Questions about the present-participle form of verbs.

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2
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3answers
181 views

Grammatical structure of the given sentence

I was reading Harry Potter I. I stumbled over a sentence, written there, whose overall meaning was clear to me but grammatical structure was not clear at all. Here is the sentence: "Mr. Dursley ...
-1
votes
2answers
179 views

Present Participle or Past Continuous?

A decade ago, nearly a million and a half elephants were living in Africa. Does the word'living' act as a present participle or verb of past continous Please explain it to me.
2
votes
1answer
76 views

“Before/ while/ after ordering a taxi…” are these identical constructions?

"Before ordering a taxi...", and "After ordering a taxi..."; the noun-verb follows a preposition and is a gerund. "Waiting for a taxi, patience is needed." Or "Waiting for a taxi, I dropped my wallet,...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

In + pres. participle constructions (“In performing,” “in using”)

I'm working on preparing some text for translation into Spanish and have come across this construction, which sounds perfectly fine to me, but I've been unable to find any definition or description ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Use of Present Participle

I am trying to understand how to interpret the meaning of the following sentence, John arrived late to the airport, causing him to miss his flight I know that the present participle modifies the ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Use of 'being' at the end of the sentence

Is it right if I write the sentence as follows: I started my graduate research on Sensing, dynamic spectrum access and sharing being the main focus. Or should I write it like this: I ...
0
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0answers
24 views

when encountering vs when you encounter

In the discussion of Question (2), remind students not to be too worried when encountering sexual health problems. Should I change it to In the discussion of Question (2), remind students not to ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Is it correct to say “X is a Y, doing Z”?

Not sure how to best put this in words, but I'll give an example below. This is from a boilerplate text of a company: ABC is a manufacturing company, partnering with DEF to... I would be ...