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2
votes
1answer
145 views

Using a perfect infinitive construction to express uncertainty

My sentence: " I needed for her to have called me." The only example that I can find is from google books- title: The Ghost of Samuel Cetawayo" with a similar use of the perfect infinitive: "I had ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The Present Perfect. [duplicate]

I can't see any difference between those two sentences in terms of the use of the Present Perfect : I've just cooked dinner I've just sent you the letter Would you be so nice to explain it to me? ...
0
votes
4answers
61 views

“She has” vs. “she had” been trying to give up smoking for years

Which of the following sentences is correct: Cindy's very pleased with herself. She has finally given up smoking. She's (she has) been trying to give up for years. Cindy's very pleased with herself. ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

Had been or was? [migrated]

Can anyone please help me here? Please, don't vote negatively, I just wish to get an answer for this, thank you. Ok everyone, so which one is correct and why? "Beckham hasn't had an injury in 3 ...
0
votes
3answers
52 views

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM [closed]

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM.
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Perfect Continuous

I know we use Past Perfect Continuous when an event in the past continue up until another event in the past: I had been talking with her for over an hour before Tony arrived. Can we use it when ...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

“Until” followed by past perfect or past simple

Recently we have been learning tense sequence with using after, before and so on. One of them - until turned out troublesome for me. My first exercise was to write this sentence with until: not to ...
0
votes
2answers
539 views

Two past perfect verbs in the same sentence

Both these sentences contain two verbs (correct me if I'm wrong) that are in the past perfect tense. I'd like to ask how do they occur in chronological order. Though my question is related to the one ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Two past perfect verbs from an Arthur Conan Doyle story

I had come to these conclusions before ever I had entered his room. Why are there two past perfect verbs in this entene? Is it the same as saying: I had come to these conclusions before ever ...
2
votes
3answers
197 views

Is “have/has got” a perfect for BrE, but not AmE?

In BrE the past participle of get is in most cases got, while in AmE it is almost always gotten. Does that imply that in the context of BrE "have/has got" is a genuine perfect construction, whereas ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Do I need Past perfect tense when the order of verbs is from first to last?

I am learning about the past perfect tense and I'm beginning to think that the tense is never really required for the sentence to be grammatical. It is mainly a tense to help clarify the order of the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Using 'Present Perfect' with 'in the past'

This came across when I was browsing an Australia gaming website, this is the whole sentence: "In the past, Hideo Kojima has been a regular at the PlayStation Awards when his games have won." ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Why are there many internet grammar lesson examples using past perfect with “before” but not with “after”? [closed]

I know that I have to use past perfect when using before. I had eaten before I swam. But why don't I need to use past perfect with after? I swam after I ate. Thank you guys for the ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

“His life had been set on a different course” or “His life was set on a different course”?

I want to say "His life has been set on a different course since then." but push it into the past. I can come up with two options: His life had been set on a different course since then. His life ...
13
votes
7answers
1k views

“I've gotten better-looking as I get older” When did “gotten” re-enter the BrEng vernacular?

This summer I went to Ireland, to be more precise Dublin. Overall good weather and good fun. Anyway, while I was staying in Dublin I'd buy the local newspaper and one tabloid headline caught my eye. ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Using future perfect vs future perfect continuous [closed]

What's the difference between these two sentences: By the time he come back home, she will have worked for 45 minutes. and By the time he come back home, she will been working for 45 ...
0
votes
1answer
590 views

Has/have been vs was/were

I understand we should use has/have been for something which started in past and still continuing in present. But is it right to use for something which started in past but has just completed or ...
3
votes
2answers
284 views

Usage of future perfect

I have a question about the usage of the future perfect thingy: I know that it is used to talk about a completed action before a time in future, but is it wrong to use just plain future simple in this ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

“I would have given you everything I have.”

I've run across this sentence on a language learning forum, and it claims to be an example of perfect tense. It's been many years since I've had a formal grammar lesson, but this appears to me to be ...
0
votes
4answers
319 views

'could have + past participle' to talk about possible events in the future

BACKGROUND In this earlier thread, Edwin Ashworth approved a use of 'could have + past participle' for the future event that was precluded by context as in: (1) Mary could have arrived tomorrow, ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Present continuous vs Present perfect continuous [closed]

I am waiting for you for almost an hour I have been waiting for you for almost an hour What's the difference? Are both OK?
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Have been awarded or was awarded? [duplicate]

My question is which one is correct: a) I have been awarded the science award 5 times or b) I was awarded the science award 5 times Thank you :)
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Which one is correct? (Present Perfect Continuous vs Present Perfect)

My sister and her boyfriend have not been going out together for a long time. Or My sister and her boyfriend have not gone out together for a long time.
1
vote
1answer
2k views

“I would like to have come” vs “I would have liked to come”

I wonder why it is correct to say: I would like to have come but I was not informed. Wouldn't it be better to say: I would have liked to come? (I found many examples on Google). Is there a ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

Present Perfect with the word “ago”?

First, I check that my native language is not English, and the problem described below met on one of the exams. With this sentence: "The most important news is that my parents ... a new ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Couldn't have put VS couldn't put [duplicate]

Today I came across the following phrase: He couldn't have put it better, when he said: "..." But why does it require perfect tense? Can it be replaced with simple tense instead? He couldn't ...
0
votes
1answer
227 views

Using “might have been” in the present perfect

How do we use "might have been" in the present perfect? For example, "The door might have been closed". How can we say this in the present perfect? Or is it already in the present perfect?
2
votes
2answers
426 views

Can “would rather” be followed with a past perfect?

Can "would rather" be followed with a past perfect? Can it be used to express a regret, a wish the past had been different? Example taken from First Certificate Language Practice by Michael Vince, ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Perfect vs Perfect Continuous

I saw this sentence the other day and it struck me as awkward. I went online and saw many instances of the present perfect being used in such manner. She has worked here since 1995 Shouldn't ...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Passive Voice vs Present Perfect Passive Voice

Neither Jeremy nor his friends have been informed about the accident by the traffic police. Why is the present perfect passive voice (have been informed) used in the sentence? Is it correct to use ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

“by now” with Present Perfect

I'm trying to figurę out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a Present Perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called Three Times by now" "He has come back Home by now" "I have had ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Past simple + before + past perfect [closed]

Is it grammatically correct to employ the past simple + the word "before" + past perfect structure? For example: "I borrowed the CD before he had listened to it." I have been told that it is ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

“Will have been +ing” equivalent to “Must have been +ing”?

The book "Advanced Grammar in Use" third edition, on page 22, says: "We can use the future perfect continuous (will have been +ing) to say what we think was happening at a point in the past: ...
0
votes
1answer
348 views

I was able to re-introduce the process that had not been done anymore. Past perfect?

I am not sure whether or not there should be past simple or past perfect: I was able to re-introduce the procedure that had not been being followed anymore. I was able to re-introduce the ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Nested Flashback - Past perfect tense w/in present tense or Past tense w/in past tense or Past perfect tense w/in past tense

So, someone from ELL suggested that I ask my question on this forum. I do not want to know if nested flashbacks are okay. I am simply asking about tense. Thanks for the help! Question is below: ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Present Perfect vs Present Simple (Murphy)

Murphy 4-th edition, additional exercises page 303, ex 2, question 12: This is a nice restaurant, isn't it? Is this the first time (you are / you've been) here? It seems I have heard the first ...
0
votes
2answers
192 views

“She is said to have been born in the 3rd century BC”? [closed]

Consider the sentence: He is said to be the best golf player alive. From this I can easily infer: People say that he is the best golf player alive. Consider another sentence, then: She ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What does the perfect infinitive mean?

I came across a sentence recently: Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. Could someone explain to me what does it actually mean? I'd rather say: Before I turn 40, I want to write a book. ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Two verbs of present perfect

I just read an article on Newyork times and I found a sentence having 2 present perfect verbs : After more than a year of speculation, Mr. Draghi, the never-predictable head of the European ...
-1
votes
2answers
38 views

usage of HAS in tenses [duplicate]

"she RETURNED 2 days ago and she HAS KNOWN me for 2 yrs" Why in the 2nd sentences we have used "HAS" and not in 1st sentence?
0
votes
1answer
114 views

“Has been” in conjunction with “prior to”

Is it correct to ever use has been and prior to in the same sentence? For example: The symbol has been respected prior to its official use on the state flag. I'm hesitant to instead write "had ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

''When'' condition? When we've finished, we'll have

I had a question in an exam and I don't understand why I was wrong. 1) When we finish the painting we'll have a cup of tea. I PUT THIS ANSWER AND WAS WRONG 2) When we've finished the painting, ...
2
votes
1answer
383 views

Past perfect example confusion

My text definition of past perfect tense tells me that it is used to refer to an action that is completed at some point in the past and before the commencement of another past action. I came across ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. ...
1
vote
1answer
273 views

Sequence of tenses in elaborate sentences?

Sorry I've been pelting you with my linguistic questions lately, but since I'm trying to do my best to make my English perfect, I just have to keep bothering you :) Today's question regards ...
0
votes
1answer
274 views

Tricky Past Perfect sentences

I'm having trouble establishing a sequence of events in the following sentences (italicized) and understanding why the past perfect is needed. "Once upon a time, when I was a child reading fairy ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

auxiliaries before homogeneous members of the sentence

Is it possible to omit the second auxiliary in this sentence: "She has followed our advice and (has) started..." P.S. I have always thought it is as the verbs to follow and to start refer to one and ...
0
votes
0answers
173 views

Present perfect or past perfect? [duplicate]

Since I have stopped working, I started to learn English at home. Since I had stopped working,I started learning English at home. Are both questions having the same meaning in this context?
3
votes
1answer
464 views

Past Perfect Continuous vs. Past Continuous

Every now and then I come up with a sentence, that eventually undermines my confidence as to whether it's correct or not - just a part of my OCD issues I guess. Same thing happened yesterday and ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

conditional perfect continuous [closed]

If he had not supported me, I would not have been standing here in front of you like this. Is the above sentence gramittically correct or not. Regards, sri.