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13
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7answers
1k views

“I've gotten better-looking as I get older” When did “gotten” re-enter the BrEng vernacular?

This summer I went to Ireland, to be more precise Dublin. Overall good weather and good fun. Anyway, while I was staying in Dublin I'd buy the local newspaper and one tabloid headline caught my eye. ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Can the Future Perfect be used in a main clause of a conditional sentence that has a stative/non-action verb in the if-clause?

A student asked me this question today about a sentence like: (1) If Canada's population is 40 million, the Canadian economy will have been more dynamic. I was asked if it corresponded, in a future ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Present perfect continuous

Are the answers I chose correct. My choices are in bold. I have been pumping/I have pumped up three tyres. Would you like to do the forth? I have been greasing/I have greased my car. That's why my ...
4
votes
1answer
608 views

Past Perfect Continuous vs. Past Continuous

Every now and then I come up with a sentence, that eventually undermines my confidence as to whether it's correct or not - just a part of my OCD issues I guess. Same thing happened yesterday and ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

perfect infinitives with main verbs

My question is about usage of perfect infinitives with main verbs e.g. I would like to have lived in the 13th century. She was going to have worked in her mother's business, but decided ...
4
votes
2answers
655 views

“Until” followed by past perfect or past simple

Recently we have been learning tense sequence with using after, before and so on. One of them - until turned out troublesome for me. My first exercise was to write this sentence with until: not to ...
4
votes
1answer
321 views

Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. [...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Perfect vs Perfect Continuous

I saw this sentence the other day and it struck me as awkward. I went online and saw many instances of the present perfect being used in such manner. She has worked here since 1995 Shouldn't ...
3
votes
2answers
360 views

Usage of future perfect

I have a question about the usage of the future perfect thingy: I know that it is used to talk about a completed action before a time in future, but is it wrong to use just plain future simple in this ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

“Will have been +ing” equivalent to “Must have been +ing”?

The book "Advanced Grammar in Use" third edition, on page 22, says: "We can use the future perfect continuous (will have been +ing) to say what we think was happening at a point in the past: ...
3
votes
5answers
604 views

past simple vs past perfect

My question might seem to be stupid enough, it's basic grammar, I believe; however, I'm at my wits' end. Should we use Past perfect or Past Simple in the following sentence: He promised/ had ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Is “He should have gone running away” grammatical? [closed]

Is the use of the construction should have gone running away correct? Would not a better answer be “should have run away”? A teacher at my school had this question on her students exam and is curious ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

for + present perfect or past simple

Have you ever danced? This is kind of a usual question. What if I wanna ask someone about his experience and find out how long it lasted. Can I say Have you ever danced for 5 hours? (and we're just ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Why are there many internet grammar lesson examples using past perfect with “before” but not with “after”? [closed]

I know that I have to use past perfect when using before. I had eaten before I swam. But why don't I need to use past perfect with after? I swam after I ate. Thank you guys for the help....
2
votes
2answers
622 views

Can “would rather” be followed with a past perfect?

Can "would rather" be followed with a past perfect? Can it be used to express a regret, a wish the past had been different? Example taken from First Certificate Language Practice by Michael Vince, ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What does the perfect infinitive mean?

I came across a sentence recently: Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. Could someone explain to me what does it actually mean? I'd rather say: Before I turn 40, I want to write a book. ...
2
votes
1answer
456 views

Past perfect example confusion

My text definition of past perfect tense tells me that it is used to refer to an action that is completed at some point in the past and before the commencement of another past action. I came across ...
2
votes
1answer
450 views

Present perfect continuous

How are we to understand whether present perfect progressive implies that the action is still in progress, versus implying it has stopped just now or recently? In simple sentences like these two, ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Past Perfect and Until

In the book which I use to prepare for the IELTS exam they have the following sentence: " The situation remained unchanged for the next two years until more universities were opened." I do not ...
2
votes
3answers
31 views

A question regarding the following usage of the perfect infinitive?

In regards to the usage of the perfect infinitive I've been wondering if it can be used simultaneously with verbs of perception by way of expressing your notion or belief involving either a person or ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Past Perfect Progressive

I came across a website that says, using a Past Perfect Continuous is a good way to show cause and effect. The writer then shows an example. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard. ...
2
votes
3answers
259 views

Is “have/has got” a perfect for BrE, but not AmE?

In BrE the past participle of get is in most cases got, while in AmE it is almost always gotten. Does that imply that in the context of BrE "have/has got" is a genuine perfect construction, whereas ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Using a perfect infinitive construction to express uncertainty

My sentence: " I needed for her to have called me." The only example that I can find is from google books- title: The Ghost of Samuel Cetawayo" with a similar use of the perfect infinitive: "I had ...
1
vote
1answer
258 views

A grammar rule (Present perfect)

Is this rule correct? when 'for' and 'since' are used in a sentence(in present perfect tense) to show duration of an action they imply that the action is still in progress. Without the 'for', the ...
1
vote
5answers
3k views

Present Perfect with the word “ago”?

First, I check that my native language is not English, and the problem described below met on one of the exams. With this sentence: "The most important news is that my parents ... a new ...
1
vote
4answers
107 views

Passive or Past perfect?

a) The train was left by then. Or b) The train had left by then. Could you tell me which alternative is correct?
1
vote
1answer
3k views

“I would like to have come” vs “I would have liked to come”

I wonder why it is correct to say: I would like to have come but I was not informed. Wouldn't it be better to say: I would have liked to come? (I found many examples on Google). Is there a ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Origin of perfect tense [duplicate]

The past, present and future tenses quite well represent what they are supposed to mean or be. But what's "perfect" about the perfect tense? I am not asking for the usage of the perfect tense. I just ...
1
vote
2answers
216 views

“I would have given you everything I have.”

I've run across this sentence on a language learning forum, and it claims to be an example of perfect tense. It's been many years since I've had a formal grammar lesson, but this appears to me to be ...
1
vote
2answers
464 views

''When'' condition? When we've finished, we'll have

I had a question in an exam and I don't understand why I was wrong. 1) When we finish the painting we'll have a cup of tea. I PUT THIS ANSWER AND WAS WRONG 2) When we've finished the painting, we'...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Passive Voice vs Present Perfect Passive Voice

Neither Jeremy nor his friends have been informed about the accident by the traffic police. Why is the present perfect passive voice (have been informed) used in the sentence? Is it correct to use ...
1
vote
1answer
320 views

Sequence of tenses in elaborate sentences?

Sorry I've been pelting you with my linguistic questions lately, but since I'm trying to do my best to make my English perfect, I just have to keep bothering you :) Today's question regards something,...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

‘He decided’ vs. ‘He had decided’

He decided that I could have the apartment before he looked at my credit report. I found that sentence in an exercise, and I wonder why it isn't: He had decided that I could have the apartment ...
1
vote
1answer
377 views

[pronoun]'ve for possessives [duplicate]

My sister just wrote me, "I've a meeting a noon." The contraction "I've" stuck out. I've always thought the contraction was limited to the perfect tense, and do not recognize it as an indicator of ...
1
vote
3answers
261 views

Simple past sounds better but past perfect seems more accurate

I think it's grammatically more accurate to say,"The market was closed after a virus had been found." However, it sounds "better" to say,"The market was closed after a virus was found." Grammatically, ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Using 'Present Perfect' with 'in the past'

This came across when I was browsing an Australia gaming website, this is the whole sentence: "In the past, Hideo Kojima has been a regular at the PlayStation Awards when his games have won." ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Two verbs of present perfect

I just read an article on Newyork times and I found a sentence having 2 present perfect verbs : After more than a year of speculation, Mr. Draghi, the never-predictable head of the European ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Past Simple or Past Perfect? [closed]

Which is grammatically correct? He woke up late this morning because he had a party with his friends last night. Or He woke up late this morning because he had had a party with his friends ...
1
vote
1answer
292 views

Present Perfect for the past? [duplicate]

I've come across the - more or less - following sentence in a book (American publisher): "They have done it in the past" I've always thought that "PAST" and "PRESENT PERFECT" can't go together. The ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

PrP Continuous vs. PrP | Nuance?

I have a question regarding the usage of the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Continuous. So first, here's the context: I was playing an online game with a couple friends and in this game you ...
1
vote
3answers
774 views

Until you have confirmed + past or present?

Which one of these sentences is correct? The contract will not be signed until you have checked the manuscript and confirmed that everything is ok. The contract will not be signed until you ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

doubt about the past perfect, continuous,

I'm writing the profile section of my resumé/CV. I'm hesitating about the proper verb form: During my work experience I have applied engineering methods to solve problems. I have been ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

could past perfect tense and present perfect tense coexist in a compound sentence. Please do not mark as duplicate if you have not read the question [duplicate]

Mike ( had broken | broke ) his mother's vase last night but he has not told her yet. Question: Some argue it must use "broke" instead of "had broken" because "last night" could not be used with past ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

has bored - is it correct? [closed]

Imagine that you are very experienced person, like Dorian Gray. You are tired of life, there is nothing new for you. And you are saying: "I’ve tried everything, and everything has bored". Is has bored ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

“His life had been set on a different course” or “His life was set on a different course”?

I want to say "His life has been set on a different course since then." but push it into the past. I can come up with two options: His life had been set on a different course since then. His life ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Couldn't have put VS couldn't put [duplicate]

Today I came across the following phrase: He couldn't have put it better, when he said: "..." But why does it require perfect tense? Can it be replaced with simple tense instead? He couldn't ...
0
votes
4answers
353 views

'could have + past participle' to talk about possible events in the future

BACKGROUND In this earlier thread, Edwin Ashworth approved a use of 'could have + past participle' for the future event that was precluded by context as in: (1) Mary could have arrived tomorrow, ...
0
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between has gone and went in this context? [duplicate]

A: Is Mr. Bob at home? B: Sorry, he isn't at home. He___to Hong Kong for vacation? A. went B. has gone C. is going Which one is correct answer? and why it is not the other ones?
0
votes
3answers
87 views

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM [closed]

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM.
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Do I need Past perfect tense when the order of verbs is from first to last?

I am learning about the past perfect tense and I'm beginning to think that the tense is never really required for the sentence to be grammatical. It is mainly a tense to help clarify the order of the ...