Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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3
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1answer
304 views

The original usage of past participles

I have heard that the origin of the present perfect construction is that sentences like "I have it done" (passive) changed to "I have done it" (present perfect). Is that true at all? If that's the ...
4
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2answers
3k views

“Favored” vs. “favorited”

We're making a website in which users can mark some objects as objects they like. Since we're not native English speakers here, a dispute evolved around what's the correct way to call this user-object ...
3
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5answers
156 views

Synonym for “engrooved”

Engrooved isn't a word, so I'm looking for something that carries its meaning. Engraved, accustomed, and other synonyms don't express the same meaning. I'm looking for a word that carries the meaning ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Is “dispreferred” a mainstream word in English?

I just recently came across the word dispreferred in a linguistic document. I have never heard the word used before, rather I generally hear something like "preferred something else" in everyday ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

When to use 'had been' + past participle of the verb

I read the sentence below in a news article: "The couple had been engaged since the summer," her spokeswoman said in a statement. Why was "had been engaged" used in this sentence. Is it wrong to ...
5
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3answers
207 views

Better term to put on a label of a bottle of milk to describe that it's 'made' in a particular geographic location

While waiting for the kettle to boil this morning, I was idling and reading the label on the bottle of milk and was struck by the declaration: "Permeate free, made in WA". Here's a shot of the label ...
4
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1answer
943 views

Generalised rule for verb usage in simple present tense using participle

I'm doing a school exercise where I have to give an explanation of the underlined (or in this case bold) verb usage in given sentences, following this format: I was waiting. past continuous ...
1
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2answers
355 views

Can “supposed to” be used to mean “considered to”?

I have a question regarding expressions like these: The new Al Pacino movie is supposed to be a good movie. Asians are not supposed to be good ball players. Whale is supposed to be the smartest ...
1
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3answers
3k views

Is “habitated” a word?

I couldn't find it in multiple dictionaries, but have seen it used by several people. However, I do not know if this is just due to the word "sounding right", or from the word actually existing. Does ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

“Awoken” vs. “awaked”

I understand that the verb awake has two different past participle forms, awoken and awaked. Checking Google Ngram I saw that the former has become more popular than the latter in the last century. I ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Is this past participle to be changed to present participle?

In this sentence, is the past participle of ‘clasped’ in ‘with his hands clasped over his fat bottom’ to be changed to ‘clasping’? He brought the umbrella swishing down through the air to point at ...
0
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3answers
551 views

Synonym for “aforementioned” without the past-tense connotation [closed]

Is there a word that can be used when discussing something and wanting to refer to it in the manner of "the aforementioned", but without the temporal aspect making it sound like you've moved on and ...
-2
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1answer
489 views

“Embarassed” vs. “ashamed” [closed]

Is there any difference between the words embarrassed and ashamed? If so, could you provide some examples of usage?
5
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3answers
483 views

How widely-accepted is “What do you got?” to Americans?

Watching A Stranger Among Us, I noticed that Melanie Griffith twice asked "What do you got?" I recognise this as an American construction which sounds strange to me — Brits invariably say either ...
1
vote
3answers
311 views

Grammatical analysis of “feared drowned”

What is the precise meaning of "feared drowned" in http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/nation/south/6-gitam-students-feared-drowned-rushukonda-326. I got the intended meaning, but I am confused ...
2
votes
3answers
549 views

Participle as verbal adjective

I came across the following: As he had been deceived by his friends he lost all hope. He was deceived by his friends and so he lost all hope. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ...
2
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1answer
219 views

“There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge.”

There are several reasons proposed for the collapse of the bridge. Is this present simple tense or the present perfect tense? I thought it might be the latter since there is a retrospective ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Past tense of “he bears the weight” [closed]

I'm trying to figure out what the correct past tense form of "he bears the weight" would be. Wiktionary says that "bear" has a simple past "bore" and a past participle "borne", but I don't understand ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

“Far enough removed” vs. “far removed enough” vs. “removed far enough”

Which of the following word orders is grammatical? Games based on real life are sometimes not far enough removed. Games based on real life are sometimes not far removed enough. Games based ...
1
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6answers
786 views

Usage of past participle in “He said he thought it having had seen my medical record” [closed]

I'm trying to work out if this sentence is correct, especially the usage of "having had seen". He said he thought it having had seen my medical record.
0
votes
1answer
790 views

“your heart just shrank” vs. “your heart just shrunk” [closed]

If I say: Your heart just shrank two sizes too small. Is the verb shrank correct as is? Or should it be in participle form? Your heart just shrunk two sizes too small. Which one would be ...
1
vote
2answers
237 views

“Time elapsed” or “elapsed time” [closed]

In a document I have a plot where one of the labels represents the total time taken for the process to complete. Should I label it as "Elapsed Time" or "Time Elapsed"? Which one is correct?
3
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2answers
420 views

“Perverse interest” vs. “perverted interest”

Does anybody recognize differences between the following sentences? She took a perverse interest in photos of boys. She took a perverted interest in photos of boys.
0
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1answer
1k views

“Enthused” vs. “enthusiastic” [closed]

Is it grammatically correct to say "I was enthused" rather than "I was enthusiastic"? If so, what is the difference between the two?
0
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4answers
207 views

Austin fragment: “sane and undivorced”

for (Christian) marrying, it is essential that I should not be already married with a wife living, sane and "undivorced", and so on (Austin, 1962) If "undivorced" implies married, what does ...
8
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5answers
2k views

Past participle used as a noun?

Some examples include: We fear the damned. He honored our fallen. This is a given. You are the chosen. The lost were among us. They obey the venerated. My beloved kissed me. (TIL ...
8
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1answer
4k views

“Overrode” vs “Overridden”

I got into an argument about the sentence "Have you overrode SomeThingamajig?" I thought that "have overrode" is incorrect, and should be "overrode" or "have overridden", or perhaps "did override". ...
2
votes
3answers
654 views

Past participle of “flaw”

According to Wiktionary, the past participle of "flaw" is flawed, and flawn is not mentioned as being a valid alternative. However, the past participle of "draw" is drawn. I know that Modern English ...
0
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3answers
655 views

Is “are you done for” similar to “are you ready for”?

I heard this question: "Are you done for sushi?". I guess the guy who asked this question meant "Are you ready to eat sushi?". Is it right or did I mishear the question?
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2answers
271 views

“After downloaded” vs. “After downloading” [closed]

What is the difference between "After downloaded" and "After downloading"? Are they both grammatical? After downloaded, I start running this program. After downloading, I start running this ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Boilt or boiled

Which word should be used here; 'boilt' or 'boiled'? When the mother came home, the dinner had already been boilt/boiled. I know that prepared/cooked/done are correct options, but I had to ...
4
votes
3answers
522 views

What's going on in “I have been to the store many times”?

I thought been was the past participle of to be, but it seems to behave like the past participle of to go in this case: I go to the store every Wednesday. I have been/gone to the store many ...
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5answers
2k views

Past participle after noun: “proposed cost” vs. “cost proposed”

I have the following two examples: Our proposed cost is expensive. Our cost proposed is expensive. Is there any difference between them? Or is the second sentence wrong?
9
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4answers
1k views

Is this correct grammar: “[…] cash can't be beat.”

I found the following phrase in a NYTimes article and I was pretty surprised that it wasn't corrected or edited out: "But when it comes to privacy and freedom, cash can't be beat.". I am under the ...
2
votes
3answers
589 views

Past participle form of “break-even”

Break even is commonly used in economics to refer to the point where cost and revenue are equal. However, instead of using the long way of saying that Firm X had reached the point of break even ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

The third conditional for “if I could”

What is the third conditional for "if I could"? For example, we say: If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam. How about this: If I could study, I would have passed the exam.[Is ...
15
votes
2answers
38k views

Is it “quit” or “quitted”?

What is the correct (grammatical) simple past and past participle form of the verb quit? Is it quit or quitted? She quitted her job. (She has quitted her job.) or She quit her job. (She has ...
0
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2answers
2k views

I was confused about “to be + past participle"

Why does the following sentence use "to be reinforced" rather than "was reinforced" The fact that organisms evidently inherit the capacity to be reinforced by certain kinds of event does not ...
4
votes
4answers
10k views

Proper usage of the word 'thunk'

What is the proper usage of the word thunk? According to Merriam-Webster, it is dialect past and past participle of think Can it be used in a formal context? Is "Who would have thunk?" different ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

“Forgotten” or “forgot” as past participle of “forget”

In US and in UK respectively, which is more popular as the past participle of forget: forgotten or forgot? Which is more formal/informal? Examples: I haven't forgot(ten) you. You will not ...
11
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5answers
24k views

“To be subject to” vs. “to be subjected to”

I read an article from Toronto Star today which stated: TTC workers are subject to alcohol and drug testing. A later paragraph of the same article repeated it, except it used subjected to ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Weaved or woven

Is weaved an acceptable past-tense form of the word weave? Does it have to be wove/woven or are both acceptable like hung/hanged?
2
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3answers
3k views

Past participle of “spit” [closed]

Which is the past participle of spit: spat or spit? And how many examples can we come up with where a verb is changed in the simple past but unchanged(spelt like in the present) in the past ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is “transferred” written with two R's?

Why is transferred written with two R's? I am a native speaker of Dutch, and in my point of view this isn't logical; there are other words like coloured and endeavoured that only have -ed added after ...
2
votes
1answer
20k views

'Seen as' or 'seeing as'

Look at these examples: You should clean the milk seen as you spilt it. You should clean the milk seeing as you spilt it. Which one is correct, and how is it grammatically defined/termed?
1
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1answer
3k views

Abbreviation for “so-called”

In German there is an abbreviation for so genannt, which is sog. Is there a known popular abbreviation for the equivalent so-called in English?
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2answers
1k views

Past tense vs Past participle tense [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Present perfect tense versus past tense Here is the example: I haven't spoken any English for more than 3 years. vs. I didn't speak any English over the past 3 ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

“Broadcast” or “broadcasted”

I'm not a native English speaker, so sorry if this is a very basic question. Is broadcast a verb? If it is, what is the simple past and past participle: broadcasted?
3
votes
3answers
312 views

Confused with Present Participle + Noun pattern, does the “copied file” refer to the “original file”?

Patterns: Past Participle + Noun In my understanding Past Participle + noun means the action applied to the noun as follows: He murdered a little girl = The little girl was murdered by him. The ...
2
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5answers
3k views

'Shelled' vs. 'deshelled'

Are they interchangeable? Do they really mean the same thing in this context? As in the sentences: I really enjoy these already shelled pistachios. I really enjoy these already deshelled ...