A pronoun is a word that can function by itself as a noun phrase.

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I looked at the mirror and saw: “me” or “myself”?

Which one is right to use in the following sentence? I looked at the mirror and saw Me / Myself.
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1answer
92 views

Cohesive devices

Hi I'm analysing an old advertisement at the moment. Below's a picture of it, I'm stumped on one thing. Can someone tell me if the pronouns 'you' and 'your' are anaphoric references or exophoric ...
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4answers
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How are pronouns resolved?

Are pronouns in English resolved syntactically or semantically? Do they always refer to the closest matching noun? A wikipedia article has these examples: We gave the bananas to the monkeys ...
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2answers
389 views

Antecedents of indefinite pronouns

Consider the sentence, "Most of the apples are fresh." Is it incorrect to say that apples is the antecedent of the indefinite pronoun most?
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1answer
124 views

Substituting 'many a …' with a pronoun

Consider the sentence: Many a rose bloomed in the garden. If you had to substitute "many a rose" with a pronoun, what would it be? "Many a ..." takes a singular verb. Does that mean it can be ...
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1answer
44 views

'It' referring to a totality of more than just one entity

"My father loved to paint. He was a very accomplished amateur painter. Oils-he painted pictures of abandoned mills, and of barns, and of people and sailboats and lighthouses. All of it was ...
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3answers
307 views

Does this sentence require the pronoun 'they'?

I have the following sentence: There were several dominoes—some so precariously placed that I'd swear should have toppled over. I believe it's correct, but when read quickly or out loud, ...
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0answers
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Is this just a peculiarity of the specific text, or does the disuse of “‑self” to indicate the reflexive here speak to broader trends?

In the 1917 JPS translation of the Hebrew Bible, we have, in Ecclesiastes 2: I made me great works; I builded me houses; I planted me vineyards; I made me gardens and parks, and I planted trees in ...
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1answer
31 views

Is this an ambiguous pronoun? [on hold]

In time, Steven got over his despair and he wanted to do something with his life. He went to the town mayor and asked for financial support for an education. It was never done at the time, but ...
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3answers
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What does the “yours” in “yours sincerely” mean?

"Yours" is usually a possessive pronoun with an implicit noun. What is the implicit noun in the case of "yours sincerely"?
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2answers
68 views

Can the pronoun “one” precede the thing it is referring to in a sentence?

I give an example so you understand right away what I'm asking. Does the following sentence sound right: Users are parts of not only the one being discussed right now, but the already-mentioned two ...
3
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2answers
53 views

Possessive of “it” when used as a noun to name itself [closed]

When speaking of the word "it", "it" is a noun and can double as a pronoun for itself. For example, I can say something like the following: It's first letter is an i. Its second letter is a t. ...
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1answer
53 views

Which of these two sentences is correct? [duplicate]

I don't like YOU leaving early. I don't like YOUR leaving early.
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1answer
83 views

What types of words/phrases are “this” “here” & “they”?

I'm currently doing an analytic essay on my drama coursework (fun.). I'd like to explain how the playwright never reveals the exact setting of the act, by using only phrases such as "this","here", and ...
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0answers
57 views

How refer to the god and devil using pronouns and adverbs?

I'm trying to phrase a sentence where I want to refer to the god and the devil/satan by using a combination of pronouns and adverbs rather than their names or nouns such as "good/evil", "divine power" ...
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2answers
4k views

“Him/Her” vs “Himself/Herself”

As a unit admin I’m often typing award certificates. The last line of the award citation usually goes something like this: Private Joan Smith actions reflect great credit upon herself, the 120th ...
2
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2answers
635 views

Can a “who” act as both a pronoun and a conjunction at the same time?

Example: I will sue the person who murdered my neighbour. In the preceding example, should we treat who as a relative pronoun, a conjunction, or both?
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2answers
127 views

Pronoun reference & other enigmas in a poem by H. D. Thoreau

I'm trying to understand an excerpt from a poem — "Inspiration", by Henry David Thoreau (see below) — but there are two bits I can't quite get. The first confusing part is the verse "and in my day ...
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8answers
4k views

Using “them” instead of “those”

Background: Nowadays, I see this usage a lot. I don't know if it was this common in the past. For example: "one of them people" When I did a research about it, some people say it comes from a ...
2
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1answer
62 views

“Find” as a transitive verb

I know that in this example I find it quite hard to do something the verb "to find" must be followed by the pronoun "it". But what if I say One thing I found "it" to get used to doing is… ...
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2answers
67 views

Personal pronoun before noun? [duplicate]

Before Sarah can board the bus, she needs to get some coins for the fare. Before she can board the bus, Sarah needs to get some coins for the fare. My questions are: Between the above ...
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1answer
120 views

Meaning of “it” in “it [. . .] settled into its unbreakable parts”

Please help me understand the meaning of “settled into its unbreakable parts” as used in this excerpt below from Flannery O’Connor’s The Violent Bear It Away: He was sitting forward on the seat, ...
6
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2answers
280 views

Antecedent of “which” in “A man coming out of the backdoor of his house which is facing east”

In a recent quiz there was a question: A man coming out of the backdoor of his house which is facing east... In this scenario, should I understand the meaning to be 'the house is facing east,' ...
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2answers
338 views

Ambiguity in use of relative pronouns

The animal ate the father of Jay, who was an engineer. So who is the engineer here? Father or Jay? How can I use which, that, who to refer to the whole object or only to parts of the object?
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2answers
135 views

Antecedent of “its” in “the dog attacked the cat and its friends” [duplicate]

The dog attacked the cat and its friends. Does the sentence imply that the dog attacked the cat and the cat's friends, or that it attacked the cat and the dog's friends? How would one properly ...
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1answer
102 views

Inexplicable 'it'

I have myself used and been OK with it in sentences like: What is it that you're doing? What is it that it means? But now I can't quite understand why it is necessary here. Also a ...
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1answer
480 views

Can the antecedent ever be in a prepositional phrase?

It seems like a basic concept, but I want to make sure. Can the antecedent ever be in a prepositional phrase? For example: Jill likes running with Julie. She is a good person. Does she refer to ...
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4answers
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Antecedent of “it” in “it fared with him as with the storm-tossed ship” in context

When on that shivering winter's night, the Pequod thrust her vindictive bows into the cold malicious waves, who should I see standing at her helm but Bulkington! I looked with sympathetic awe and ...
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2answers
52 views

Usage of possessive pronouns in subordinate clause or main clause?

To my knowledge, personal pronouns and the noun they represent can be inter-swapped. So both these sentences are correct. (I may be wrong, I'm not sure.) "Unless she arrives here early, Susan will be ...
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2answers
30 views

When “who” is an antecedent, does it need to directly touch the person it's referring to?

When who is an antecedent, does it need to directly touch the person it's referring to? For example: I called Sally, who urged me to move in with her in Texas. OR I called Sally, the mother ...
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1answer
28 views

It wasn't someone or I vs. It wasn't me or someone (usage in denial statement) [duplicate]

If one was to state that neither him or another person committed a certain act, how would that be phrased with proper grammar? ex. Who broke that window? It wasn't me or Steve. vs. It wasn't Steve ...
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1answer
36 views

What does the “it” replace in this passage from a Murakami short story?

I would like some help with what the word it in the paragraph below (with emphasis added; the word is not emphasized in this way in the original). Does it refer to the TV or the antenna outlet? The ...
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1answer
47 views

Why are plural pronouns used for a singular third person? [duplicate]

My initial concept was: One should finish one's meal. When a user logs in to his/her email... A person bought a cake for his/her work. However, in the recent (8-10) years, I have been ...
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7answers
12k views

What’s the rule for using “who” and “whom” correctly?

I can never figure out whether I should use who and whom. Most people use who for both colloquially, but that’s not correct. What’s the rule for using who and whom correctly?
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0answers
45 views

Use of 'My' vs. 'Me' as in 'Me doing something'? [duplicate]

So I believe I've heard this before but I'm not entirely sure, nor am I sure if it's correct grammatically or not: using the word 'my' instead of 'me' with some form of 'doing'. Here's an example: ...
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1answer
54 views

Can 'him or her' be replaced with 'them'? [duplicate]

One of my friends asked me to solve the following question. The problem is, if you start with the following sentence: He or she wants you to leave him or her alone. Is it OK to replace him or ...
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3answers
37 views

“We” or “I”, which pronoun to use [closed]

Three people (including myself) are going to eat kebab. Which of the below is the correct one? We are going to eat kebab with James and Bill. I am going to eat kebab with James and Bill.
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2answers
10k views

“like I” or “like me”?

In high school we learned to say "than I" and "as I" because you could potentially add an "am" to the end of the sentence. Examples: "She is smarter than I." (Think: "...than I am.") "He is as tall ...
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2answers
34 views

“someone or I” and “me or someone”

I have looked at all the related posts but can't find a definite answer for the following question, so try not to dismiss this as answered: "John or I will get back to you later" "Me or John will get ...
0
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3answers
45 views

Use of a pronoun with another person [duplicate]

Which is the correct form? Tommy and she went to the store. OR She and Tommy went to the store. I hear the second example much more frequently in conversation, but I believe the first one is ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Referring to oneself and another person at the start of a sentence

Me and Larry had a meeting today. Larry and me had a meeting today. I and Larry had a meeting today. Larry and I had a meeting today. I know the third one is wrong (because it doesn't ...
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3answers
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Why should a copula link two noun phrases of the same case?

http://english.stackexchange.com/a/30392/50720 motivated this question: To quote from the clear explanation: The rule for what [Fowler] and others consider technically right is ... that ...
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1answer
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Usage question about plural pronouns [closed]

Is there a great deal of difference in meaning between the following sentences? These looked very different. They looked very different. They seem the same to me, but perhaps I am ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Formation of Reflexive Pronouns [duplicate]

In English possessive adjectives and reflexive pronouns are I - My - Myself You - Your - Yourself He - His - Himself * She - Her - Herself * It - Its - Itself * They (sing.) - Their - Themself * We ...
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5answers
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Referring to objects as “she”

Sometimes people are referring to mechanical objects as "she": I love my car. She always gets the best service. Are there any rules when it is appropriate to use "she" instead of it, and is "he" ...
4
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3answers
81 views

ESL text: “I notice similarities between myself and . . . ”: Acceptable use of reflexive pronoun?

In an ESL class, a student asked a difficult question about the use of “myself” in the following sentence: I notice similarities between myself and other people more than differences. (Speak ...
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3answers
222 views

Confused about proper nouns like Dad and Mom [duplicate]

Im confused because well people say that sometimes you use a capital letter in mom and dad. So when do you use capital letters for mom and dad?
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3answers
37 views

Sentence: use of is/are with you yourself

Can't seem to figure this one out: Of course, it is more difficult to analyze those signs if you yourself is/are stressed beyond belief. Both seem to sound wrong (or maybe I'm overworking). ...
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2answers
51 views

Avoiding reflexive pronouns

Say, for some reason, it's preferable to avoid pronouns when referring to someone. With most forms of pronouns, it's easy to do so by substituting their name in. Consider: She likes the bread of her ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Is “each” an adverb, pronoun, determiner, or what else? [duplicate]

What do Online Dictionaries Say? Cambridge Dictionaries Online says each is used as an adverb in the following examples: There are five leaflets – please take one of each. Each of the brothers ...