Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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2answers
124 views

“Far enough removed” vs. “far removed enough” vs. “removed far enough”

Which of the following word orders is grammatical? Games based on real life are sometimes not far enough removed. Games based on real life are sometimes not far removed enough. Games based ...
1
vote
6answers
2k views

Usage of past participle in “He said he thought it having had seen my medical record” [closed]

I'm trying to work out if this sentence is correct, especially the usage of "having had seen". He said he thought it having had seen my medical record.
0
votes
1answer
3k views

“your heart just shrank” vs. “your heart just shrunk” [closed]

If I say: Your heart just shrank two sizes too small. Is the verb shrank correct as is? Or should it be in participle form? Your heart just shrunk two sizes too small. Which one would be ...
1
vote
2answers
758 views

“Time elapsed” or “elapsed time” [closed]

In a document I have a plot where one of the labels represents the total time taken for the process to complete. Should I label it as "Elapsed Time" or "Time Elapsed"? Which one is correct?
6
votes
6answers
2k views

“Perverse interest” vs. “perverted interest” [closed]

Does anybody recognize differences between the following sentences? She took a perverse interest in photos of boys. She took a perverted interest in photos of boys.
2
votes
1answer
5k views

“Enthused” vs. “enthusiastic” [closed]

Is it grammatically correct to say "I was enthused" rather than "I was enthusiastic"? If so, what is the difference between the two?
0
votes
4answers
241 views

Austin fragment: “sane and undivorced”

for (Christian) marrying, it is essential that I should not be already married with a wife living, sane and "undivorced", and so on (Austin, 1962) If "undivorced" implies married, what does that ...
10
votes
5answers
5k views

Past participle used as a noun?

Some examples include: We fear the damned. He honored our fallen. This is a given. You are the chosen. The lost were among us. They obey the venerated. My beloved kissed me. (TIL “...
14
votes
1answer
25k views

“Overrode” vs “Overridden”

I got into an argument about the sentence "Have you overrode SomeThingamajig?" I thought that "have overrode" is incorrect, and should be "overrode" or "have overridden", or perhaps "did override". ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Past participle of “flaw”

According to Wiktionary, the past participle of "flaw" is flawed, and flawn is not mentioned as being a valid alternative. However, the past participle of "draw" is drawn. I know that Modern English ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Is “are you done for” similar to “are you ready for”?

I heard this question: "Are you done for sushi?". I guess the guy who asked this question meant "Are you ready to eat sushi?". Is it right or did I mishear the question?
6
votes
2answers
601 views

Is “proven” very old -fashioned?

I occasionally see the participle "proven" in mathematical texts, instead of "proved". Of course I realize that this a deliberate archaism, but I wanted to know if this is still used in books or ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

“After downloaded” vs. “After downloading” [closed]

What is the difference between "After downloaded" and "After downloading"? Are they both grammatical? After downloaded, I start running this program. After downloading, I start running this ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Boilt or boiled

Which word should be used here; 'boilt' or 'boiled'? When the mother came home, the dinner had already been boilt/boiled. I know that prepared/cooked/done are correct options, but I had to ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What's going on in “I have been to the store many times”?

I thought been was the past participle of to be, but it seems to behave like the past participle of to go in this case: I go to the store every Wednesday. I have been/gone to the store many ...
2
votes
8answers
7k views

Past participle after noun: “proposed cost” vs. “cost proposed”

I have the following two examples: Our proposed cost is expensive. Our cost proposed is expensive. Is there any difference between them? Or is the second sentence wrong?
9
votes
4answers
4k views

Is this correct grammar: “[…] cash can't be beat.”

I found the following phrase in a NYTimes article and I was pretty surprised that it wasn't corrected or edited out: "But when it comes to privacy and freedom, cash can't be beat.". I am under the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Past participle form of “break-even”

Break even is commonly used in economics to refer to the point where cost and revenue are equal. However, instead of using the long way of saying that Firm X had reached the point of break even ...
4
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between “blurry” and “blurred”?

The two quotes below discuss the same topic. Terry's tortured season took a surreal twist on Tuesday when a blurry image resembling him appeared on cigarette packets in India. GUARDIAN A ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

The third conditional for “if I could”

What is the third conditional for "if I could"? For example, we say: If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam. How about this: If I could study, I would have passed the exam.[Is ...
19
votes
2answers
160k views

Is it “quit” or “quitted”?

What is the correct (grammatical) simple past and past participle form of the verb quit? Is it quit or quitted? She quitted her job. (She has quitted her job.) or She quit her job. (She has ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

I was confused about “to be + past participle"

Why does the following sentence use "to be reinforced" rather than "was reinforced" The fact that organisms evidently inherit the capacity to be reinforced by certain kinds of event does not ...
4
votes
6answers
31k views

Proper usage of the word 'thunk'

What is the proper usage of the word thunk? According to Merriam-Webster, it is dialect past and past participle of think Can it be used in a formal context? Is "Who would have thunk?" different ...
6
votes
3answers
30k views

“Forgotten” or “forgot” as past participle of “forget”

In US and in UK respectively, which is more popular as the past participle of forget: forgotten or forgot? Which is more formal/informal? Examples: I haven't forgot(ten) you. You will not ...
16
votes
5answers
100k views

“To be subject to” vs. “to be subjected to”

I read an article from Toronto Star today which stated: TTC workers are subject to alcohol and drug testing. A later paragraph of the same article repeated it, except it used subjected to ...
0
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6answers
459 views

What is a gentler word than “suspended” or “closed”?

What word can show that an action is redeemable? Is there a synonym for closed/suspended that connotes a chance at redemption?
4
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2answers
4k views

Grammar of “married” in “getting married”

What is the grammar of the word married in this sentence? They are getting married in April.
3
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3answers
11k views

“Disbalanced” vs. “unbalanced”

What are the differences in usage between disbalanced and unbalanced?
5
votes
2answers
626 views

Is there a verb that doesn't take the participle form when used in Present Perfect?

I remember about a month ago I was speaking to a friend and I said a Present Perfect sentence like "I have [VERB]". I forget the verb but I remember it was an everyday verb, not something exotic. But ...
3
votes
1answer
11k views

Weaved or woven

Is weaved an acceptable past-tense form of the word weave? Does it have to be wove/woven or are both acceptable like hung/hanged?
2
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3answers
21k views

Past participle of “spit” [closed]

Which is the past participle of spit: spat or spit? And how many examples can we come up with where a verb is changed in the simple past but unchanged(spelt like in the present) in the past participle?...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is “transferred” written with two R's?

Why is transferred written with two R's? I am a native speaker of Dutch, and in my point of view this isn't logical; there are other words like coloured and endeavoured that only have -ed added after ...
2
votes
1answer
45k views

'Seen as' or 'seeing as'

Look at these examples: You should clean the milk seen as you spilt it. You should clean the milk seeing as you spilt it. Which one is correct, and how is it grammatically defined/termed?
1
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1answer
7k views

Abbreviation for “so-called”

In German there is an abbreviation for so genannt, which is sog. Is there a known popular abbreviation for the equivalent so-called in English?
1
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2answers
2k views

Past tense vs Past participle tense [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Present perfect tense versus past tense Here is the example: I haven't spoken any English for more than 3 years. vs. I didn't speak any English over the past 3 ...
12
votes
1answer
15k views

“Broadcast” or “broadcasted”

I'm not a native English speaker, so sorry if this is a very basic question. Is broadcast a verb? If it is, what is the simple past and past participle: broadcasted?
6
votes
2answers
14k views

“Melted” vs “molten”

Is there any difference (e.g. regionality) between the two forms of the past participle of melt (melted and molten)?
3
votes
3answers
354 views

Confused with Present Participle + Noun pattern, does the “copied file” refer to the “original file”?

Patterns: Past Participle + Noun In my understanding Past Participle + noun means the action applied to the noun as follows: He murdered a little girl = The little girl was murdered by him. The ...
2
votes
5answers
9k views

'Shelled' vs. 'deshelled'

Are they interchangeable? Do they really mean the same thing in this context? As in the sentences: I really enjoy these already shelled pistachios. I really enjoy these already deshelled ...
14
votes
2answers
19k views

Why is the phrase “should have went” so widely used?

Rarely do we hear "should have gone" in common speech. Some background: My father immigrated to the US in the late 60s. He learned English first overseas, British English. Then he studied extensively ...
30
votes
3answers
168k views

“Inputted” or “input”

I have used the word inputted in an assignment and am being forced to change it to input. However, both the Oxford English Dictionary (I am in New Zealand so this is most relevant) and MS Word list ...
13
votes
7answers
80k views

How to use “text” as a verb

–verb (used without object) Digital Technology. 15. to send a text message: Texting while driving is an accident asking to happen. Can I use: I text to her but she didn't text me back. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

“Experimentally determined” vs. “determined experimentally”

Which of the following sentences is correct? The numbers are experimentally determined. The numbers are determined experimentally. Are both (not) correct and if only one of them is ...
9
votes
7answers
4k views

Using -ed vs. -ing in the “needs washed” construction

I'm from Central Pennsylvania, and apparently, we have a strange language construct in this area. I was recently talking about how "my car needs washed" to a friend from NJ, and she told me that my ...
4
votes
2answers
19k views

What's the difference in meaning between “I never would have thought…” and “I never have thought…”?

With the sentence,'I never would have thought that he would behave like that', does the meaning change if I omit 'would'?
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Obama's use of “bemused”

I generally see the definition of "bemused" to be synonymous with "confused" or "puzzled", and that it is wrong to use it as a synonym of "amused". However I tend to see it used — as Obama did ...
52
votes
6answers
10k views

What we've gelost — why doesn't English use the prefix “ge-”?

The Germanic languages that I'm familiar with all use a prefix similar to ge- on past participles: German: Ich habe mir den Fuß gebrochen. Dutch: Ik heb mijn voet gebroken. But English ...
2
votes
2answers
777 views

Is “put” imperative in this sentence?

In a writing exercise I sent to my English teacher, she wrote some comments evaluating my writing. Some comments were about what I did, and others were about what I should do. In the sentences about ...
2
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2answers
10k views

What's the right spelling of “synchronized”?

What's the right spelling of synchronized (like in synchronized swimming), and are there any differences between the British and American English?
17
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4answers
1k views

Are the verbs that are conjugated to end in “-n” in the past related?

There are many words that in English are conjugated in the past tense to end in "-n": grow goes to grown, sew goes to sewn, throw goes to thrown, etc.. I'm guessing it was probably the regular ...