Questions about the present-participle form of verbs.

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1answer
2k views

“Are transmitted” vs. “are being transmitted”

After eight bits are [being] transmitted, D must go high for at least one bit time, which is referred to as stop bit. Is "being" required there? Why or why not?
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2answers
6k views

Participle of “center/centre” in UK English — “centring”? Seriously? [closed]

As an American, I was never shocked to see the word "center" spelled as "centre." It didn't bother me at all. Honestly. But then I saw the participle of it spelled as "centring" as opposed to ...
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2answers
166 views

Participles? Present participles? Are they nouns too? [duplicate]

A participle is just a infinitive verb + ing right? A participle is also used as an adjective a lot of the time right? For ex: "She looks at the rising sun". The present participle here is an ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the function of “doing” in “when doing something”?

Can anyone please explain if "doing" in "When doing something" is a base+ing verbal, or a present participle used as a verb in an elliptical sentence, or something else entirely. Here's an example of ...
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1answer
261 views

“Winner team” vs. “winning team”

I would like to know which of the following fragments is correct when referring to somebody who is part of the team that won a championship: Member of the winning team of... Member of the ...
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3answers
154 views

-ing phrase tag-line?

I'm currently rebuilding a website for a client. On their website, the tag-line reads "Specializing in Manufactured Housing Communities" Is this grammatically correct? In my opinion, ...
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1answer
270 views

Motivated or Motivating

Which answer is correct? The renovation project has been led by a highly _____ group of designers. A) motivated B) motivating If not B, why not?
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1answer
303 views

Which can be true? The importance of + Ving or the importance of + ADJ + Noun

I am confused about the sentence below. Which structure is used: importance of + Ving or the importance of + ADJ + Noun ? In recently years, there has been growing awareness of the importance of ...
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4answers
267 views

“-ing” or “which” for description?

I think this sentence is standard English: 1A. John swung his arm wildly, hitting Jane in the head. And it approximately means: 1B John swung his arm wildly and he hit Jane in the head. ...
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3answers
1k views

Administrating vs Admining

I get the sense that the word "Admining", like the word "Admin" from which it derives, is used to refer to computer administration, while "Administrating", like "Administrator", is used more when it ...
6
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1answer
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Appositive phrase, participle phrase, gerund phrase and noun phrase. English is confusing

"Every English-speaking country is extremely sheepish towards mega-corporations and their puppet-governments. In continental Europe, France being an example, people stand up for their rights ...
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2answers
2k views

I've been seeing good movies or I've been watching good movies? [duplicate]

what would you rather say? Which one is correct? Thanks,Herman.
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1answer
800 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
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3answers
700 views

Is using past participle instead of present one more polite?

On christianity.stackexchange.com I asked this question: "Is it true that John Paul the Second restored the practice of selling indulgences in 2000?" and one supporter suggested that I replace ...
2
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6answers
8k views

“Wanting” or “want”?

Lately I have noticed that a lot of people use "wanting" in sentences, or in books, but I don't get it because my English teachers have always said to me that with verbs like "love", "like", "want" ...
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1answer
370 views

Meaning of “originating” in the context

In the computer science, the program is processed as a sequence of commands which is called "control flow". At some point, it branches and a different branch of code is processed. In an article I ...
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3answers
689 views

Can the word “deceiving” stand for “positive”?

I was puzzled with the line “(President Lyndon Johnson’s) appearances can be deceiving,” in the Washington Post’s (April 2) article titled “President Lyndon Johnson did indeed attend an Easter Egg ...
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1answer
185 views

Can we use “from” after “stop”?

I want to know the difference between these two items: She couldn't stop herself laughing. She couldn't stop herself from laughing. I assume that No. 2 is wrong, but it seems right!
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2answers
322 views

When should I use “by” in present participle?

I often encounter a problem when writing sentences in mathematical contexts, where one "does something" in order to "obtain something." These sentences typically have the form "using X, one can do Y," ...
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3answers
101k views

Comma before “including”?

Does this sentence require a comma before including? He has written on a range of moral issues including poverty, globalization, and euthanasia.
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2answers
107 views

Correct use of comma?

Should there be a comma after 1975? Peter Singer wrote Animal Liberation in 1975, igniting the modern animal movement.
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2answers
569 views

Is “hanging bats” a participial phrase, gerund phrase, or simple noun phrase?

In the sentence "Hanging bats populate most of the caves in North America," what is the role of "hanging bats"? I believe it is a simple noun phrase containing the participle "hanging" (which ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Present participle vs. past participle

How to distinguish the difference between the two of them? For example, in the following sentence: Local times, originating from X and perpetuated by Y, have been abolished. Why can I not use ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the difference between “Distribution Worker” and “Distributing Worker”? [duplicate]

I cannot differentiate when I should use a noun like "distribution" as an adjective to another noun, or when should I use an "-ing" participle as an adjective. Could you please clarify the differences ...
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2answers
422 views

Noun phrase after “show”

The following sentences all involve the verb "show" followed by a noun phrase. Number 6 sounds a bit weird, and the last one is just wrong — but why is that? The video shows the ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is “writing” spelled with only one T? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there any rhyme or reason to when one should double the last consonant when adding -ed or -ing? It has always been a word that intuitively I wish to spell with two ...
0
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1answer
907 views

Difference between “hypnotic” and “hypnotizing”

Is there a difference between hypnotic and hypnotizing? I believe they are synonyms but I think of hypnotic as being more metaphorical, and hypnotizing as being used, at least sometimes, as a clinical ...
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1answer
1k views

“Heard me [infinitive]” vs. “heard me [present participle]”

"Heard me [infinitive]" vs. "heard me [present participle]" At that time, you wouldn't have heard me talk about it. At that time, you wouldn't have heard me talking about it. At ...
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3answers
539 views

Can we use to-infinitive after 'have trouble'?

Given the example: I have trouble speaking English. Can we use both present participle (speaking) and to-infinitive (to speak) after have trouble? If both are allowed, do the two have the same ...
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1answer
542 views

Meaning of “self-priming” in specific example

I don't understand the term self-priming in the following sentence: Illustrators may have a self-priming function, helping people put words together into reasonably coherent speech. Just for ...
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4answers
709 views

Analysing clause elements and their function

I have a problem analysing this sentence from the point of finite/nonfinite clauses, clause elements and their functions: He does not want to destroy his parents' dream of him achieving a ...
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3answers
957 views

Why is it “rough-looking” instead of “roughly looking”?

I’ve noticed recently that certain constructions with present active participles (meaning, -ing forms acting adjectivally) prefer to be modified by adjectives rather than by adverbs. For example, ...
4
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1answer
538 views

What is the present participle of “stop, drop, and roll”?

In a verb phrase, such as stop, drop, and roll, how do I conjugate this in the present participle? Stopping, dropping, and rolling? Stop, drop, and rolling?
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2answers
1k views

Is this present participle or gerund? [closed]

Given the sentence: Most people who live and work near Washington, DC, would have trouble imagining dinosaurs walking around the area. Grammatically, what do they call it, ‘imaging’ in this case? ...
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1answer
399 views

Is this past participle to be changed to present participle?

In this sentence, is the past participle of ‘clasped’ in ‘with his hands clasped over his fat bottom’ to be changed to ‘clasping’? He brought the umbrella swishing down through the air to point at ...
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1answer
919 views

“There's a missing page” vs. “there's a page missing”

Sometimes we see the adjective "missing" used before nouns and sometimes after nouns. What is the difference in usage in this regard? For example: There is a missing page in the book. There ...
2
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3answers
2k views

On the difference between “noun + infinitive” and “noun + present participle”

Infinitive and present participle can be used to modify the noun: Infinitive: I had no time to read those books. Present participle: There should be a law banning abortion. In (1), ...
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3answers
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Help identifying an error type “tried to help me learning”

I have a friend from Russia who is trying to learn English and recently used the sentence "He tried to help me learning..." (implied: the English language) It is obviously wrong and I corrected it ...
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4answers
9k views

“Appealing for” or “appealing to”?

Are there guidelines for when to use to or for with appealing? I was writing this sentence: '... choose a time that is appealing to you', and then thought it was likely for, but either seems to make ...
2
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2answers
289 views

Which tense should I use in this situation? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Using the gerund two times in a row Here is the sentence: Just as on smoking, voices now come from many quarters (insisting or insist) that the science about ...
6
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2answers
574 views

“It is fun to write letters” vs. “It is fun writing letters”

Grammatically, "It is fun to write English letters." is correct. But is the following also grammatically correct? It is fun writing English letters.
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3answers
532 views

Is “X supposing to be” proper English?

The whole point that him pretending to be rich is to get a date. The whole point of this supposing to be a big wall is to hold off the barbarians. The first one seems correct, the second ...
6
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6answers
1k views

Why are present participle and infinitive equally acceptable for some verbs, but not others?

This question about "started teaching/to teach" made me realise that even though the present participle and infinitive are both acceptable after "started", that's not the case with other superficially ...
2
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2answers
19k views

Verb+ing as a verb beginning a sentence

Is this good English? Falling into the ocean, the drop dies as a drop, but not as water. Or should I say: When it falls into the ocean, the drop dies...
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3answers
302 views

'Should've seen it glow' or 'should've seen it glowing'?

Which one of the following is the correct one? I should have seen it glow. I should have seen it glowing. Or are both correct? Would you parse them please?
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3answers
2k views

Why use 'being' in this sentence?

I came across this sentence in my programming book: There are a number of differences that need to be explained though, the most important one being that read or write accesses to the file ...
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3answers
5k views

Which is correct, “summiting” or “summitting”?

This form of the word is not very common but does see some use as the present participle/gerund of "to summit" as in "Upon summit(t)ing the mountain we took photos but had to begin our descent ...
2
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1answer
40k views

'Seen as' or 'seeing as'

Look at these examples: You should clean the milk seen as you spilt it. You should clean the milk seeing as you spilt it. Which one is correct, and how is it grammatically defined/termed?
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3answers
5k views

Is 'quiescing' a valid word? What does it mean?

What does quiescing mean in the following context? Quiescing a Database http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14231/start.htm
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1answer
699 views

Meaning of “intriguing” in the following sentence

Reading comprehension is one of the most important parts of any management entrance examination and a bit intriguing as well. Does it mean: Challenging? Interesting? Provocative? All these ...