The present tense is a grammatical tense that locates a situation or event in present time.

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If I do VS If I did

Do these sentences mean exactly the same thing? If yes, why does (a) use the present tense and (b) the past? (a) IF I WIN the lottery, I WILL buy a big house. (b) IF I WON the lottery, I WOULD BUY ...
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345 views

Can a past participle phrase stand at the end of a sentence?

For a present participle phrase, I've seen: Seeking advice from the pros, she visited the website. She visited the website, seeking advice from the pros. For a past participle phrase, ...
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2k views

Difference between “have had” and “having”

What is the difference between the following two sentences? I have had a headache since this morning. I am having a headache since this morning.
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195 views

Can verb tense be changed mid-sentence for something that still exists?

Look at this sentence: I knew that the sky is blue. To me, it doesn't make sense to say the sky was blue since it still is blue. Even so, is it grammatically incorrect to say I knew that the sky ...
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186 views

for + present perfect or past simple

Have you ever danced? This is kind of a usual question. What if I wanna ask someone about his experience and find out how long it lasted. Can I say Have you ever danced for 5 hours? (and we're just ...
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585 views

When telling a story and describing objects in the story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense? [closed]

When describing objects in telling a story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense, if the effects of the story still hold true on them? Since it is a story it should be in ...
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1answer
4k views

What's the difference between “has had,” and “had had?” [closed]

I was writing an essay for my school project, and I stumbled upon this type of grammatical situation and thought if anyone knew the answer to it? I've searched all over the internet but nothing ...
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3answers
1k views

Why is “the test is failed” acceptable?

In software interfaces, technical documentation, scientific documentation and legal documents, I see phrases like: The build is failed. The test is failed. If the test is failed,... It ...
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2answers
174 views

Sequence of Tense [duplicate]

Which one is correct? Centuries ago, people weren't aware that the planets revolved around the sun. Centuries ago, people weren't aware that the planets revolve around the sun. In my ...
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1answer
211 views

Is this typical for the Present Simple?

I have noticed that there are some phrases which are typically found used with the Present Simple while it is not impossible to use them with the Present Continuous. And I am talking about such ...
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2answers
7k views

“Is used” vs. “has been used” vs. “was used”

I have three sentences of which I'm not sure which one is grammatical, and why. It refers to the Eiffel Tower. It is used as the symbol of Paris and of France for over a century. It was ...
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1answer
542 views

Can we use past perfect progressive in the context where present tense is predominantly used?

As I understand, past perfect is used to express an action that had happened before something else in the past. But in the paragraph I came across, there appeared past perfect progressive in the ...
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599 views

Present perfect continuous

Are the answers I chose correct. My choices are in bold. I have been pumping/I have pumped up three tyres. Would you like to do the forth? I have been greasing/I have greased my car. That's why my ...
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1answer
238 views

Present perfect continuous

How are we to understand whether present perfect progressive implies that the action is still in progress, versus implying it has stopped just now or recently? In simple sentences like these two, ...
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231 views

Why doesn't the singular verb “pass” take an “-es” suffix in this sentence? [duplicate]

As I was studying Peterson’s Master TOEFL Writing Skill, I saw the sentence: Teamwork requires that a player pass the ball whoever is in the best position to make the goal. I wonder why pass ...
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2answers
687 views

Why present perfect in “When the night has come”?

In the song “Stand by Me”, we see a sentence like “when the night has come.” I was taught that in a when clause, we use the past tense, yet the present perfect has been used in the sentence cited ...
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2answers
148 views

'I knew you are John's brother' vs 'I knew you were John's brother'

Suppose you are John's brother, and I talked with you several days ago. I knew that when I talked with you. Now I'm meeting with you again and want to tell you I knew then that you are John's ...
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1answer
285 views

Present perfect or simple past [duplicate]

Why is it better to use simple past than present perfect in the first six sentences? 1.Did you win the game of chess? 2.Did you see Ann? 3.Did you call Jane? 4.When did you join the company? 5.Did ...
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187 views

“I stay in Canada” vs. “I will stay in Canada” [duplicate]

Situation: I am in Canada and will go back to Hong Kong next week. So, I want to tell my friends that "I will stay in Canada until the 6th of March". Question: I do not know if the word will should ...
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1answer
260 views

A conditional with present tense vs. the subjunctive?

I may just be in my own head, but I'm trying to figure out how these two sentences differ: If you walk down the street, you'll see an oak tree. If you were to walk down the street, you'd see ...
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4answers
5k views

“I came from Italy” or “I come from Italy”

If I originally lived in Italy and then moved to the United States and currently live in the United States. Then somebody asked me where I am from. I say: I come/came from Italy. Should it ...
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2answers
104 views

“The more time a person invests” vs. 'the more time a person will invest'

Consider the following two sentences: Because the more time a person invests into specific interests, the better their results. Because the more time a person will invest into their specific ...
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201 views

“Decided to do X the next time she went for a walk” vs. “…the next time she goes for a walk”

I came across this sentence in the book Grammar Essentials for Dummies which confused me. The lion with a thorn in her paw decided to wear sneakers the next time she went for a walk in the jungle. ...
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1answer
2k views

Questions in indirect speech and verb tense change

Today I had another English lesson and all students were instructed by teacher to ask each other few predefined questions and then to report them. I got the following questions: "What kind of ...
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243 views

Present simple vs. present perfect

I'm doing a key word transformation and I've come to this sentence: There aren't any eggs left. "We ____ eggs". I should complete the sentence with 2–5 words using the word "run". At first I ...
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336 views

Present Simple or Present Continious [closed]

I have to write an email to inform other people about some error that occurred. I want to write: It is returning "value1" instead of "value2" when I select something which is causing the error. ...
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824 views

Present simple on temporary action

Mary is sleeping in the living room while we redecorate her room. Why is the present simple "redecorate" used? Present simple is used when there's something permanent, but they don't want to ...
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720 views

Is every sentence in a tense?

I know that "tense" indicates time. If that is true, then not every sentence can be indicated of its tense. Please review these sentences: "If I could go to the market , I must have taken breakfast ...
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What tense is “If I were a bird, I could fly”

The sentence is not referring to any time past, present of future. It's just referring to an imaginary condition which has never existed and seemingly will never exist. Still, the sentence and other ...
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3answers
78 views

“U.S. stocks were modestly higher at the opening bell Wednesday” vs. “… are higher …”

Here's a news heading from CNN: U.S. stocks were modestly higher at the opening bell Wednesday as political wrangling over the fiscal cliff continues to dominate the market. The author used ...
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1k views

“Why aren't you listening to me?” versus “Why don't you listen to me?”

What should I use, "Why aren't you listening to me?" or "Why don't you listen to me?" Example: I'm chatting with my friend, who seems to just ignore some issues: Bill, why aren't you listening ...
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2answers
6k views

“I got it covered” vs “I've got it covered” [closed]

Which of the two sentences is correct and why: I got it covered. or I've got it covered. Edit: I am referring to usage that implies that you have something under control: Sally: Did ...
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912 views

Correct use of tense

Can you please confirm which of the following three is correct? I shared some ideas with Jon, which he agrees is a good solution for the problem we are facing. I shared some ideas with Jon, ...
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1answer
123 views

'Comes in' instead of 'is coming in' or 'came in' [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is the historical present tense used so often by sports broadcasters? Yesterday I watched a basketball game. There was a substitution, and a commentator said “Vince ...
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1answer
359 views

Tense used with statistics

I would like to place a statistics in front of the sentence, followed by the agency that has reported it. The findings and reports were done many years ago. Which of the two is correct and why? ...
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841 views

Present Simple instead of Present Perfect

I have come across interesting cases several times where the Present Simple is used instead of the Present Perfect. For example: 1) Lately I get the feeling that I am not so much being pulled down as ...
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1answer
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Confused by the past tense and the present tense

Suppose I'm talking about some design scheme. I say something like "foo was once designed and implemented in a way called bar that ...". Then I want to introduce the original scheme "bar", for ...
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2answers
925 views

“The author wrote” vs. “the author writes”

What is the rule for the following examples? In the passage, the author writes. . . . In the passage, the author wrote. . . . I’m trying to explain to my son that both are correct, but I can’t ...
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1answer
241 views

“There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge.”

There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge. Is this present simple tense or the present perfect tense? I thought it might be the latter since there is a retrospective ...
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1answer
103 views

Present perfect: Have turned vs turned [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do I use present perfect tense instead of the simple past? In the quoted sentence I'm in doubt about the usage of Present Perfect, I think here is appropriated the ...
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2answers
176 views

Using verb continuous for living abroad for a period of time [closed]

Suppose that a friend of mine is Thai and he usually lives in Thailand. Now he is in Australia and he is going to live in Australia for only a few years. Should I say “A friend of mine is living in ...
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2answers
581 views

Past simple or present perfect? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Present perfect for past action with present effect Is this sentence correct? What exactly does it mean? Person 1: Where did you hide my keys? Person 2: I put ...
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4answers
6k views

“By clicking submit you agree…” or “By clicking submit you are agreeing…”

By clicking submit you agree to the Terms and Conditions. By clicking submit you are agreeing to the Terms and Conditions. Which is correct? Why?
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3answers
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Simple Past vs. Present Perfect: “was” vs. “has been” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Did it close” vs “Has it closed”? Which is correct: “has died” or “died”? How do the tenses in English correspond temporally to one another? ...
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2answers
455 views

Verb agreement for something that was discussed in the past, while the issue still exists in the present

How do you write something that was discussed in the past, while the issue still exists in the present? The discussion resulted in the committee members highlighting crucial areas that need to ...
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2answers
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“Became” vs “become”

I'm not sure about the verb tense I should use here: Run this definition so that the previous changes become/became visible. I think the correct one is Present Simple but it sounds better with ...
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1answer
441 views

Rule for present perfect continuous

Consider the following sentence: Have you been watering the plants? Is the above sentence grammatically correct? Or should it be something like: Have you been watering the plants for 5 minutes? ...
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87 views

“Inputs are invalid” vs. “Inputs were invalid” [closed]

Applications send a warning message if the received inputs from the user are invalid. Is "are invalid" correct or should it be "were invalid"?
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3answers
7k views

“I've just arrived” vs. “I just arrived” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is “I just spent all my money” grammatically incorrect? “I just ate them” and “I've just eaten them” — what's the difference in American and British English? ...
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3answers
1k views

What tense to use here (sending an email)

What should be the correct tense: Dear XY, As agreed, I am sending / I send this email so you can find...