so I am learning the pronunciation of words mostly from using Google. The way I found how to pronounce the word "want" was more or less like how I (british-way) say ...
5
votes
2answers
211 views

Pronouncing -ed when it comes after a voiced final consonant

When I teach -ed endings I tell the students that there are three ways to pronounce it: /t/ (when the preceding sound is unvoiced, e.g. matched) /d/ (when the preceding sound is voiced, e.g. played) ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Pronounciation of “height” [duplicate]

I was having a conversation recently and used the word height. What stands out to me is that I pronounced it /haɪθ/ as opposed to /haɪt/. I realized that I pronounce it this way quite often. Is this ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

How to pronounce yin and yang?

How do you correctly pronounce yin and yang in American English? Especially the "yang" part because I hear it pronounced as it's spelled and also I think I've heard it like "yong". If you use IPA ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Pronunciation of direct

What is the correct pronunciation of direct? I found two different pronunciations. Probably both of them are true, but what, if anything, is the difference?
4
votes
1answer
273 views

How did Spanish “Sevilla” become English “Seville”?

In Spanish, the name of this city is spelled Sevilla and pronounced /seˈβiʎa/, but in English it is spelled Seville and pronounced /sɛˈvɪl/. Having never heard of Sevilla/Seville until I went to ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How to pronounce route [duplicate]

How do u know when the "ou" in route is pronounced as "oo" or "ow"? Or does it just depend on the person who says it
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Pronounciation of “live” [closed]

I would like to know, how should I pronounce "live" when I mean, for example, "live broadcasting" or "live music". Thank you.
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Proper pronunciation of plural possessives [closed]

I'm compiling a word list with accurate pronunciations and am hitting a brick wall. What are the proper American pronunciations of the following plural possessives, and by extension, similar words? ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Is the 'au' phoneme on the decline?

I live in the midwest, grew up in Chicago. Here, altho there is usually a clear distinction between au like in 'auditorium' and o like in 'on', the 2 are often used interchangeably in ordinary ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Tin percint of all Dimmocrats in the Sinnate

TIn percInt of all DImmocrats in the SInnate are sInsitive to this concern, but the represIntative from PInnsylvania thEnks that some common sInse should be applied. Two questions: Am I mistaken if ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Why is “Yosemite” spelled that way?

Well I'm not a native English speaker, but sometimes I get the feeling that English words' pronunciation is random. Why is "Yosemite" is being pronounced as "Yoh-Sem-Ee-Tee" and written as "Yosemite" ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Why can't I pronounce the ŋ sound? (native English speaker)

I was wondering why it is that I'm unable to pronounce this sound. Apparently, the reason why I pronounce the words "seen" and "sing" the exact same way (as well as "long" and "lawn", "dean" and ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

When to pronounce long u as “yoo” or “ooo”

Can you look at a word and see if a "u" should be pronounced as "ooo" or "yoo" by using some set of rules, or do you just have to know the correct pronunciation ahead of time? For example: ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

When is the plural 'es' pronounced “ess/ez/izz” vs. “eez”? [duplicate]

I was just thinking about this when I typed out "processes" and realized that I've heard it pronounced both "process-izz" and "process-eez". Is one incorrect, or is it considered an accent thing, or ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Pronunciation of “the”: thee versus thuh [duplicate]

We were taught in school that when followed by a noun starting with a vowel sound, "the" is pronounced "thee". In other cases, it's pronounced "thuh" (aside from the emphatic "the"). I have noticed ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Pronunciation of German proper nouns in America [closed]

Why are American names of German origin pronounced differently than they would be in German? For example: "Kreutz" sounds like "krites", not "kroyts" (same deal with Anheuser-Busch) "Boehner" ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Is there a simple guide for 's' vs 'sh' pronunciation in words?

Consider the following words as examples: 1) Version 2) Progression 3) Differentiation 4) Fission 5) Fusion 6) Insurance 7) Sure I pronounce all these words with a 'sh' sound even though it is not ...
7
votes
1answer
121 views

Why is “renege” pronounced with a hard “g” sound?

The word renege comes from Medieval Latin renegare (source). It is the only English word of Latin origin I'm aware of that doesn't follow the soft g pronunciation rule. The g is hard even though ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

Why does “stigmata” [often] have penult stress?

I enjoy studying the pronunciation of Greek-derived words in English, and I've found an odd anomaly. There are (at least) two possible pronunciation patterns for words ending in the plural suffix -ata ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Can the stress pattern of “uroboros/ouroboros” be explained by any principle, or is it random? [duplicate]

The word "uroboros," coming ultimately from Greek, has a couple of spellings and also pronunciations (see How to do you pronounce Ouroboros?). As explained by Nohat in the linked page, the two ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

How to best correctly spell this sound?

Remember back in school (or still in school, like me) when someone got called to the office and all the kids in the class made an 'ooou' sound with the intonation slowly rising? Yeah... Anyway, I was ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Pronunciation of word “considered”

I have learned in school that letter 'r' is not sounded in the word 'considered', here's an example. But I have been watching the 'How I met your mother' series, and Ted have pronounced that with ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Is it OK to pronounce kilogram as “kay gee” (/ˈkeɪˈdʒiː/)?

Would the same also apply to other abbreviations such as km (kay-em) instead of kilometer? I can see an advantage to reading millimeter as mm (em-em) because it's quicker to say.
1
vote
2answers
153 views

the omitted “t” sound [duplicate]

My English teacher told me that some native speakers omit the /t/ sound in some words, for example, writ't'en, Bri't'ain, impor't'ant. That means before pronouncing the /t/, there is a sudden pause ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

How would you pronounce N.B. (nota bene) when reading aloud?

I know how to pronounce nota bene (YouTube can help if your Italian is rusty), but if you were reading an academic paper aloud (or something else that would contain notate bene), how would you go ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

In which varieties of English is 't' in 'often' silent?

I'm an Indian and all my life I've pronounced 'often' with 't' silent. Since we follow British English, I assume British people say it the same way? I guess in American English, one pronounces it with ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Pronunciation of “ikebana” by non-Japanophones

Apart from "very rarely", how is "ikebana" (Japanese flower arrangement) typically pronounced in real life by non-Japanophones? Is it the same as how it's pronounced in Japanese, or has it changed ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Is there a formal spelling for the English letter names?

The English alphabet has a common pronunciation. For example, B is pronounced as "Bee", C as "See" and I as Aye. Is there a formal spelling for the letter names?
0
votes
1answer
49 views

When speaking, how to link “barged her” in “She barged her way through the shopping crowds”?

She barged her way through the shopping crowds. The complete form should be [bʌdʒd hər]. I'm not sure in order to link those two words when speaking, it should be [bʌdʒ ər] or [bʌdʒd ər]? Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Pronunciation of anonymize

I “googled” the word anonymize to verify its spelling because it is not in the Chrome’s dictionary. Before I closed the tab, on a whim, I clicked the little speaker icon to hear Google’s pronunciation ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Why does /t/ after a consonant (ex: /ˈnaɪn.ti/) produce less air than /t/ at the beginning of word (Ex: /ˈtaɪlænd/) or after a vowel (Ex: /ˈraɪ.tər/)?

Ok, my mother tongue is Vietnamese and I often got difficulty making the English /t/ sound. Here is what I discovered. -If a /t/ is the beginning of word (Ex: /taɪ/ tie, /tɪn/ tin, /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ ...
-1
votes
1answer
114 views

How to pronounce the letter /r/

I've always had difficulty pronouncing the letter /r/. Whenever i try to say /r/ it comes out as a gha, a sound similar to the arabic letter غ. Any idea how i can fix this?
3
votes
1answer
164 views

“Accessory” pronounced with a stress on the first syllable

I'm a first language English speaker, but grew up Bilingual in Spanish in a Spanish speaking country. Today I was speaking to another first language English speaker (Canadian) and used the word ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the word that sounds like “caromize” which means “cook a dish until we can reduce the juice in that dish to being viscous”?

OK, once I watched the Master Chef program and I heard people use a word that sounds like "caromize" to express the meaning of “cook a dish until the juices of the dish has reduced and is viscous”. ...
0
votes
1answer
364 views

So, should “Thailand” be pronounced as /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ or /ˈθaɪ.lænd/? [closed]

OK, I searched on the Internet and found that online dictionaries give the following pronunciation of Thailand as /ˈtaɪ.lænd/. Cambridge English Dictionary says noun /ˈtaɪ.lænd/ Oxford ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Can vs that ( /kæn/ vs /ðæt/ )

I’ve finally decided to take a look at my English pronunciation and it is being an awesome new world. I am focused on Received Pronunciation (British Standard) and one question comes to mind for which ...
4
votes
2answers
744 views

Why do American English speakers pronounce both syllables in “challah” equally?

I live in the US, and I've noticed that "challah" seems to be generally pronounced by Americans as something like /hala:/ (or possibly /ha:lə/), with either equal stress on both syllables or a slight ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

How to pronounce “seventeen” and “seventy”?

As titled, both of these words always sound similar to me. Sometimes, the stress of these words will shift. For example, "seventeen" will say "SEVENteen". I am not sure whether it is correct or not. ...
2
votes
4answers
568 views

How to pronounce “Calm”?

I need to know how "Calm" is exactly pronounced (whether the L is silent or not). And I need a good reference as an evidence.
3
votes
2answers
133 views

In Jamaican English, why is there no θ sound?

For example, three is pronounced as "tree," and thing is pronounced as "ting." How come Jamaicans do not have a θ sound in their accents?
2
votes
2answers
97 views

What was the original pronunciation of 'Zounds'?

According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the exclamation 'Zounds!' comes from the phrase 'God's wounds'. This seems to suggest that the original pronunciation rhymed with 'wounds' rather than ...