This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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1answer
28 views

Pronunciation rules

I was always wondering if there is a compact set of rules that helps readers enunciate English words. One of the reasons why I believe there are such rules is that there are some online dictionaries ...
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1answer
39 views

Pronouncing 'Going' in UK English

How to pronounce 'going' in UK english? As per phonetics 'go' is pronounced as 'go-v' So when we add 'ing' whether we have to pronounce it 'go-v-ing'or just 'going'?
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3answers
86 views

For word pronunciation that have 2 consonants standing next to each other and at the end, Do we have to fully aspirate both of them?

I am confused about this question for long time but no internet resource explains about this. Ok, when we have a consonant followed by an vowel in a pronunciation then for sure we have to fully ...
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2answers
51 views

unreleased final consonant sounds [on hold]

in school I learned that unreleased final consonant sounds b,d,d,k,p,t my question is what does unreleased mean ? my 2 question He played well and ran fast . My teacher said the st in fast is ...
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0answers
47 views

How do i know if the word is stressed? [on hold]

Yesterday I had a lesson about stressed words. My question is how do i know if the word is stressed or not without listening to the pronunciation? Examples: He wants a job that lets them travel. ...
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2answers
51 views

How do i know if the word is step or glide in English [on hold]

today I have a lesson in school about steps and glides and i didn't understand it. My first question what are steps and glides? My second question is how do i know if the sentence ends with steps or ...
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2answers
72 views

Linking: Sibilant with Other Sibilants (was + starting)

I read in an American Accent book that there is no break between sibilants adjoining each other between words. For example, this phrase: I was starting to worry. The words was + starting sound ...
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1answer
39 views

How do you pronounce serpentine?

I have hear serpentine pronounced sir-pen-tine and sir-pen-teen. Which is correct or more common?
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3answers
70 views

When to pronounce # for pound, sharp, hash or hashtag? [duplicate]

How to pronounce # in a proper way? Currently, I know it's used to pronounce "pound" in US English, "hash" in British English, "sharp" for C#--a programming language, and number sign to list items. ...
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1answer
24 views

Used is pronounced as /juːzd/ or /juːst/? [on hold]

Different dictionary pronounces used differently. One as /juːst/ http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/used Other as /juːzd/ http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/used ...
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0answers
23 views

struggling in english communication [closed]

my problem has to communicate in english to others what step i will take to recover my communication and how to learn and improve my communication anyone can give correct solution for my problem My ...
1
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1answer
70 views

International Phonetic Alphabet: why are the symbols used for the letter “i” in “champion” and “billion” different?

If you have a look at the phonetic transcriptions (in IPA, International Phonetic Alphabet) of "champion" and "billion" you get a different symbol for the letter "i" (Cambridge Dictionaries Online, ...
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2answers
42 views

Why is 'sort of' pronounced /sɔːrdəv/ in AmE though /t/ is not between vowels?

Sort /sɔːrt/ of /əv/ Why is "sort of" pronounced /sɔːrdəv/ in American English even though /t/ is not between the two vowels /r/ & /ə/?
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1answer
47 views

Why people pronounce “penetrative” with two stresses? [on hold]

One stress is on "pen". The other on "tra". This seems very unusual to me since I had the impression that most English words are supposed to be pronounced with one stress only.
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5answers
78 views

Why there is difference in pronunciation of words PUT and CUT? [closed]

I always wonder why the words Put and Cut are pronounced differently.
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1answer
34 views

Is it optional to voice the final letter and linking sound?

I am learning English and I like to observe how people say it. Most of time, I hear "but I" as "buttai", "out of" as "outtof" In this case, the T is pronounced. However, I also hear when people say ...
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1answer
44 views

Are there any words with a hard “C” preceeding an 'I' in words starting with “ci”?

Are there any English words that are pronounced with a hard "keh" sound as their first syllable, and begin with the two letters 'ci' in their spelling? I ask purely out of curiosity, since I was ...
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0answers
22 views

How do you look up what lexical set a word belongs to?

(I mean phonological lexical sets, if that wasn't clear.) How do you look up what lexical set a word is in? Is there any sort of open database anywhere? Like, say I have the LOT/CLOTH merger, and I ...
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0answers
69 views

One-but-love split

I am not a native speaker of English, so I couldn't find the answer by myself. Any help would be appreciated. I have the feeling that the sound written ʌ as in /bʌt/, /wʌn/ and /lʌv/, is pronounced ...
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1answer
53 views

Pronouncing the word “getting” [duplicate]

When some people pronounce the word "getting", it sounds to me like they're saying something like "get'n". Is that some kind of dialect?
1
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1answer
62 views

English Pronunciation Easter Eggs [closed]

I have been wondering recently if there are any Pronunciation "Easter Eggs" in the English language (not unlike how "Ghoti" is pronounced like "Fish"). Are there any others? Please provide phonetic ...
0
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3answers
58 views

Mark to indicate pronunciation of a letter [closed]

My last name is Noe. The e is supposed to be pronounced, but the majority of people think it is silent. I would like to put some kind of stress mark over the e so people will start pronouncing it ...
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0answers
25 views

Do you pronounce official as /əˈfiSHəl/?

Do you pronounce official as /əˈfiSHəl/? I thought it was pronounced with an "o" sound as in the word "office" in the beginning of the word instead of a schwa (ə) sound. In the Cambridge dictionary ...
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0answers
35 views

Is there a correct pronunciation for me?

Fairly recently I got a new job which involves a lot of customer interaction. Up to this point I hadn't really thought about the way I pronounce certain words, then all of a sudden I found myself ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Pronunciation of 'finance' and 'financial' in the media

This is just something I've noticed over the last few years in the English (UK) media and I wondered if there is some explanation for it. It used to be that 'financial' and 'finance' were pronounced ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Thrown by 'a broncho.' Or is it a 'bronco'? Or a 'bronc'?

Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, first edition (1908) has this entry for broncho: Broncho (brŏn´kō), n. {Sp. bronco rough, wild.} A native or a Mexican horse of small size. {Western U.S.} Four ...
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1answer
45 views

What do they say in a linked video? (5 words)

A video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vUVvDM0tIjU Now parts I'm not getting: 0:21 'till my father was (?). I've been so (?) for quite...' 2:09 '...a shift from (?) enlighting to...' 2:21 ...
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3answers
49 views

How do you pronounce ACoA? [closed]

How should I pronounce ACoA - the acronym standing for Adult Children of Alcoholics?
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0answers
74 views

Is effect pronounced as /ɪˈfekt/ or as /əˈfekt/?

This page ( https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/american_english/effect ) lists it as /əˈfekt/ for American English, but when you click on the pronounce button it is pronounced as /ɪˈfekt/. ...
3
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2answers
153 views

Should the IPA of the word “conscious” be /ˈkɑːnʃəs/ or /ˈkɑːntʃəs/?

Ok, see the word "conscious" has the IPA /ˈkɑːnʃəs/ in the Oxford Learner's Dictionary However, when you listen clearly, you will feel like it should be /ˈkɑːntʃəs/ not /ˈkɑːnʃəs/. So it should read ...
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1answer
36 views

Might use help transcribing a sentence

Could someone please help me with the following: What are man's words from 1:13 time mark to 1:16 in this video: How Were the Pyramids Built? I'm making subtitles for that video, so I'd really like ...
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0answers
35 views

Has there ever been “ 'tis ” in AmE?

'Tis which is the contraction of it is. I heard it was contracted due to the way it's pronounced--the accent; because the accent is at the T. So, just wondering if AmE uses this 'tis, where T's tend ...
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1answer
28 views

Pronounciation of “neusis”

The ancient Greek "neusis" technique basically means the use of a a straightedge with two marked points on it; as is well known with such a device, in addition to the usual Euclidean tools, one can ...
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2answers
241 views

Why do we say “archenemy” differently from “archangel” and “architecture”?

Like other words that start with "arch-", archenemy is partly derived from arkhi or arkhos from the Greek (Wikipedia), meaning chief. But why is it said differently, using a "ch" sound, from ...
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0answers
71 views

Pronunciation of “Personally” and “Finally”

I always hear people say "personly" and "finely" instead of "personally" and "finally" when they speak. I wonder whether this reduction can apply to other words ending with "-nally"? Just like ...
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1answer
80 views

Pronunciation Dilemma

How acceptable/appropriate is the pronunciation of words such as "Christian" and "fortune"/"fortunate" with a [t] sound as opposed to [ʃ]? I personally prefer the former but I believe that it's not ...
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2answers
92 views

Did I hear rightly – “Shiite Houthis are stated in to return the President to office.”

The answer would be very likely "No." I’ve been listening to AP Radio news, and heard the news of May 15 reporting the outcome of cease-fire negotiation between Saudi-led forces and Shiite Houthis as ...
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5answers
2k views

Why is “meta” pronounced differently to “beta”? [closed]

Is there an etymological explanation to this? Why is "meta" pronounced ˈmɛtə while "beta" is pronounced ˈbeɪtə or ˈbiːtə? (Pronunciations taken from Cambridge Dictionaries Online)
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1answer
53 views

Should I use the weak or the strong form in this sentence for the word “as”?

"Went straight up as if from a factory" <---- for the word "as" in this sentence should I say it like /æz/ or like /əz/ ?
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0answers
50 views

Exaggerating the pronunciation of a vowel or consonant

Is there a word for exaggerating the pronunciation of a vowel or consonant by holding it longer than normal? When conveying this in writing, does it fall in the same category as an accent or dialect ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Why are these spellings pronounced “non phonetically?”

In Anglo English, the word ewe (female sheep) is pronounced "you," rather than, say, "e-weh." Likewise, the surname Ewell, is pronounced "yule," rather than "e-well." Why is that?
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2answers
95 views

Winged or Wingèd?

Okay.. here is the problem: In a certain story I am writing, I have a place called the "Winged Lion Inn" which serves as a locus for several story-related events. I have a friend that insists it ...
3
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1answer
122 views

Are there rules for pronunciation of words ending in “-ton”?

Here are 4 words ending in "_ton": Proton - /ˈprəʊ.tɒn/ Cotton - /ˈkɑt.n̩/ Mutton - /ˈmʌtn̩/ Wanton - /ˈwɒntən/ Even though the words end in -ton, the pronunciation varies. ...
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1answer
61 views

Pronunciation of “I'm going to” - Part 2

This question is a further question regarding my previous thread.(Pronunciation of "I'm going to") Thank you for everyone who answered this question. I read that saying "I muh-nuh" (eg. ...
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2answers
152 views

Pronunciation of “I'm going to”

I'm not a native English speaker but I've recently moved to the US. I've been noticing that when people say "I'm going to" (or I'm gonna), a lot of people here always pronounce it like "I muh-nuh", so ...
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1answer
83 views

Mischievous pronounced (mis-CHEEV-ee-us) [closed]

I'm getting sick of hearing some people pronouncing the word mischievous (mis-CHEEV-ee-us) when there's no I between the V and the O. It's a three-syllable word pronounced (MIS-chiv-us). Why do some ...
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2answers
225 views

Is there any English word starting with “gh” and “gh” is not pronounced as /ɡ/?

Gh is a digraph in English (and in some other languages). In English, you can see it at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the word. If ⟨gh⟩ is not at the beginning of the word, it is ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there such a thing as a “hard” D and a “soft” D sound? [closed]

Such as in graduation? Is that a soft D like it would be for vowels?
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2answers
54 views

'What are you' and 'what do you': same pronunciation in AmE…?

The ELL question Do Americans pronounce 'are' as 'do' in 'what are waiting for?' brought to my attention something I've not noticed before. In normal conversational (or faster) speech, it seems What ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Why are “suffice” and “sufficient” pronounced so differently?

Today I heard somebody use a form of the verb "suffice" (which means "to be sufficient") pronouncing it like the verb "surface" without an r (and where that "a" makes more of an "i" sound). This ...