Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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2answers
2k views

Present perfect tense with the verb 'is'

I would like to know how to use the verb to be and its past participle. For example: The rain is gone. Is is present perfect tense here?
0
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1answer
334 views

Meaning of “my having completed my packing” [closed]

I ran into this in a novel: This expedition began this morning almost an hour later than I had planned, despite my having completed my packing, and loaded the Ford with all necessary items well ...
1
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1answer
3k views

“Is missing” vs. “is missed” [closed]

I was wondering why we say "something is missing" instead of "something is missed"? If missed is an adjective then why we use it that way? E.g.: "The sword is missing".
2
votes
3answers
6k views

Opened vs open?

Is there are rule when to use opened vs open? I always get confused even though I've been speaking English as the dominant language for more than half my life. E.g. Is the door open(ed)? ...
0
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1answer
476 views

Is “grammered” a word?

Can I get any details about the word grammered? Is there any relation between it and "grammatically corrected" or "grilled and hammered"?
5
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5answers
45k views

Should I use “got” or “gotten” in the following sentence?

I can't figure out whether to use got or gotten in the following sentence: I no longer recognized my own skin, my own feelings, my own thoughts. It was as if the real me had got/gotten lost on ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “exhausted” and “enervated”?

What is the difference between exhausted and enervated when used to refer to human beings?
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2answers
116 views

“Those exposed to extreme cold” vs. “those who are exposed to extreme cold”

I saw the following example sentence in a TOEFL preparation book: To prevent frostbite, those exposed to extreme cold are advised to wiggle their fingers and toes to increase blood circulation. ...
2
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1answer
192 views

What is an adjective made from a verb called? For instance, “disconnected” in “a disconnected phone”

What would you call an adjective that is created from a verb? Typically, the adjective comes from the past participle form of the verb. For example: A disconnected phone A possessed man ...
2
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3answers
108 views

A better word for “synchronised”

I'm struggling to find a better and less "harsh" word for synchronised. I'm trying to convey a message of simplicity for our product which synchronizes viewing of documents on multiple iPads. (The ...
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2answers
280 views

Dropping the 'have' before a past participle [closed]

We have heard what you told us. We've heard what you told us. We heard what you told us. As far as I know, the first two are OK. There have been enough discussions here on the subject. The third ...
5
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2answers
151 views

How is “stripping such words as remained of orthodox meanings” meant to be understood grammatically?

I was wondering if someone could help me out with a certain phrase I want to grasp the meaning of. I have two different meanings in my mind, and I was hoping that someone could point out the right ...
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1answer
163 views

Motivated or Motivating

Which answer is correct? The renovation project has been led by a highly _____ group of designers. A) motivated B) motivating If not B, why not?
2
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2answers
4k views

“sunk” or “sunken”?

The boat lies half-sunken in the bay. Sunken is an adjective, right? But in the previous sentence, it seems to be acting as adverb modifying lies. Should the sentence be: The boat ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

“Disjoint toolsets” vs. “disjointed toolsets”

I have only ever heard the expression there are disjoint sets, never that there are disjointed sets. I believe it should be disjoint sets, but I don't have a good reason why. Does anyone have a more ...
1
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3answers
406 views

They cheerleaded for it? or cheerled?

Is this the best way to conjugate "cheerlead"? they cheerleaded for it just the same "Cheerlead" becomes unrecognizable when you say "they cheerled", so I'm guessing this is why you don't ...
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2answers
7k views

“having worked” vs “having been working” difference

I would like to have someone explain the difference here: Having worked there for a year. Having been working there for a year.
1
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1answer
93 views

“The paper on Monday published X” vs. “the paper published on Monday X”

What would be the best position of Monday in the following sentence — before or after the verb? The paper on Monday published what the artist called a blunt attack on people’s right to privacy. ...
3
votes
3answers
734 views

Administrating vs Admining

I get the sense that the word "Admining", like the word "Admin" from which it derives, is used to refer to computer administration, while "Administrating", like "Administrator", is used more when it ...
1
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2answers
132 views

How would you apply the idiom “I'm $verb'ed out” to “eat”?

I've often heard people apply the suffix -ed after a verb to create phrase, "I'm $verb'ed out." They do this to mean that they've already done $verb, and don't intend to do it in the immediate future ...
0
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1answer
483 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Use of “very” to modify verb participles used as adjectives - correct or not and why?

I have seen several obituaries with this kind of wording: "He is very missed." It looks and sounds wrong, perhaps because "very" can modify adjectives ("He is very tall") and adverbs ("He walks very ...
5
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3answers
629 views

Is using past participle instead of present one more polite?

On christianity.stackexchange.com I asked this question: "Is it true that John Paul the Second restored the practice of selling indulgences in 2000?" and one supporter suggested that I replace ...
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2answers
636 views

“This may get confused” or “This may get confusing” [closed]

This morning I was talking to a friend and I came out with the sentence: "This picture may get confused" with the meaning "This picture is so strange that you could get confused" then I started ...
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2answers
152 views

Event: “archived” vs. “filed” vs. “shelved” [closed]

I'm coding a database that has an Events table with a status field. When an event's date has not yet passed, the status is Published. I would like to use a term to mean that the date of the event has ...
2
votes
2answers
10k views

What is the past participle of the verb open?

I'm French and I'd like to be precise on the conjugation of the verb "open". On this picture, I'd write "opened" instead of "open". Could you tell me more about why they have written "open"?
3
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4answers
564 views

What does “plenaried” mean in this phrase?

A recently-asked question, since deleted by its author, prompts the following question. In a 12 March 2013 New York Times column called The Axis of Ennui, David Brooks concluded with: What are ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Present participle vs. past participle

How to distinguish the difference between the two of them? For example, in the following sentence: Local times, originating from X and perpetuated by Y, have been abolished. Why can I not use ...
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2answers
589 views

Is this a proper use of the word “vested?”

Does the following sentence use the word "vested" correctly? Those vested in keeping you from creating change want you to believe that change is futile.
0
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1answer
6k views

“Overlaid” or “overlain” as an adjective [closed]

I have a set of three images, which I have put on top of each other in an image editing program and made transparent. I would like the filename to describe what I have done with the component images. ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Subscribed/unsubscribed

I am using a notification system where I have trouble naming a category of user. A user can subscribe to the newsletter of the week. If the user set his settings, and decides to receive the ...
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3answers
562 views

“Restricted quality” vs. “limited quality” [closed]

I want to express that an entity has different levels of quality concerning some criterion and these levels are ordered. For an example, I have five different levels: Entity X is of high quality ...
0
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1answer
113 views

“It is” + present simple

If it is build here, it will be next to a large housing estate. Can anyone tell me if "it is build" in the above sentence is correct? And if so, why isn't it in the form "it is" + past ...
0
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3answers
3k views

Another way of saying “being judged”

What is another way of saying "being judged?" The context is: Being judged gave me an open mind about the different ways other cultures are judged and treated as well. Being criticized ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Are “coded” and “encoded” synonymous?

I was creating a domain for a website, but I couldn't understand the difference (if there is any) between the words coded and encoded. What's the right use of them? Or are they just synonyms I can ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How to use the word “wagered”

In a game of slot machines, can you call a payline you bet on "a wagered payline"? I am not sure if it is the payline that is wagered, or my money are wagered on (upon?) this payline.
3
votes
2answers
888 views

Irregular past tense confusion with compound noun/verb. More examples?

Students of martial arts may be familiar with a breakfall, which can (depending on the situation) be treated as a noun or a verb. I am often amused when speakers, even native English speakers (myself ...
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6answers
123k views

“Belated happy birthday” or “happy belated birthday”?

What's the correct sentence? Belated happy birthday! Happy belated birthday!
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2answers
159 views

On the usage of “epitomized”

Epitomized by right captainship, the ship reached safely to the harbor. I'm emphasizing the capabilities of the captain here. Is this correct usage?
6
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1answer
517 views

Pronunciation of “-ed” endings

I noticed that the final -ed has different pronunciations. What's the general rule for knowing the correct pronunciation?
5
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1answer
471 views

The original usage of past participles

I have heard that the origin of the present perfect construction is that sentences like "I have it done" (passive) changed to "I have done it" (present perfect). Is that true at all? If that's the ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

“Favored” vs. “favorited”

We're making a website in which users can mark some objects as objects they like. Since we're not native English speakers here, a dispute evolved around what's the correct way to call this user-object ...
3
votes
5answers
177 views

Synonym for “engrooved”

Engrooved isn't a word, so I'm looking for something that carries its meaning. Engraved, accustomed, and other synonyms don't express the same meaning. I'm looking for a word that carries the meaning ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Is “dispreferred” a mainstream word in English?

I just recently came across the word dispreferred in a linguistic document. I have never heard the word used before, rather I generally hear something like "preferred something else" in everyday ...
0
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1answer
8k views

When to use 'had been' + past participle of the verb

I read the sentence below in a news article: "The couple had been engaged since the summer," her spokeswoman said in a statement. Why was "had been engaged" used in this sentence. Is it wrong to ...
6
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3answers
283 views

Better term to put on a label of a bottle of milk to describe that it's 'made' in a particular geographic location

While waiting for the kettle to boil this morning, I was idling and reading the label on the bottle of milk and was struck by the declaration: "Permeate free, made in WA". Here's a shot of the label ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Generalised rule for verb usage in simple present tense using participle

I'm doing a school exercise where I have to give an explanation of the underlined (or in this case bold) verb usage in given sentences, following this format: I was waiting. past continuous ...
1
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2answers
544 views

Can “supposed to” be used to mean “considered to”?

I have a question regarding expressions like these: The new Al Pacino movie is supposed to be a good movie. Asians are not supposed to be good ball players. Whale is supposed to be the smartest ...
1
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3answers
5k views

Is “habitated” a word?

I couldn't find it in multiple dictionaries, but have seen it used by several people. However, I do not know if this is just due to the word "sounding right", or from the word actually existing. Does ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

“Awoken” vs. “awaked”

I understand that the verb awake has two different past participle forms, awoken and awaked. Checking Google Ngram I saw that the former has become more popular than the latter in the last century. I ...