Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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1answer
635 views

Meaning of “my having completed my packing” [closed]

I ran into this in a novel: This expedition began this morning almost an hour later than I had planned, despite my having completed my packing, and loaded the Ford with all necessary items well ...
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2answers
51 views

What are the differences between the following sentences

When the statement is written... When the statement has written... Is the first sentence using "written" as an adjective? Is the second sentence using the perfect-present tense? Do the two ...
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3answers
58 views

Verb Tenses - Context Examples

To help me to understand verb tenses better, I have created the following conversations between Sophia and John. What are the ways for Sophia to ask the questions in the "Perfect" tense and "Perfect ...
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3answers
38 views

Postmodification using participle: Is it grammatical?

I am a Japanese teacher of English who is making a teaching material for my students. I would like to know whether the following usage would be totally accepted in school grammar. To put my question ...
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0answers
33 views

Is the placement of the participial phrase correct here?

I am using a participial phrase to modify the noun. But instead of the more common way of starting the sentence with the participial phrase, I want to use a medial parenthesis: So instead of this ...
2
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1answer
40 views

clad as an active verb?

I've been spending some time on a home repair forum and I keep coming across the word clad used in the imperative or present tense active form. E.g. Clad your home in brick. He clads his home in ...
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4answers
65 views

“The angriest Obama became with Clinton concerned”

I read the following sentence from the NYT, and am not sure how this structure works, grammatically or idiomatically: The angriest Obama became with Clinton, Landler says, concerned the Arab ...
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2answers
62 views

The way the past participle is used in these sentences

First, this is the meaning I am trying to put in writing: She could not tolerate the sight of them as they were being put to death. And I want the progressive aspect to be clear. Which of ...
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2answers
44 views

Laid vs. Lain in This Sentence [closed]

Which past participle would fit best in the following sentence? I've always struggled with this one. The idea that had presented itself during the meeting had plagued him all night, and he'd ____ ...
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3answers
763 views

What is the meaning of using a past participle after 'of'?

I'm reading The Go-Giver. There is a sentence: Now some character he'd never heard of had underbid and outperformed him. I expected after of in above sentence will be V-ing, but the author ...
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1answer
3k views

Present participle vs. past participle

How to distinguish the difference between the two of them? For example, in the following sentence: Local times, originating from X and perpetuated by Y, have been abolished. Why can I not use ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Is “intrigued” an adjective or past participle in “I was intrigued when you called me”?

I've found dictionary entries supporting both situations: for adjective: http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/intrigued for verb: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/intrigue I'd go ...
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1answer
42 views

“Who having” vs “who has”—which construction is it?

This sentence is from George Eliot: Blessed is the man, who having nothing to say, abstains from giving wordy evidence of the fact. I would like to know why did she use "having" instead of ...
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3answers
49 views

Why does the Past Tense not include Past Participles?

If I say, "The cat ate the fish," then that's in the active voice and the past simple tense (I think). If, however, I say, "The fish was eaten by the cat," then that's in the passive voice, but I ...
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5answers
18k views

Opened vs open?

Is there are rule when to use opened vs open? I always get confused even though I've been speaking English as the dominant language for more than half my life. E.g. Is the door open(ed)? ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Can “cloven” be used instead of “cleaved”?

Can cloven be used in its verb form like the way broken or eaten is used? gets cloven to give rise to is cloven by Cleaved is a perfectly fine word in this context, but can cloven be used ...
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4answers
20k views

What is the difference between “proven” and “proved”?

"Proven" and "proved" both seem to mean the same thing. Are there any differences in meaning or usage between them?
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to use had to + past participle?

I always think that the proper use of this construction is, for example: 'After the death of her grandfather, she had to take over his duties on the farm'. This is a sentence from my paper, which ...
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2answers
87 views

Was/were comes with 2nd form or first? [closed]

How was is used in sentences with first form or with second ? For example what is correct: I was not fractured ? or I was not fracture ? Similarly in another example: I was failed or I was fail ? ...
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2answers
65 views

Using “held” for future events

I feel like I've seen cases where the verb "held" is used for a future event, as in I will attend the World English Conference held on January 10-15, 2017. And I found the same sentence in an ...
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3answers
35k views

Is “misconfigured” a word?

I use the word "misconfigured" all the time, but MS Word, Chrome, and the two dictionaries I checked don't list it as a word. I'm going to keep using it instead of "configured incorrectly" because I ...
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1answer
24k views

“Overrode” vs “Overridden”

I got into an argument about the sentence "Have you overrode SomeThingamajig?" I thought that "have overrode" is incorrect, and should be "overrode" or "have overridden", or perhaps "did override". ...
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6answers
4k views

“I have strived” vs “I have striven”

In a college application essay, I am trying to write the sentence along the lines of: I have always strived to achieve my goals. Should I say strived or striven? According to this article at ...
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0answers
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Had + past participle or Would Have + past participle?

I would like to know which sentence is grammatically correct and why? If I am talking about a hypothetical case and I want to know what would happen if something have occurred. For example: I turned ...
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2answers
19k views

What is the past participle of the verb open?

I'm French and I'd like to be precise on the conjugation of the verb "open". On this picture, I'd write "opened" instead of "open". Could you tell me more about why they have written "open"?
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2answers
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What is the difference between “broke” and “was broken”?

What is the difference between "broke" and "be broken" in the following? The pot broke as I kicked it. The pot was broken as I kicked it.
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3answers
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How widely-accepted is “What do you got?” to Americans?

Watching A Stranger Among Us, I noticed that Melanie Griffith twice asked "What do you got?" I recognise this as an American construction which sounds strange to me — Brits invariably say either ...
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1answer
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Past Perfect - Which one is right?

Which variation of this sentence is correct? The meeting had gone on for hours and finished ten minutes ago when the partners left. The meeting had gone on for hours and had finished ten minutes ...
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6answers
1k views

“Perverse interest” vs. “perverted interest” [closed]

Does anybody recognize differences between the following sentences? She took a perverse interest in photos of boys. She took a perverted interest in photos of boys.
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2answers
156 views

“Satisfied with” vs. “satisfied by” vs. “satisfied in”

He was satisfied with his test result. He was satisfied by his test result. He ws satisfied in his test result. Is there any difference between these?
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2answers
133 views

Is “Due” a Participle?

The word "due" is a funny little thing.  The etymology is that the Latin debere produced the Anglo-French dever which has the participle form deu.  In effect, English borrows (or has ...
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0answers
41 views

should have + past participle (only to talk about things that didn't really happen in the past?)

i am aware of the usage of could, may, should have + past participle to mean something that was possible to happen but did not. But could it be used to mean something that one wasn't sure of doing ...
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1answer
51 views

When present form of verb is used instead of past or past participle form of verb?

Travis , Tammy , and Shane, from Composition 115, spring semester , were sitting together on a leather bench in the sleekly lit lobby of my apartment building. The three of them had attended the same ...
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5answers
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Should I use “got” or “gotten” in the following sentence?

I can't figure out whether to use got or gotten in the following sentence: I no longer recognized my own skin, my own feelings, my own thoughts. It was as if the real me had got/gotten lost on ...
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2answers
4k views

Grammar of “married” in “getting married”

What is the grammar of the word married in this sentence? They are getting married in April.
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2answers
316 views

Do I so often encounter simple past for past participle (e.g., “I have went,” “what was did to her”) because of where I am or when?

Since moving to small-town northern Minnesota (USA) two dozen years back to teach English, I have noticed a lot of instances in spoken language where the simple past is used in lieu of the past ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between “blurry” and “blurred”?

The two quotes below discuss the same topic. Terry's tortured season took a surreal twist on Tuesday when a blurry image resembling him appeared on cigarette packets in India. GUARDIAN A ...
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2answers
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Is there a verb that doesn't take the participle form when used in Present Perfect?

I remember about a month ago I was speaking to a friend and I said a Present Perfect sentence like "I have [VERB]". I forget the verb but I remember it was an everyday verb, not something exotic. But ...
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2answers
14k views

“Melted” vs “molten”

Is there any difference (e.g. regionality) between the two forms of the past participle of melt (melted and molten)?
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2answers
2k views

to be + past participle

I wanted to ask a lot of questions concerning this phrase: I always consult with my children who are affected by the decisions to be made. What role does the particle "to" perform in this ...
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2answers
104 views

Winston Churchill, John Wooden or anonymous?

Success is never final and failure never fatal. It's courage that counts. This quote has been usually credited to Winston Churchill. [Reference] Q #1: Should it be been usually or usually ...
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4answers
1k views

“low educated”? “poorly educated”? Other

Sample sentence: "In contrast, low educated women who are employed in low-fertility countries are more likely to decide against second childbirth than those who are not employed." That sounds ...
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1answer
49 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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2answers
63 views

Oliver Twist: “who had known better times”

In the first chapter, Oliver asks for more, Oliver is moved to new poorhouse and there is a line which talks about a tall guy. One tall boy, who had known better times, was heard to say that, ...
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7answers
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How to use “text” as a verb

–verb (used without object) Digital Technology. 15. to send a text message: Texting while driving is an accident asking to happen. Can I use: I text to her but she didn't text me back. ...
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2answers
125 views

“Has yet to win” vs. “has yet won”?

I was doing some SAT English problems and came across this one: Find the error in the sentence, or state that there is no error. Each possible error is in parentheses. Chess players find that ...
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2answers
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Participles that are active or seem active

Both types of participles are also often used as pure adjectives (see Types of participles above). Here present participles are used in their active sense ("an exciting adventure", i.e. one ...
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1answer
452 views

Is 'gotten' a proper/legitimate word? [duplicate]

According to what I was taught as school, the past tense of 'get' is 'got' and 'gotten' is "an American corruption and, therefore, is not a proper word". Example: "Should auld acquaintance be ...
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2answers
354 views

British English spelling: “gripped” or “gript”?

Hello what is the correct British English spelling of the word 'gripped' or 'gript'? According to Dictionary.com: gript verb 1. a past participle and simple past tense of grip. verb ...
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2answers
241 views

Using “done” instead of “did”

How does it work the use of the past participle done instead of the past tense did? Where is this form used? Only in southern U.S.? How often?