Questions about prepositional phrases.

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Diversify the preposition “by” in “model X by smth.”

Which prepositions can be used with the verb "model" when speaking about something being an abstract description of something else? As an example, let us consider the following sentences: The ...
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1answer
17 views

“parameterized by” vs. “parameterized with”

Assuming that you are writing American English, which preposition follows "parameterized" in the following example: by or with? Why? Our model of programs is parameterized by/with the deliberately ...
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26 views

“contribution {to|toward|towards} ‹gerund phrase›” in AmE in a non-monetary sense

I would like to understand which preposition to use with "contribution" when it is used in a non-monetary sense in American English in the case when the preposition is followed by a gerund phrase. My ...
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1answer
51 views

“replace with” vs. “replace by” in the sense of substituting strings

Given that both prepositions are acceptable in general contexts with a slight deviation in usage, meaning, and voice ("Replace with" versus "replace by" has a too wide scope), let ...
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1answer
29 views

Definite Article with Prepositional Phrases

I am trying to learn how to correctly use articles in English. It is a bit hard for me since I do not have this concept in my native language. I am confused by two rules: the first rule is to use "a"...
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3answers
52 views

Is there an idiomatic prepositional phrase meaning the same as 'with the help of something'?

Is there an idiomatic prepositional phrase meaning the same as 'with the help of something', the something being a theory which helps to shed light on the reasons for certain events found in a novel? ...
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1answer
49 views

Do I need the second “from” in the following sentence? I'm from Greenwich from London [closed]

And if so, do I need to put a comma before it? BTW I'd say "I'm from Greenwich, London."
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1answer
44 views

Can a prepositional phrase act as an indirect object?

For example, in the sentence: I baked a cake for my mom. Direct object (DO): cake Indirect object (IO): for my mom Some webpages say IO can only come before DO While others explain that a ...
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1answer
68 views

Of course I don't! - comma needed or not

All the time I see people replying with "of course I will" or "yes it is!" (to "it's not that good" and not placing a comma after "of course" and "yes". The second case seems even more extreme, as ...
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69 views

Are these two prepositional phrases disjuncts or something else?

Are these two prepositional phrases disjuncts or something else? I’ve looked through Biber and Huddleston, and the two examples don’t seem to fit into any of their categories of disjuncts. Thanks in ...
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2answers
57 views

Ambiguity in prepositional phrases

"Nellie washed the dishes in the sink." This sentence is ambiguous, and the prepositional phrase can be read two ways--either as 'Nellie washed (in the sink) the dishes', in which case it is an ...
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2answers
37 views

“Study in” or “study on”?

I'm reading this journal article and I keep seeing "in a study in malaria patients..." I think it should be "study on" or even "study among". There's also "In a study of adult men in participants ...
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1answer
60 views

Why do we say on the team and not in the team? [duplicate]

What is it about the word "team" that makes it uniquely take the preposition "on" ? And yet, the word "club" is similar in meaning; and we can be in a club.
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1answer
75 views

Prepositions with the verb “ask”: “ask questions from,” “ask a question to”

"What questions do they ask a communication trainer?" or "What questions do they ask from a communication trainer?" Also, I know "She asked me a question" is what's generally used but just have a ...
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3answers
45 views

Will prepositional verbs always prevent us from moving the preposition to the middle of a sentence?

I'm bringing this question because I'm not sure whether a preposition in the end of a sentence can be moved to the middle, especially considering prepositional verbs. Also, I'd like to know which ...
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2answers
121 views

How about Sunday vs How about on Sunday?

"How about" are followed by nouns, clauses or Verb+ing. But is it grammatically correct to say "How about on Sunday?" I got more results Googling "How about on Sunday?" than "How about Sunday?" Which ...
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1answer
60 views

sentence structure: Why is the subject placed in the end of this sentence?

While I was reading a Barron's book, I saw this sentence. Its structure is not as what I always knew, but it seemed much more beautiful to me. "Along with the rise of agricultural societies came ...
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44 views

In what way do these adverbial prepositional phrases modify the verb?

Adverbial prepositional phrases usually answer one of these questions: when, how, where, and why. Furthermore, if the phrase is movable it’s a good sign that the phrase is adverbial. I am also aware ...
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1answer
16 views

'On a system' versus 'in a system'

I was wondering if anyone here could help me with this. I had submitted a written IT proposal to a senior member of the team that I am part of, and she corrected the usage of the word 'on' in the ...
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1answer
28 views

Mentor as a verb [duplicate]

If someone is serving as my mentor, are they mentoring me AT something or FOR something? I posed a question to someone else asking what a 3rd party could potentially mentor me at, hence the question
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2answers
20 views

Sides to the argument?

Is it correct to say "There are two sides to the argument"? I know "two sides of the argument" is definitely grammatically correct, but the former also feels right and has a different emphasis. And if ...
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0answers
32 views

Divide or Divide it Up: Which is correct in the following context?

They divided the money up among their three children. They divided the money among their three children. Is there anything wrong in my second sentence?!!
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1answer
160 views

“Because/because of/owing to/on account of/due to”? [closed]

I was doing my homework but I'm stuck on this exercise. The instructions say: Complete these sentences: (my answers are in brackets) “Don’t be fool; the dog’s dancing was … the extremely hot ...
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5answers
120 views

“With tiredness and underperformance the result” - Two adjacent noun phrases

Does anyone know what sort of grammar rule is applied in this sentence (the bold part)? I've never seen this before: ... something we should all spend roughly one-third of our time doing, but ...
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0answers
26 views

Can the verb 'be' be modified by a prepositional phrase?

There's a question about whether it's possible to modify the verb be, but the main focus there is on modification by adverbs, not prepositional phrases. I found some legitimate instances of be ...
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97 views

“frightened 'by' spiders” vs. “frightened 'of' spiders” in AmEng

Could you explain the difference between these two sentences: I'm frightened BY spiders. I'm frightened OF spiders. Obviously both are used in American English in the sense "have a fear ...
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1answer
43 views

Does the “rule of the last antecedent” apply to casual conversation?

The Supreme Court recently decided Lockhart v United States using the rule that a limiting clause or phrase . . . should ordinarily be read as modifying only the noun or phrase that it ...
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2answers
118 views

Omitting articles in nouns - prepositions; after; to; before; from

Why is the indefinite article omitted here? Could it be the definite article, but omitted? Like in the following case in an instruction: Grasp drumstick. Place knife between thigh and body; cut ...
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0answers
102 views

Commas with multiple prepositional (adverbial) phrases at the end of the sentence on the ground of restrictive/non-restrictive modifier

Do we put commas between 2 or more prepositional phrases that immediately follow each other at the end of the main clause if all of them modify/restrict the main predicate differently (e.g. one ...
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2answers
34 views

Are commas necessary/helpful for this prepositional phrase?

Consider these sentences: 1) "To date, only one HIV vaccine trial (RV144) has successfully elicited a protective immune response, and in this trial protection was weak and short-lived." 2) "To date, ...
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3answers
60 views

to be spelled as or to be spelled by?

What is the correct preposition to use with the verb "to spell"? I'm trying to write a sentence "this sound is usually spelled by the letter "e". I'm not sure if I should say "by the letter "e" or "as ...
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2answers
427 views

Burden TO or ON some one/thing?

I'm struggling with the word "burden" used in a phrase: whether it should be followed by the word "on" or "to." It might be obvious to some of you, but I am not a native speaker. Or maybe there is ...
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4answers
59 views

Can I substitute 'to' for 'for' here in order to not repeat 'for' twice [closed]

I'm trying to rewrite this sentence, can someone suggest a grammatically correct (and better) sentence: I was not prepared for his calm enthusiasm for my question. I'm thinking something like: ...
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90 views

Nowhere near and nowhere close to

I am so confused about which is modifying which. In the sentence below: It was nowhere close to being done. Nowhere: An adverb modifying close It's the farthest I could get. I don't know if ...
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4answers
490 views

Ambiguous syntax tree and phrase structure rules

I’m studying for a final for my English Linguistics class and going through example sentences that we should be able to draw syntax trees for. The sentence He looked at the dog with one eye was marked ...
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2answers
87 views

What does this “it” refer to?

Furthermore, Gilbert’s vibrant description of Naples’s pizza makes it sound unique and delicious. Does the "it" in the sentence above refer to the description or the pizza? Would it be better to ...
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33 views

Comma usage and the phrase type

I was doing this online quiz and came across a compound sentence. The first sentence is this: The soccer team celebrated its victory *by going to Disneyland*. My question is what kind of phrases is ...
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27 views

How would one specify that Noun 2 in “[Prepositional phrase] [Noun 1] and [Noun 2]” is not an object of the prepositional phrase?

I will give an example of this problem. In fact, this example is the reason why I am asking! I am blending a quote taken from a book into an assignment on which I am currently working. (Don't worry, I ...
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1answer
82 views

“Human feelings are quite complex than of animals” - What should I put after “than”?

I want to write something meaning "humans have more complicated feelings than animals have." I wrote the following but I am not sure if "of" is the correct choice or not. Nevertheless, human ...
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1answer
67 views

“But from” or “But rather from”?

Which one is more grammatically correct? But from or But rather from? I don't quite understand which one should be used. And I seriously doubt that the second one can be used at all. It didn't ...
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1answer
97 views

Identifying the participial phrase in a sentence

They boarded the subway packed with people My attempt: I think "boarded the subway" is the participial phrase which modifies "they", because "packed with people" is a prepositional phrase packed ...
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1answer
115 views

“A of B” or “B A” Noun Adjunct vs. Prepositional Phrase

English, having originated as a germanic language, uses premodifier noun adjuncts (is this the right terminology?) to form compound nouns like "science fiction writer". However, English also says "...
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35 views

“From A to Z” and other corresponding prepositional phrases

Certain prepositional phrases seem to correspond to each other in the same way that correlative conjunctions do, but I've never heard of any grammar that relates two PPs. He traveled from France to ...
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1answer
71 views

Propositional Phrase

Take the following example sentence: "She was concerned that in spite of her recent requests, he wouldn't accept her proposal on time." Since there's a comma after 'requests', aught there to be one ...
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57 views

Verb groups and phrasal verbs

Here's a quick one: In the (potential) verb phrase 'had competed for [gaining control]' (I know it's not very elegant) is 'competed for' a phrasal verb or does 'for' begin a prepositional group with '...
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134 views

“Walk in” or “Walk into”? How to decide whether to use “in” or “into”? [duplicate]

"You can't just walk in/into the class without permission". What is the word to go by in this statement?
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42 views

connected parenthetical phrases

It is possible, as we all know, to say those sentences below. It was given to me by a kind woman. I walked on the top of the building with my friend under a moon light. One common point ...
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3answers
289 views

What is the real difference between direct objects and prepositional phrases?

I'm a fairly new ESL teacher. One of my students asked me recently why "...to comply with the rules of grammar" needs a preposition (with), whereas "...to follow the rules of grammar" doesn't. After ...
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1answer
118 views

parenthetical prepositional phrase

The narrator, in the quote, said that things turned out to be horrible. According to the question I previously posted, this parenthetical prepositional phrase "in the quote" is made possible by ...
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4answers
216 views

What's the usage of “Unlike like, say …, …”?

In the following sentence and context, do Lego and Emoji have underlying rights to be purchased? Unlike like, say Lego, there are also no underlying rights here to purchase, which makes this as ...