This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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6
votes
3answers
50 views

Why are Leicester & co pronounced as they are?

What is the origin of the pronunciation of words like Leicester, Gloucester, Worcestershire? Presumably, the pronunciation predates the spelling but what is the history here? What language do the ...
-3
votes
1answer
54 views

How are new words created? Centuries ago there was no organization that created new words [on hold]

Some of the words are so hard to pronounce for me like unequivocal, inadvertently, or entrepreneur, whoever created entrepreneur probably had been drunk with vibrating tongue.
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

What phonetic phenomenon is with /mps/ of the word 'palimpsest'? [on hold]

What phonetic phenomenon is with the sequence of sound /mps/ for the word 'palimpsest'? What's the academic term of that?
-2
votes
1answer
35 views

How does one properly pronounce 'enunciation'? [on hold]

Is enunciation ever pronounced with a 'y' sound at the beginning?
1
vote
2answers
192 views

The proper way to say “Mocha” the coffee drink

I have noticed that most of the time when I go to Starbucks and order a mocha, the cashier doesn't seem to understand unless I repeat it. I am trying to think why is that the case since it is a very ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Pronunciation of “nomenclature”

"Nomenclature". OED has two pronunciations for it: nə(ʊ)ˈmɛŋklətʃə (nuh-men-cla-cher) and ˈnəʊmənˌkleɪtʃə (nomen-clay-cher) I use the former of the two, albeit without any real reason. ...
33
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is “cupboard” pronounced with a silent “p”?

According to Google at least, the word "cupboard" originated in late Middle English as denoting a board that held cups. Since then, the word has evolved to mean a kind of cabinet. My question is, ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Linking confusion

I just want to ask a quick question that is confused to me, in the verb phrase: "picked out". When I link these words together, I say "pick tout". However, my English teacher told me that is not ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What's this? What is it? Pronunciation constraints

Can anyone give a cogent, simply described explanation of why the verb BE in: What is it? ... doesn't seem to be able to be contracted with the subject: What's it? * Compare the sentences ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Where do people pronounce “ank” as /eŋk/ vs. /æŋk/?

Let's use "bank" as an example. Some Americans pronounce it /bæŋk/, using the vowel of TRAP. Others pronounce it /beŋk/, using the vowel of FACE. Where are these two pronunciations found?
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Why are only some “u” words pronounced with a glide in American English?

In most words with a long U that doesn't start a syllable, it is pronounced /uː/. Examples: student, reduce, introduce. However, in some words (such as music, mule, human) it is pronounced /juː/. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Pronunciation of “influence” [closed]

What's the correct pronunciation of "influence"? Specifically, which syllable is stressed? I always thought it was INfluence, but recently I heard it pronounced inFLUence by some people. Which one is ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

How do you pronounce 'vegan'?

Theoretically, there are four possible pronunciations of 'vegan' due to two syllables constituting this word, namely, 've'('vee' or 'vay'?) and 'gan'('gun' or 'gen' as in 'generate'?). The online ...
49
votes
4answers
14k views

In the word “Scent”, is the S or the C silent?

So I saw a post on a funny pictures site... "In the word "Scent", is the S or the C silent?" And I thought I could ask about it here. In particular, how does the pronunciation of "scent" differ ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

How is cereal pronounced? [closed]

Which of the following ways is cereal (as in breakfast cereal) pronounced? Serial, as in a serial number or Se-real, where the "ce" is "se", not "see" (short "e").
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Recommended pronunciation of international English for foreigners

There are some differences in the pronunciation of English in USA and in UK. Furthermore, there are differences in the pronunciation in different areas of the same country. Examples: "go" is ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Nasalization in IPA

I am learning IPA to learn the English pronunciation. When "n" is inserted after a vowel and it is not followed by another vowel, how to know if /n/ is pronounced or it is only a mark to nasalize the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Literary and colloquial readings in English?

Some Chinese languages have the concept of Literary and colloquial readings, where the pronunciation of words, if you will, change between literary readings and vernacular readings. Does English have ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Difference between IPA ɚ, ɹ, and ɝ

Wanting to be more Californian and trying to correct my accent, I'm looking at the sound for mother, in the North America column. What is the difference between IPA symbols for ɚ, ɹ, and ɝ. (ɝ is not ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

some questions about pronunciation [closed]

I notice that some words have the same prefix but are pronounced differently; for example: precision, preference, prescription, etc. Are there rules about pronunciation that you apply when you find a ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Pronunciation of “butcher” [closed]

I was born in the East Midlands where we say “coop of tea” instead of “cap of tea”, and we sit on “grass” rather than “grarse”. I've been arguing with some Londoners about how to pronounce the word ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

How to pronounce meijer [closed]

There is a supermarket called Meijer near my house, how do you pronounce 'Meijer' ? Does it sound like 'mire' ?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Pronounce abreviation/acronym as word or based

If you have an abbreviation that reads like a word, should you pronounce it like the word it reads like, or the words it came from? For example, in the software development world there is a JAR ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

English, Latin, or Malay pronunciation of betta fish

The genus name of the aquarium fish Betta splendens derives from the Malay word "ikan betah." The common name of the fish is also "betta," which in English we'd pronounce with a soft e. I often hear ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Variations in the pronunciation of “the”

Although there are rather simple rules determining the pronunciation of "the", native speakers quite often deviate from these rules (including, e.g., TV shows). According to the Longman Pronunciation ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

“Flushed out” or “Fleshed out” [closed]

I think this is a mispronunciation, but I'm not sure... Is "To thoroughly vet something" to "flush it out" or "flesh it out"? "flush" makes intuitive sense, but I've heard "fleshed out" plenty of ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Pronunciation of “-” sign, particularly in Unix commands

While talking about commands for command-line interface, I sometimes need to pronounce how command should be typed, like this one: nc -l -p 1234 I used to pronounce - sign in this context as a ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

How is the spelling of a hyphenated word read?

How is the spelling of a hyphenated word usually read out loud? For example, with "Anglo-Saxon", do we say: "It is spelt as ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Words with multiple allowable pronunciations

Long time listener, first time caller. I was chatting with some friends, and GIF and nuclear came up. GIF is pretty unique, we considered, as we allow both /dʒɪf/ and /gɪf/ for its pronunciation. ...
5
votes
3answers
86 views

What is the common and/or member pronunciation of 'Marylebone' in 'Marylebone Cricket Club'?

There are lots of Internet discussions on how to pronounce 'Marylebone'. But given the context of 'Marylebone Cricket Club' (MCC), what is the most common pronunciation among UK people and/or MCC ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What determines the pronunciation of the prefix 'arch-'? [duplicate]

In the case of an archbishop, or archvillian it is pronounced arch. In the case of archetype, it is prounounced ark-e-type In the case of an archenemy I think you would say ark - enemy Is it simply ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

'r' sound before 'th' sound

I'm learning British English. The r is usually dropped, so I never noticed a little thing, most of the time when I use an r before the th sound, my tongue does a kind of a tap or something between r ...
0
votes
2answers
155 views

How to distinguish “can” and “can't” pronunciation in American English? [duplicate]

I am a student in China learning American English. I have listened to some videos and found it hard to distinguish can from can’t. I am looking for some advice that may help me.
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Are English speakers reluctant to use /l/ in a consonant cluster mid word?

A relative of mine recently went on a rant regarding the pronunciation of 'jewelry' (as joo-la-ree) and 'realtor' (as ree-la-ter). It reminded me of the oft criticized pronunciation of 'nuclear' and I ...
-3
votes
1answer
41 views

Pronunciation of Trapezoid? [closed]

How do you pronounce Trapezoid? Phonetic Alphabet answer preferred.
0
votes
0answers
68 views

any rules for pronouncing “V” sound?

For example, "Is there any cars available?" When the speed of speech is getting faster, it isn't really going easy to make sure of making a lip formation about V where the bottom lip must be behind ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

What is a good way to learn about words whose pronunciations are very different from how they are spelt

It is embarrassing to be caught mispronouncing an aphonetic(?) word whose pronunciation is not intuitive. Are there any comprehensive word lists (may be the 5000 popular words that are commonly ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

“Unionized” vs. ”Un-ionized” [duplicate]

I know there exists a term for the to–too–two situation where the words are pronounced the same but spelled differently. Is there a term for the situation of unionized /ˈjuːnɪənɑɪzd/ and un-ionized ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Do vowels have a natural pitch?

I cannot help but perceive the [i:] in be as "lighter" (higher in pitch) than the [æ] in cat. Boot sounds even lower (when not altering the pitch intentionally). Is that self-persuasion or could a ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

How to say “Castile” [closed]

I am from Castile, NY. As far as I can tell it is the only town in the USA with that name. We say the name like /kae-STAI-ol/, but I am aware that many people pronounce it like /kae-STEEL/. The name ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

pronunciation : Vine vs Vineyard

Why vin in vine sounds similar to vice, but vin in vineyard is similar to that in the name Vincent? I would expect since both vine and vineyard are related to grape in some way, they probably should ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Palatalization of “t” followed by “y”

I often hear "that you" pronounced (roughly) like "thatch you". I've taken on pronouncing it like that until my English teacher implored me not to do so. Is there a consensus on whether this is rude ...
0
votes
3answers
74 views

Where should I put stress on these sentences?

I am studying intonation and stress in English, and would like advice on where to put stress on these sentences. "How do you do?" Does it sound like this? HOW do you DO? Where should I put stress on ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

TH sound, is it continuant or stop?

How do you all pronounce the TH sound when speaking fast? For example, I've learned to pronounce the TH sound like a continuant sound, for example the hard one: ð. I start doing a Z, so this Z go ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Pronounciation of with

For me its quite hard to pronounce 'with' correctly, especially when I try to speak faster. For example saying 'with sauce" nearly breaks my tongue. Do you have any advice for me? Can I reduce the ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

What does 'Roodow (wrongly spelled, only the sound)' mean?

In Australia, I have met a lot of people saying a word (sound like) 'roudow' to respond (mostly to end, like 'alright' equivalent) a conversation. I have been searching around but haven't got any clue ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Which is the correct phonetic transcription of the word play, [ple] or [plei]?

In some books, the long "a" found in words like say, play, etc. are transcribed as /sei/, /plei/ respectively but in some others the same words are transcribed /se/ and /ple/. Which one is correct? ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How to pronounce 100ish? [closed]

How do you pronounce 100ish and similar words? a hundred-ish ?
3
votes
3answers
104 views

Correct pronunciation of historic

Here in the UK I have observed an odd change in perhaps the last five years and I’m curious to learn whether we have drifted away from or arrived at the correct pronunciation. It seems that the “H” ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Can [gi] sound be at the end of an English word? [closed]

I am an Arabic person, and my family name is "Basrugi", but, what I know is that if the letter 'g' be followed by 'e', 'i', or 'y' it will be pronounced as /dʒiː/. So, when an English person reads ...