Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
2answers
157 views

“Disjoint toolsets” vs. “disjointed toolsets”

I have only ever heard the expression there are disjoint sets, never that there are disjointed sets. I believe it should be disjoint sets, but I don't have a good reason why. Does anyone have a more ...
1
vote
3answers
318 views

They cheerleaded for it? or cheerled?

Is this the best way to conjugate "cheerlead"? they cheerleaded for it just the same "Cheerlead" becomes unrecognizable when you say "they cheerled", so I'm guessing this is why you don't ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

“having worked” vs “having been working” difference

I would like to have someone explain the difference here: Having worked there for a year. Having been working there for a year.
1
vote
1answer
89 views

“The paper on Monday published X” vs. “the paper published on Monday X”

What would be the best position of Monday in the following sentence — before or after the verb? The paper on Monday published what the artist called a blunt attack on people’s right to privacy. ...
3
votes
3answers
604 views

Administrating vs Admining

I get the sense that the word "Admining", like the word "Admin" from which it derives, is used to refer to computer administration, while "Administrating", like "Administrator", is used more when it ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

How would you apply the idiom “I'm $verb'ed out” to “eat”?

I've often heard people apply the suffix -ed after a verb to create phrase, "I'm $verb'ed out." They do this to mean that they've already done $verb, and don't intend to do it in the immediate future ...
0
votes
1answer
319 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
3
votes
1answer
915 views

Use of “very” to modify verb participles used as adjectives - correct or not and why?

I have seen several obituaries with this kind of wording: "He is very missed." It looks and sounds wrong, perhaps because "very" can modify adjectives ("He is very tall") and adverbs ("He walks very ...
5
votes
3answers
596 views

Is using past participle instead of present one more polite?

On christianity.stackexchange.com I asked this question: "Is it true that John Paul the Second restored the practice of selling indulgences in 2000?" and one supporter suggested that I replace ...
-2
votes
2answers
488 views

“This may get confused” or “This may get confusing” [closed]

This morning I was talking to a friend and I came out with the sentence: "This picture may get confused" with the meaning "This picture is so strange that you could get confused" then I started ...
-2
votes
2answers
131 views

Event: “archived” vs. “filed” vs. “shelved” [closed]

I'm coding a database that has an Events table with a status field. When an event's date has not yet passed, the status is Published. I would like to use a term to mean that the date of the event has ...
2
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the past participle of the verb open?

I'm French and I'd like to be precise on the conjugation of the verb "open". On this picture, I'd write "opened" instead of "open". Could you tell me more about why they have written "open"?
3
votes
4answers
559 views

What does “plenaried” mean in this phrase?

A recently-asked question, since deleted by its author, prompts the following question. In a 12 March 2013 New York Times column called The Axis of Ennui, David Brooks concluded with: What are ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Present participle vs. past participle

How to distinguish the difference between the two of them? For example, in the following sentence: Local times, originating from X and perpetuated by Y, have been abolished. Why can I not use ...
-1
votes
2answers
441 views

Is this a proper use of the word “vested?”

Does the following sentence use the word "vested" correctly? Those vested in keeping you from creating change want you to believe that change is futile.
0
votes
1answer
5k views

“Overlaid” or “overlain” as an adjective [closed]

I have a set of three images, which I have put on top of each other in an image editing program and made transparent. I would like the filename to describe what I have done with the component images. ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Subscribed/unsubscribed

I am using a notification system where I have trouble naming a category of user. A user can subscribe to the newsletter of the week. If the user set his settings, and decides to receive the ...
-1
votes
3answers
470 views

“Restricted quality” vs. “limited quality” [closed]

I want to express that an entity has different levels of quality concerning some criterion and these levels are ordered. For an example, I have five different levels: Entity X is of high quality ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

“It is” + present simple

If it is build here, it will be next to a large housing estate. Can anyone tell me if "it is build" in the above sentence is correct? And if so, why isn't it in the form "it is" + past ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Another way of saying “being judged”

What is another way of saying "being judged?" The context is: Being judged gave me an open mind about the different ways other cultures are judged and treated as well. Being criticized ...
2
votes
3answers
778 views

Are “coded” and “encoded” synonymous?

I was creating a domain for a website, but I couldn't understand the difference (if there is any) between the words coded and encoded. What's the right use of them? Or are they just synonyms I can ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

How to use the word “wagered”

In a game of slot machines, can you call a payline you bet on "a wagered payline"? I am not sure if it is the payline that is wagered, or my money are wagered on (upon?) this payline.
3
votes
2answers
787 views

Irregular past tense confusion with compound noun/verb. More examples?

Students of martial arts may be familiar with a breakfall, which can (depending on the situation) be treated as a noun or a verb. I am often amused when speakers, even native English speakers (myself ...
4
votes
6answers
94k views

“Belated happy birthday” or “happy belated birthday”?

What's the correct sentence? Belated happy birthday! Happy belated birthday!
0
votes
2answers
153 views

On the usage of “epitomized”

Epitomized by right captainship, the ship reached safely to the harbor. I'm emphasizing the capabilities of the captain here. Is this correct usage?
6
votes
1answer
469 views

Pronunciation of “-ed” endings

I noticed that the final -ed has different pronunciations. What's the general rule for knowing the correct pronunciation?
4
votes
1answer
378 views

The original usage of past participles

I have heard that the origin of the present perfect construction is that sentences like "I have it done" (passive) changed to "I have done it" (present perfect). Is that true at all? If that's the ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

“Favored” vs. “favorited”

We're making a website in which users can mark some objects as objects they like. Since we're not native English speakers here, a dispute evolved around what's the correct way to call this user-object ...
3
votes
5answers
172 views

Synonym for “engrooved”

Engrooved isn't a word, so I'm looking for something that carries its meaning. Engraved, accustomed, and other synonyms don't express the same meaning. I'm looking for a word that carries the meaning ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is “dispreferred” a mainstream word in English?

I just recently came across the word dispreferred in a linguistic document. I have never heard the word used before, rather I generally hear something like "preferred something else" in everyday ...
0
votes
1answer
7k views

When to use 'had been' + past participle of the verb

I read the sentence below in a news article: "The couple had been engaged since the summer," her spokeswoman said in a statement. Why was "had been engaged" used in this sentence. Is it wrong to ...
6
votes
3answers
258 views

Better term to put on a label of a bottle of milk to describe that it's 'made' in a particular geographic location

While waiting for the kettle to boil this morning, I was idling and reading the label on the bottle of milk and was struck by the declaration: "Permeate free, made in WA". Here's a shot of the label ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Generalised rule for verb usage in simple present tense using participle

I'm doing a school exercise where I have to give an explanation of the underlined (or in this case bold) verb usage in given sentences, following this format: I was waiting. past continuous ...
1
vote
2answers
485 views

Can “supposed to” be used to mean “considered to”?

I have a question regarding expressions like these: The new Al Pacino movie is supposed to be a good movie. Asians are not supposed to be good ball players. Whale is supposed to be the smartest ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Is “habitated” a word?

I couldn't find it in multiple dictionaries, but have seen it used by several people. However, I do not know if this is just due to the word "sounding right", or from the word actually existing. Does ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

“Awoken” vs. “awaked”

I understand that the verb awake has two different past participle forms, awoken and awaked. Checking Google Ngram I saw that the former has become more popular than the latter in the last century. I ...
0
votes
1answer
321 views

Is this past participle to be changed to present participle?

In this sentence, is the past participle of ‘clasped’ in ‘with his hands clasped over his fat bottom’ to be changed to ‘clasping’? He brought the umbrella swishing down through the air to point at ...
0
votes
3answers
809 views

Synonym for “aforementioned” without the past-tense connotation [closed]

Is there a word that can be used when discussing something and wanting to refer to it in the manner of "the aforementioned", but without the temporal aspect making it sound like you've moved on and ...
-1
votes
1answer
688 views

“Embarassed” vs. “ashamed” [closed]

Is there any difference between the words embarrassed and ashamed? If so, could you provide some examples of usage?
6
votes
3answers
966 views

How widely-accepted is “What do you got?” to Americans?

Watching A Stranger Among Us, I noticed that Melanie Griffith twice asked "What do you got?" I recognise this as an American construction which sounds strange to me — Brits invariably say either ...
1
vote
3answers
534 views

Grammatical analysis of “feared drowned”

What is the precise meaning of "feared drowned" in http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/nation/south/6-gitam-students-feared-drowned-rushukonda-326. I got the intended meaning, but I am confused ...
2
votes
3answers
612 views

Participle as verbal adjective

I came across the following: As he had been deceived by his friends he lost all hope. He was deceived by his friends and so he lost all hope. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

“There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge.”

There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge. Is this present simple tense or the present perfect tense? I thought it might be the latter since there is a retrospective ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Past tense of “he bears the weight” [closed]

I'm trying to figure out what the correct past tense form of "he bears the weight" would be. Wiktionary says that "bear" has a simple past "bore" and a past participle "borne", but I don't understand ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

“Far enough removed” vs. “far removed enough” vs. “removed far enough”

Which of the following word orders is grammatical? Games based on real life are sometimes not far enough removed. Games based on real life are sometimes not far removed enough. Games based ...
1
vote
6answers
1k views

Usage of past participle in “He said he thought it having had seen my medical record” [closed]

I'm trying to work out if this sentence is correct, especially the usage of "having had seen". He said he thought it having had seen my medical record.
0
votes
1answer
1k views

“your heart just shrank” vs. “your heart just shrunk” [closed]

If I say: Your heart just shrank two sizes too small. Is the verb shrank correct as is? Or should it be in participle form? Your heart just shrunk two sizes too small. Which one would be ...
1
vote
2answers
393 views

“Time elapsed” or “elapsed time” [closed]

In a document I have a plot where one of the labels represents the total time taken for the process to complete. Should I label it as "Elapsed Time" or "Time Elapsed"? Which one is correct?
3
votes
2answers
608 views

“Perverse interest” vs. “perverted interest”

Does anybody recognize differences between the following sentences? She took a perverse interest in photos of boys. She took a perverted interest in photos of boys.
0
votes
1answer
2k views

“Enthused” vs. “enthusiastic” [closed]

Is it grammatically correct to say "I was enthused" rather than "I was enthusiastic"? If so, what is the difference between the two?