This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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0
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4answers
87 views

The pronunciation of “cult” and “coat”

I feel that they are very similar in the USA by a number of people (some other ones pronounce it like "caught"), how the native people distinguish them, if no context is given? In British English, ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Why do nouns and verbs which are stressed differently all exhibit the same variation?

I recently stumbled upon an interesting quirk regarding words that are both nouns and verbs. They seem to all follow the same stress pattern. Here are a few examples: NOUNS I have a really long ...
12
votes
1answer
217 views

What accents pronounce “quarter” as “korter”? Which other words can drop /w/ before /ɔr/ like this?

Many people drop the "w" from words like "dwarf," changing the pronunciation from /dwɔrf/ to /dɔrf/. This has led to the re-spelling "dorf" being used in some informal contexts, e.g. "Dorf Fort." My ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Is there another way than [ɜr] to pronounce the grapheme “or” in words like “world” in AmEng?

It seems like I've lost count of the number of times that I've noticed some native speakers of American English pronounce the grapheme "or" in words like "world" as [oʊr] or [ɔr] rather than [ɜr]. ...
35
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do I pronounce “horrible” so harrhibly?

With Friends Like These A few months ago, a couple good friends brought up a topic they know I disdain, and kept prodding me for my opinion on it. They wouldn't let up, until finally I proclaimed "[...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Hard “i” Soft “i” [duplicate]

I teach ESL Conversation classes to adult learners. They know that some words have a hard "i" and some a soft "i". Once I pronounce the words for them, it is just a question of remembering. But how ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Joule Pronounced “Jowl”

In Linus Pauling's book, "General Chemistry", in one of the annotations in the first chapter, he writes the following about the word "joule": " Usually pronounced to rhyme with howl." I have not found ...
62
votes
9answers
9k views

How is y’all’dn’t’ve pronounced

According to Wikipedia, y’all’dn’t’ve is a valid contraction. I am having difficulty pronouncing the L-D-N-T-V consonant cluster, especially since there is no vowel at the end (silent E). Y’all’dn’t’...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Help with pronunciation: Difference between 2 variations of the “short u” sound

I really need to distinguish between the 2 variations of the short u sound (in the red box in the pic below, many dictionaries have instructions for pronunciation like this). I can understand the ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Two words in a video [closed]

I have watched this video hundreds of times but there are two words I still can't figure out what they are. They have been bugging me and I would really appreciate if anyone could let me know what ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Could you explain the differences among voiced stop, voiceless unaspirated stop & voiceless aspirated stop?

Look at this picture for explaining various mechanics of pronunciation with the vocal cords. Source: wikimedia commons I don't understand it much. Here is what I understood -voiced stop: your ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Will we pronounce /t/ like a true T when /t/ is at beginning of a word but the syllable containing T is unstressed?

This website said The t is a regular, aspirated t sound when it is the first sound of a word or a stressed syllable A regular T is the one that is clearly aspirated. So, my question is that: ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Could you clarify this “Intervocalic Consonant” theory: “consonants are syllabified with the more strongly stressed of two flanking syllables.”?

There are not many questions of "Intervocalic Consonant" on Stackoverflow. Ok, I found this theory on the internet. It said: The main syllabification principle If allophonic rules are to be ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Could you list all stops & continuants?

See this youtube video at 17:18, the lady said that: for the stops, we can't prolong the sound for the continuants, we can prolong the sound as long as we still have air in our lungs. So,...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Was “pronunshiation” ever a common pronunciation of “pronunciation”?

I came across an old prescriptive pronunciation guide from 1843 that says "pronunciation" ought to be pronounced "pronunshiation" (with /ʃi/ instead of /si/). The author says that the pronunciation ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Why does written English have more variations in pronunciation than other languages? [closed]

According to my experience, in languages like German, French, Chinese, Japanese, etc., there are not so many exceptions in pronunciation as in English. For example, given a word in German or French, ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

How do I pronounce the combination of a regnal name/number and a dynasty name?

I know how to pronounce a regnal name with a regnal number after it, like Elizabeth I ("Elizabeth the First") or Charles IV ("Charles the Fourth"). But sometimes I see the regnal name/number followed ...
3
votes
1answer
441 views

How many syllables are in “orange”?

It seems whenever orange is spoken, it is spoken as one syllable. But it appears to be two. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary transcribes the pronunciation of orange as follows: \ˈär-inj, ˈär(...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Pronunciation of single-syllable words ending in -ost

In Modern English, there are several monosyllabic words ending in -ost, like "most", "cost", "post", "lost", "frost". Assuming RP, some of them are pronounced with /əʊ/ (post) and others with /ɒ/ (...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

What are the stress patterns and intonation patterns in “wh” questions?

I have a few problems with stress and inotation when asking questions in English. For example Do we need to stress the question words like "where" "how" or "what"? what is the inotation pattern?
5
votes
1answer
148 views

How can I teach an English speaking person to say my name correctly (Kjetil) [closed]

I have a purely Norwegian name, Kjetil. It is old norse and means "kettle" or "helmet". A couple of times now, aquaintances and new friends have asked me in chat or person how my name is really ...
98
votes
10answers
19k views

Is there any word in English where “th” sounds like “t+h”?

It might be a strange question, but I, as a non-native speaker (Pakistani), have listened to English pronunciations by my native people who have over time developed their own pronunciations. So, I ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Friday pronunciation [duplicate]

How is Friday pronounced? A friend of mine says "fry-deeh" but I've always heard it as "fry-day". Is it an accent?
0
votes
3answers
74 views

Is there a difference in pronunciation between grandma and grammar? [closed]

? Also is there a difference between morning and moaning? Assuming British as spoken in London ("Jafaican") but also interested in other dialects
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Does everyone in the U.S. (and beyond?) pronounce “Buick” with the Spanish B/V, or is this a regional thing?

There's a long and dry story to this, so I'll just get to the point and ask the question: Does everyone in the U.S. (and beyond?) pronounce the beginnng of the word "Buick" with the "Spanish" ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Why does “everyone” pronounce “spigot” as “spicket”? [closed]

There are many words that are commonly mispronounced, such as "recurring" being pronounced as "re-occurring," but that one at least has some logic to it, as something that is recurring is, in fact, re-...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

Can native English speaker tell the differences between [ɣ] voiced velar fricative and [g] voiced velar stop?

We dont have [g] in Vietnamese so I use [ɣ] instead. I wonder if it is acceptable since I can't tell the difference between them. And it seems like that native speaker cant distinguish the voiceless ...
0
votes
3answers
69 views

How to understand the pronunciation of informal English? [closed]

I moved to English speaking country a while ago. I always thought that my English is pretty well in both speaking and listening (understanding) parts. I understand 100% what is being said for ...
3
votes
3answers
169 views

the weak form of 'on'

I am confused at whether or not there is a weak form at preposition's 'ON'. I've checked at some dictionaries at Cambridge and Oxford dictionary, they don't mention on the weak form's pronunciation. ...
0
votes
4answers
297 views

How to position the tip of the tongue when pronouncing /s/ & /z/?

This website says, when making /s/ & /z/ sound, the tip of the tongue should be close to the upper backside of the top front teeth. But this video says, when making /s/ & /z/ sound, the tip ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

“In front of” pronunciation [closed]

In the Taylor Swift's song "Red" I heard "in fronning you" for what was supposed to be "in front of you." Why do some people pronounce it like "in fronning you"? I also don't know how I should ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Why is “appreciate” pronounced as though the “c” is an “sh”?

Why is it that "appreciate" is pronounced as though it were "appreshiate?"
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Pronunciation of words ending with “-tion” [duplicate]

As far as I can recall there are just a few words in the English language which end with the spelling -tion after an 'S' which have a pronunciation ending as 'chan'. But in South Asia, 99% of the ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

What's the rule for pronouncing “’s” as /z/ or /s/?

Is there a hard rule for what sound the 's makes? In words like John's, Dave's, man's, lord's, etc. it makes a /z/ sound, but in words like that's, it's, ship's, poet's, etc., it makes an /s/ sound.
2
votes
2answers
18k views

The difference between ''cringy'' and ''cringey'' [closed]

Can anyone explain to me the difference between these two words? I looked up them in a dictionary but I find the both meanings to be quite similar. Also, is there any difference in their pronuncation?...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Is there a rule for the position of the accent (stressed sound) in words ending with -ative?

For example, can declarative be pronounced similar to declaration for the accent (stressed sound)? I thought before that sometimes the position of the "accent", or the stressed sound of a word, ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

linking s/z and y

I realize some native speakers will create a new sound when linking s/z and y [j]. For example: Miss you = [mɪʃuː] "mishu" As you = [/æʒuː] "azhu" Is it okay if I just say [mɪsjuː] for "miss you" ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Pronunciation of “to”

After doing some research, I have noticed I have been saying the word "to" as [tʃu:], while most dictionaries and sources say I should pronounce it as [tu:]. But I have the impression that "to" is not ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Can the “t” letter be uttered as a flap t before the letter “h”?

I know the flap-t is usually used when the "t" is between vowels or between an "r" and a vowel, but I think I can also hear it betwenn vowels and the "h". And I noticed the same with the "g" I think. ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to pronounce the stop-t

could somebody tell me how would a native american pronounce the stop-t in the following sentences? -It would be nice to meet her. -I've got you. -Right now. I learned that we should bring our ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Words rhyming with “ear” pronounced with the vowel as in “eat”?

For words like ear, year, hear etc., most dictionaries only give the pronunciation /-ɪr/ (with the vowel as in the word it). But I think some native speakers pronounce them /-ir/ (with the vowel as in ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

How do the British pronounce these names? [closed]

Leif, as in Leif Ericsson; Elise, I know the British pronounce Denise like "dih-'neez"; Gisele; and Gisela
1
vote
2answers
176 views

Why is the word watch pronounced differently from words like patch, latch, match, catch, and batch?

Why doesn't watch rhyme with catch, batch, latch, patch, and match?
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Could you Clarify the Front - Back & Close - Open position & other positions in between in IPA vowel chart?

See the IPA vowel chart A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a front vowel is that the tongue is positioned as far in ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

First or second syllable accent for “tarot”

Is it acceptable to pronounce "tarot" with the accent on the second syllable? So, phonetically it would be pronounced "Ta-ROW." My own online research showed me that there were maybe one or two times ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

How do native English speakers pronounce these Vietnamese words “Le” & “Bo”?

I am Vietnamese & If I see "Le" & "Bo" I will pronounce them as /le/ & /bo/. But seem English doesn't have any /e/ or /o/ as a phoneme. A phoneme /ˈfoʊniːm/ is one of the units of sound ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Am I thinking right about “Front”, “Near-Front”, “Central”, “Near-Back”, “Back” position of IPA vowel chart?

See this Standard IPA Vowel chart Source I am confused of the "Front", "Near-Front", "Central", "Near-Back", "Back" position of the tongue. If you draw a straight line from the position "Near-Front"...
4
votes
3answers
173 views

Could you clarify /e/ and /ɛ/?

This is quite confused! In the Standard IPA Vowel chart, there are /e/ and /ɛ/, see the bellowed picture (Source) However, many American English Vowel charts don't have /e/. So, I think that Some ...
0
votes
1answer
183 views

Is there any word in English where the sound /o/ stands alone without being part of a diphthong?

See this picture (Source) See the vowel "o"? I couldn't find any word in the English dictionary that has the sound /o/ alone without being part of a diphthong. For example, in /ɡoʊ/ (go), the /ʊ/ ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How do you tell the difference between “wrong” and “run” in perception test?

Background Just developing a linguistic test - native English speakers can pass(100% correct), and L2 learners cannnot pass(even though they are very proficient). "Wrong vs run" pair was chosen. ...